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and will this brother's wager frankly play.- I am justly kill'd with mine own treachery.
Give us the foils; come on.

Ham. How does the queen ?
Come, one for me. King.

She swoons to see them bleed Ham. I'll be your foil, Laertes ; in mine ignorance Queen. No, no, the drink, the drink,-0 my dear Your skill shall, like a star i' the darkest night,

Hamlet !Stick fiery off indeed.

The drink, the drink ;-1 am poison'd! (Die Laer. You mock me, sir.

Ham. O villany!-Ho! let the door be lock'd: Ham. No, by this hand.

Treachery! seek it out.

(LAERTES falla King. Give them the foils, young Osric.-Cousin Laer. It is here, Hamlet: Hamlet, thou art slain, You know the wager ?

(Hamlet, No medicine in the world can do thee good, Ham.

Very well, my lord; In thee there is not half an hour's life; Your grace hath laid the odds o'the weaker side. The treacherous instrument is in thy hand,

King. I do not fear it: I have seen you both :- Unbated, and envenom'd : the foul practice But since he's better’d, we have therefore odds. Hath turn'd itself on me ; lo, here I lie,

Laer. This is too heavy, let me see another. Never to rise again : Thy mother's poison'd; Ham. This likes me well. These foils have all a I can no more; the king. the king's to blame. length ?

[They prepare to play. Ham. The point Ost. Ay, my good lord.

Envenom'd too!—Then, venom, to thy work. King. Set me the stoups of wine upon that table :

(Stabs the King If Hamlet give the first or second hit,

Ost. & Lords. Treason! treason! Or quit in answer of the third exchange,

King. O, yet defend me, friends, I am but hurt. Let all the battlements their ordnance fire;

Ham. Here, thou incestuous, murd'rous, damped The king shall drink to Hamlet's better breath ; Drink off this potion :-Is the union here? (Dane, And in the cup an union shall he throw,

Follow my mother.

[Kırg dita. Richer than that which four successive kings


He is justly serv'd; Jo Denmark's crown have worn ; Give me the cups; It is a poison temper'd by himself.And let the kettle to the trumpet speak,

Exchange forgiveness with me, noble Hamlet: The trumpet to the cannoneer without,

Mine and my father's death come not upon thee; The cannons to the heavens, the heaven to earth, Nor thine on me!

[Dies. Now the king drinks to Hamlet.—Come, begin ;- Ham. Heaven make thee free of it! I follow thee. And you, the judges, bear a wary eye.

I am dead, Horatio :-Wretched queen, adieu !Ham. Come on, sir,

You that look pale and tremble at this chance, Laer. Come, my lord. [They play. That are but mutes or audience to this act, Ham.


Had I but time, (as this fell sergeant, death, Laer.

Is strict in his arrest,) O, I could tell you,Ham.

Judgment. But let it be :—Horatio, 1 am dead ; Ost. A hit, a very palpable bit.

Thou liv’st ; report me and my cause aright Laer.

Well,- again. To the unsatisfied. King. Stay, give me drink : Hamlet, this pearl is Hor.

Never believe it; Here's to thy health. ---Give him the cup. {thine ; I am more an antique Roman than a Dane,

[Trumpets sound ; and cannon shot off within. Here's yet some liquor left. Ham. I'll play this bout first, set it by awhile. Ham.

As thou 'rt a man,Come. - Another bit; What say you ? [They play. Give me the cup; let go ; by beaven I'll have itLaer. A touch, a touch, I do confess.

O God !-Horatio, what a wounded name, King. Our son shall win.

Things standing thus unknown, shall live behind me ! Queen.

He's fat, and scant of breath. If thou didst ever hold me in thy heart, Here, Hamlet, take my napkin, rub thy brows : Absent thee from felicity awhile, The queen carouses to thy fortune, Hamlet. And in this harsh world draw thy breath in pain, Ham. Good madam,

To tell my story.- (March afar off, and shoi within. King Gertrude, do not drink.

What warlike noise is this? Qucen. I will, my lord ;-I pray you, pardon me. Osr. Young Fortinbras, with conquest comes from King. It is the poison'd cup; it is too late. [Aside. To the ambassadors of England gives [Poland, Ham. I dare not drink yei, madam; by and by. This warlike volley. Queen. Come, let me wipe thy face.


0, I die, Horatio ; Laer. My lord, I'll hit him now.

The potent poison quite o'er-crows my spirit; King

I do not think it. I cannot live to hear the news from England: Laer. And yet it is almost against my conscience. But I do prophesy, the election lights

(Aside. On Fortinbras; he has my dying voice ; Ham. Come, for the third, Laertes : You do but So tell him with the occurrents, more or less, 1

pray you, pass with your best violence; (dally; Which have solicited,—The rest is silence. [Dies I am afeard, you make a wanton of me.

Hor. Now cracks a noble heart ;-Good night, Laer. Say you so ? come on. [They play.

sweel prince ; Ost. Nothing neither way.

And flights of angels sing thee to thy rest! Laer. llave at you now.

Why does the drun come hither! (March within. [LAER? Es wounds HAMLET ; then, in scuffling, they cha ige rapiers, and Hamlet wounds LAERTES.

Enter FORTINBRA“, the English Ambassadors, King.

and others.
Part them, they are incens'd.
Ham. Nay, come again. [The QUEEN falls. Fort. Where is tuis sight?
Look to the queen there, ho! Hor.

What is it, you would see!
Hor. They bleed on both sides :—How is it, my lord? If aught of woc, or wonder, cease your search.
Osr. How is't, Laertes ?

Fort. This quarry cries on havoc -O proud death! Larr Why, as a woodcock to my own springe, Osric;| What feast is toward in thine eternal cell,

[graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small]

That thou so many princes, at a shot,

Truly deliver. So bloodily hast struck ?


Let us haste to hear it, 1 Amb.

The sight is dismal; And call the noblest to the audience. And our affairs from England come too late : For me, with sorrow I embrace my fortune ; The ears are senseless, that should give us hearing, I have some rights of memory in this kingdoin, To tell him, his commandment is fulfillid,

Which now to claim any vantage doth invite me. That Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are dead : Hor. Of that I shall have also cause to speak, Where should we have our thanks ?

And from his mouth whose voice will draw on more Hor.

Not from his mouth, But let this same be presently perform'd, Had it the ability of life to thank you ;

Even while men's minds are wild; lest more misHe never gave commandment for their death. On plots, and errors, happen.

thance, But since, so jump upon this bloody question,


Let four captains You from the Polack wars, and you from England, Bear Hamlet, like a soldier, to the stage ; Are here arriv’d; give order, that these bodies For he was likely, had he been put on, High on a stage, be placed to the view;

To have prov'd most royally: and, for his passage, And let me speak, to the yet unknowing world, The soldier's music, and the rites of war, How these things came about: So shall you

hear Speak loudly for him.Of carnal, bloody, and unnatural acts;

Take up the bodies:-Such a sight as this Of accidental judgments, casual slaughters; Becomes the field, but here shews much amiss. of deaths put on by cunning, and forc'd cause ; Go, bid the soldiers shoot.

[A dead March. And, in this upshot, purposes mistook

(Eseunt, bearing off the dead bodies ; after which Fall'n on the inventors' heads : all this can I

a peal of ordnance is shot off

1: the dramas of Shakspeare were to be characterised, each the reputation of sanity. [le

plays the madman most, when he by the particular excellence which distinguishes it from the treats Ophelia with so much rudeness, which seems to be useless rest, we must allow to the tragedy of Hamlet the praise of va. and wanton cruelty. riety; l'he incidents are so numerous, that the argument of Hamlet is, through the whole piece, rather an instrument the play would make a long tale. l'he scenes are interchange than an agent. After he has, by the stratagem of the play. ably diversified with merriment and solemnity : with merriment convicted the king, he makes no attempt to punish him; and bij that includes judicious and instructive observations; and so- death is at last effected by an incident which Hamlet had no lemnity not strained by poetical violence above the natural sen- part in producing. timents of man. ew characters appear from time to time in The catastrophe is not very happily produced; the exchango continual

succession, exhibiting various forms of life, and par. of weapons is rather an expedient of necessity, than a stroke of licular modes of conversation. The pretended madness of art. A scheme might easily be formed to kill Hamlet with the Hamlet causes mach mirth, the mournful distraction of Ophelia dagger, and Laertes with the bowl. Alls the heart with tenderness, and every personage produces the poet is accused of having shewn little regard to poetical the effect intended, from the apparition that in the first act chills justice, and may be charged with equal neglect of poetical pra the blood with horror, to the fop in the last, that exposes affec-bability. The apparition left the regions of the dead to liul. tation to just contempt.

purpose; the revenge which he demands is not obtained, but

by The conduct is perhaps not wholly secure against objections. the death of him that was required to take it: and the gratih. l'he action is indeed for the inost part in continual progression, cation, which would arise from the destruction of an usurper but there are some scenes which neither forward

nor retard it and a murderer, is abated by the untimely death of Ophelia, Ibe of the feigned madness of lainlet there appears no adequate young, the beautiful, the harmless, and the pious.-JOHNSON. cause, for he does nothing which he might not have done with


This tragedy, which Malone supposes to have been written so

early as 1604, was first entered at Stationers' Hall, Oct. 6, 1621, and priote the year following: The story is taken from the seventh tale, in the third decad, of Cynthio'. Novels: a work,

of which it is not believed that any English translation existed in Shakspeare's time, and with the contents of which he must have become acquainted by his

knowledge either of the Italian of the French language. “ The time of this play," says Read, "may be ascertained from

the following circumstances : Selymus the Second formed his design against Cyprus in 1569, and

took it in 1571. This was the only attempt the Turks ever made upon that island after

it came ivto the hands of the Venetians, (which was in the year 1473,) wherefore the time must fall in with some part of that interval. We learn from the play that there was a jana tion of the Turkish fleet at Rhodes, in order for the invasion of Cyprus, that it first came sailing towards Cyprus, then went to Rhodes, there met another squadron, and then te sumed its way to Cyprus. These are real historical facts which bappened when Mustapha, Selymas's general, attacked Cyprus in May, 1570, which therefore is the true period of this performance. See Knolles's History of the Twks, p. 878. 846. 867."

Officers, Gentlemen, Messengers, Musicians,

Sailors, Attendants, &c.
SCENE,--for the First Act, in VENICE ; during the

rest of the Play, at a Sea-Port in CYPRUS.

BRABANTIO, a Senator.
Two other Senators.
GRATIANO, brother to Brabantio.
Lodovico, kinsman to Brabantio.
OTHILLO, the Moor :
CASSIO, his lieutenant ;
Lago, his ancient.
RODERICO, a Venetian Gentleman.
MONTANO, Othello's predecessor in the government

of Cyprus.
Clown, servant to Othello. Herald.
DESDEMONA, daughter to Brabantio, and wife

to Othello. Emilia, wife to lago. BLANCA, a courtezan, mistress to Cassio.

SCENE I.-Venice. A Street.

Enter RODERIGO and Iaco.
Rod. Tush, never tell me, I take it much unkindly,
That thou, Iago,—who hast had my purse,
As if the strings were thine,- should'st know of this.

lago. 'Sblood, but you will not hear ine :--
If ever I did dream of such a matter,
| Abhor me.

Rod.Thou told'st me, thou didst hold him in thy hate.

lago. Despise me, if I do not. Three great ones of the In personal suit to make me his lieutenant, (city.



Off-capp'd to him :-and, by the faith of man, As when, by night and negligence, the fire
I know my price, I am worth no worse a place :

Is spied in populous cities.
But he, as loving his own pride and purposes, Rod. What, ho! Brabantio! signior Brabantio, ho!
Evades them, with a bombast circumstance,

Iago. Awake! what, ho! Brabantio ! thieves ! Horribly stuff ’d with epithets of war;

thieves ! thieves ! And, in conclusion, nonsuits

Lock to your house, your daughter, and your bags! My mediators; for, certes, says he,

Thieves ! thieves !
I have already chose my officer.
And what was he?

BRABANTIO, above, at a window.
Forsooth, a great arithmetician,

Bra. What is the reason of this terrible summons ! One Michael Cassio, a Florentine,

What is the matter there? A fellow almosi damnd in a fair wife ;

Rod. Signior, is all your family within ? That never set a squadron in the field,

lago. Are your doors lock d? Nor the division of a battle knows


Why? wherefore ask you this! More than a spinster ; unless the bookish theoric, lago. 'Zounds, sir, you are robb’d; for shame, pu Wherein the foged consuls can propose

on your gown; As masterly as he: mere prattle, without practice, Your heart is burst, you have lost half your soul; Is all his soldiership. But, he, sir, had the election : Even now, very now, an old black ram And I,-- of whom his eyes had seen the proof Is tupping your white ewe. Arise, arise : At Rhodes, at Cyprus ; and on other grounds Awake the snorting citizens with the bell, Christian and heathen,-must be be-lee'd and calm’d Or else the devil will make a grandsire of you : By debitor and creditor, this counter-caster“;

Arise, I say. He, in good time, must his lieutenant be,

Bra. Whal, have you lost your wits ? And I, (God bless the mark!) his Moor-ship's ancient. Rod. Most reverend signior, do you know my voice! Rod. By heaven, I rather would have been his hang- Bra. Not I ; what are you?

Rod. My name is - Roderigo. lago. But there's no remedy, 'tis the curse of ser- Bru.

The worse welcome : Preferment goes by letter, and affection, (vice; I have charg'd thee, not to haunt about my doors : Not by the old gradation, where each second In honest plainness thou hast heard me say, Stood heir to the first. Now, sir, be judge yourself, My daughter is not for thee ; and now, in madness, Whether I in any just term am affin'd

Being full of supper, and distempering draughts, To love the Moor.

Upon malicious bravery, dost thou come Rod.

I would not follow him then. To start my quiet. lago. 0, sir, content you ;

Rod. Sir, sir, sir, sir,I follow him to serve my turn upon him :


But thou must needs be sure We cannot all be masters, nor all masters

My spirit, and my place, have is shem power Cannot be truly followd. You shall mark

To make this bitter to thee. Many a duteous and knee-crooking knave,


Patience, good sir. That, doting on his own obsequious bondage,

Bra. What tell'st thou me of robbing? this is Ve. Wears out his time, much like his master's ass,

My house is not a grange.

(Dice; For nought but provender; and, when he's old,


Most grave Brabantio, cashier'd ;

In simple, and pure soul I come to you. Whip me such honest knaves : Others there are, lago. 'Zounds, sir, you are one of those, that will Who, trimm'd in forms and visages of duty, not serve God, if the devil bid you. Because we Keen yet their hearts attending on themselves : come to do you service, you think we are ruffians : And throwing but shows of service on their lords, You'll have your daughter covered with a Barbary Do well thave by them, and, when they have lind horse : you'll have your nephews neigh to you their coats,

you'll have coursers for cousins, and gennets for Do themselves homage: these fellows have some soul; germans, And such a one do I profess myself.

Bra. What profane wretch art thou ? For, sir,

Iago. I am one, sir, that comes to tell you, your It is as sure as you are Roderigo,

daughter and the Moor are now making the bease Were I the Moor, I would not be Iago ;

with two backs. In following him, I follow but myself;

Bra. Thou art a villain. Heaven is my judge, not I for love and duty,

lago. You are-a senator!

(derigo. But seeming so, for my peculiar end :

Bra. This thou shalt answer; I know thee, Ro. For when my outward action doth demonstrate Rod. Sir, I will answer any thing. But I beseech you The native act and figure of my heart

If't be your pleasure, and most wise consent, In compliment extern, 'tis not long after

(As partly, I find, it is,) that your fair daughter, But I will wear my heart upon my sleeve

At this odd-even and dull watch o’the night, For daws to peck at: I am not what I am.

Transported—with no worse nor better guard, Rod. Wbat a full fortune does the thick lips owe, But with a knave of common hire, a gondolier, If he can carry't thus !

To the gross clasps of a lascivious Moor,lago.

Call up her father, If this be known to you, and your allowance, Rouse him : make after him, poison his delight,

We then have done you bold and saucy wrongs ; Proclaim him in the streets ; incense her kinsmen, But, if you know not this, my manners tell me, And, though he in a fertile climate dwell,

We have your wrong rebuke. Do not believe, Plague him with flies : though that his joy be joy, That, from the sense of all civility, Yet throw such changes of vexation on'i.

I thus would play and trifle with your reverence : As it may lose some colour.

Your daughter, --if you have not given her leare, Rod. Here is her father's house ; I'll call aloud. I say again, hath made a gross revolt; lago. Dn: with like timorous accent, and dire yell, Tying her duty, beauty, wit, and fortunes.

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