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O, dow let Richmond and Elizabeth,
That would reduce these bloody days again, The true succeeders of each royal house,
And make poor England weep in streams of blood ! By God's fair ordinance conjoin together!
Let them not live to taste this land's increase, And let their heirs, God, if thy will he so,) That would with treason wound this fair land's peace! Enrich the time to come with smooth-fac'd peace, Now civil wounds are stopp'd, peace lives again; With sıniling plenty, and fair prosperous days! That she may long live here, God say-Amen! Abate the edge of traitors, gracious Lord,
This is one of the most celebrated of our author's performances : yet I know not whether it has not happened to him as in orners, .o be praised most, when praise is not most deserved. That this play has scenes noble in themselves, and very well contrived to strike in the exhibition, cannot be denied, but soine parts are trilling, others shocking, and some improbable.-- JOHNSON
KING HENRY VIII.
This play was not published till it appeared in the collected charging "certain cannons at the king's miry to a masque as
edition of our author's works, in the year 1623. It was pro- the Cardinal Wolsey's house," the theatre was set on fire and bably writies in 1601 or 1602.
burnt to the ground. In June, 16.3, this play was revived under the name of All is This historical drama comprises a period of twelve years, com
True, at the Globe Theatre, when the prologue, which con. mencing in the twelfth year of King Henry's reixa, (1521) tains several manifest allusions to the new title; the epilokue, and ending with the christening of Elizabeth in 1533. Shak. and the complimentary lines to hing lames, in Archbishop speare has deviated from history in placing the death of Queen Cranmer's prophetic speech, were probably added.
Katharine before the birth of Elizabeth, for in fact Katharine preseаtation was most unfortunate for the theatre ; for, in dis. did not die till 1536.
PROLOGUE. KING HENRY THE Eighth.
I come no more to make you laugh ; things now, CARDINAL WOLSEY.
That bear a weighty and a serious brow, CARDINAL CAMPETUS.
Sad, high, and working, full of state and woe, CAPUCIUS, Ambassador from the Emperor, Charles V. Such noble scenes as draw the eye to flow, CRANBER, A-chbishop of Canterbury.
We now present. Those that can piry, here Duke of NORFOLK.
May, if they think it well, let fall a tear ; DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM.
The subject wiil deserve it
Such, as give DURE OF SUFFOLK.
Their money out of hope they may believe, EARL OF SURREY.
May here find truth too. Those, that come to see Lord Chamberlain.
Only a show or two, and so agree, Lord Chancellor.
The play may pass ; if they be still, and willing. Gardiner, Bishop of Winchester.
I'll undertake, may see away their shilling Bishop Of Lincolx.
Richly in two short hours. Only they, LORD ABERGAVENNY.
That come to hear a merry, bawdy play, LORD SANDS.
A noise of targets ; or to see a fellow Sir HENRY GUILFORD.
In a long motley coat, guarded with yellow, Sir THOMAS LOVELL.
Will be deceivd: for, gentle hearers, know, Sir ANTHONY DENNY.
To rank our chosen truth with such a show Sir Nicholas VAUX.
As fool and fight is, beside forfeiting Secretaries to Wolsey.
Our own brains, and the opinion that we bring, CROMWELL, servant to Wolsey.
(To make that only true we now intend.) GRIFFITH, Gentleman-Usher io Queen Katharine.
Will leave us never an understanding friend. Three other Gentlemen.
Therefore, for goodness' sake, and, as you are known Doctor Butts, physician to the King.
The first and happiest hearers of the town, Garter, King at Arms.
Be sad, as we would inake you: Think, ye see Surveyor to the Duke of Buckingham.
The very persons of our noble story, BRANDON, and a Sergeant at Arms.
As they were living ; think, you see them great, Door-keeper of the Council-Chamber.
And follow'd with the general throng, and sweat. Porter, und his man.
Of thousand friends ; then, in a moment, see Page to Gardiner.
How soon this mightiness meets misery! A Crier.
And if you can be merry then. I'll say,
A man may weep upon his wedding day. Queen KATHARINE, wife to King Henry, afterwards
SCENE I.-- London. An Ante-chamber in the Palace. Several Lords and Ladies in the Dumb Shows ; Women | Enter the Duke of Norfolk, at one door ; at the
attending upon the Queen ; Spirits which appear to other, the DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM, and the LORD
her ; Scribes, Officer:, Guards, and other Attendants. ABERGAVENNY. SCENE,-chiefly in London und WESTMINSTER Buck. Good morrow, and well met. How have you once at KIMBOLTCN. Since last we saw in France ?
I thank your grace :
A gift that heaven gives for him, which buys Healthful; and ever since a fresh admirer
A place next to the king. Of what I saw there.
I cannot tell
What heaven hath given him, let some graver eye
If not from hell, the devil is a niggard ;
'Twixt Guynes Arde: has given all before, and he begins
Why the devil,
Who should attend on him ? He makes up the file
Of all the gentry; for the most part such Buck.
All the whole time, Too, whom as great a charge as little honour I was my chamber's prisoner.
He meant to lay upon: and his own letter, Nor.
Then you lost The honourable board of council out, The view of earthly glory : Men might say,
Must fetch him in the papers. Till this time, pomp was single; but now married Aber.
I do know
Kinsmen of mine, three at the least, that have
A most poor issue ?
Grievingly I think,
Which is budded out; (For so they phrase them,) by their heralds challeng'd For France hath faw'd the league, and hath attach'd The noble spirits to arms, they did perform
Our merchants' goods at Bourdeaux.
Is it therefore
Aber. A proper title of a peace; and purchas'd
At a superfluous rate ! In honour honesty, the tract of every thing
Why, all this business
Our reverend cardinal carried.
'Like it your grace To the disposing of it nought rebellid,
The state takes notice of the private difference Order gave each thing view; the office did
Betwixt you and the cardinal. I advise you, Distinctly his full function.
(And take it from a heart that wishes towards you Buck. Who did guide, Honour and plenteous safety) that you
read I mean, who set the body and the limbs
The cardinal's malice and his potency
Together : to consider further, that
A minister in his power : You know his nature,
I pray you, who, my lord ? That he's revengeful; and I know, his sword
It reaches far; and where 'twill not extend,
You'll find it wholesome. Lo, where comes that rock To do in these fierce vanities? I wonder,
That I advise your shunning. That such a keech, can with his very bulk
Enter CARDINAL Wolsey, (the purse borne before Take up the rays o' the beneficial sun,
him,) certain of the Guard, and Two Secretaries And keep it from the earth.
with papers. The Cardinal in his passage fiaeth Nor.
his eyes on BUCKINGHAM, and BUCKINGHAM on him, For, being not propp'd by ancestry, (whose grace
both full of disdain. Chalks successors their way,) nor call'd upon
Wol. The duke of Buckingham's surveyor ? ba?
Here, so please you. Out of his self-drawing web, he gives us note,
Wol. Is he in person ready! The force of his own merit makes his way ;
Ay, please your grace
I am sorry
Wol. Well, we shall then know more ; and Buck. England and France, might, through their amity, Spall lessen this big look.
[ingham Breed him some prejudice ; for from this league
[Exeunt Wolsey and Train. Peep'd harms that menac'd him: He privily Buck. This butcher's cur is venom-mouth’d, and I Deals with our cardinal; and, as I trow, slave not the power to muzzle him ; therefore, best Which I do well; for, I am sure, the emperor Not wake him in his slumber. A beggar's book Paid ere he promis'd ; whereby his suit was granted Out-worths a noble's blood.
Ere it was ask'd ;- but when the way was made, Nor.
What, are you chard? And pavid with gold, the emperor thus desir'd ;-Ask God for temperance ; that's the appliance only, That he would please to alter the king's course, Which your disease requires.
And break the foresaid peace. Let the king know, Buck.
I read in his looks (As soon he shall by me,) that thus the cardinal Matter against me; and his eye revil'd
Does buy and sell his honour as he pleases, Me, as his abject object : at this instant
And for his own advantage. He bores me with some trick: He's gone to the king; Nor.
I am sorry I'll follow, and out-stare bim.
To hear this of him; and could wish, he were Nor.
• Stay, my lord, Something mistaken in't. And let your reason with your choler question Buck,
No, not a syllable,
He shall appear in proof.
Enter BRANDON ; a Sergeant at Arms before him, Can advise me like you : be to yourself
and two or three of the Guard. As you would to your friend.
Bran. Your office, sergeant; execute it.
of Hereford, Stafford, and Northampton, I There's difference in no persons.
Arrest thee of high treason, in the nanie Nor.
Be advis'd : Of our most sovereign king. Heat not a surnace for your foe so hot
Lo you, my lord, That it do singe yourself: We may outrun,
The net has fall’n upon me ; I shall perish By violent swiftness, that which we run at,
Under device and practice. And lose by over-running. Know you not,
Bran. The fire, that mounts the liquor till it run o'er, To see you ta'en from liberty, to look on In seeining to augment it, wastes it? Be advis’d: The business present : 'Tis his highness' pleasure, I say again, there is no English soul
You shall to the Tower. More stronger to direct you than yourself;
It will help me nothing, If with the sap of reason you would quench, To plead mine innocence ; for that die is on me, Or but allay, the fire of passion.
Which makes my whitest part black. The will of heaven Buck.
Be done in this and all things !- I obey.I am thankful to you: and I'll go along
O my lord Aberga'ny, fare you well. By your prescription :- but this top-proud fellow, Bran. Nay, he must bear you company :(Whom from the flow of gall I name not, but
(To ABERGAVENNY. From sincere motions.) by intelligence,
Is pleas'd, you shall to the Tower, till you know And proofs as clear as founts in Júly, when How he determines further. We see each grain of gravel, I do know
As the duke said, To be corrupt and treasonous.
The will of heaven be done, and the king's pleasure Nor.
Say not, treasonous. By me obey'd. Buck. To the king I'll say't; and make my vouch as
Bran. Here is a warrant from As shore of rock Allend. This holy fox, (strong The king, to attach lord Montacute ; and the bodies Or wolf, or both, (for he is equal ravenous
Of the duke's confessor, John de la Court, As he is subtle ; and as prone to mischief,
One Gilbert Peck, his chancellor, As able to perform it: his mind and place
Buck. Infecting one another, yea, reciprocally,)
These are the limbs of the plot: no more, I hope. Only to shew his pomp as well in France
Bran. A monk o' the Chartreux. As here at home, suggests the king our master Buck.
0, Nicholas Hopkins ? To this last costly treaty, the interview,
Не. . That swallow'd so much treasure, and like a glass Buck. My surveyor is false ; the o'er-great cardinal Did break i' the rinsing.
Hath shew'd him gold : my life is spann'd already: 'Faith, and so it did. I am the shadow of poor Buckingham; Buck. Pray, give me favour, sir. This cunning car. Whose figure even this instant cloud puts on, The articles o' the combination drew, (dinal By dark’ning my clear sun.-My lord, farewell. As himself pleas'd ; and they were ratified,
(Eseunt. As he cried, Thus let be: to as much end,
SCENE II.- The Council-Chamber.
Cornets. Enter King HENRY, CARDINAL WOLSEY, Who cannot err, he did it. Now this follows, the Lords of the Council, Sir Thomas Lovell. (W nich, as I take it, is a kind of puppy
Officers, and Attendants. The King enters, lean To the cid dam, treason,)-Charles the emperor,
ing on the Cardinal's shoulder. Under pretence to see the queen his aunt,
K. Hen. My life itself, and the best heart of it. (For 'twas, indeed, his colour ; but he came Thanks you for this great care : 1 stood i' the leve To whisper Wolsey,) here makes visitation : or a full-charged confederacy, and give thanks His fears were, that the interview, betwixt
To you that chok d it. - Let be call'd before us
That gentleman of Buckingham's. in person Is uam'd, your wars in France : This makes bold I'll hear him his confessions justify;
mouths : And point by point the treasons of his master Tongues spit their duties out, and cold hearts freeze He sliall again relate
Allegiance in them ; their curses now. The King takes his State. The Lords of the Council Live where their prayers did; and it's come to pass,
That tractable obedience is a slave take their several places. The Cardinal pluces
To each incensed will. I would your highness himself under the King's feet, on his right side.
Would give it quick consideration, for
Ry my life,
And for me,
K. Hen. Arise, and take place by us :- Half your A single voice ; and that not pass'd me, but
If I am traduc'd by tongues, which neither know Repeat your will, and take it.
My faculties, nor person. yet will be Q. Kath.
Thank your majesty. The chronicles of my doing.- let me say, That you would love yourself; and, in that love, 'Tis but the fate of place, and the rough brake Not unconsider'd leave your honour, nor
That virtue must go through. We must not st.nl The dignity of your office, is the point
Our necessary actions, in the fear Of my petition.
To cope malicious censurers; which ever, K. Hen. Lady mine, proceed.
As ravenous fishes, do a vessel follow
That is new trimm'd; but benefit no further
up My good lord cardinal, they vent reproaches
For our best act. If we shall stand still, Mosi bitterly on you, as putter-on
In fear our motion will be mock'd or carp'd at, Of these exactions, yet the king our master, We should take root here where we sit, or sit (Whose honour heaven shield from soil !) even he State statues only.
Things done well. Language unmannerly, yea, such which breaks And with a care, exempt themselves from fear; The sides of loyalty, and almost appears
Things done without example, in their issue
Are to be fear'd. Have you a precedent
of this commission ? I believe, not any. It doth appear : for upon these taxations,
We must not rend our subjects froin our laws, The clothiers all, not able to maintain
And stick them in our will. Sixth part of each? The many to them 'longing, have put off
A trembling contribution! Why, we take. The spinsters, carders, fullers, weavers, who, From every tree, lop, bark, and part o'the timber; Unfit for other life, compellid by hunger,
And, though we leave it with a root, thus hack d, And lack of other means, in desperate manner The air will drink the sap. To every county, Daring the event to the teeth, are all in uproar, Where this is question'd, send our letters, with And Danger serves among them
Free pardon to each man that has denied K. Hen.
The force of this coinınission : Pray, 'look to't; Wherein ? and what taxation ?- My lord cardinal, I put it to your care. You that are blain d for it alike with us,
A word with you. Know you of this taxation ?
[to the Secretary. Wol.
Please you, sir,
Let there be letters writ to every shire. I know but of a single part, in aught
Of the king's grace and pardon. Thegriev'd commons Pertains to the state ; and front but in that file Hardly conceive of me ; let it be nois d. Where others tell steps with me.
That, through our intercession, this revokement Q. kath.
No, my lord, And pardon comes : I shall anon advise you You know no more than others : but you frame Further in the proceeding. (Ea it Secretary Things.that are known alihe; which are not wholesome To those which would not know them, and yet must
Enter Surveyor. Perforce be their acquaintance These exactions Q. Kath. I am sorry, that the duke of Buckingham Whereof my sovereign would have note, they are Is run in your displeasure. Most pestilent to the hearing : and to bear them. k. Hen.
It grieves many : The back is sacrifice to the load. They say, The gentleman is learn'd. and a most rare speaker, They are devis d by you; or else you suffer To nature none more bound ; his training such, Too hard an exclamation.
That he may furnish and instruct great teachers, 4. Hen. Still exaction!
And never seek for aid out of himself.
When these so noble benefits shall prove
Not well dispos'd, the mind growing once corrupt, In tempting of your patience; but am bolden'd They turn to vicious forms ten times more ugly Under your promis'. pa don. The subject's grief Than ever they were fair. This man so cómplete Comes through commissions, which compel from each Who was enroll d 'mongst wonders, and when we. The sixth part of his substance, to be levied Almost with ravish'd list'ning, could not find Without delay; and the pretence for this
His hour of speech a minute : he, my lady,
Hath into monstrous habits put the graces It can do me no damage : adding further,
Should have gone off.
Ha! wbat so rank? Ah, ah! The fore-recited practices : whereof
There's mischief in this man :- -Canst thou say fur. We cannot feel too little, hear too much.
Surv. I can, my liege.
[ther? Wel. Stand forth; and with bold spirit relate what K. Hen.
Proceed. Most like a careful subject, have collected [you,
Being at Greenwich, Out of the duke of Buckingham.
After your highness had reprov'd the duke K. Hen.
Speak freely. About sir William Blomer,Surv. First, it was usual with him, every day
I remember it would infect his speech, That if the king Of such a time-Being my servant sworn, Should without issue die, he'd carry it so
The duke retain'd hiin his.- - But on; What hence ? To make the scepter bis: These very words
Surv. If, quoth he, 1 for this had been committod, I have heard him utter to his son-in law,
As, to the Tower, I thought,- I would have play'd Lord Aberga'ny; to whom by oath he menac'd The part my father meant to act upon Revenge upon the cardinal.
The usurper Richard: who, being at Salisbury, Wol.
Please your highness, note Made suit to come into his presence ; which if granted This dangerous conception in this point.
As he made semblance of his duty, would
A giant traitor! Beyond you, to your friends.
Wol. Now, madam, may his highness live in free. Q. Kath. . My learn'd lord cardinal, And this man out of prison ?
(dom, Deliver all vith charity.
God mend all!
K. Hen. There's something more would out of How grounded he his title to the crown,
thee? What say'st ? Upon our fail? to this point hast thou heard him Surv. After—the duke his father ,--with the knife,– At any time speak aught?
He stretch'd him, and, with one hand on his dagger Suro.
He was brought to this Another spread on his breast, mounting his eyes By a vain prophecy of Nicholas Hopkins.
He did discharge a horrible oath ; whose tenour K. Hen. 'What was that Hopkins ?
Was,- Were he evil us’d, he would out-go
Sir, a Chartreux friar, His father, by as much as a performance His confessor ; who fed him every minute
Does an irresolute purpose. With words of sovereignty.
There's his period, K. Hen.
How know'st thou this ? To sheath his knife in us. He is attach'd ;
[Eseun: Concerning the French journey: I replied, Men fear'd, the French would prove perfidious,
SCENE III.- A Room in .he Palace. To the king's danger. Presently the duke
Enter the Lord Chamberlain and LORD SANDS. Said, 'Twas the fear, indeed ; and that he doubted,
Cham. Is it possible, the spells of France shou.d "Twould prove the verity of certain words
Men into such strange mysteries ?
juggle Spoke by a holy monk : that oft, says he,
New customs, Hath sent to me, wishing me to permit John de la Court, my chaplain, a choice hour
Though they be never so ridiculous, To hear from him a matter of some moment :
Nay, let them be unmanly. yet are follow'd.
Cham. As far as I see, all the good our English Whom after under the confession's seal
Have got by the late voyage, is but merely He solemnly had sworn, that, what he spoke,
A fit or two o' the face ; but they are shrewd ones ; My chaplain to no creature living, but
For when they hold thein, you would swear directly, To me, should utter, with demure confidence Thus pausingly ensu’d-Neither the king, nor his heirs, To Pepin, or Clotharius, they keep state so.
Their very noses had been counsellors (Tell you the duke ) hall prosper : bid him strive
Sands. They have all new legs, and lame ones : To gain the love of the comm mmonalty; the duke
one would take it, Shall govern England.
That never saw them pace before, the spavin,
If I know you well,
A springhalt reign'd among them.
Death! my lord, On the complaint o'the tenants : Take good heed,
Their clothes are after such a pagan cut too, You charge not in your spleen a noble person,
That, sure, they have worn out christendom. How And spoil your nobler soul! I say, take heed ;
What news, sir Thomas Lovell ?
(now? Yes, heartily beseech you. K. Hen. Let him on :
Enter Sir Thomas Lovell. Go forward.
'Faith, my lord, Surv. On my soul, I'll speak but truth. I hear of none, but the new proclamation I told my lord the duke, By the devil's illusions That's clapp'd upon the court-gate. The monk might be deceiv'd; and that 'twas dan- Chum.
What is't for? g'rous for him
Lov. The reformation of our travellid gallants, To ruminate on this so far, until
That fill the court with quarrels, talk, and tailors. It forg'd him some design, which, being believ'd, Cham. I am glad, 'tis there ; now I would pray it was much like to do: He answer'd, Tush!