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SOLDIER AND STATESMAN:

SUCCINCT HISTORY

MILITARY AND CIVIL CAREER.

BY EDWARD HOWLAND.

"Our chief of men, who through a cloud

Not of war only, but detractions rude,

Guided by faith and matchless fortitude,

To peace and truth thy Klorious way hart plough'd.

Yet much remain B

To conquer rtill i Peace hath her victories
No lest reuown'd than War."

HARTFORD:
J. B. BURR & COMPANY.

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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 11:68, by J. B. BURR & COMPANY, In the Clerk's Office of the United States, for the District of Connecticut

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Fruges et agris rettulit uberes,
Et signa nostra restituit Jovi

Dcrepta Parthorum superbis Postibus, et vacuum duellis Janum Quirini clausit, et ordiuem Rectum evaganti frana licentia;

Injecit, amovitque culpas, Et vetcres revocavit artes Per quas Latinum nomen et Italae Crevere vires.— Horace Car. iv: xv.

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It is the duty of every American to consider well the part his country is called upon to take in the great question of the development of the human race.

The discovery of this continent at the end of the fifteenth century confirmed the new theories of the physical formation of the earth, and gave an impetus to the study of physical science, which since that day has characterized the tendency of the thought of the civilized world. Again, early in the seventeenth century, America by affording an asylum for those desiring religious freedom, set an example to the world, the influence of which is still at work. Yet again, in the eighteenth century, this country, by realizing after an eight years' struggle the theory of a democratic form of government, held up before the world an example of the benefits of political freedom, which has had such an influence, that now in Europe even the most despotically inclined ruler claims only a constitutional right to his position.

The divine right of kings has become as great an absurdity as the dogma that the earth is flat, or that religious persecution is the best means for spreading the reign of the Prince of Peace.

Thus three times in the three centuries which have elapsed since the modern world obtained a knowledge of America, she has influenced the thought of the world, and always in the direction of freedom. Nor is her task wholly completed. It remains for her now, in the nineteenth century, to continue leading the van of the army of

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