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like Froissart's knights " upon adventures." An enterprise of this sort was called " going to mug a Guy," that is, to steal one by "force of arms," fists, and sticks, from its rightful owners. These partisans were always successful, for they always attacked the weak.

In such times, the burning of " a good Guy" was a scene of uproar unknown to the present day. The bonfire in Lincoln's Inn Fields was of this superior order of disorder. It was made at the Great Queen-street corner, immediately opposite Newcastle-house. Fuel came all day long, in carts properly guarded against surprise: old people have remembered when upwards of two hundred cart-loads were brought to make and feed this bonfire, and more than thirty "Guys" were burnt upon gibbets between eight and twelve o clock at night.

At the same period, the butchers in Clare-market had a bonfire in the open space of the market, next to Bear-yard, and they thrashed each other " round about the wood-fire," with the strongest <ine<v:> of slaughtered bulls. Large parties of butchers Torn all the markets paraded the streets, ringing peals from marrow-bones-and-cleavers, so loud as to overpower the storms of sound that came from the rocking belfries of the churches. By ten o'clock, London was so lit up by bonfires auu fiieworks, that from the suburbs it locked in one red heat. Many were the ovcr»hrows of horsemen and carriages, from the discharge of handrockets, and the pressure of moving mobs inflamed to violence by drink, and fighting their way against each other.

This fiery zeal has gradually decreased. Men no longer take part or interest in such an observance of the day, and boys carry about their " Guy" with no other sentiment or knowledge respecting him, than body-snatchers have of a newlyraised corpse, or the method of dissecting it; their only question is, how much they shall get by the operation to make merry with. They sometimes confound their confused notion of the principle with the mawkin, and for " the Guy, they say, "the Pope." Their difference is not by the way of distinction, but ignorance. "No popery," no longer ferments; the spirit is of the lees.

The day is commonly called Gunpowder treason, and has been kept as an

anniversary from 1605, when the plot was discovered, the night before it was to have been put in execution. The design was to blow up the king, James L, the prince of Wales, and the lords and commons assembled in parliament. One of the conspirators, being desirous of saving lord Monteagle, addressed an anonymous letter to him, ten days before the parliament met, in which was this expression, "the danger is past, so soon as you have burnt the letter." The earl of Salisbury said it was written by some fool or madman ; but the king said, " so soon as you have burnt the letter," was to be inter, preted, in as short a space as you shall take to burn the letter. Then, comparing the sentence with one foregoing, " that they should receive a terrible blow, this parliament, and yet should not see who hurt them," he concluded, that some sudden blow was preparing by means of gunpowder. Accordingly, all the rooms and cellars under the parliament-house were searched; but as nothing was discovered, it was resolved on the fourth of 'November, at midnight, the day before the parliament met, to search under the wood, in a cellar hired by Mr. Percy, a papist. Accordingly sir Thomas Knevet, going about that time, found at the door a man in a cloak and boots, whom he apprehended. This was Guy Fawkes, who passed for Percy's servant. On removing the wood, he, they discovered thirty-six barrels of gunpowder, and on Guy Fawkes being searched, there were found upon him, a dark lantern, a tinder-box, and three matches. Instead of being dismayed, he boldly said, if he had been taken within the cellar, he would have blown up himself and them together On his examination, he confessed the design was to blow up the king and parliament, and expressed great sorrow that it was not done, saying, it was the devil and not God that was the discoverer. The number of persons discovered to have been in the conspiracy were about thirteen; they were all Roman catholics, and their design was to restore the catholic religion in England. It appears that Guy Fawkes and his associates had assembled, and concerted the plot at the old King's-head tavern, in Leadenhall-strcet. Two of the conspirators were killed, in endeavouring to avoid apprehension; eight were executed. Twojesuits, Oldcorn and Garnet, also suffered death ; the former for saying, "the ill success of the conspiracy did not render it the less just;" the latter for being privy to the conspiracy and not revealing it.

A corporation notice is annually left at the house of every inhabitant in the city of London, previous to lord mayor's day. The following (delivered in St. Bride's) is its form:

SIU, October theWth, 1825.

BY Virtue of a Precept from my Lord Mayor, in order to prevent any Tumults and Riots that may happen on the Fifth of November and the next ensuing Lord Mayor's Day, you are required to charge all your Servants and Lodgers, that they neither make, nor cause to be made, any Squibs, Serpents, Fire Balloons, or other Fireworks, nor fire, rling, nor throw them out of your House, Shop, or Warehouse, or in the Streets of this City, on the Penalties contained in an Act of Parliament made in the Tenth year of the late King William.

Note. The Act was made perpetual, and is not expired, as some ignorantly suppose.

C. Puckeridce, Beadle.

Taylor, Printer, Bwlnghall Strict.

On the fifth of November, a year or two ago, an outrageous sparkle of humour broke forth. A poor hard-working man, while at breakfast in his garret, was enticed from it by a message that some one who knew him wished to speak to him at the street door. When he got there he was shaken hands with, and invited to a chair. He had scarcely said "nay" before " the ayes had him," and clapping him in the vacant seat, tied him there. They then painted his face to their liking, put a wig and paper cap on his head, fastened a dark lantern in one of his hands, and a bundle of matches in the other, and carried him about all day, with shouts of laughter and huzzas, begging for their "Guy." When he was released at night he went home, and having slept upon his wrongs, he carried them the next morning to a police office, whither his offenders were presently brought by warrant, before the magistrates, who ordered them to find bail or stand committed. It is illegal to mug a man for "a Guy."


Angular Physalis. Phytalit Alkakengi. Dedicated to St. Bertille.

ftobfmbtr 6.

St. Leonard, 6th Cent. St. fVinoe, Abbot, 8th Cent. St. Iltutus, 6th Cent.

Now Momieur Term will come to town,
The lawyer putteth on his gown;
Revenge doth run post-swift on legs,
And's sweet as muscadine and eggs;
And this makes many go to law
For that which is not worth a straw.
But only they their mind will have.
No reason hear, nor council crave.

Poor Robin i Almanac, 1757.

To the Editor of the Every-Day Book.

Sir, October, 1825.

Presuming the object you have in view in your Every-Day Book is to convey useful and pleasing information with the utmost coiiuviiiess, and, if possible, without contradiction, I beg leave to say, your statement in page 100, "that in each term there is one day whereon the courts do not transact business, namely, on Candlemas-day in Hilary Term, Ascension-day in Easter Term, Midsummerday in Trinity Term, and AU-Saints'-day in Michaelmas Term," is not quite correct with respect to the two last days; for in last term (Trinity) Midsummer-day was subsequent to the last day, which was on the 22d of June. And if Midsummerday falls on the morrow of Corpus Christi, as it did in 1614, 1698, 1709, and 1791, Trinity full Term then commences, and the courts sit on that day; otherwise, if it occurs in the term it is a diet non. In 1702, 1713, 1724. 1795. and 1801, when Midsummer-day fell upon what was regularly the last day of term, the courts did not then sit, regarding it as a Sunday, and the term was prolonged to the 25th. (See Blackstone's Commentaries, vol. iii. page 278.) With respect to All-Samts'-day, (1st cf November,) it does not now occur in Michaelmas Term, for by the statute 24th Geo. II. c. 48, (1752,) the Essoin day of that term is on the morrow of All-Souls, 3d of November, consequently Michaelmas Term does not actually commence before the 6th of November.

With respect to the grand days of the inns of court, I find by "The Student's Guide to Lincoln's Inn," the two first days you mention are correct with respect to that society; but in Trinity Term the grand day is uncertain, unless Midsum mer-day is in the term, then that is within these few years, and only on the present lord chancellor removing from Bedford-square, the judges, together with the master of the rolls and his officers, the vice-chancellor, the masters in chancery, the king's Serjeants and counsel, with the different officers of the court of chancery, always assembled at the chancellor'! home to breakfast, and from thence, following the chancellor in hit state carriage, to Westminster. But on the removal of lord Eldon to Hamilton-place, his lordship desired to meet the gentlemen of the courts of law and equity in Lincoln's Inn Hall; and from that time, the judges, Sec. have met in Lincoln's Inn. This place is better adapted to the convenience of the profession than one more distant.

generally the grand day. In Michaelmas court of justice." Whereupon she said.

Term, grand day is on the second Thursday she thought it singular that she might be

in the term. covered in the house of God, and not in

In page 156, you state, "It is of an- the judicature of man. Sir Edward told

cient custom on the first day of term for her, " that from God no secrets were hid;

the judges to breakfast with the lord but that it was not so with man, whose

chancellor in Lincoln's Inn Hall." Till intellects were weak; therefore, in the

The above observations, if worth notice, may be used on the first day of next term, the 6th of November; but as the 6th is on a Sunday, term will not actually begin until the 7th.

I am, sir, &c, Lincoln's Inn, Neie-square. S. G.


Yew. Taxus baccata. Dedicated to St. Leonard.

St. Willibrord, 1st Bp. of Utrecht, A. D.

738. St. Wcrenfrid. St. Prosdeciouus,

1st. Bp. of Padua, A. D. 103.
Hats and Bonnets

On the 7th of November, 1C15, (Michaelmas Term, 13 Jac. I.) when Ann Turner, a physician's widow, was indicted at the bar of the court of king's bench, before sir Edward Coke (as an accessary before the fact) for the murder of sir Thomas Overbury, the learned judge observing she had a hat on, told her " to put it off; that a woman might be covered in a church, but not when arraigned in

investigation of truth, and especially when the life of a fellow creature is put in jeopardy, on the charge of having do. prived another of life, the court should see all obstacles removed; and, because the countenance is often an index to the mind, all covering should be taken away from the face." Thereupon the chief justice ordered - her hat to be taken off, and she covered her hair with her handkerchief.

On Sunday, the 7th of November, 1824, being the hundredth anniversary of the death of the celebrated John Eyre, Esq., Pope's " Man of Ross," the new society of ringers in that town rung a "muffled peal" on the occasion.—Hereford Paper.'

Floral Directory

Large Fureroea. Furercea Gigantea. Dedicated to St. Willibrord.

^ouniujer 8.

The four crowned Brothers, Martyrs, A. D. 304. St. Wilkhad, Bp. A. D 787. St. Godfrey, Bp. A. D. 1118. Now the leaf

Incessant rustles from the mournful grove;

Oft startling such as studious walk below;

And slowly circles through the waving air.

As the maturing and dispersing of seeds was a striking character of the last month, so the fall of the leaf distinguishes the present. From this circumstance, the whole declining season of the year is often in common language denominated the fall. The melancholy sensations which attend this gradual death of vegetable nature, by which the trees are stripped of all their beauty, and left so many monuments of decay and desolation, forcibly suggest to the reflecting mind an apt comparison for the fugitive generations of man.|


Like leaves on trees the race of man is found,
Now green in youth, now with'ring on the ground.

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Another race the following spring supplies;
They fall successive, and successive rise:
So generations in their course decay,
So flourish these, when those are pass'd away.

Pope's Homer.


Cape Aletris. Veltheimia glaum. Dedicated to The four Brothers.

^obtm&er 9.

The Dedication of the Church of St. John Lateran St. Theodorut, surnamed Tyro, A. D. 306. St. Mathurin, A. D. 388. Sr. Vanne, or Vitonut, Bp. A. D. 525. St. Benigmu, or Binen, Bp. A. D. 468.

iorlt iWapor'S 2Bap.

To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. Sir,

Enclosed are official printed copies of the two precepts issued previous to lord mayor's day, for the purpose of informing the master and wardens of the respective livery companies, to whom they are directed, (as well as the aldermen of the wards through which the procession passes,) of the preparations necessary to be made on that day. These precepts are first ordered to be printed at a court of aldermen; directions accordingly are afterwards given by the town clerk, and, when printed, they are sent to the four attornies of the lord mayor's court, by whom they are filled up, afterwards they are left at the mansion-house, and lastly they are intrusted to the marshalmen to be delivered. The larger precept is sent to the aldermen of the wards of Cheap, Cordwainer, Vintry, Farringdon within, Farringdon without. Bread-street, Cripplegate within, and Castle Baynard. The smaller precept is forwarded to the whole of the livery companies.

I am, sir, Sec.

S. G. •

November 2,1825.

Precept to the Aldermen.

By the MAYOR.

To the Aldermen of the Ward of

Forasmuch as William Venables, Esquire, lately elected Lord Mayor of this City for the Year ensuing, is on

Wednesday the Ninth Day of November next to be accompanied by his Brethren the Aldermen, and attended by the Livery of the several Companies of this City, to go from Guildhall, exactly at Eleven o'clock in the Forenoon, to Blackfriart Staire, and from thence by Water to Wettmhuter there to be sworn, and at his return will land at Blackfriart Stairt, and pass from thence to Fleet Bridge, through Ludgate Street, Saint Paul's Church Yard, Cheapside, and down King Street to the Guildhall, to Dinner:

Now, for the more decent and orderly Performance of the said Solemnity, and for preventing any Tumults and Disorders which may happen by the great Concourse of People,

These are in his Majesty's Name to require you to cause the Constables withiu your Ward to keep a good and sufficient double Watch and Ward of able Men well weaponed on that Day, as well as at the landing Places as in the Streets through which the said Solemnities are to pass; and you are required to charge the said Constables to preserve the said Streets and Passages free and clear from all Stops and Obstructions, and not permit any Coach, Cart, or Dray to stand therein; and if any Coachman, Drayman, or Carman refuse to move out of the said Streets, that they carry such Coachman, Drayman, or Carman to one of the Compters, and such Coach, Dray, or Cait to the Green Yard, and take their Numbers that they may be prosecuted according to law. And although every Person is bound by the Law to take Notice of all general Acts of Parliament, yet that there may not be the least colour or pretence of Ignorance or Inadvertency, these are also to require you to cause your Beadle to go from House to House, and acquaint the several Inhabitants, that by an Act of Parliament made in the ninth and tenth years of the Reign of King William the Third (which is made perpetual,) it is enacted that no Person oi what degree or quality soever shall make, sell, or expose to sale, any Squibs, Ser pents, or other Fireworks; or any Cases Moulds, or other Implements whatsoever

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