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favour of the Rev. John MacNaughtan, And therefore it was that this little Free Church minister at Paisley. Mr. being, who had wound herself round his Forster, in the unavoidable absence of heart like a spell, should be snatched Mr. M'Lean, preached and presided. away; that following her in spirit he The call was sustained, and the usual might meditate upon her new state of exsteps were afterwards taken to prosecute istence, until its scenes and its employthe translation.

ments should become familiar to his mind.

His very dreams betrayed the habit of

his soul. “I heard,” he said one mornTHE INFANT'S GRAVE. ing, “ I heard exquisite music last night. I In a midland parish of Scotland there is saw a lady, a prophetess; she was dressed an ancient church-yard, commanding a

in white, and sang to her harp; when I view of a magnificent range of hills, be awoke, I remembered all her song, but yond a noble river. The church-yard is now it is quite gone, except a line and a rich with historic memorials. The ashes couplet. The lineof mighty dead lie there, heroes of the “ But it passes ecstacy." olden time, who fell in the battle of their The coupletcountry's independence; and strangers

“ And I heard a voice of love: from other lands often visit their tombs,

O beloved, from above." after surveying the battle-field. But it was not to contemplate the

He remarked again, “ It was like the changeful hues of the mountains, or to message, to Daniel, 'O man, greatly be

loved !'" muse among the tombs of the warriors, that a young and highly gifted man so

He would expatiate with delight upon

the radiance which cheers the believer in often lingered there; it was a small, new grave that attracted him—the grave of

“the valley of the shadow of death," and his first-born. She had come forth like a

on the joy with which heaven is filled by flower, to be cut down :

the presence of Christ.

“ That sunbright

countenance!” he once exclaimed, clasp“Soft silken primrose fading timelessly.” ing his bands and looking upward, as if The infant was beautiful ; but her beauty the vision had burst upon his


Who was not that of an infant, it was some- can tell how many of those bright reveal. thing solemn and intellectual; it might ings had been given him while lingering have been supposed that deep thought, by the baby's grave ? and deeper feeling, had dwelt beneath But was his belief well founded, that that forehead and eye, and no one won his darling was in the bosom of Jesus? dered that she became so speedily an Was her spirit safe-had it passed all at angel.

once froin unconscious infancy to the During her brief sojourn she had an beatific vision of the Saviour ? Did he angel's mission to accomplish, to weave a well to picture her amazement when mysterious bond between earthly hearts heaven rushed upon her sight, and she and heaven. The world had smiled too learned the story of the love of Him brightly upon her parents, and one of whose name she had never heard, and of them was soon to leave it; he needed the woe from which he had ransomed her therefore to have his affections drawn by His own blood ? Was this truth, or upward. He had hitherto had every wish was it delusion? She had inherited a accomplished—no blight had fallen upon fallen nature—had been born under the his happiness; and perhaps, though a curse of a broken law; had that nature child of God, and devoted to His service, been renewed—had she escaped that he might have loved the world too well. curse—was she truly in heaven? I think

Standing unconsciously on the confines I hear a question, and I will answer it. of eternity, he needed to have his thoughts The baby had not been baptized. If by directed more than hitherto to its mighty baptism alone a child is made an inheritor realities; for though “in Christ” already, of heaven, she was not there. perhaps there was something lacking of Her parents saw her dying, and yet no needful preparation for seeing His un- priest was called to sprinkle over her the veiled countenance, and joining in the drops of salvation. They only prayed employments of those who stand around that the blood of Christ might be sprinkled the throne,

on her soul; that the arms of Christ


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might be open to receive her, as his ran- the dedication of his living child to Christ somed lamb, into his own bosom. And by this ordinance,—it is by no means then they trusted her to the good Shep- essential for a dying child ; inasmuch as herd, and believed that she was safe. it is certain that the pledge contained in But were they not in this neglecting it can never be redeemed by a life of faith Christ's appointment—did not he enjoin and service in the Church on earth; and, baptism?

it is only “the outward and visible sign, Yes, he did enjoin it as a profession of not the reality, of the sprinkling of the faith in him,-an engagement to live to blood of Jesus upon the soul. him,—to be his. He did enjoin it as the Let me not be understood as finding means of admission into his visible Church fault with parents who esteem it a meet on earth. But the baby needed no vows, thing to profess by baptism, even of a no engagements, to be his; she was going dying child, their confidence in that salvato his bosom: she needed no admission tion of which it is an emblem ; it is the into the Church on earth, she was just superstitious use of this holy ordinance that entering the Church in heaven. But is I condemn, as if it were a sort of charm not baptism regeneration ?—and without to unlock the gates of paradise, and withregeneration is there admittance into out which they would be closed for ever. heaven? Except a man be born again, I do most gladly believe that all infants he cannot see the kingdom of God.” who die before they become accountable Most true, for this is God's word; but it creatures, are among Christ's chosen ones, is not God's word that by baptism a man and the Spirit's regenerated ones;—that is born again. Baptism is performed by althoughman; now, the new birth is not of man,

They die, for Adam sinn'd; but of God,- not of the will of the flesh

They live, for Jesus died ; -(which it would be if dependant upon and that the “new heart” given, but not a priest or a parent's will,) but of God.” expanded on earth, shall open in heaven John i. 13. Baptism is but the sign-a beneath the full sunshine of a Redeemer's testimony to men,-" an outward and love, provision having been made in the visible sign of an inward and spiritual everlasting covenant for their complete grace.” It may be performed, and yet the salvation. receiver be like Simon Magus, "in the The doctrine of election,* taken in congall of bitterness and the bond of iniquity.” | nexion with the revealed benignity of the It has often manifestly been preceded by character of God, would of itself convince regeneration, “ Whosoever believeth me, if there were no other arguments, that Jesus is the Christ, is born of God;' that children dying in infancy are saved. --but before the Ethiopian eunuch was Election precedes faith, precedes regeneallowed to be baptized he was required to ration,-is an act of eternity. Now God state his possession of this belief. In is love; he willeth not that any should answer to Philip's question, he replied, perish. Jesus loved little children, took I believe(not I will believe after I am them in his arms and blessed them; and baptized, but I do believe,) “that Jesus can we doubt that he has redeemed all Christ is the Son of God.” Cornelius, also, who die in infancy,—that he gave them and his friends, received before baptism, their brief existence, not to augment the not merely the ordinary gift of the Holy numbers of the place of woe, but to swell Ghost, but also that extraordinary influ- the ranks of those who stand around ence by which they spoke with other the throne, singing to Him who loved them tongues; hence the challenge :-“Can and gave himself for them? Can we imany forbid water, that these should not be agine that he has made their salvation baptized, which have received the Holy dependant upon “the will ” of mortal Ghost as well as we?” It is, therefore, man,-upon the circumstance of their evident that sometimes there is baptism being sprinkled by the water of baptism? without the gift of the Spirit who regene- Oh, no; he needs not man's aid to accomrates, and that, again, there is often faith, plish his purposes ; salvation is all his own a fruit of the Spirit—a fruit of regenera- gift; and can redeem and regenerate tion,-before baptism.

an infant, as well as renew and implant From all this I conclude, that while it faith in one who has come to years of would be highly culpable for a believer to knowledge and of will. neglect professing his faith and being admitted into the visible Church by baptism, and Chap. III. of the Scottish Confession of

* Article Seventeenth of the English Church, —and also culpable for a parent to neglect | Faith.



An unbaptized child is in a condition as they were conceived. The grace of very different from a Heathen. We may God, which can alone renew man, had infer that a Heathen has not been elected not yet reached his unregenerated heart. to everlasting life, because he is left to Having heard of the piety of Mr. follow out the bent of his fallen nature, Yung Stilling, Counsellor at the Court in a life of idolatry and moral pollution. of the Grand Duke of Baden, he hoped But the infant is kept from this.' Guilt it to find, in this respected old man, the has, but it is snatched away from crime. instructions that he needed to calm his We may not say there is no latent spark conscience. He had an interview with of sin within it, but that spark shall never him in 1812. But Yung, not holding clear be fanned into a flame, it is at once ex- and simple views of the Gospel, spoke to the tinguished by the finger of God.

Emperor only of the sovereignty of God, of Yes,

the grave of his claims upon men, of their obligation to thine infant, baptized or unbaptized, weep observe all the Divine commandments; no more; or, at least, weep no more bit- and with this end in view, to increase terly, hopelessly. If thou art a believer their efforts to eradicate what is evil and in Christ, doubt not that thou shalt ere to practise what is good. He said not a long meet thy child, fair as an angel, word to him about either the great and amidst the great multitude of “little eternal salvation, which the Lord Jesus children" who stand around the throne, has accomplished, or of that pardon of sins saying, “Worthy is the Lamb that was which is freely granted to him that beslain to receive power, and riches, and lieveth. Thus, their conversation yielded wisdom, and strength, and honour, and no comfort to the soul of Alexander. glory, and blessing. And again, as they And, indeed, how could he receive conremember that all unconsciously they solation ? There is no true peace for were carried from earth to heaven,—from man, but in the knowledge of his certain a land of sin to a land of holiness, shall reconciliation to God. they break forth into more rapturous as- Nevertheless, Alexander became more criptions of “salvation unto our God who serious. From that time he was seen sitteth upon the throne, and unto the labouring to subdue his passions, to masLamb for ever and ever. S. E. P. ter the feeling of irritation which arose

in his mind against those who opposed

his wishes; to apply himself diligently CONVERSION OF ALEXANDER, to the reading of the Word of God, EMPEROR OF RUSSIA.* which he constantly carried about with

him,* and to endeavour scrupulously to The life of Alexander, in his early days, fulfil the commandments it contained. was that of a man of the world. The But all his efforts were in vain; and, as love of pleasure was the result of those Paul expresses it, he found no power in principles which he had imbibed from himself to do that which is good. his birth. Yet (as he was wont to say

Such was the spiritual condition of himself), in the midst of all the enjoy- Alexander, when called to leave the ments which he could so easily procure; capital for the celebrated campaign of he never found happiness. In vain did 1813. A lady at the Court, who had he strive to dissipate thought; the voice of conscience was louder than that of sent him, at the moment of his depar

some knowledge of his inward conflicts, the world, and it left him no rest. The ture from Riga, a copy of the ninety-first judgment of God and eternity were often Psalm (“ He that dwelleth in the secret present to his mind, and caused him the place of the Most High,” &c.), entreatmost poignant distress.

ing him to read it frequently, and assurConvinced that the hour would at ing him, that he would find in it the length arrive, when he must give account consolation he needed. The Emperor of his actions to the King of kings, took the paper in haste, put it in his before whom he trembled to appear, he pocket, and departed. He was three often resolved to change his life ; but his days without taking off his clothes, and plans of reform vanished almost as soon entirely forgot what this lady had sent.

Arrived on the frontiers of his dominions, * We take the above from Mr. Rhind's translation of “Notice sur Alexandre, Empe- * The Bible which he used was a translareur de Russie, par H. L. E., Ministre du tion from the Vulgate, printed at Cologne, in St. Evangile," published by Guers, Geneva, 1808, in 8vo. in 1828.

f Romans vii. 18.

he was called to hear the discourse of a you have not yet, like the publican, cried bishop, who took for his text the thirteenth from the bottom of your heart, 'God be verse of this very Psalm,—“ Thou shalt merciful to me, a sinner!' And that is tread upon the lion and the adder; the the reason you have not peace. Listen young lion and dragon shalt thou trample to the voice of a woman who has also under feet.” This discourse, which was been a great sinner, but who has found rather in the prophetic strain, fixed his the pardon of all her sins at the foot of attention; but his astonishment was still the cross of Christ." greater, when, in the evening, on looking In this strain did Madame de K. over his papers, he found the copy of the speak to her Sovereign for nearly three same Psalm : he read it with emotion, hours. Alexander could only utter a and thought he perceived, in this cir- few broken sentences. Resting his head cumstance, a leading of Providence to upon his hands, he wept abundantly. induce him to reflect more seriously on Every word that he heard was, according the interests of his soul.

to the expression of Scripture, as a twoSome time after, he heard a letter read, edged sword, piercing to the bottom of which Madame de Krudener had written his soul and spirit, and judging the to Malle. de Stourdza; he was struck secret purposes of his heart.* At length with the unction with which Madame de Madame de Krudener, terrified at the Krudener spoke of the mercy of God state of distress into which her words had made manifest in Jesus Christ for sinners. plunged Alexander, said to him, “ Sire, There,” said he to himself, " is a person I ask pardon for the tone in which I have who could explain to me what is passing spoken to you. Believe me, it is in the in my own mind.”

sincerity of my heart, and as in the sight The campaign of 1815 commenced, of God, that I have told you those truths, Alexander, on his way to the head-quar- that have never yet been declared to you. ters at Heidelberg, entered Heilbronn, I have only acquitted myself of a sacred Sunday, June 4. As he was approaching duty towards you." “ Fear not," replied this city, the truths contained in Madame Alexander, “all that you have said is de Krudener's letter recurred to his recol- suited to the state of my heart; you have lection, and made him desirous of seeing assisted me to discover in myself some that celebrated lady. He was not aware things which I never saw before ; I am that she had taken up her residence in thankful to God; but I want conversathat neighbourhood for three months tions of this sort often, and I entreat you past. Madame de Krudener, on the not to absent yourself from me.” other hand, wishing to have an interview The next day Alexander removed to with Alexander, bad repaired to Heil- head-quarters. "Hardly had he arrived, bronn. Immediately on his arrival, she when he wrote to Madame de K. to repair presented herself in his antechamber, and to him, informing her, that he greatly handed to Prince Volkonski a letter of needed to converse at large upon what introduction. The Emperor, on taking had for a long time occupied his thoughts. the letter, asked from whom it came. “ You will find me,” said he, “lodged in “ From Madame de Krudener,” replied a little house in the suburbs of the city. the Prince. “ From Madame de Kru- I have chosen this habitation in predener !” cried the Emperor, three times; ference to every other, because I have “what a providence! Where is she? let there found my banner, a cross, set up her come in immediately."

in the garden. During this first interview, Madame Madame de K. replied to this invitade K. endeavoured to call Alexander's tion immediately. She set off from attention to the state of his heart, show- Heilbronn with her household on the 8th ing him his condition as a sinner, the of June, and arrived at Heidelberg the evils of his past life, and the pride that next day. She took for her abode a had influenced him in all his plans of peasant's cottage, on the left bank of the reformation.

Neckar, at the foot of a hill, ten minutes' “No, Sire,” said she, with earnestness, walk from the residence of Alexander. 'you have not yet approached the God- To this humble abode, Alexander, tearing man, as a criminal coming to ask for himself away from his numerous avocagrace; you have not yet received grace tions, used to come regularly every other from Him, who alone has power on earth day, to spend the evening and to unite in to forgive sins; you are still in your sins ; you are not yet humbled before Jesus;

* Heb. iv. 12.

reading the Word of God, in prayer, and Whosoever believeth on the Son hath in familiar conversation on the eternal eternal life. ... But I stand in need of truths of salvation.

conversation on religion ; I want to speak These conferences, which continued all of what is passing within me, and to get the time of his stay at Heidelberg, were counsel. I ought to be surrounded with far from having any political object, as those who may help me to walk in the some journals wished to insinuate. As- path of the Christian, to raise me above sembled by a special providence round a that which is earthly, and to fill my heart great prince, who was seeking from us with the things of heaven." the consolations of religion to calm his This conversation, of which I cannot conscience, we should have thought it a now relate further particulars, showed me sin against God, and a violation of the that Alexander had obtained the precious confidence which the Emperor had reposed gift of faith, of that strong yet simple in us, had we spent the time in conversing faith which is based upon nothing but the on the perishing things of time : and those word of God, and which, inasmuch as it persons of different parties, who were in- is a persuasion which God alone gives, cessantly surrounding us, never could rises above all the petty reasonings of men. avail themselves of our assistance to forward any of their designs. No; when a THE ASSEMBLY'S CATECHISM AND person is impressed with the conviction, CONFESSION OF FAITH. that after death comes the judgment, and We have just read, and with much pleathat the results of that judgment are of sure, the Life of the Rev. Richard Watson, eternal duration ; when he knows that he the ablest man, next to the Wesleys, which who dies out of Christ, dies as he was the Methodist Church has given to the born, under condemnation; it is impos- world. His biographer, a man of kindred sible to engage him who is thus seeking spirit, in speaking of his residence at the truths of the Gospel with any other Lincoln, writes thus :subjects than those of immutable verities. “ To him (that is, Watson) the most

So great was the desire of Alexander important arrangement connected with to grow in the knowledge of the truth, this period of his life, was the course of that he was always the first to point out catechetical instruction which he attended some parts of the sacred books that might under the direction of the minister who form the subject of our conversation ; and officiated in Lady Huntingdon's chapel. the reflections which he made shewed that The catechism which was used was that he was enlightened by the Holy Spirit. of the Westminster Assembly of Divines ;

The first time that I was introduced to which, with the Confession of Faith, him, after a few minutes' conversation, in drawn up by the same authorities, is well which he spoke of the evils of his past known to be the standard of doctrine in life with a deep feeling of grief, I took the Scottish Church. · Both these formuthe liberty to put this question to him : laries are decidedly Calvinistic on the

Sire, have you now peace with God? question of predestination and its concomiAre you assured of the pardon of your tants; but they are, otherwise, among sins ?” He was for a moment silent, as the best summaries of Christian doctrine if he were interrogating himself, and fear- ever compiled. To young Watson it ing he might deceive himself: then, as if must have been a great advantage to be a veil had been lifted from before his rendered familiar with this brief system face, he looked up towards heaven with of divine truth. Though the effect of this an animated and peaceful look, and ex- course might not immediately appear, he claimed, with a voice both firm and full doubtless derived from it great benefit, of feeling, “I am happy-yes, I am happy. when he became serious, and especially . . I have peace-the peace of God. . . when he was called upon to instruct others I am a great sinner, but since Madame in the way of salvation. Religious train(meaning Madame de K.) has shown me ing is an essential part of sound education, that Jesus came to seek and to save that and no mode of accomplishing this object which was lost, I know, I believe, that has been found so effectual as catechising.” my sins are forgiven. The Word of God We commend these words to those says, He that believeth on the Son of members of our communion who speak of God, on God the Saviour, is passed from the standards of our Church with qualified death unto life, and shall never come into praise, and who have yet to be convinced condemnation. I believe yes, I that catechetical instruction is a useful have faith. . . . . John the Baptist says, exercise.Genesee Evangelist.

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