International Law

Front Cover
Clarendon Press, 1880 - International law - 743 pages
 

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Contents

Effects of cession upon the contract rights and obliga
84
Cases illustrative of the law of occupation
92
Cession
100
Whether rights of navigation are possessed by states
106
History of usage and opinion
114
CHAPTER III
131
Immunities of a foreign sovereign
137
Personal immunities
146
History of usage and opinion
153
Immunities of public vessels
161
The limits within which the territorial jurisdiction ought
169
Right of hospitality
177
Responsibility of a state
183
Married women
189
The questions arising out of sovereignty in relation
204
Limits of the jurisdiction of a state over its merchant
212
SECTION PAGE 81 Piracy
214
8BCTIOK PAGE
219
Illustrative cases
223
Right of selfpreservation in general
226
Permissible action within foreign territory against in dividuals making it a startingpoint for attack
227
Permissible action within the territory of states which are not free agents
229
Permissible action in nonterritorial waters
231
Protection of subjects abroad
235
CHAPTER VIII
240
General conditions of the legality of intervention
241
Selfpreservation
242
Restraint of wrongdoing
244
Treaty of guarantee
248
Invitation by a party to a civil war
249
Interventions under the authority of the body of states
250
CHAPTER IX
251
Diplomatic agents
253
Diplomatic agents in friendly states to which they are not accredited
257
SECTION PAGE ioi Diplomatic agents found by the enemy of the state to which they are accredited in the terri tory of the latter
258
Officers in command of armed forces of the state
260
Diplomatic agents not of publicly acknowledged character
262
Commissioners
263
Responsibility of a state for acts done by its agents
269
Division of the subject
271
Antecedent conditions of the validity of a treaty
272
Ratification by the supreme power of treaties made by its agents
276
i11 Interpretation of treaties
284
Interpretation of conflicting agreements
285
Treaties of guarantee
287
Effects of treaties
290
Modes of assuring the execution of treaties
291
Renewal of treaties
303
AMICABLE SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES AND MEASURES OF CONSTRAINT FALLING SHOBT OF WAR 118 Modes of settling disputes amic...
306
Retorsion and Reprisal
308
Pacific blockade
312
Embargo in contemplation of war 314
314
CHAPTER L
315
Negative effects of the commencement of war
322
RIGHTS WITH RESPECT TO THE PERSON OF ENEMIES
333
Treatment of sick and wounded
339
Dismissal of prisoners on parole
345
Rights of punishment and security
351
SECTION PAGE 138 State property
354
Private property witbin the territory of its owners state
360
Contributions and requisitions
362
Foraging
368
Property entering his territorial waters after the commencement of war 374
374
Private property in places not within the jurisdiction of any state
375
Exceptions to the rule that private property at sea may be captured
380
What constitutes a valid capture and its effect
384
Disposal of captured property
387
Hansom
390
Loss of property acquired by capture
392
MILITARY OCCUPATION 153 Nature of military occupation in its primd facie aspect
393
Extent of the rights of a military occupant
400
Practice in matters bearing on the security of an occupant
401
Practice in administrative matters etc
406
Use of the resources of the country
407
The effects of a personal union
440
How far possession of the external characteristics
449
Right of noncommissioned vessels to resist capture
456
The means of destruction which may be employed
457
Devastation
458
Deceit
461
Spies
463
CHAPTER VIII
465
Passports
466
Suspensions of arms and armistices
467
Cartels
473
Capitulations
475
Safeguards
477
Licences to trade
478
TERMINATION OF WAR 197 Modes in which war may be terminated
482
Dates from which hostilities cease on conclusion of a treaty
484
Acts done before the commencement of the war
486
Acts of war done subsequently to the conclusion of peace
488
Termination of war by simple cessation of hostilities
489
Conquest
490
Effects of conquest
494
SECTION PAGE
496
Their rights
503
Neutral duty in the latter part of the century accord
513
Whether loans by neutral individuals are permissible
519
Hostilities committed within neutral territory
525
Equipment of vessels of war in neutral territory
532
Effect of neutral sovereignty upon captured persons
541
Effect of resistance by a belligerent attacked within
548
GENERAL VIEW OF THE BELATIONS OF BELLIGERENT STATES
554
Heads of law
562
SECTION PAGE 239 Practice in the nineteenth century
574
Opinions of modern publicists
575
Contraband not restricted to muuitions of war
578
Whether contraband includes Horses saltpetre and sulphur
579
Materials of naval construction
581
Coal
582
Provisions
583
Clothing money metals c
585
CHAPTER VI
590
Carriage of despatches
592
of persons in the service of the belligerent
593
Penalty incurred by the transport of analogues of con traband
595
of persons in the ordinary way of trade
597
CARRIAGE OF BELLIGERENT GOODS IN NEUTRAL VESSELS 254 Conflicting theories on the subject
601
History of usage
602
Effect of the Declaration of Paris
608
CHAPTER VIII
610
Institution of a blockade and how a neutral becomes affected with a knowledge of its institution
611
Authority under which a blockade may be established
616
Conditions of the due maintenance of a blockade
617
is placed under blockade can come out
623
What acts constitute a breach of blockade
625
Penalty of breach
627
Blockade of a river partly in neutral territory
628
NEUTRAL GOODS IN ENEMYS SHIPS 267 Conflicting theories on the subject
630
Course of usage and present state of the question
631
Liability of neutral to incidental loss from capture
634
CHAPTER X
637
Whether convoyed ships can be visited
638
Mode of conducting visit
644
When capture takes place
646
on ground of fraudulent acts
650
Duties of a captor
651
CHAPTER XI
654
General position of neutral persons and property within belligerent jurisdiction and right of angary
656
APPENDIX PAGE
657
Conditions of the nationality of vessels fixed by
666
Papers carried by vessels in evidence of their nation
672
Consular Convention tigned at Washington July
686
Convention signed at Geneva August 22 1864
696
Extracts from the Declaration of Russia as to
703
General Index
733
Limitations on its operation 418
739

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Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 536 - First, to use due diligence to prevent the fitting out, arming, or equipping, within its jurisdiction, of any vessel which it has reasonable ground to believe is intended to cruise or to carry on war against a power with which it is at peace ; and also to use like diligence to prevent the departure from its jurisdiction of any vessel intended to cruise or carry on war as above, such vessel having been specially adapted, in whole or in part, within such jurisdiction, to warlike use.
Page 283 - ... ever obtain or maintain for itself any exclusive control over the said ship canal; agreeing that neither will ever erect or maintain any fortifications commanding the same or in the vicinity thereof, or occupy, or fortify or colonize, or assume or exercise any dominion over Nicaragua, Costa Rica, the Mosquito coast, or any part of Central America...
Page 682 - States, and that he doth absolutely and entirely renounce and abjure all allegiance and fidelity to every foreign prince, potentate, state or sovereignty whatever, and particularly, by name, the prince, potentate, state, or sovereignty whereof he was before a citizen or subject; which proceedings shall be recorded by the clerk of the court.
Page 619 - The neutral flag covers enemy's goods, with the exception of contraband of war ; 3. Neutral goods, with the exception of contraband of war, are not liable to capture under enemy's flag; 4. Blockades, in order to be binding, must be effective ; that is to say, maintained by a force sufficient really to prevent access to the coast of the enemy.
Page 710 - Majesty for that purpose first had and obtained as aforesaid, shall, by adding to the number of the guns of such vessel, or by changing those on board for other guns, or by the addition of any equipment for war...
Page 282 - To which is prefixed, a discourse on the conduct of the government of Great Britain in respect to neutral nations.
Page 535 - States shall then be at peace with such belligerent. ) 8. Fitting out and arming, or attempting to fit out and arm, or procuring to be fitted out and armed, or knowingly being concerned in the furnishing, fitting out, or arming of any ship or vessel with intent that such ship or vessel shall be employed in the service of either of the said belligerents.
Page 156 - States as before defined ; and in every case in which any process issuing out of any court of the United States shall be disobeyed or resisted by any person or persons having the custody of any vessel of war, cruiser, or other armed vessel of any foreign prince...
Page 694 - Le personnel des hôpitaux et des ambulances, comprenant l'intendance, les services de santé, d'administration, de transport des blessés, ainsi que les aumôniers, participera au bénéfice de la neutralité lorsqu'il fonctionnera, et tant qu'il restera des blessés à relever ou à secourir.
Page 300 - Powers, signed a' declaration affirming it to be " an essential principle of the law of nations that no Power can liberate itself from the engagements of a treaty, nor modify the stipulations thereof, unless with the consent of the contracting parties by means of an amicable arrangement.

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