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hoc renunciaverit societati, ut obve

niens aliquod lucrum solus habeat, veluti, si totorum bonorum socius,

cum ab aliquo haeres esset relictus, in hoc renunciaverit societati, ut haereditatem solus lucri faceret, cogitur hoc lucrum communicare. Si quid verö, aliud lucri faciat, quod non captaverit, adipsum solum pertinet. Ei verö, cui renunciatum est, quicquid omnino post renunciatem societatem acquiritur, soli conceditur.

with a fraudulent intent, and that

he may enjoy the sole benefit of some future fortune, which he expects, his

renunciation will not avail: for, if a partner in common, on being appointed heir, should renounce his partnership, that he may possess the inheritance exclusively, he would nevertheless be compelled to divide equally with his former partners; yet, if an inheritance, which he did not expect, should by accident fall to him after renunciation, the whole would be his own : but those, from whom a partner hath separated himself by renouncing, possess solely for themselves whatever they acquire, after the renunciation of that partner.

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centur; nam, eum in ejus locum alius succedat, pro mortuo habetur.

ners ; for when another takes his place, he is considered as dead.

De cessione bonorum.

§ VIII. Item, si quis ex sociis mole debiti praegravatus bonis suis cesserit, et ideo propter publica et privata debita substantia ejus vaneat, solvitur societas. Sed hoc casu, siadhuc consentiant in societatem, nova videtur incipere societas.

De dolo et culpá

$ IX. Socius socio utrum eo nomine tantum teneatur pro socio actione, si quid dolo commiserit, sicut is, qui deponi apud se passus est, an etiam culpae, id est, desidiae atque negligentiae nomine, quaesitum est? Praevaluit tamen, etiam culpa nomine teneri eum. Culpa autem non ad exactissimam diligentiam dirigenda est; sufficit enim talem diligentiam communibus rebus adhibere socium, qualem suis rebus adhibere solet. Nam, qui partim diligentem socium sibi assumit, dese queri, sibique hoc imputare, debet,

$ 8. Also, when a man in partnership, being pressed by debts, makes a cession of his goods, and they are sold to satisfy either public or private demands, the partnership is dissolved. But, if the rest should still desire to remain partners, the first partnership would not continue, but a new one would commence.

à Socio praestandis. $ 9. It has been a question, whether a partner, like a depositary, is accountable for fraud only, or also jor negligence 2 And it now prevails, that he is answerable for all the damages, which happen through his fault. But though he fail in having used the most exact diligence, such a failure, is not regarded as culpa, or a fault: for a partner is not liable to answer damages, if it appear that he has used the same care and diligence in respect of the partnership property as he has usually observed in keeping his own. Whoever chuses a negligent man for his partner, must lay the blame upon himself only, and impute his misfortune to his own ill choice.

TITULUS VIGESIMUS.SEPTIMUS.

DE MANDATO.

D. xvii. T. 1.

Divisio MANDATUM contrahitur quinque modis, sivè suâ tantùm gratia aliquis tibi mandet, sivè suâ et tua, sivè alienâ tantùm, sivè suâ et alienâ, sivè tuâ et aliena. At, si tuâ tantùm gratiâ tibi mandatum sit, supervacuum est mandatum ; et ob id nulla ex eo obligatio, nec mandati inter vos actio nascitur.

C. iv. T. 35.

à fine. A mandate is affive kinds ; either zvhen it is given solely for the benefit of the mandator; or jointly for his benefit, and that of the mandatary ; or solely for the benefit of a third persom ; vrjointly for the benefit of the mandator and a third persom ; or jointly for the benefit of the mandatary and a third person. But, if a mandate be given solely for the sake of the mandatary, the mandate is useless ; for no obligation cam arise from it, nor of course any action.

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jus generis mandatum magis con

silium, quam mandatum est, et ob

id non est obligatorium; quia nemo ex consilio mandati obligatur, etiam si non expediatei, cui man

dabatur, cum liberum cuique sit

apud se explorale, an sibi expediat

coum. Itaque, si otiosam pe

cuniam domi te hallentem hortatus

fuerit aliquis, ut rem aliquam eme

res, vel cam crederes, quamvis non

expediat eam tibi emisse, vel cre

didisse, non tamch tibi mandatitenetur. Et adeü hoc ita sunt, ut

quaesium sit, an imandati teneatur,

qui mandavit tibi, ut pecuniam Ti

tio scenerares. Sed obtinuit Sabini

sententia, obligatorium esse in hot

easu mandatum ; quia non alitèr, Titio credidisses, quam si tibi man

datum esset.

seems rather to be good advice, than a mandate, it is not obligatory; for no action of mandate can be brought against a man on account of advice,

although it has not proved beneficial

to him, to whom it was given ; inasmuch as every one is at full liberty to consult his own reason, whether advice given be expedient or not. Therefore, if you should be advised to employ your money, which now lies dead, either by lending it at interest, or in making a purchase, and gau shall become a loser by following this advice, the adviser would not be liable to an action. And this is so " true, that it has even been a question, whether an action of mandate will lie against him, who hath required wou by mandate to lend money to Titius, who is insolvent. But the opinion of Sabinus hath obtained, and a mandate in this case is now judged to be obligatory; for you would never have trusted Titius, but in abedience to the mandate.

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mandati; ut ecce, si quis usque ad for example, if a mandator should re.

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