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“ The humble memorial of the trustees for es.
tablishing the colony of Georgia in America, “ Humbly sheweth,
“That they being intrusted by your majesty with the care of the colony of Georgia, which was formerly part of your majesty’s province of SouthCarolina, and your majesty’s colony of Georgia being very much exposed to the power of the Spaniards, and being an object of their envy, by having valuable ports upon the homeward passage from the Spanish West-Indies, and the Spaniards having increased their force in the neighborhood thereof; the trustees, in consequence of the great trust reposed in them by your majesty, find themselves obliged, humbly to lay before your majesty, their inability, sufficiently to protect your majesty's subjects settled in Georgia, under the encouragement of your majesty’s char. ter, against this late increase of forces, and there. fore become humble suppliants to your majesty, on the behalf of your majesty's subjects settled in the province of Georgia, that your majesty would be pleased to take their preservation into your royal consideration, that by a necessary supply of forces, the province may be protected against the great dangers that seem immediately to threaten it. All which is most humbly submitted to your majesty’s great wisdom.
“Signed by order of the trustees, this 10th day of August, 1737. “ BENJAMIN MARTYN, Secretary.”
On the 25th of the same month, Oglethorpe obtained the appointment of colonel, with the rank of general and commander in chief of the forces in South-Carolina and Georgia; and was directed to raise a regiment with all possible expedition for the protection of the frontiers of the colonies. As an encouragement for the good behaviour of the soldiers, the trustees resolved to give them an interest in the prosperity and welfare of the colony; and accordingly made a grant of land in trust, for an allotment of five acres to each soldier of the regiment, to be cultivated by him for his own use and benefit, and to hold the same during his continuance in the service; and for a further encouragement they resolved, that each soldier, who at the end of seven years from the date of his enlistment, should be desirous of quitting the service, and should produce his regular discharge, and would settle in the colony, should on having his commanding officers certificate or good behaviour, be entitled to a grant of twenty acres of land. The regiment was filled up, embarked and arrived in Georgia, in Sept. 1738. The inhabitants of the colony at the close of this year, amounted to one thousand one hundred and ten persons, exclusive of those who had settled at Augusta, Tybee, Skidaway, Argyle, Thunderbolt, Cumberland and Amelia, who had brought servants and come to Georgia, at their own expense. The emigrants of this year were principally of German protestants, who settled at Ebenezer. During Oglethorpe's absence from Georgia, the discontents of the people had ripened into a settled aversion to their condition : the strict laws of the trustees, respecting the rum trade, had created a serious quarrel at Savannah : the fortification at Augusta, had induced the traders from Charleston to open stores there, as most convenient and profitable for commercial intercoure with the Indians. For this purpose, the land carriage being expensive, they intended to force their way with loaded boats up Savannah river, for the supply of goods to their stores. As the boats passed the town of Savannah, a trader, induced by advantageous offers for a prohibited article, smuggled rum on shore to the soldiers.Causton who was the chief of the bailiffs, netted with such an infringement of the law, under his executive guidance, rashly ordered the boats to be examined, the packages to be opened, the casks of rum staved, and the offender to be confined. This harsh treatment was resented by the governor of Carolina, who deputed one member from the council, and one from the legislature, with instructions to proceed to Savannah, and enquire into the case, and demand by what authority, the person and goods of Carolinians were seized and destroyed, in waters where an equal right of navigation was claimed, under a law of the colony of Georgia. Time had cooled the temper of Causton and his associates, and becoming sensible of their error, the trader was
released, his goods restored, compensation allowed for the damages sustained, out of the trustees funds, and satisfactory concessions made : the dispute was settled and the deputies treated with the utmost civility. An agreement was entered into, that the Carolina traders should not thereafter be interrupted, but that they should be assisted and protected in their lawful pursuits; and on the other hand it was engaged, that no spirituous liquors should be smuggled amongst the settlers, and that the navigation of Savannah river should be open and free to both provinces. In the mean time the most extravagant accounts of this paradise of the world, were circulated in England: numerous hackney muses might be instanced, but I shall confine myself to the celebrated performance of the reverend Mr. Wesley, where a sufficient stock of truth and religion, might be expected to counterbalance a poetical licence : this was said to have been written about the time he was courting the smiles of justice Causton's niece: the poem is entitled “Georgia,” and some verses upon Mr. Oglethorpe's second voyage :“See where beyond the spacious ocean lies A wide waste land beneath the southern skies, Where kindly suns for ages roll'd in vain, Nor e'er the vintage saw, or rip'ning grain; Where all things into wild luxuriance ran, And burthen’d nature ask'd the aid of man. In this sweet climate and prolific soil,
He bids the eager swain indulge his toil ;
Consigns the rich uncultivated land.
“But not content in council here to join, A further labor, Oglethorpe, is thine : In each great deed, thou claim'st the foremost part, And toil and danger charm thy gen’rous heart : But chief for this thy warm affections rise ; For oh! thou view'st it with a parent’s eyes: For this thou tempt’st the vast tremendous main, And floods and storms oppose their threats in vain.” -vr“He comes, whose life, while absent from your view, Was one continued ministry for you ; For you were laid out all his pains and art, Won ev'ry will and soften’d ev'ry heart. With what paternal joy shall he relate, How views its mother isle, your little state : Think while he strove your distant coast to gain, How oft he sigh’d and chid the tedious main : Impatient to survey, by culture grac'd, Your dreary woodland and your rugged waste. Fair were the scenes he feign'd, the prospect fair; And sure, ye Georgians, all he feign'd was there. A thousand pleasures crowd into his breast; But one, one mighty thought absorbs the rest, And gives me heav'n to see, the patriot cries, Another Britain in the desart rise.
With nobler products see thy Georgia teems,