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of six weeks to return to England—he promised to represent the grievances of the people to the trustees : whether he resigned, or was removed from the office of first bailiff, is not known— Causton however was appointed in his stead. There was amongst the bailiffs, one Henry Parker, a man of mild temper and moderate capacity, of a large family and was dependant on the public store for subsistence—therefore whenever Causton designed to gain a favorite point, he threatened him with the exercise of his power, in withholding subsistence from himself and family: Mr. Christie, the recorder was easily over-ruled by the other two. After Gordon's dismission or resignation, Mr. Durn was appointed ; he was said to be seventy years of age, and crazed both in bo'dy and mind; he died soon after he was appointed: his successor Robert Gilbert, could neither read nor write, so that after Gordon's departure, Causton met no formidable opposition to his arbitrary proceedings. Captain Joseph Watson, is mentioned amongst the victims of Causton's tyrannical administration: he had brought a charge against this militia officer, for stirring up animosities in the minds of the Indians: he was indicted and brought to trial, in which Causton is represented in the three-fold capacities of witness, advocate and judge. The jury returned twice without finding the prisoner guilty of any crime, but that of having used some unguarded expressions: Causton desired the jury to return, find him guil. ty, and recommend him to the mercy of the court, immagining or supposing he might be lu. natic : the jury then found him guilty of lunacy: the judge ordered him to prison, where he remained near three years (though he had offered good security) without pronouncing any sentence. Many other instances of the cruelty of this judge are mentioned amongst the grievances of the colonists—among other matters are, that the British nation was deceived with the same of a happy flourishing colony, and of its being free from that pest and scourge of mankind called lawyers ; for want of whose legal assistance, the poor miserable inhabitants were exposed to a more arbitrary government, than was ever exer. cised in Turkey or Muscovy. Looks were cri. minal, and the grand sin of opposing justice to authority, was punished without mercy: that a

light-house was commenced of wood and the

frame was rotten before it was erected; that the lofty fabric had never been covered and was going to ruins: that prisons and log-houses of various sorts were alternately built and razed, and that most part of them were better calculated for dungeons in the Spanish inquisition, than British goals. Irons, whipping-posts, gibbets, &c. were provided to keep the inhabitants in perpetual terror; innocence afforded no protection; and for some time there were more imprisonments, whipping, &c. of the white people, in this colony of liberty, than in all British America besides:

Corn-mills, saw-mills, public roads, trustees plantations, (as they were called) wells, forts, &c. were commenced for the purpose of amusing the world, and maintaining a few creatures who assisted in keeping the poor colonists in subjection. Such were the complaints against the trustees and civil authority, while Oglethorpe was absent. If the code of English law was found unequal to the governmentofa majority of these people, it was not to be supposed that their vices could be controlled by a mild system, under the administration of a few ignorant magistrates. During the absence of Oglethorpe from the colony, exertions had been made to cultivate the vine and mulberry, to make wine and silk : those best acquainted with the cultivation of them had been employed, with the assistance of common laborers, on a spot of ground which was enclosed at the east end of Savannah, called the trustees garden ; and perhaps a more improper place could not have been fixed on. After being dug up and exposed to a few rains, they found themselves cultivating a poor bed of sand, which in the heat of summer would have roasted an egg. The trees did not flourish and the vines were parched with heat. Having laid off the fifty acre lots for each farmer indiscriminately, several of them in point of quality, corresponded with the garden: the people grew dissatisfied and became clamorous against the trustees, while the colony was yet in the bud. Drunkenness and irregularities. began to prevail in a formidable degree. The law prohibiting strong drink could not be enforc. ed; the people deemed the use of ardent spirits necessary for the preservation of health. The principal part of the people who had been sent over at the trustees expense, were picked up in the streets of London, and outcasts from other parts of the kingdom, and would probably have been dissatisfied with the best possible arrangements which could have been made for them ; and that industrious farmers were to be formed out of such materials, immediately after their arrival in Georgia, was one of these extraordinary events, which on common calculation, could not have been expected. Admitting the humane intentions of the trustees, and allowing them all the credit which is due for their laudable intentions; perhaps the immagination of man could scarcely have framed a system of rules worse adapted to the circumstances and situation of the poor settlers, and of more pernicious consequence to the prosperity of the province. The colony was designed to be a barrier to South-Carolina, against the Spanish settlement at Augustine ; they immagined that negroes would rather weaken than strengthen it; and that the poor colonists would run in debt and ruin themselves by the purchase of slaves. The use of rum was judged pernicious to health, and ruinous to an infant settlement: a free trade with

the Indians, was considered as a thing that would produce quarrels with a powerful nation of savages: such were probably the motives of the trustees in imposing such ill judged and ridiculous restrictions on the colony of Georgia, from which the adjoining colony of South-Carolina, separated only by a narrow river, was entirely free. There the people could buy as many negroes as they pleased; possess by a fee simple title several hundred acres of land, and choose it from the best that was vacant; purchase as much rum as they might desire, deal with the Indians without restriction, and in short they enjoyed all those privileges which were denied to Georgia. The trustees like other distant legislators, who framed their regulations upon speculative principles, were liable to many errors and mistakes; and however good their design, their rules were found unwise, and indeed impracticable. The Carolinians plainly perceived that these regulations must prove insuperable obstacles to the progress and prosperity of the colony, and therefore from motives of pity, invited the Georgians to cross the Savannah river and settle amongst them, convinced that they could never succeed under such impolitic and oppressive restrictions. Remonstrances were made to the trustees that their garden would neither produce mulberries or grapes, from its extreme poverty, and they seeming sensible of their error, gave Sorders to choose another spot of ground of better I

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