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Existimatio, 148, 601.
Expensilatio, 478 sq.
Expromissio, 465.
Extension of the Roman franchise,

26.

| Husband and wife, their proprietary

relations, 122 sq.
Hypotheca, 318-320, 594.

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Falcidian fourth, 295 sq.
Fictio legis Corneliae, 245, 267.
Fictions, 30, 632.
Fideicommissa, 299 sq.: differences

between, and legacies, 300, 307 :

proof of, 307, 308.
Fideicommissaria hereditas, 301 :

transfer of, how regulated, 301, 303,

304.

Fideiussio, 410 sq.
Fidepromissio, 410, 411.
Fiducia, 315, 316, 380, 384: in eman-

cipation, 137, 350.
Filiusfamilias, his position in respect

of contract, 118, 402, 446 : of pro-
perty, 229-231 : of capacity to sue,

118, 521.
Forgery, penalties for, 609.
Formula, the, 627 sq. : parts of, 627–

638.
Formulary procedure, 627 sq.: abo-

lition of, 643
Freedom, modes of obtaining other

than manumission, 106.
Fructus civiles and naturales, 198,

199.
Fructus licitatio, 590.
Fructuum perceptio, 197.
Fruits, title to, 197.
Furiosus, his capacity to bind himself

by contract, 402.
Furtum, 487, 488, 498-508 : concep-

tum, 500 : lance et licio conceptum,
500 : manifestum, 500: non exhibi-
tum, 501: oblatum, 500 : prohibi-
tum, BOI.

G.
Gaius, 49, 60.
Gentiles, 355.
Gifts between husband and wife, 224.
Glossators, 73.
Guardianship, 138 sq. : by women,

139: over women, 139-141 : over
impuberes, 141 sq.: duties of guar-
dian, 141, 444.

H.
Habitatio, 214.
Heredes necessarii, 271, 272.
- sui et necessarii, 272.
Hereditas, 234, 235.
- jacens, 234.
Hunter, Mr., on the Gaian classifica.

tion of law, 180, 181: on Possession,
327, 328.

Ignominia, 149.
Imperium, 29.
Impossibility of performance, effect

of, on validity of contract, 397, 398.
In bonis habere, 187, 188.
In integrum restitutio, 372, 532, 549–

552, 588.
Iniure cessio, 215:0fhereditas, 236,377.
In ius vocatio, 539, 623.
In libertate esse, 104.
Inaedificatio, 194.
Incertae personae, 248, 254.
Infamia, 149, 601, 602.
Infantia, 403.
Ingenuitas, modes of acquiring, 11.
Iniuria, 488, 489, 519-524.
Innominate contract, 386, 387.
Institutes, the, composition of, 67.
Institution of heres, 252: of servus

alienus, 255, 256: of postumus alien-
us, 290: who could not be instituted,

254: institution ex re certa, 306.
Intentio, 628,633.
Interdicts, 30, 326, 494, 588 sq.: Inter-

dict procedure under the Formulary

system, 688-591: under Justinian, 591.
Interdictum de arboribus caedendis,

591.
- de homine libero, etc., 591.

de liberis exhibendis, 591.
de mortuo inferendo, 592.
de superficie, 313.
de vi armata, 598.
fraudatorium, 532, 591.
ne vis fiat, etc., 591.

possessorium, 591, 595.
-- quorum bonorum, 366, 457 sq.,
593, 594.

Salvianum, 534, 594. .
- sectorium, 591, 595.
– unde vi, 591, 598.

uti possidetis, 589, 592, 593, 596,
- utrubi, 589, 595, 596, 598.
Interpellatio, 409.
Interpretatio, 45.
Interusurium, 285.
Intestate succession, law relating to,

329-331 : to freedmen, 330, 360 sq.:
the law as regulated by the XII
Tables; of sui, 337: agnates, 346:
gentiles, 355: as regulated by the
Edict : of liberi, 340 : legitimi, 348,
349 : cognati, 355 sq.; under novel
cxviii, 370, 371,
- to emancipatus, 344, 345.

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Intestate succession, to filiusfamilias

with peculium, 344.
Intimidation, effect of, on validity of Laesio enormis, 419.
dispositions, 541, 550.

Latinitas, 26, 27.
Invecta et illata, 319, 427.

Latini Iuniani, 109: succession to,
Inventory, Justinian's introduction of, 362, 363.
277, 298.

Law of Citations, 59, 60.
Iudex, original conception of, 619: Legacy, nature of, 279: form of, 279,
pedaneus, 643

280: conjunctive and disjunctive, 282,
Iudicia divisoria, 538, 633.

283: remedies for recovery of, 280 :
- legitima, 577.

ademption and transference of, 294:
- publica, 605 sq.

to be paid after death of heir, etc.,
quae imperio continentur, 577. 292 : given poenae nomine, 293 : le-
Iudicis arbitrive postulatio, 624,630. gatum partitionis, 303-305.
Iudicium Cascellianum, 590.

Legal education at Rome, 45, 53,
contrarium, 600.

54, 58, 71.
Iura in re aliena, 204.

Legal terminology of the Romans,
Iurata promissio liberti, 388, 593. its evidence as to their original con-
Iuridici, 43, 155.

dition, 613-615.
Iuris quasi possessio, 209, 321.

Leges curiatae, 3.
Ius, signification of, 90: ius and iudi. - Iuliae iudiciariae, 626.
cium, 626, 638.

- Liciniae, 22.
Ius adcrescendi, 2 26.

- Publiliae, 22, 23.
-- anulorum, 110.

- regiae, 3.
- civile, 27, 56.

– Valeriae, 9.
-- edicendi, 29.

Legis actiones, 29, 620-625 : defects
- gentium or naturale, 27-30, 36 of, 625, 626: limited survival of,
38, 56, 92, 101.

626.
- Papirianum, 3.

Legitimation of children, 127, 128.
- praetorium, 29, 30, 39, 42.

Letting and hiring, contract of, 424
- protimeseos, 315.

sq. : rights and duties of the parties,
- quod ad actiones pertinet, 489 sq. 426-428.
- quod ad personas pertinet, 80, 84: | Lex as a mode of acquisition, 215.
changes in, between Gaius and Jus | Lex Aebutia, 30, 33, 34, 626, 627,640.
tinian, 87.

— Aelia Sentia, 108, 109, 11, 126,
- quod ad res pertinet, 176 sq.: 272.
changes in, between Gaius and Jus - Anastasiana, 467.
tinian, 181, 182.

- Apuleia, 411, 412.
- respondendi, 50.

- Aquilia, 488, 504, 511 sq., 525,
- scriptum and non scriptum, 93. 566.
Iusiurandum, 534, 535 : see Oath.

Atilia, 152.
- in litem, 546, 635.

Atinia, 218.
Iusta causa traditionis, 200.

Calpurnia, 568, 625, 630.
--- or iustus titulus in usucapio, 216.

Canuleia, 21.
in in integrum restitutio, 550.

Cassia, 12.
Iustae nuptiae, 119.

Cicereia, 411, 535.

Cincia, 222, 224, 225, 583.
J.

commissoria, 316, 320.
Joint and several liability, 472 sq.

Cornelia, 32.
Joint guarantors of right, 617,618.

- de falsis, 238, 245, 267, 609.
Joint tutors and curators, 162.

de iniuriis, 523.
Judgment, effect of, on rights of

de sicariis, 102, 516, 523,
action, 581-583.

524, 607, 608.
Judicial functions, how acquired by

- maiestatis, 606.
the state, 620.

- de imperio, 42.
Jurists, their influence on Roman law, decimaria, 255.

44-48, 50-52, 58: schools of, 48, 49: Fabia de plagiariis, 503, 524, 610.
defect in their method, 53.

- Falcidia, 241, 266, 295-297, 300,

305
K.

- Fufia Caninia, 108, 109, 113.
Kings of Rome, 4: expelled, 9.

Furia de sponsu, 411, 412, 573.

Lex Furia testamentaria, 233, 235,

M.
295.
Horatia Valeria, 20.

Magistratus maiores and minores,
- Hortensia, 23, 94.

29.
- Hostilia, 567.

Mala fide possessor, 195, 198.
Julia caducaria, 366.

Mancipatio, 215, 364.
- de adulteriis, 108, 122, 126, | Mancipium, 115.
227, 253, 524, 606.

Mandata, 95.
- de ambito, 610.

Mandatum, 435 sq.
de annona, 611.

- qualificatum, 415, 437, 438.
- de bonorum cessione, 377, Manus, 114.

Manus iniectio, 375, 376, 621, 633,
de civitate, 26.

640.
de fundo dotali, 123.

Marriage, 119 sq.
- de maritandis, 223, 602. Measure of damages in an action,
de rebus vi possessis, 218. 515.
de residuis, 611.

Metus, 541, 550.
de vi, 511, 324, 398, 609. Minus petitio, 552.
- maiestatis, 606.

Missio in possessionem, 376.
- peculatus, 608-610.

Mistake, effect of, on validity of testa-
repetundarum, 611.

mentary dispositions, 290, 291: ot
Iulia et Titia, 152.

contracts, 407, 408 : as a ground for
Iunia Norbana, 27, 107-109, 244, in integrum restitutio, 551.
254, 362.

Mora, 409, 410.
lunia Velleia, 249.

Mutuum, 381.
Maenia, 25.
Mamilia, 538.

N.
Menenia, 12.
Ovinia, 22.

Natural and Civil, opposition be-
Papia Poppaea, 43, 120, 123, 140, tween, 38, 93.
212, 223, 254, 255, 282, 287, 300,

Naturalis obligatio, 462 sq.
330, 351, 360, 366.

Negotiorum gestio, 442, 443.
Papiria, 12.

Nexi liberatio, 448.
Petronia, 102.

Nexum, 333-
Pinaria, 12, 624, 625, 627.

Nomina arcaria, 479.
Plaetoria, 159, 160, 583.

Nominatores, 164.
Poetelia, 375, 376, 640.

Novatio, 452-454, 478: necessaria,
Pompeia de parricidiis, 117, 608. 455.
Publilia, IT, 411.

Novellae constitutiones, 62, 73
Rhodia de iactu, 202.

Noxal surrender of slaves, etc., 561
Rubria, 375.

sq.
- Scribonia, 209.

- Servilia, 568.
- Silia, 624, 625, 627, 629, 630.
- Tarpeia, 12.

Oath, the, as a mode of deciding dis-
-- Voconia, 223, 254, 295, 300, 348. puted questions, 534, 535, 580, 618.
Libel and Slander, 520, 523.

Obligatio, meaning of, 331, 332, 460
Libellary procedure, 539, 540, 643. sq. : relation to actio, 332: obliga-
Libellus conventionis, 529, 539, 540.

tions civil and praetorian, 377: civil
Libertini, 23, 330, 360 sq., 388, 593. and natural, 462 sq.: the sources of
Limitation of actions, 573, 574: of obligations, 332, 333, 378, 379, 487,
exceptions, 585.

4893 modes of discharge, 447 sq.:
Lis crescens, 445.

obligatio a persona heredis incipere
Literal Contract, 478 sq.

non potest, 405.
Litis contestatio, 618,638 : as a mode Occupatio, 188, 199.

in which obligations are discharged, Omnia iudicia absolutoria, 576.
455.

Operae locari non solitae, 428.
Locatio conductio, 424 sq.

Operae servorum and animalium,
Longi temporis possessio or prae 214.
scriptio, 217.

Orationes, 95.
Luorum cessans, 515.

Ordinarii and vicarii servi, 286, 558.

Prescription, 456, 585: see Limita-

tion of actions.
Pacta nuda and vestita, 378.

Private law, its original relation to
Pactum de non petendo, 456, 476. Public law, 15 sq.
Papian, 63.

Procurators, 568-572.
Partition of the Empire, 55.

Prodigi, interdiction of, 161.
Partnership, contract of, 429 sq.: Prudentes, 44 sq.

rights and duties of partners inter se, Pubertas, 157, 403.

433: in relation to third person, 434. Public law, 91.
Patria potestas, 116 sq. : modes of Publica iudicia, 606 sq.

origination, 119: of termination, 133 | Publicatio, 432.
sq.
Patriciate, the, 135.
Pauperies, 564, 565.

Quanti ea res est, 515.
Peculium, 230, 231, 445: will of, 244: Quarta Antonina, 131, 270.
succession to, on intestacy, 344.

Quasi-contract, 378, 442 sq.
Penalties, use of, in stipulation, 393. Quasi-delict, 379, 525-527.
Pendency of actions, 577.

Quasi-usufruct, 211, 212.
Perceptio, 198.

Querella inofficiosi testamenti, 268
Perduellio, 338.

sq., 574, 575.
Periculum rei in contracts of sale,

Quinquaginta decisiones, 65.
420, 421.
Permutatio, 387.

R.
Perpetua mulierum tutela, 139–141.
Persona, meaning of, 80 sq.

Real actions, forms of, under the
Pignoris capio, 620, 621, 626, 642. formulary system, 635, 636.
Pignus, 228, 316-319, 385, 594.

Real and Personal security, 315.
Plebiscita, 9, 10, 25.

Real contracts, 380 sq.
Plebs, 5 : its influence on Roman law, Receptum nautarum, etc., 527.

ib. : its military importance, 8: se. Recuperatores, 34, 627.

cessions of, 10, 20: disabilities of, 11. Regressus, 474, 477.
Pledge, 315-320: right of, how ex Regula Catoniana, 284, 292,
tinguished, 319, 320.

Relegatio in insulam, 135.
Plus petitio, 547-549.

Replicatio, 586, 587, 637.
Poena, original meaning of, 616, 617. Repraesentatio, 285, 390.
Poenae temere litigantium, 494, Res, classifications of, 175.
600-602.

Res communes, 183.
Pontifices, 2, 12, 14, 18, 25.

- corporales and incorporales, 203.
Possessio pro herede and possessore, fungibiles, 381, 384.
221, 594.

-- in and extra commercium or patri-
Possession, 321-328, 596, 597: deri monium, 183, 397.

vative or representative, 323: how - mancipi and nec mancipi, 17,
acquired, 323-325, 597: through 187.
agents, 229 sq., 324, 325: how re -- publicae, 184.
tained and lost, 325, 326, 597: why religiosae, 185.
protected by law, 326, 327.

sanctae, 186.
Postliminium, 135, 136.

sacrae, 185.
Postumi, 143, 247, 248: institution of Res iudicata, 581-583.
postumus alienus, 290.

Res iudicatae as a source of Roman
Praedia stipendiaria and tributaria,

law, 28.
200.

Res perit domino, 421.
Praeiudicia, 167, 535. 536, 636. Rescripta, 95 sq.
Praescriptio longi temporis, 217. Responsa prudentium, 51,98: enact-
- pro actore, 628.

ment of Hadrian relating to, 52, 58:
- pro reo, 637,638.

Law of Citations respecting, 59, 60.
Praetor, 22, 29, 30-32: his influence Robbery, 488, 508-511.

on law through control of procedure, Roman franchise, extension of, 26.
632.

Roman Law before the Twelve Tables,
- peregrinus, 32, 34, 35.

2: history of, after Justinian, 73.
Pragmatic sanctions, 97.

Roman populus, original constitution
Precarium, 316, 387.

of, 3, 4.

Sponsio as a form of suretyship, 410,

411.
- poenalis, 625, 629.
- praeiudicialis, 636.
Sportulae, 539.
Statuliberi, 104.
Status, 81, 84, 146, 147: of civitas, 82:

of children, 102, 105, 138: of familia,

83: of libertas, 82.
Status controversia, 167.
Stipulation, derivation, 388: nature

of, 388: form of, 333, 334, 388, 389.
Stipulations judicial and praeto-

rian, 395.
Stoicism, influence of, upon Roman

law, 36-38.
Subscriptiones, 96.
Substitutio exemplaris or quasi-pupil.
laris, 262.

pupillaris, 261-264.
- vulgaris, 260, 261,
Superficies, 313.
Suretyship, law of, 410 sq., 437, 438,

587, 588: by women, 416.
Syngraphae, 479.

Sabinians and Proculians, 48, 49.
Sacramentum, 623, 624.
Sacrilege, penalties for, 610.
Sale, contract of, 201, 417 sq. : vendor's

obligation to compensate on eviction,

421, 422 : sales on approval, 423.
Salvius Iulianus, his edictum per-|

petuum, 43.
Satio, 195.
Satisdatio, 569, 573.
Savigny, his arrangement of Private

Law, 67-70.
Sectio bonorum, 215.
Security real and personal, 315.
Security required from parties to an

action, 569-573.
Self-redress, 614-616.
Semel heres semper heres, 235, 256,

258, 275, 301,
Senate, 4, 10, 23, 25, 40, 41.
Senatusconsulta, question as to their

original force, 41.
Senatusconsultum Afinianum, 342.

Claudianum, 102, 103, 331, 377.
Iuventianum, 221, 452, 543, 594.
Largianum, 363.
Libonianum, 143, 237.

Macedonianum, 41, 381, 414, 463,
493, 559-561, 583.
- Neronianum, 280, 282.
- Orfitianum, 329, 345, 351, 353,

356, 365.

- Pegasianum, 266, 300-305.
- Silanianum, 106.

Tertullianum, 329, 349, 351, 356,
365.

- Trebellianum, 300-305, 583, 631.
- Velleianum, 139, 416, 560, 583,

585.
Separatio bonorum, 276.
Sequestration, 384.
Servi poenae, 103.
Servi vicarii and ordinarii, 286, 558.
Servitudes, 204: praedial, 206 sq. :

modes of origination, 207 sq. : modes
of extinction, 209, 210: inalienability

of, 210.
Servius Tullius, 6, 8.
Set-off, 543-545.
Slavery, 93, 101, 102, 103.
Social Compact Theory, 612.
Societas, 429 sq.: omnium bonorum,

200, 553 : leonina, 431.
Solidary Obligation, 393, 394, 472-

474.
Solutio, 450.
Specificatio, 192, 193.
Sponsalia, 120.

T.
Talio, 522, 615.
Taxatio, 634.
Tempus utile and continuum, 274,

369, 532.
Testamentifactio, 238, 243, 300, 344.
Testamentum in comitiis calatis, 236,
618.
- in procinctu, 236.

- inofficiosum, 268 sq.
- militare, 240 sq.

– per aes et libram, 236, 239, 618.

- praetorium, 236.
- tripertitum, 237.
Testis, original meaning of,617,618.
Theft, 487, 488, 498-508.
Thesaurus, 199.
Titulus putativus, 220.
Traditio, 199, 201 : brevi manu, 324.
Transactio, 387, 456.
Transcriptio, 478.
Transfer of inheritance, 256.
- of rights of action, 465 sq.
Transmission of rights of action, 574-

576.
Tribal Constitution of the Romans,

3, 5, 10.
Tribuni militum, 21.
Tribuni plebis, 11.
Triplicatio, 586, 587, 637.
Tutor, Atilianus, 140, 151, 152: ces-

sicius, 140: dativus, 152, 154: ex
lege Iulia et Titia, 152: fiduciarius,
140, 151 : honorarius, 163: legitimus,

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