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not that our conviction of the per- the salvation of men,-their present fect reality of Christ's dominion justification and regeneration, in strengthened every time we open order to their subsequent holiness, the volume of inspiration, our feels and their final acceptance,-the ings, as Protestants, would be inex. great object on account of which the pressibly gloomy. And we cannot Christian ministry was first instibut view it as remarkable,
tuted, and is still perpetuated, that markable, that we call the very par the Preacher of the Gospel is conticular attention of our readers to it, tinually to look. and request them, in the progress of Mr. Wesley has often been loudly events, to keep their eye steadily censured for inconsistency. To be fixed upon it, -that one of the vindicated, he must be understood. legally established Churches of this Mr. Wesley had the heart of a country, which makes the supreme, Christian Minister. He longed for active Headship of Christ a funda the salvation of men. With him, mental article of faith, and is, for preaching was not the discharge of that reason, placed in circumstances a professional duty, but the transacof unexampled difficulty, and secu tion of a real and most weighty lar peril, is the one which has re business. His congregation, in his solved to set the example of frater view, consisted of men in a state of nal affection, in the recognition of fearful peril, for whom Christ had co-existent Christian churches: while died; and whom it was his duty to the other, taking an external, suc persuade to seek, and to direct how cessional Episcopacy, placed in de to find, the great salvation which pendence on the secular authority, they needed. He preached a preas her fundamental principle, will sent salvation, that men might ex. not allow the utmost soundness of perience it. He looked for visible doctrine, nor the most evident symp- results. He was not satisfied with. toms of the spiritual presence of out them. From the line of con. Christ, to obtain the slightest de- duct thus suggested be never degree of ecclesiastical recognition. parted. He had his plans of useful. Vilified Rome is the only society, in ness, suggested by his opinions ; this part of the world, that she will and as experience might confirm, or acknowledge to be Christian modify, or change his opinions, so church along with herself. Such his plans would undergo alteration. are the signs of the times. They But his principles never varied : he cannot easily be mistaken. Nor do always aimed at the same objects ; we think it would be very difficult and to these, as his whole life was to decipher their prognostications. devoted, so all his plans were subBut it is more inportant to attend ordinated. to their intimations of duty. We And this is the legacy which he do not wonder that Luther, called as has bequeathed to his successors. he was to fight the battles of saving Their object must ever be,—the saltruth, against antichristian and soul. vation of all that hear them; the destroying error, attached such vast instrument with which they seek to importance to the Epistle to the accomplish it,—that Gospel which Galatians. The Apostle there speaks is so clearly described, and so fearin language not to be mistaken, pro- fully guarded, in the Epistle to the nouncing a sentence of separation Galatians. And this is Metho lism. from the church of Christ on all It is the key-stone of the theological who depart from the Gospel of a system wbich in modern times bas free justification by faith in the aton- been thus denominated. It suggests ing Saviour. That Gospel is, at all the principles of that ecclesiastical hazards, to be maintained in its order which the Methodists observe; purity, and preached in all its pris- and has been the means of collecttine vigour. No other system is a ing and uniting those living beings conductor of spiritual influence. for whose benefit that order exists. This, and this only, is the power of And till it is proved that it was God unto salvation. And it is to Luther who preached the "other"
and the anathemalized Gospel, and what were, in point of fact, gross that the Council of Trent asserted misrepresentations, he would be very the Gospel which Paul preached, likely to make matters worse. But the Methodists may be satisfied we did not expect what we find in with the security of their position. his more recently published Letter
We have heard some expressions to the Archbishop of Canterbury. of surprise, that the Wesleyans have The history of theological controbeen singled out, by the Clergymen versy would furnish some strange who bave adopted the Tridentine occurrences; but we question whescheme of religion, for vehement and ther, among them all, one more even peculiar opposition. “ The painfully strange can be found, than Wesleyans," it is said, “have not the attack on the Wesleyan Methodonly defended the principle of an ists which this Letter contains. It ecclesiastical Establishment, but they demanded a reply; and a reply that have manifested an especial respect should be searching and complete. for the established Church of Eng. It was not mere question of land, because it was originally the church-order. If the Methodists Church of Mr. Wesley. But, not are what Dr. Pusey says they are, withstanding this, there is just now it is time that they break up their an attack made on them so simulta. societies, and retire from all public neously, that it can only have been notice. But to the charges thus the result of design and agreement.” publicly brought against them, they This is all perfectly natural. It as publicly plead, Not guilty! and would have been strange, indeed, this plea Mr. Jackson's Letter suphad it been otherwise. Methodism ports. is every way, doctrinally and practi A good idea of the spirit of the cally, a complete system of anti Letter, and of its general character, Tridentinism. The two schemes are may be collected from the opening as opposed as the two Gospels-one sentences. of which is yet not the Gospel-of the first chapter of the Epistle to
“Rev. Sir,–Occupying as you do the Galatians. And though the
an office of high distinction in one of professors of Tractarian doctrine
the first Universities in the world, and seem utterly unable to enter into having acquired no common celebrity as the spirit of Methodism, they see one of the principal leaders of a great that it is, at all points, the antago- ecclesiastical movement, it will perhaps nist of their own.
excite your surprise to be thus publicly Dr. Pusey, in his Letter to the addressed by a plain Methodist Preacher, Bishop of Oxford, discovered, very
Should any one blame me for engaging plainly, not only the fact of this
in a public controversy which you have opposition to Methodism, but the
been the first to excite, I can only say,
"Is there not a cause ?' In the third reasons for it. When we read that
edition of your' Letter to the Archbishop Letter, we saw at once what was the state of the case. We saw that the assail, in no measured terms of censure,
of Canterbury,' you have seen it good to Professor had derived his views of the tenets and character of the Wesleyan piety from the more serious Divines body ; and it is in defence of my breof the Roman Penitentiary school, thren and of myself that I appear as your and from the representations which opponent. Great as is the disparity bethey give of the doctrines of "the tween us, I venture to withstand you to Fathers.” We saw, too, that of the the face;' because I conceive you are to Methodism which he opposed, -sal. be blamed for statements which are at vation by faith, peace of conscience,
variance with truth, and for aspersions, love to God, religious happiness and both harsh and severe, which, not being holiness in beautiful conjunction
founded on fact, are unjust and calumni. and order,- he had not a single idea. liberty, which is given to me both by
On these subjects I shall take the He was evidently bewildered in the the laws of Christ and of my country, of mystic asceticism of the earlier addressing you with all freedom and un. Jesuits. It was plain, therefore, reserve; certainly without flattery, and that when called to account for 1 hope without any approach to unchris
tian rudeness. If there is a time to tually, the only condition, of his salvakeep silence,' there is also a time to tion. As long as he believes he is saved, speak. The New Testament Scriptures, so long, according to them, he is so. which enjoin upon the disciples of the Then, the first persuasion having beet Lord Jesus the exercise of meekness obtained by the feelings, these thenceunder reproach, contain the command, forth—not good works which are the • Let not your good be evil spoken of.' fruits of faith,' Art. xii.-are prominent in Our blessed Saviour defended himself the mind of the Wesleyanı as the 'fruits under false accusation; and St. Paul fol. of the Spirit,' and the test of a lively lowed his example, when the cause of faith.' Yet further, by substituting ano. evangelical truth and righteousness was ther test of acceptance, it even takes likely to be injured by his silence.” people off from considering their practi.
(Page 3.) cal duties towards God and man, and
how they perform these, which our Lord The complaint thus urged is stated, gives us as the test of our love for Him, as was necessary, with a plainness “If ye love me, keep my commandwhich leaves no room for mistake.
ments.' Instead of this, it sets them Dr. Pusey's “ statements” are de.
watching for certain feelings only, which, scribed as being
unhappily, man has it in his power, in a “ at variance with
great degree, to produce in himself, withtruth,” and his “aspersions” as
out their being any criterion of his being not only “harsh and severe,”
habitual state, or permanently influencbut as “not founded on fact ;' and, ing it, except for evil, by drugging therefore, as being “unjust and cu the conscience. It is not, therefore, judg. lumnious.” That every reader of ing individuals, to say, that the Westhe Letter may himself be in a posi- leyan standard of morals and holiness is, tion for judging whether such com. of necessity, low. The state of their plaints be well founded or not, Mr. feelings, not God's commandments, are Jackson quotes, at full lengih, all
the standard whereby they try them.
selves.” (Pages 4–6.) that Dr. Pusey says in relation to Methodism, in his Letter to the
Our readers, who know what WesArchbishop, We are glad that he leyanism really is, will not wonder has pursued this plan. Detached passages may be modified by the indignantly repelled; repelled, too,
that such allegations as these are connexion in which they stand; and in terms which will render it neces. the reader who wishes to understand a controversy, will always desire to ledge, that he wrote in ignorance,
sary for Dr. Pusey either to acknowhave the whole of what is animadverted upon, that he may see whe
and put down what he thought to be
the case, but which, he has discother, when taken in their proper vered, is not so; or, if he can do so, connexion, the words complained of by authentic extracts, to rebuke bis do really bear—and were, as far as
rebuker, and snatch the victory from he can judge, intended to bear..the his grasp. Mr. Jackson thus begins meaning which is given to them.
his annotations on the Doctor's The reader of Mr. Jackson's Letter
charges :has the whole case before bim.
Those of our readers who have “Let us analyze the several allegations not seen any extracts from this which you have here made, and thus en. Letter of Dr. Pusey, will be grieved, deavour to ascertain whether the tenets if they are not surprised, at the fole and character of the Wesleyan societies lowing :-
generally are what you describe, or whe.
ther you have been led by your preju. “ The root of that heresy” (into which dices to publish statements which are not Methodism is represented as degenerat- true, to the injury of an unoffending peoing)“consists in the way in which the ple. To an impartial reader your whole doctrine of justification is held, being in account must appear very suspicious, in fact, and practically, a "justification by this view,—that while you express the feelings.' 'Believe (not in Christ,' but) strongest condemnation of what you are that you will be saved, and you will be pleased to call • Wesleyanism,' you make saved,' was early a Wesleyan doctrine. no reference to the acknowledged writThe persuasion that a person will be ings of its Founder. It is well known saved is made the condition, and, vir. that he has written largely on all the
subjects which you have here mooted, instructiveness. The author's own and his works are accessible to all who observations, and the extracts from choose to read them; yet have you care. fully abstained from quoting a single ent subjects to wbich Dr. Pusey's
Mr. Wesley's writings, on the differword that he ever uttered. You have not made even an allusion to any authen; calculated to give to such readers as
animadversions refer, are admirably tic publication where he has embodied his sentiments; but have ascribed to
are not much accustomed to study him and his people just what tenets you
systematic theology, information pleased, and then, on the authority of which is the more valuable as relatyour own assertions, and of idle tales ing directly to the "things belongwhich no candid man can by possibility ing to their peace.” Divinity stubelieve, charged them with the Antino- dents, likewise, may read the Letter mian heresy in its worst forms. Such a
with advantage, as bringing before course, to say the least, is sufficient to
them illustrations, as well as vindi. awaken an apprehension that all is not
cations, of some of the most importfair and honest. If · Wesleyanism' is in itself so essentially erroneous, and
ant subjects which can occupy their immoral in its tendency, why are its
attention, recognised formularies concealed ? and
But it is with the polemic characwhy does a declared adversary take upon
ter of the Letter that we are now himself to be the sole expounder of its
most concerned. And here, as all who doctrines ? The fact is, as you well know him would anticipate when know, that John Wesley, declaring his they had read the singular allegations own views of religion, is a very different of Dr. Pusey, the author's success person from Dr. Pusey telling the world, has been complete. His task, howin a party pamphlet, what John Wesley
ever, has been a painful one. Had believed and taught. The Founder of
the Hebrew Professor brought for. the Wesleyan societies expresses himself ward the real doctrines of Mr. Weswith all possible clearness and simplicity, as if he was wishful to be understood”: ley, and endeavoured to show that his interpreter, whatever might be his
they were unscriptural, the nature design, darkens and misrepresents every
of the reply, on the part of those subject that he professes to explain.”
who believed that the Doctor's (Pages 6, 7.) attempts had failed, would have
been very different from what it is Mr. Jackson then “descends to
now required to be. As a specimen particulars.” From page 7 to page of the manner in which this-we will 18, the subject of "
again call it-painful task has been is considered : from page 18 to page executed, we quote the introductory 51, Dr. Pusey's charges on points remarks to that portion of the Letter relating to CHRISTIAN
which is devoted to the doctrine ENCE are examined: on page 51 of "justification.” Mr. Jackson CHARGE OF ANTINOMIANISM
says, is taken up, and investigated in the following pages, as far as page 73 : “ You affirm, that · Wesleyanism subon that page Mr. Jackson begins to stitutes for the catholic teaching a docexamine the particular instance of trine of justification for which there is no Antinomianism alleged by Dr. Pusey, warrant in the word of God.' On one of (the case, namely, of the late Dr. the most vital points of Christian divi. Coke,) continuing this examination nity, you affirm that the Wesleyan to page 94. The remaining pages, tenets are not only unscriptural, but at from 94 to 110, are devoted to the variance with the teaching' of the uniCONCLUSION."
versal church of Christ. This is a fearThe value of this Letter does not
ful charge ; and if it could be substanconsist merely in the clearness and tiated, would go far to accomplish an power with which the censures of much at heart,-the extinction of Wes
object which you appear to have very Dr. Pusey are repelled, but also in leyan Methodism throughout the world. the explanations which it gives of What, then, is the Wesleyan doctrine those important subjects, which Dr.. concerning this great question ? You Pusey has chosen to debate. We affirm, that it is practically a justificarecommend the Letter for its decided tion by feelings.' You add, · Believe
(not in Christ, but) that you will be given to the public. No extract will saved, and you will be saved, was early be sufficient to do justice to this a Wesleyan doctrine ;' and then, with question. We leave it, therefore, regard to what you call 'a section of the Wesleyan body,' you add, « The original ing our intention of recurring to it.
for the present; only thus intimat. error has been more fatally developing
For the reason to which we have itself. If this statement were true, there would, indeed, be no warrant in just alluded, we can give no more the word of God' for the Wesleyan doc
extracts from this able and powerful trine of justification ; and those who pamphlet. The author has rebutted practically' adhere to it, would be the charges of Dr. Pusey, and remore fit for an asylum or a penal settles proved Dr. Pusey himself. How the ment, than for a place either in the great Regius Professor will conduct him. Christian family, or even in civilized life. self under this rejoinder, it is imposBut, unhappily for you, the statement sible to foresee. Confused as he which you have put forth is an absolute evidently is by the mysticism of fiction. On this subject I claim to
Popery, which allows him to see speak with some confidence, having been nothing clearly, but that the Wesconnected with the Wesleyan body for
leyan doctrine of justification is marly half a century, and conversed on this very point with thousands of its utterly opposed to the system which members in various parts of the king. he has embraced, he may, perhaps, dom ; having also carefully read every
venture upon a reply; a reply, how. theological book and pamphlet that Mr. ever, which can only show his inWesley ever wrote, as well as the writ. creasing bewilderment. The reason ings of the principal Ministers and lay- is obvious. His charges are not true. men who have at any period been con And as we cannot impute this to a nected with his societies; and, in direct deliberate intention to deceive, we opposition to your declaration, I solemnly
can only refer it to that confused aver, that I never met with the doctrine
state of intellect which is always that you have propounded, till I saw it produced when the essential truths in your pamphlet. I never heard it uttered by either man, woman, or child; by Christ Jesus, are made the sub
connected with man's redemption nor do I believe, that there ever was in the Wesleyan Connexion a single person
jects of merely human study. Dr. that seriously held it. I have, indeed,
Pusey evidently does not at all upheard of a few dreaming religionists, not derstand the matters about which holding the Wesleyan tenets, who have
he writes. said, 'Believe that you are justified, and We earnestly recommend Mr. you are justified ;' but that “Wesleyan Jackson's Letter. We hope it will ism'ever taught, ' Believe (not in Christ, have a very extensive circulation. but) that you will be saved, and you Wherever Puseyism is stirring itself, will be saved,' I indignantly deny. let this antidote to the mischief be With your motives in charging upon the Wesleyan body a tenet which the wildest
procured and distributed. Let those ranter would be ashamed to avow, I have
Wesleyans who are at all likely to I state the fact, and leave
be moved by some of the more plaumotives to Him that judgeth righte
sible representations of Puseyism, ously." (Pages 7–9.)
he shown the manner in which the
Doctor speaks of Wesley, and of There is one part of this Letter to Wesleyang. That of itself will be which we must take another oppor sufficient to show them that the retunity of directing the attention of presentations even of the leaders of the reader more fully than our nar the party are to be taken very warily. row limits (which we have already Dr. Pusey says, that such and such exceeded) allow us to do at present. were the doctrines of the early We refer to the able vindication of church. Yes; and he says, that the character of the late Dr. Coke such and such were the doctrines of froin the charges brought by Dr. the Wesleyans. And if he were Pusey against him, groundeil on a mistaken on subjects on wbich it private and confidential letter ad.
was so easy for him to obtain correct dressed to Mr. Wilberforce ; and information, how can he be a safe which his sons, since his death, have guide through the intricacies of