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(c.) Handles none, lip none, throat open.

Two double handles on the neck, neck wide, throat open, lip concave. D’Hancarville, vol. iv. plate 111.

Englefield vases, plates 22. 24. (a.) Shoulder faintly convex, handle on the neck, and two on the shoulders, lip flat, throat narrow. D'Hancarville, vol. i. plate 30. - En

Species 6. Oviform of mix

ed character,

7. Oviform,

glefield vases, plates 1, 2. (6.) Two handles on the neck, throat contracted suddenly, stem short.

Englefield vases, plates 4, 5, 6. (c.) One handle on the neck, lip triply scalloped. D’Hancarville, vol. ii. plate 23.- En

glefield vases, plate 32. No. 1. Shoulder faintly convex, two handles, throat open, lip concave.

Nolan.

8. Oviform elon

gated of mixed
character,

9. Oviform elon

gated,

10. Globular, but

sometimes ovi.
form,

(a.) Shoulder faintly convex, two handles on the neck, lip flat, throat open.

Patroclus vase in the Hope Museum. (b.) With handle looped above.

D’Hancarville, vol. iii. plate 98. (a.) Shoulder flattened, or faintly convex, with two upright handles looped, and two pairs of knobs on the shoulders, neck none, with lid.

D’Hancarville, vol. iv. plate 84. (6.) The same with masks on the shoul. ders,

Species 11. Oviform of com. (a) With two flat handles, looped at

posite character, the bottom, and incurved upon the lip

[blocks in formation]

(a.) One handle on the neck, neck long, throat contracted suddenly.

Englefield vases, plate 34. No. 4. (b.) Handle low, and looped above, Species 2. Semi-oblate

with spout.

* In imitation of the gland or nectary in the centre of the summit of the Nymphæa Lotus, which secretes a fragrant and spicy liquor, filling about one half of the cup of yellow petals in the centre of the corolla. This tazza, with the gland in the centre, was probably the Thericlean cup, which, as we learn from a fragment of Aristophanes, preserved by Athenæus, was manufactured by a celebrated potter of the name of Thericles, who was contemporary with that dramatic poet. Aristophanes there terms it eớxúxawtov korida (p. 472. Ed. Casaub.), as I presume, from its flattened and .circular shape, with a boss in the centre. It may also have been the same as the diário Badavesóu dados of Cratinus, apud Athenæum, lib. xi. p. 501. Ed. Casaub,

spheroidal,

With two handles horizontally looped, ascending.

Genus NUPHARO-ides.

(a.) With two handles on the neck, lip reflected. Nolan. D'Hancarville, vol. i. plates

Species 1. Urceolate,

69. 72. vol. iii. plate 69. (6.) With one handle on the neck, lip triply scalloped.

D’Hancarville, vol. ii. plate 101.

Englefield vases, plate 31. No. 5.

plate 34. No. 2. (c.) Shoulder wanting, neck taper, lip flat.

2. Urceolate nar- Shoulder wanting, one handle on the row,

neck, lip flat, throat narrow. 3. Cylindrical, Compressed in the middle, lip flat, neck

tapering 4. Expanded, and (a.) With a lid or cover. much compressed. Englefield vases, plate 30. No. 3.

(6.) With cover, stem, and foot ; cover with upright stem, and summit flat, circular. Vase within, four-celled, cells with lids, which, as also the surface of the valves or dissepiments, are painted; cells surrounding acentral tube, which is closed by a diminutive vase with a cover.*

Collection of S. Rogers, Esq.

• This curious article affords a strong presumptive proof of the forms of vases having been derived from the seed-vessels of plants.

[graphic][graphic][graphic][merged small]

Of the Water-Lilies of Egypt and Greece.The Cibotium and Cibotus, or

Ark of the Covenant.--Mysterious Allusions in the Nymphæa Lotus.-These Allusions discoverable in the Grecian, Moorish, and Gothic Architecture.-The latter probably derived from Alexandria in Egypt.

The foregoing tables will furnish a pretty correct indication of the form of almost every painted vase in the collections of the British Museum, and of Thomas Hope, Esq., which are by far the most considerable in England. I will proceed to offer some remarks on those vegetable models, which have suggested to me the means of classifying these vessels, that the reader may judge, how far the rationale of my scheme may coincide with the opinions of the ancients, in fashioning them, and in applying them to religious uses.

Of the two kinds of Egyptian water-lily, which I have selected as the original models of my two first genera, the Nelumbium has been briefly described by Athenæus in his third book; and more scientifically by Rheede in his Hortus Malabaricus, and by Rumphius in the Herbarium Amboinense, and recently by Sir James Edward Smith, M. D., in his Exotic Botany, where a representation of the plant is given in a coloured plate. Herodotus has described the second in the following terms :" When the Nile is full, and covers the plains like a vast sea, many lilies

are produced in the water, which the Egyptians call Lotus. In times of “ scarcity they dry these in the sun, and bruising what they find in the “ centre resembling a poppy-head, they make bread of it, baking it with “ fire."*

As I am not aware of any modern publication in which the Nymphæa Lotus is fully and satisfactorily described, I will venture to add something further respecting it. The corolla of this is generally styled by botanists polypetalous, but an attentive observation of a well blown speciment enables me to assert, that while the calyx is composed of four leafits in a double and alternate series, that is to say, of four coloured and four particoloured leafits, the corolla is octopetalous in a double series, the inner circle of eight white petals being much smaller than the outer circle of the same number. In the centre is a cup formed of more than eighty small petals in regular sets of about four yellow incurved leafits, each diminishing in length towards the centre. On the tip of each of these, and on the inner side, the anthers are disposed in two thin parallel lines. A fifth or interior barren leafit is connate with a recurved rib of the summit of the capsule, and forms the extremity of the rib, for the summit consists of an umbilical gland in the centre of a salver, with various spongy rays, apparently springing from the gland, each in the form of a cymatium, but horizontally disposed. The hollow of this summit, I presume to say, furnished the idea of the tazza. If a set of the four inner fruitful leafits or stamina, and the fifth barren member, be separated from this central cup of the flower by the knife, they furnish the ornament which decorated the prows of the ancient galleys, called Acrostolium, while the salver of the summit, abridged of about one third of its disk, re

* 'Επεάν πλήρης γένηται ο ποταμός, και τα πεδία σελαγίση, φύεται εν τω ύδατι κρίνεα πολλά, τα Αιγύπτιοι καλέoυσι Λωτόν. ταύτ' επεάν δρέψωσι αυαίνουσι προς ήλιον, και έπειτα το έκ του μέσου του λωτού, τη μήκωνι έον εμφερές, στίσαντες, σoιεύνται εξ αυτού άρτους όπλούς aupi.–Lib. ii. s. 92. This of the Nymphæa Lotus. He then proceeds to describe the other kind of lily of the Nile, with a flower like a rose, and fruit like a wasp's nest, namely, the Nelumbium. From Theophrastus it also appears, that the Nymphæa Lotus is a native of the Euphrates.

+ Blown by Mr Anderson, the intelligent and very zealous curator of the Botanic Garden of the Apothecaries' Company at Chelsea.

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