Greed and grievance in civil war
World Bank, Development Research Group, 2000 - Civil war - 44 pages
Of the 27 major armed conflicts that occurred in 1999, all but two took place within national boundaries. As an impediment to development, internal rebellion especially hurts the world's poorest countries. What motivates civil war? Greed or grievance?
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Angola baseline model Burundi capita income cause of conflict co11odity Collier combined model data set democracy Descriptive Statistics economic endogenous errors in parentheses ethnic and religious ethnic dominance ethnic fractionalization ethno-linguistic experiencing a civil exports/GDP fractional ization Freedom House further conflict GDP per capita geographic dispersion Gini coefficient government forces greed and grievance greed model greed-rebellion grievance model grievance-rebellion Guatemala hatreds Hence Hoeffler include a constant income growth income inequality increase the risk intensity of conflict likelihood ratio test log likelihood logit male secondary schooling measure mountainous terrain Mozambique Nicaragua objective grievance observations opportunity cost organized crime p-value Peace duration population growth post-conflict previous civil previous conflict previous war dummy primary commodity exports protest movement proxies rebel forces rebel organization rebel recruitment rebellion regressions include relative military advantage religious fractionalization Renamo risk of civil risk of conflict sample social fractionalization societies Somalia Sri Lanka sub-period survival constraint Table World Bank Zaire