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« Ireland is in strength; she has acquired that strength by the weakness of Britain, for Ireland was saved when America was lost: When England conquered, Ireland was coerced ; when she was defeated, Ireland was relieved; and when Charlestown was taken, the Mutiny and Sugar-bills were altered. Have you not all of you, when you heard of a defeat, at the same instant condoled with England and congratulated Ireland ?
"In every instance, the power of Britain over you appears. I shall mention one. Before the repeal of the English act, to retain the direct importation of sugar from the West Indies, a respectable merchant, Alderman Horan, offers to enter some; there being no Irish statute to prevent it, the commissioners of the revenue hesitate some time, and when they find that every kind of application to that gentleman, to dissuade him from persisting is in vain, they tell him he may pass his entry, but that the Stag frigate, over which they have no command, lies in the harbour ready to seize the ship! Thus did the commissioners shelter themselves behind the Stag frigate; and a Stag frigate will always be found ready to assert the power of the British legislature in Ireland, until the rights of Ireland are explained. How necessary, therefore, is it not to do it now! Surely you do not expect, like the Jews, redemption to come from Heaven, if you do not help yourselves? Ireland is connected in her franchises with England, not by conquest, as Judge Blackstone has childishly said, but by a compact." (Here, in a masterly, clear and energetic manner, he made a number of historical quotations, in which it was undeniably proved, that the supremacy of the Irish Parliament was allowed by the kings of England, from Henry the Second to Charles the First; and that the execution of the English laws that followed in Ireland, was accompanied by acts of tyranny and murder.-He then adduced a number of Irish acts, that proved Ireland had never surrendered her imperial right of legislature.)
“ Precedents, continued he, of the execution of English laws in this kingdom, since 1741, avail nothing; they may soften the censure on a judge who acts under them, but laws or franchises camot be done away by those partial abjudications that put out the lamp of liberty.
“If England was for a moment awake to her interests, she should come forward, and invite us to her arms, by doing away for ever each cause of jealousy. V
“How, but by the strictest domestic union, can Great Britain, with only eight millions of people, oppose the dreadful combination of seven millions in Spain, with twenty-four millions in France, and two in Holland? Will she cast off three millions of brave and loyal subjects in Ireland, at so critical and eventual a
ASTE “An Irish army, the wonder of the world, has now existed for three years, where every soldier is a freeman, determined to shed the last drop of his blood to defend his country, to support the execution of its laws, and give vigour to its police. The enemy threat
en an invasion, the Irish army comes forward, administration is struck dumb with wonder, their deputies in their military dress go up to the Castle, not as a servile crowd of courtiers attending the Lord Lieutenant's levee, but as his protectors, while the cringing crowd of sycophants swarm about the treasury, and, after having thrown away their arms, offer nothing but naked servitude, a
“ You are now losing the British constitution, which by compact you were to possess: Two councils, with more than Parliamentary power; dependant judges; a Mutiny-bill lost; and governors, like the Roman pro-consuls in distant provinces, are sent over to fleece you...
m akin besitter... "A general election is shortly to take place; what will be your answer to those who have sent you here, when you resign your delegated trust, and they ask you, Where are our rights ? Where is our Sugar-bill? Where our Mutiny-bill?
66 What will be the consequence of your not explaining your rights now? When a peace happens it will then be too late; your island will be drained of its people; the emigránts will say, let us prefer freedom in America to slavery at home, and cease to be his Majesty's subjects here, to become his equals there. Let us not therefore suffer the same men, whose infamous arts were reprobated in America, to succeed here."
He then made his motion for an address to his Majesty.
6. 'To assure his Majesty, of our most sincere and unfeigned attachment to his Majesty's person and government.
66 To assure his Majesty that the people of Ireland are a free people; that the crown of Ireland is a distinct kingdomn, with a Parliament of her own, the sole legislature thereof.
“ To assure his Majesty, that by our fundamental laws and franchises, laws and franchises wbich we, on the part of this na. tion, do claim and challenge as her birth right, the subjects of this kingdom cannot be bound, affected or obliged, by any legislature, save only the King, Lords, and Commons, of this his Majesty's realm of Ireland; nor is there any other body of men who have power or authority to make laws for the same.
“ To assure his Majesty, that wis Majesty's subjects of Ireland conceive that in this privilege is contained the very essence of their liberty, and that they tender it as they do their lives, and accordingly have with one voice declared and protested against the interposition of any other Parliament in the legislation of this country.
" To assure his Majesty, that we have seen, with concern, the Parliament of Great Britain advance a claim to make laws for Ireland; and our anxiety is kept alive, when we perceive the same Parliament still persist in that claim, as may appear by recent British acts, which affect to bind Ireland, but to which the subjects of Ireland can pay no attention.
• To assure his Majesty, that next to our liberties, we value
our connection with Great Britain, on, which we conceive, at this time most particularly, the happiness of both kingdoms does depend, and which, as it is our most sincere wish, so shall it be our prineipal study to cultivate, and render perpetual. That under this impression, we cannot suggest any means, whereby such connection can so much be improved or strengthened, as by a renunciation of the claim of the British Parliament, to make laws for Ireland, a claim useless to England, cruel to Ireland, and without any foundation in law.
« That impressed with an high sense of the unanimity and justice of the British character, and in the most entire reliance on his Majesty's paternal care, we have set forth our right and sentiments, and without prescribing any mode to his Majesty, throw ourselves on his royal wisdom.”
This motion was seconded by Mr. BROWNLOW, and supported by Hussey Burgh. The Attor. ney-general moved to have it put off to the first of August; which amendment was carried by a majority of 139 to 68.
A ministerial majority continued to negative the most important questions proposed by the patriotic members, who were loudly supported by the voice of the Volunteers. The situation of Ireland was daily becoming more critical; the taxes were deficient—the national debt was considerably augmented; while the people, irritated against Government, and conceiving themselves betrayed by Parliament, looked only to the Volunteers for a redress of their complaints ;these by their union bad become more formidable than ever ;—the resolutions of Dungannon were re.echoed through every part of the kingdom. What might have been the consequence, if Goveroment had persevered in refusing the claims of the people, is happily matter now only of conjecture. Providentially for this kingdom andi for Great Britain, the Tory ministry, whose pre. cipitate councils had lost America, and suspend. ed the safety of England on the brink of de
are no longer an insolvent gentry, without privilege, except to tread upon a crest-fallen constituency, nor a constituency with. out privilege, except to tread upon the Catholic body; you are now a united people, a nation manifesting itself to Europe in sig. nal instances of glory. Turn to the rest of Europe, and you will find the ancient spirit has every where expired; Sweden has lost her liberty ; England is declining; the other nations support their consequence by mercenary armies, or on the remembrance of a mighty name; but you are the only people that have recovered your constitution, recovered it by steady virtue. You have de. parted from the example of other nations, and have become an example to them. You not only excel modern Europe, but you excel what she can boast of old. Liberty, in former times, was recovered by the quick feelings and rapid impulse of the populace, excited by some strong object presented to the senses. Such an object was the daughter of Virginius, sacrificed to virtue; such the seven bishops, whose meagre and haggard looks expressed the rigour of their sufferings ; but no history can produce an instance of men like you, musing for years upon oppression, and then, upon a determination of right, RESCUING THE LAND.
66 The supporters of liberty, in the reign of Charles I. mixed their sentiments of constitution with principles of gloomy bigotry; but you have sought liberty on her own principles; you see the delegates of the North advocates for the Catholics of the South; the Presbytery of Bangor mixing the milk of humanity with the benignity ofthe gospel; as Christians tolerant; as Irishmen united.
- This House, agreeing with the desires of the nation, relaxed the penal code, and by so doing, got more than it gave; you found advantages from generosity, and grew rich in the very act of your bounty; it was not merely an act of bounty to the Catholics, it was an act of bounty to yourselves ; yon hardly had given them privileges, when you felt your own, and magnified your liberty by enlarging the sphere of its action. You did not give away your own power : No; you formed an alliance with Catholic power, and found in that alliance a new strength and a new freedom. Fortunately for us England did not take the lead; her Minister did not take the lead in the restoration of our rights; had England in the first instance ccded, you would have sunk under the weight of the obligation, and given back the acquisition with a sheepish gratitude; but the virtue, the pride of the people was our re. source, and it is right that people should have a lofty conception of themselves. it was necessary that Ireland should be her own redeemer, to form her mind as well as her constitution, and ereet in her sonl a vast image of herself, and a lofty sense of her own exhaltation : other nations have trophies and records to elevate the human mind ; those outward and visible signs of glory, those monuments of their heroic ancestors, such as were wont to animate the ancient Greek and Romans, and rouse them in their country's eanse; but you had nothing to call f rth the greatness of the land,