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Ulster, Leinster, and Connaught, that they would reward their tranquillity in the same manner they did the turbulence in the South? Was it to descend from the fathers to the children, as a kind of origi. nal sin, and death, and felony, to be spread in overy quarter ? It was a fixed principle that the punishment should bear a portion to the crime, but it was 'not attended to in the Bill. Would any man say, that a man ought to be punished with death for writing, or influencing persons, I will say, by threats or otherwise ? I wish, if possible, to confine the operation of the Bill to the offending counties, and contend, that if the Bill is to pass in its present state (but that I beliove to be impossi. ble) I will venture to pronounce that it would be absolutely ineffectual; for the crime would be over shot, and the feelings of humanity would revolt' at the punishment : it would indeed be the triumph of the crimnal and the stigma of the laws. I desire to know, whether it is meant to press the Bill, with all its clauses? whether it be intended to sub. mit it to alteration ?-If the former, I will oppose it in the first instance; if the latter should be acced ed to, I will vote for the committal.”

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MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM.." - 50

.. rar: . Before we proceed to give the Speech pronounced by Mr. Gratlan, against the Ad. dress, voted by the Irish Parliament, to the Marquis of Buckingham, on the 6th of July, 1789,—we shall recall the memory of our readers to that period, when this nobleman was first honoured with the Viceregency of Ireland. The Marquis of Buckingham"(then Lord Temple) was first appointed to the go.' vernment of Ireland in the year 1782, ander the administration of Earl Shelburne. He had the misfortune to succeed to the administra. tion of the Duke of Portland, which gave liberty to Ireland, and obtained the affections and gratitude of a free and generous people. Notwithstanding the disadvantage under which Lord Temple laboured, arising from the public apprehensions, that a system of Government' was about to be acted upon, calculated to "coun-teract the benefits which were sanguinely an ticipated, from the manly, wise, and liberal

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policy of his predecessor, his Lordship was received, on his arrival, with public expressions of joy and satisfaction. This flattering manifestation of the public mind was to be attributed to the connection which Lord Temple bad formed with the daughter of Lord Nugent ; a nobleman whose unwearied services and zeal for Ireland, were thus rewarded by the publie attention to his son-in-law. The large and ex. tensive domains of Lord Nugent, in Ireland, constituted the marriage portion of his danghter, whose character is enriched with every virtue and accomplishment, calculated to endear her to the people--charitable, kind and benevolent the protecting mother of the poorthe unaffected disseminator of liberal and enlightened principles; the Marchioness of Buckingham frequently concealed from the public eye, the defects of her husband's politics ; and the sensi. bility of the Irish heart to her merits, sometimes obliterated the invidious impressions which a cold, imperious, and dictatorial demeanour had made on the mind of the nation.

During the very short period in which Lord : Temple administered the affairs of Ireland (from the 15th of September, 1782, to the 3d of June, 1783,), his chief attention appears to have been directed to the establishment of a system of

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deconomy throughout the different departments, in wbich the grossest abuses were practised with impunity. In return for the spirit with which his lordship prosecuted this most necessary re. formation, be experienced all that little malicious detraction which detected delinquency always cir. culates against the author of the discovery+ Lord 'Temple was necessarily opposed by, a host of subordinate dependants upon the Castle, who were now smarting under the efficacy of that inquiry which he had industriously instituted into their well-connected system of abuses.-It is but justice to bear testimony to the indefatigable assiduity and industry, with which his Lordship investigated the accounts and details of office ;-and it is the pleasing task of the Historian, to record the services which were rendered to Ireland, by Lord Temple's public and exemplary discouragement of those corrupt and infamous practices, which, at that period, disgraced almost every department under the Government. · That the people of Ireland, and particularly the citizens of Dublin, duly and fully appreci. ated the extent of the service which Lord Temple had endeavoured to render them ;-that his

Lordship’s administration was calculated, in a · great degree, to promote the interests and happi.

ness of the community, is best demonstrated by the universal respect, which followed him on his departure from Ireland.sevi. Š .

The address, presented by the Corporation of "Dublin, which at this period, contained within its body some of the most zealous supporters of Irish independence, is peculiarly remarkable, for the enthusiastic expressions of attachment and • respect for his Lordship, and of sincere sorrow, that any change should then take place in the councils of bis Majesty, which would, in its results, deprive them of a Chief Governor, who manifested such regard for the freedom and prosperity of Ireland. --They thus address his Lordship :

: du 6. Your Excellency's early attention to the re. 'moval of all doubts, relative to the independency of the legislation, and jurisdiction of the Parliament of Ireland,--the general and economical reform introduced into several de. partments of the State, and the many great and apparent advantages we enjoy, and are likely to - experience, from your Excellency's wise, firm, and virtuous administration, must at all times excite and demand the highest expressions of gratitude; and make us earnestly solicitous for the continuance of your government over a people affectionate to your person, and truly

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