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sentiments are resisted by a rio onr acquittal and justifi.
The first resolution
« Resolved, that
1 submit to you certain great ositions to the Church. To
of future Bills, to stand the
solution relates to barren land.
exempt from the payment of Tithes.”
-and true in the wilds of America, as well as in England, a principle which barbarity and civ. ilization equally proclaim.
“ This does not ask any thing from the clergy except the use of their understanding that they will restrain an unseasonable appetite-postpone a premature voracity. That they will, on this occasion, indulge themselves in a sagacity superior to that of the fowls of the air, who devour t seed, and equal to the wisdom of the hind, who del
e the harvest.— Have mercy on the infant" labours of mankind; respect the plough, and Keit instead of dogging its paces as a constable ?
would à felon, imitate the barbarous, but in this instance more civilized Persian Monarch, who began his reign by taking the plough in his royal band, and did homage to that patient instrament which feeds mankind.
6 To say that the Bill in question enriched the community at the expence of the clergy, was but a poor and uncharitable argument, the result of hot counsel, and crabbed sentiments. If it does enrich the community--true-but not at your expence-you give nothing. What! will the eagle come down, that you may Tithe him, and the stag of the mountain stop at tby bidding? You give no. thing, except to yourselves and your successors the chance of getting something from that which, but for such an encouragement, might remain to you and to us, to all eternity, wretched and unprofitable. Supposing, therefore, that the clergy were in no particular ta make sacrifices to the good of their flock, that they were to get every law they asked for themselves, and to assent to none on the behalf of their parishioners—yet still should they accede to this measure-on a principle of en. lightened selfishness-on a principle not of piety, but of usury, and to resist it would argue an incapacity to see not only the public interest but their own.
.“ On such a principle of narrow and ignorant precaution had the laity proceeded, they would never have granted the premium on the inland carriage of corn, nor on the export of corn, nor on the export of linen, on the sale of woollen, nor the growth of flax, nor of rape : they would have checked the growth of agriculture, and of manufacture, and of course the growth of Tithe. Make the precaution of some of the heads of the church the folly of the laity--extend their principles to us, and we starve the commanity.
“ To suppose that the encouragement given to barren lands would lay the foundation of law. suits, is only to argue an ignorance of the law has the law done so with respect to flax, done so with hemp or bog? and yet such laws have existed. Do not they know that the Barren-land Bill was not an original bill, but an extension of the provisions of acts already in existence, from whence none of these consequences had flowed ; and therefore this objection only proves the objectors to be, I will not say bad lawyers and bad husbandmen, but to be, I will say, in their knowledge of husbandry, and their knowledge of law, vastly inferior to themselves in the science of divinity; and while I excuse the errors of some of the reverend bench, I much honour
the sense of those of their own order on tha bench, who did most decidedly and explicitly differ from them; who saw that the clergy had a common interest in the country; that it was inconsistent in them to desire to partake of the growth of the kingdom, and to check that growth, when the opportunity occurred; who saw the feeble policy of any thing like a little combination against the general sense ; who thought the best method of preventing a faction in the laity was to resist a faction in the church; and who also thought that the two Bills, the Hemp Bill, and the Barren-land Bill, recommended by Government, sent up by the unanimous sense of the House of Com. mons proved to be useful by the example of Great Britain, and espoused by public wishos, was not exactly the ground on which the Bishops should post themselves against the interest of the community.
*I have mentioned that this measure is supported on principles of Christianity.
* Isaiah makes two predictions--the one is a denunciation against such as oppose the kingdom of Christ; the second an annunciation to those who receive it; and he makes the point of the eurse that very sterility which the enemies of this measure would promote, and the point of the blessing that very fertility which the bill went to. encourage ; “ The wilderness and solitary place shall be glad, and the desert shall blossom as the rose.” ..6 I have taken the prediction of Isaiah, and reduced its principle to a resolution, which I have already read, and which I shall have the honor to propound to you, and I put it to grave authority to verify their prophet. ,In the measure to which I refer there was a particular compact, if report says true : three Bills were brought in; two were to be rejected by the influence of Government in this House, provided the third should pass the Lords, without the opposition of the church. Thus the public were to receive some benefit, and the excessive zeal of a certain part of the right reverend bench, was to be shielded by the hand of Government from repeated opportunities of exposing their principles.
66 The compact was fulfilled on the part of Government; two Bills were rejected in the House of Commons by compact, and the third destroyed in the other House, in breach of compact. A Minister is, I must suppose, a heretic, with whom holy men need not observe faith. To destroy this Bill, the first method that occurred was petition ; the petitioners, very few in number, but certainly very respectable names, complain that they will