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OR A

DICTIONARY

OF

ARTS, SCIENCES,

AND

POLITE LITERATURE:

COMPILED FROM THE BEST AUTHORITIES

BY

EDWARD AUGUSTUS KENDAL.

Embellished with Copper Plates designed and engraved by

EMINENT ARTISTS.

OS
SECOND EDITION.—Corrected and much enlarged.

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' IN FOUR VOLUMES.

VOL. IV.

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR LONGMAN, HURST, REES, ORME, AND CO.,

J. HARRIS, SCATCHERD AND LETTERMAN, PEACOCK
AND BAMPTON, WILKIE AND ROBINSON, AND R.
BALDWIN

AE:

.P74 1911 V.A

Printed by T.C. HANSARD, Peterborough Court, Fleet Street, Londono }

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PED

Pedals, the largest pipes of an organ, so called because played and stopped with the foot. The pedals are made square, and are usually thirteen in nuinber. They are of modern invention. Their use is to carry the sounds an octave deeper than the other pipes.

PEDESTAL, the foot or stand of a column. There are as many kinds of pedestals as there are orders. See ARCHITECTURE. The pedestal of a statue is not governed by the laws incident to those of columns.

Pediculus, the louse, in natural history, a genus of insects of the order Aptera. Some of the insects of this genus, of which there are seventy or eighty species, infest the bodies of quadrupeds, some infest birds, some insects, besides which there is the Pediculus humanus, which is distinguished by its pale livid colour. It is produced from a small egg, popularly called a nit, which is fastened or agglutinated by its smaller end to the hair on which it is deposited: from this egg proceeds an insect complete in all its parts, and only different from the parent animal in its smaller size. When VOL. IV.

B

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