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celebrated battle of Clontarf. Muiredhach O'Flaherty was slain by the Connacians', and his son Murchadh soon after died'. The island of Lough Kime, the principal residence of the Muintir Murchadha, was taken and destroyed by the King of Connaught°; and Muredach O'Flaherty, prince of Hy-Briuin Seola*, Murchadh an chapaill O'Flaherty, and NialL, son of Murges, presumptive heirs of Iar-Connaught, were slain*. A- D. 1051, Amhailgadh, son of Cathal, son of Rory, the then prince, had his eyes put out by Aodh, or Hugh, surnamed an jac Beapnaij, or of the broken spear, King of Connaught, who thereupon established his rule over these western districts"; but he was soon after expelled by the Muintir Murchadha, who regained Lough Orbsen, which was then considered of importance by the contending parties. This petty but destructive warfare continued with unabated virulence for many years, during which several chiefs were put to death on both sides; at length Ruaidhri, or Roderick, surnamed na poij-e bui6e, of the yellow hound, King of Connaught, was taken prisoner by Flaherty O'Flaherty, who treacherously and unjustly, say the Annalists, caused the king's eyes to be put out', upon which he was dethroned. Flaherty then conferred the sovereignty of Connaught on Hugh O'Conor, from whom he received back his own hereditary possessions of Moy-Seola'. But he did not long enjoy the fruits of his success, for he fell soon after by the hand of the assassin, in revenge for his cruel treatment of King Roderick. His death is thus recorded by the Four Masters: "Go(p Cp. 1098, plaicBepcac ua plaicBepcaicc, cijepna pii lTluipeaoaij uyup lapcaip-Connacc, o0 mapBao 00 lTlhaouoan ua Cuanna, 1 ccionai6 oallca Ruaiopi ui ConcoBaip, .1. T?uai6pi na poioe bui6e, pij Connacc Opo0 bliaoain baip plaicbepcaicc aopuBpao." Flaherty O'Flaherty, lord of Sil Murray and Iar-Connaught,

was

'Id. Neither the Four Masters, nor the older An- against the laws of hospitality, when the victim was nalists, enumerate the above chiefs among the slain his guest, and under the protection of his roof, a crime in this battle. inexpiable in Ireland. This barbarous custom was,

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• Ann. Inisf., by O'Conor. tries. See addition to Hist, of Wales, by Caradoc of

• Id. Llancarvan, at A. D. 1125.

'Ann. Inisf. by Conry. Tigemach adds, "by * Four Mast. A. D. 1097; who add "ajupcen

treachery." nup muipeaoaij o0 jabBail o0 pioipi,

* Four Masters, A. D. 1036. and he again obtained the principality of Sil Mui

* Tigemach. readhaigh." This, although repeated more than once, J Ann. Ulton., A. D. 1092. The Annals of Inisf., is supposed to be a mistake of the Annalists. Mac

by Conry, ut tupra, inveigh severely against O'Fla- Geoghegan, in his translation of the Annals of Clon

berty for this barbarous act, committed against his macnoise, styles this Flaherty " Prince of Silmorey."

sovereign lord, who was sponsor for four of O'Flaher- But the Annals of Ulster call him " King of West

ty's children; but, above all, that it was perpetrated Connaught" only; and state that he was put to was killed by Madudan Madden O'Cuana, in revenge for his foster-child* Roderick O Conor, i. e. Roderick of the yellow hound, King of Connaught. Of the year of his death the poet sung as follows: —

"Occ mbliaona nocac ap mile, Eight years, ninety and one thousand, O jein mic t)e oaic-nepcai j, From the birth of the son of God, all

strengthening,

Ni pjel pap occ ip oepb oeirhin, It is no vain story, but is truly certain,
Co bap peioil plaicbepcaicc." 'Till the death of the faithful Flahertach.

This chieftain appears to have acquired considerable power and influence, and to have taken a leading part in the affairs of Connaught. He effectually resisted the O'Conors, and put an end to their incursions on his territory. To his time has been assigned the following description of Hy-Briuin Seola, which contains an account of the chiefs subordinate to O'Flaherty, and their possessions, with the principal officers of his establishment, and the lands which they held for the performance of their several duties. This historical fragment is preserved in a manuscript of ancient vellum, in the library of Trinity College, Dublin, H. 2. 17, p. 188.

"Cpicaipeacc cmeoach n-ouchapa niuinncipi TTlupcaoa, ajup cloinoe pepjaile, 7 meaopatje, 7 hua 6piuin eola, 7 hua m-bpum paca, 7 muinncipi pacaij; a caipeac, 7 a n-apo mac n-ojlac, 7 a n-olloman.

.1. O h-Qllmupdn caipeac cecpi mbaile picec Cloinoi pepjaili; 7 oipein hi Gnculi, 7 hi pepjupa popa-caim. mac Cinnjamain 7 mac Ctcapnaij, oa caipeac IDeaopaiji, cona ppemaiB pfp ouccnpa

pein

death by the Sil Muireadhaigh. The above, however, requires explanation.

• "The manner in these days was to bring up noblemen's children, espetiallie their friends or princes and great men's houses, and for ever after would call them/brier«, and love them as well as their own na

Territories of the hereditary proprietors of Muintir Murchadha of Clanfergail, and Meadruidhe, and HyBriuin Seola, and Hy-Briuin ratha, and Muintir Fahy; their chieftains, and Mac Oglachs, and Ollaves.

O'Halloran is the chief of the twentyfour ballys [townlands] of Clanfergail; and of these are 0'Antuileh and O'Fergus of Roscam. Mac Cingamain and Mac Catharnaigh are the two taoiseachs of Maaryc,

having

turn! father."—Mac Geoghegan.

h " O'Antuile .1.6pujaio (a public victual. '«0 cloinne peapjaile."—Mac Firlit.

c For Clanfergail, Roscam, and Maary, sec ante, p. 253.

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* O'Dathlaoich, "O'Dala^."—BoohofBallymote, fo. 54.

* Cnoc tuadh, now Knockdoe, see page 147 tupra. r Ui Laidhenain, pronounced O'Lynan.

« Lachagh, Ceacai j, now Lackagh, a townland containing the ruins of a castle in a parish of the same name in the barony of Clare, and a short distance south-east of the conspicious hill of Knockdoe See Ordnance map of Galway, sheet 70.

h KilcaMl, Clll Cacail, i. e. the church of St . Cathal . This is the name of an old church in a townland of the same name in the parish of Annaghdown, in the same barony, situated immediately to the left of the road as you go from Galway to Tuam. The ruins of the church shew that it was very small. See Ordnance map of the County of Galway, sheet 67, where the position of the ruins of this church is shewn, under the name " St . Cathaldus' church."

1 O'Canavan, &c. According to the tradition in the country, the families of O'Canavan and O'Lee were hereditary physicians to O'Flaherty. There IriSh Arch. 8OC. 15. j

having their own tribe subject to them. O'Dathlaoich* is the taiseach of the fourteen ballys of the Hy-Briuin ratha; and of these are the O'Kennedies, and the O'Duinns, and the O'Innogs of Cnoctuadhc, and O'Laighint of Lackagh*, and O'Callanan, comharba ofKillcahill\ O'Canavan1, medical ollamh of O'Flaherty, in Tuathna d-Toibrineadh, but others say thatO'Laighidh[O'Lee'']. Thechiefsof HyBriuin-Seola, with their correlatives, are O'Fechin, O'Balbhain, O'Duff, andO'Madudhain,MacGilla Gannain of Moyleaslainn is master of the horse of O'Flaherty. The O'Colgans of Bally-Colgank are the standard-bearers of O'Flaherty. Mac Ginnain is

the

was a Dr. Canavan, the lineal descendant of ()'Flaherty's physicians, in constant attendance on the house of Lemonfield about sixty years ago.

J O'Lee. For an eccentric physician of this name, see p. 78, supra. In Duald Mac Firbis's copy of this tract the reading is, Hua ceanouBam 7 hua (.a1516 leaja lTUnncipe TTlupcn6a 7 Ua Qilella, 7 o0 Cuaic na ocoibpineao lao; uoeip leaBap ele Ui plaicBeapcai j, i . e. "O'Canavan and O'Lee are the physicians of Muintir Murchadha and of Hy-Ailella, and they are of the tribe of Tuath-na-d-Toibrineadh. Another book says of O'Flaherty"—[i . e. another book calls O'Canavan and O'Lee the physicians of O'Flaherty, instead of calling them physicians of Muintir-Murchadha, tic.]

k Bally-Colgan, 6aile Ui Choljain, i. e. O'Colgan's town. This place retains its name to the present day, and is a townland now divided into two parts, called Ballycolgan Upper and Ballycolgan Lower, situated in the parish of Kilkilvery, near Headford, in the barony of Clara. B

bepcaij. TTleic Cinnam comapba Cilli Cuana, 7 hi TTlaelampaill Dorhnaijj Pacpaic bpecemain hi plaicbepcaij. hi Cleipceain o paic bui6B, cona m-baili. Y\t Caebucain, 7 hi TTlaelin oipcinnio Cilli ceilbili. Ill DuBain o cluuin ai, lucc corhioeacca hi plaicbepcaijj cum a ciji coiccinn. \\i meallaijq o Cil l manac ajup o Cill na cuilan caipaij 60j0j1, conappeamaiB oucupa. lal-l Dopijean, 7 hi Caiceapaij on 6eicij, cona ppeamaib oucupa. O h-Qir^li o oaipe 1 Qinjli cona baili. ITIac 6e6lain o Cil l leaBaip oipcineac cluij ouib pacpaic,

t Kilcoona, Cill Cuana, i- e. St. Cuana's church, a well-known pariah, situated to the southeast of Headford, in the same barony.

m O' Maelampaill. This name is written OTflaoilpuBuill in Duald Mac Firbis's copy of this tract . The name is still extant, but pronounced O'MuUawill, and sometimes anglicised Lavelle. According to the tradition in the barony of Murriak, or Iar-Umhall, this family is of Danish descent, but this tradition does not appear entitled to much credit.

» Donaghpatrich, Domnai£ p«cpaij, i.e. of St. Patrick's church. This is the name of a parish in the north of the barony of Clare. Its original church stands in ruins near the margin of Lough Hackett, which is the Loch Cime of the old Irish writers.

0 Rath-Buidhbh, pronounced Rd-weev, now Rafwee, a townland in the parish of Killeany, in the barony of Clare. See Ordnance map, sheet 56.

P Cill-Cillbile, now Kilkilvery, a well-known parish in the barony of Clare, containing the town of Ath-mic-Cing, or Headford.

1 Chiain-ai, q. Cloneen?, in the parish of Killeany. 'Kilnamanagh, Cil l na manac, i.e. church

the comharba of Kilcoona'. O'Maelampaillnl of Donaghpatrick° is the brehon [judge]ofO'Flaherty. O'Cleircinof Rathbuidhbh0, O'Laebacain and O'Maoilin are the Erenachs of Cill-Cillbile". The O'Dubhans [CPDuanes] of Cluain-ai'1 are the attendants of O'Flaherty at his common house. The O'Meallaighs of Kilnamanagh1, and ofKillnaCailan'are the chiefs of Bogogi, with their correlatives. O'Doregan, and O'Caitheasaigh, from Beitheach' [Beagh~\, with their correlatives. O'Haingliu of Derry Aingli with his bally. Mac Beolan, of Killower*, is the keeper of the

black

of the monks, a townland containing the ruins of a small abbey, situated to the north of Lough Hackett, in the parish of Donaghpatrick, in the north of the same barony. See Ordnance map, sheet 42.

- Kill na Cailan, now obsolete.

t Beitheach, i. e. land abounding in birch; now Beagh, in the parish of Kilcoona, in the same barony There is also a 6alle Ua Chacapai5, i. e. O'Casey's town, in the same parish.

* O'Haingli. This is probably the name now anglicised OTIanly. A family of the name still resides at Kilroe, in this vicinity, and is opulent and respectable. There is a more celebrated family of O'Hdinlidhe, or O'Hanly, who were chiefs of Kinel Dofa, situated between Slieve Bawn and the Shannon, in the county of Roscommon.

T Killower, Cill CeaBaip, i. e. the church of the Book, a parish situated in the north-east of the barony of Clare. The black bell of St. Patrick after wards passed into the family of Geraghty, and was for ages exhibited to the pilgrims by that family on Domhnach Cruim Duibh, or Garland Sunday, on the mountain of Croaghpatrick, where it was held in the highest veneration. It was in the possession of a branch of this family who lived at Lecarrow,

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near Uallinrobe, in the county of Mayo, in the year 1837, but it U said to be now in the (....«...i..n of one of this family who removed to the town of Castlebar. It is generally believed that this Ix-ll was originally of pure silver, but that it was rendered black by its contact with the demons on Croaghpatrick, when the apoitle of Ireland was expelling them thence.

"O'Dubhain, now O'Duane. The O'Ouanes and O'Lees, in the thirteenth century, crossed lough Orbsen with the 0'Flaherties. Some respectable descen • dants of these old families still reside in Iar-Connaugfat .

» Killursa, Clll phuppa, i- e. St. Fursey's church, a parish forming the north-western portion of the barony of Clare. The western portion of the old church of this parish is of extreme antiquity.

J Ctann-droma, i e. head of the long hill, or ridge.

black bell of St. Patrick, with his bally. O'Dubhain" are the Erenachs of Killursa\ with their bally (and St. Fursa cursed O'Dubhain). The Mac Kilkellys are the ollamhs of O'Flaherty in history and poetry; and for this they have three half ballys, which are Ceann-droma', Athacind', and Cathair-na-hailighic in Ceneal m-buithin. O'Domhnaill of Ardratha is the master of the feast of O'Flaherty, with his own correlatives under him, viz., O'Daigean of Ard-Fintainh, who was O'Domhnaill's reachtaire [steward], and O'Chichearan of Lis-chicheran, and O'Conlachtna of Bally-conlachtna are the keepers of the

bees of O'Flaherty in Eochaill and

Bally-conlachtna0. O'Chodil of Ballycodil, O'Maelmuine of Ballymaelmuine; and from Ath mic Cinn to the laked their country extends. O'Leathcargais is the

Erenach

This name is now obsolete.

'Athacind, now Headford, a well-known town in the parish of Kilkilvery, in the barony of Clare.

Calhair-na-hailighi, now Cahernally, situated to the south-west of the town of Headford, in the parish of Killursa. The original cathair, or Cyclopean stone fort, from which this townland derived its name, is still in existence, in tolerable preservation.

h Ard- 1'inntain, i. e. Finntan's eminence, or hill, now Ardfintan, a townland in the west of the said parish of Killursa.

c Bally-conlachtna, 6aile 111 Conlaccna, i. e. O'Conlachtna's town, now Ballyconlagbt, in the parish of Cargins, in the barony of Clare. See Ordnance map, sheet 55.

d From Ath mic Cinn to the lahe, i. e. from Headford westwards to Lough Corrib. This district, which was, at the period of the writer of this tract,

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