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"Bellahawnes Baronye, commonly called Mac Costilo his Country.
"WHEARE the province of Connaughte and Thomonde, through the continuall dissention of the lords and chieftaines within the same, eche whereof challenging to themselves auctorities, cuttings and cesings, uncertain, unlawful and unprofitable, under pretence of defending of the people under their several rules, have run into all errors of forgetting of their duties to her Majestie—and contemning the ways of justice: We the lord Deputie directed a commission to Sir R. Bingham & others dated the 15th July in the 27th year of her Majesties reign, who accordingly executed the same. But we found that the barony of Bellahawnesse in the co. of Mayo, commonly called Mac Costilo his country, was omytted, for that the commissioners could not, as they alleged, conveniently take view thereof, through the hard passage and travel thither, by means of the great bogges, woodes, mores and mountaines, and other evill waies in and to the said baronie, so as no composition was taken thereof. Albeit Sir Theobald Dillon, who inhabiteth the said lande by himselfe and his tenants, made suite unto the said commissioners to take view thereof, to thend that he and the contre there, might compound and yeilde a yearly compensation unto her Majestie, both for the better reducinge of the people there to sevilitie, and that they might yeilde obedience, and knowe their dutie unto her Highnes, which before were vere uncivell and barbarous, and the countrye there a verie resceptacle of Scotts, and a harbour of other lowse and evill people, through the strenghth and fastnesse thereof: wherefore he humbly desired, that a commission might be graunted for the viewing and estimating the said baronie, which commission did accordinglie issue, and Sir Tho' Lestrange knt. then chief commissioner of Connaught and Thomond, and others commissioners therin, took Inquisition by jury of said barony, which founde upon their oaths, that yt contained 247 or 252 porconsor small qTM, whereof in respecte of the unfruitfulnes, barranes and badness of the soile, and the small quantity of arable land within the same, being for the most parte woods, mores, mountaines and unprofitable bogge, they have put 4 of the said qTM to one ordenarie qr of 120 acres, and so did find in their consciences that the said barony or countrie contained no more than 63 qTM meete to be charged, as by the said Inquisition may appeare.
Upon return of which Inquisition letters were addressed unto us the Lord Deputie, from the said Sir Thomas Lestrange, concerninge the premises, the tenor whereof ensueth—
"May It Please Y* Honour
"We have been aboute and over-viewed Mac Castilloe his countrie; and now, at the gent's requeste fore whose cause we tooke the paines, these are to certefie your
2X2 Lordship, Lordship, how we have found it, that it is barren amongst the most barren; which thing beinge so, and yet standing in so discomodious a place, yet can be hardlie brought aboute to be peopled with civill inhabitaunts, excepte a respect of some extraordinarie freedoms or Immunitye drawe them thither. In this cause I have neither auctoritie nor discertion from your honnor to deale, and therefore do whollie refer the determination thereof to your Lordship's consideration, which wyll I doubt not \be~\ both wyse & juste; wyse in alluringe the inhabitaunts to a place which by want thereof might rayse a greate discomoditie to her Majestie's subjects, and just by ymposing no greater rent on the gent, then the barrones of the soyle will beare; whereof I desire your lordship most earnestlie, a gentle and favrable consideration, in respect myne eyes are wytnes how lytle it is worthe in regard of the quantitie of grounde that it contains. Thus with my humble commendations, I committ your lordship to the Almightie, from Athleage the 10th of Sept. 1587.
"Whereof the said Theobald Dillon, in behaulfe of himselfe and his tenaunts, and rest of the inhabitants of the said baronie, made humble suite that the said Inquisition might from henceforth stande and conteynied. Whereupon entering into the consideration of the same, and that the said Theobalde Dillon inhabiteth the said barronie, and hath by his industrie brought the people there to obedience and subjection; We have therefore concluded and agreed that the said countrie shall only be charged after the rate of fower skore and three quarters, at 10*' sterling the quarter, and so to continew until her Majesty's pleasure therin be known. Given under Her Majestie's privie scale, the 1" Dec. 1587.
"THIS INDENTURE made betwixt the Right Honorable Sir John Perrott knight, Lord Deputy Generall of Ireland for and on the behaulfe of the Queene's most excellent Mat' of the onepartye, and the rev* fathers in God John Bishop of Elphine— Owyn bishop of Aconry—Owine electe bishop of Killalae—Sir Donyll O'Connor of Sligo, knight—Pheolyme O'Harte of Ardtarmon otherwise called O'Hart, chief of his name—Owine O'Connor of the Grawndge, gen—Edmond O'Dowey (0 Dowda) of Killglasse, otherwise called O'Dowey chief of his name—Hubbert Albenaghe of Rathly, gen.—Breene McSwyne of Ardneglas, gen.—Davy Dowdy of Castle-Connor, gen.— Connocke O'Harry (0 Hard) of Cowlany otherwise called O'Harey buy, chief of his name—Ferrall O'Harry of Ballinefennock otherwise called O'Harry reogh, chief of his
name—Breene O'Harry of Tulwy, gen Owene O'Harey of Cowlany, gen.—Ferrdor
raghe Mc Donoghe of Cowleae, otherwise called Mc Donoughe Tyrreryll, chief of his
name— name—Mellaghlyne Mc Donogh of Ballyndowne, gen Melaghlyne Mc Donogh of
Cowlwonye, gen.—Morryshe Mc Donoghe of Clonemahyne, gen.—Cene M' Hughe of
Bryckleawe, gen.—John Croftone of Ballymote, gen George Goodman of Tagh
tample, gen.—Manus Reoghe of Rathmollyne, gen.—Manus Mc Teig bwy of Lysconnowe, gen.—Alexander Mac Swyne of Loughtnevynaghe, gen.—Urryell Garry of Moye, otherwise called O'Garry, chiefe of his name—Rory O'Garry of Kearowercoghe,
gen & Manus Mc Bryene Reoghe of Levally, gen of the other partie.
"WYTNESSETH that wheare the whole Country or terrytory of Slego ys divided into 5 principall barronies, that is to wytte, the barronies of Carbry, Tireeragh, Maghery-layny, Tire-erryell, Corryn, and the half barrony of Cowlovyne, which contain as well by auncient devysion as by late Inquistion, 909 qTM of land, each 120 acres.*—FIRST, in the barronie of Carbry, there is a quantity of land called Cowrine
* The "Boundaries of Slygo" have been found as follows:
An Inquisition taken at Slygo the 25'° July, 1607, before Sir Anthony St. Leger Knight, master of the rolls, &c . the Jury find 'That the said county of Slygo is in length from the leape of Gowregallen in the sowthe parte of Assaroe, where the ryver of Thanry doeth enter into the sea on the north syde, conteynuing in length forty myles, and in breadth from Beallafernan joyninge with Brena ORoirke on the easte, to the Belahye meareinge with the county of Mayo on the west, and conteyninge in breadthe other fortye myles. Item the boundes of the saide county eastwarde, begyneth at Mully I node at the Corlewes, and soe in compasse to the leape of Gowregollen, and fbrwarde towards the sowthe to Belahedirge, and to Belagarry at Bealaghe, and to Shroan, Killassirre, and fbrwarde to Bealanany, and to the river of the Moye, and to Trayohill on the west border of the barony of Tyreraghe, whereof the seven towns of Cowlekeearny is forceably healde from the said barony, since the making of the composition by the county of Mayo: and that wee finde by office, and by a decree given by Sir Richard Bingham, and the prooffes of dyvers other suffitient men, that the said seaven towns hath beane in antient tyme, and ought to be parcell of the saide county of Slygo: and from the said Trayhohill,
the sea on the northe side doethe bounde the said county of Slygo to Assaroy aforesaid; and from thence to the castle of Camlyn, and to Callkinvoher betwixt Farmanaghe and Carbery on the easte parte, and soe to Sroan Carrywonny betwixte the barony of Carbery and the Breany, and forward to Garromore glandallen, and Cnockevockedy, and Farren nefenvha, and soe fbrwarde to Shrohe ne Coillemore on the sowthe part of Loghgill, betwixt the barony of Tyre-Irrill and the said Breny, and to Keane ne Rahabane, and to Keanne ne-hargyny, and soe to the easte end of Shroe Kedycoman, and to Altconra throug Bradlewe, and to Belafernan, and to Ebberne-howngyre, and to Bomnonyn-Aghwoghell, entringe in the easte end of Logharowghe, and soe to Shuanbuy, and to the said Molly I node, where firste wee began at Corrlewe. There is twentie quarters betwixte Bondroyes and Assaroe, which by dyvers good proffes beside, some of the Jury have fownde to be parcel! of the saide county of Sligo, yett it is in the possession of O'DonneU. There is twenty quarters of the barony of Tyre-Irrell in the possession of the countie of Leytrym, since the making of the Composition, which they finde by office, warrant, and other good prooffes, to be of right parcell of the saide county of Slygo.
That the said county doth consist of five baronies and a halfe, viz. the baronies of Tirc-Irrill, Corren,