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viz., that of the Dominicans, was "Our Lady's Church" mentioned by our author, p. 39, ante. The following unique compact relating to this latter foundation has been transcribed by the Editor, from the Original still preserved in the convent.

"A.D. 1651.

"This Indenture witnesseth, that whereas Saint Dominick's abbey near Gallway in the Weast Francheses of the same, commonly called Our Lady's church, in theise combustious and warlicke tymes, is found noisome and of dangerous consequence to the safety and preservation of this Toune of Gallway, if possessed by the enemies, as late experience declared when the same was possessed by The Lord Forbous, and the Parleiment partie under his conduct. Whereupon, the Mayor, sherifs, free Burgesses and Commonaltye of the said Towne of Gallway, and the Countie of the said Towne of Gallway, conceaved it necessary to pull downe and demolish the said Abbey for the preservation and safty of the said Toune. Whereunto they craved the consent of father Pierce Buthler now prior of the religious Order of the Dominicans in Gallway, and the rest of the said convent, who for the good and securitie of the said Toune and Corporacion, their freinds and benefactors, have thereunto consented; the said Toune and Corporacion promissing, assumeing, and undertaking, in tyme of peace to re-edifie soe much thereof, as appears in the scedule hereunto annexed to have beene by them broken downe, and leave the said abbey in as good case as they have found it when they pulled it doune, or as much woorke as the same may come into in true vallue, within their francheses, as to the prior and convent of the said abbey, for the tyme beeing, shalbe tought meete and required: in consideration and pursuance whereof, wee Oliver French Knight, mayor of his Ma"" towne of Gallway, James French Fitz Edd. and Peeter Lynch Fitz Anthony sheriffes and free burgesses, and coumonality of the said Toune of Gallway, doe by theise presents promisse, covenant, undertake and assume to and with the prior and convent of the said Abbey of St. Dominick's Order and their successors, that the Corporation of Gallway shall after theise warrs in hand, and peace established in this Kingdome, build, erect and re-edifie the said Monasterie, and leave the same in as good condition, plight, manner and forme as the same was at the tyme of pulling doune and demolishing of the same, and alsoe to performe all such covenants, provisos and undertakeings, as the said Corporation of Gallway have formerly engadged themselves, under their common seale, for or concearning the re-edifieing of the said Monasterie; and that wee the said Corporacion shall build and erect as much woorke as the same will come unto, there or any where else without this Towne, or in the liberties thereof, on their owne ground, for the said prior for the tyme being, in dischardge of our consciences, the honnor of our B. Lady and advanceing of Holly Church, and yt before any other woorke shall be

donn donn for any other religious work, within the corporacion or francheses of the same. In Wittness whereof, wee the Maior, Sheriffes, free Burgesses and Coumonalitye have heereunto putt our coumon seall; Given at our Toulsell of Gallway, the twentie day of September, in the yeare of our Lord God one tousand, six hundred, fiftie and one."—Orig.

The following document, relating to the same foundation, may be considered curious, as describing the particular divisions and dimensions of the old church alluded to.

"A true relation and returne of the undernamed persons, qualified by the Mayor and Prior of the said Convent, to try the particulars that were demolished and pulled doune of S'. Dominickes abbey, otherwise called our Ladie's Church, in the West Francheses of Gallway, upon presseing occations, in order to the preservation of this Toune against the Parlement forces under the comaund of S'. Charles Coote, now incamped aboute this Towne, 10° Augusti 1651. "Ittim first, there are sixtie seaven feete longe in the side of the church, next the

doore In the side oppositt to the same, from the pincle of the stiple, sixtie fower

foot longe.—From the stiple to the pincle of the queere, seaventie fower foote longe. Fortie fower foote in breath, betweene both the wall, with fower arches in the midle, in the bodie of the church.—Twenty two foote broade in the queere betweene both

the wales In the chapel, towards the north, nyneteene foote longe, sixteene foote

broade, and twelve foote in hight in the wall In the wale of the bodie of the church and queere, twenty three foote in hight to the battlement, and the wale in tickness two foote and nyne enciis—Lasorous house is twentie seaven foote longe, twenty foote broade, eighteen foote high, with two chimneys, six windowes, one of which is two lights and the rest one light.— In the bodie of the church three windowes of three lights, and two gables of three lights.—In the chaple three windowes of three lights, and one gable of three lights.—One gable of five lights in the pinicle of the queere, one gable of two lights in the side of the queere, six windowes of one light in the north side of the queere, and one window of two lights in the north (south) side.—All this, besids the battlement and breast wall of the same, together with a small stiple, the most of all being made of hued stone, weare demolished and pulled downe as aforesaid If any of the said battlement or hued stones be brought home for the use of St.

Nicholas' Church, payment or satisfaction is to be made to the said religious order.

"walter Browne Fitz-marcus. Christo: Bodkin. Alexander Linche. Martin French, Chamberlyne [ ]."—Orig.

For a view of " Our Lady's Church," taken before it was so demolished, see the great

2 N 2 map map of Gal way, made A. D. 1651, and preserved in the library of Trinity College, Dublin. On the above compact, John O'Heyn (for whom see Harris's Ware, voL ii . p. 295), writes as follows: "Ecclesia erat vetustissima, sed a Fundamentis destructa est ex Concilio Catholicorum Civium, ne Inimicus Cromuellus, obsessurus eundem Locum, Fortalitium sibi faceret in illa Ecclesia. Ex communi tamen Consensu totus Magistratus spopondit, quod, advertante Pace, lotus Convenint recedificaretur in Forma priori, Expensit Civium, et si sperata Tranquillitas affulsisset in Patria, id facerent proculdubio, erant enim valde pii, et potentissimi Divitiis multis accedentibus ex ingenti Commercio maritimo, quo hie Locus exuberat specialiter prse reliquis Regni Partibus."—Epilog, p. 22.

NOTE Y. See page 109, note (m). "Mageoghegan family." In A. D. 1567, the head or chief of this great and ancient Irish family was Conly Mac Geogheganof Kinaleagh (CinealFiachach) in Westmeath; respecting whom Queen Elizabeth, in that year, directed the following letter (now first printed) under her sign manual and signet, to the lord deputy and chancellor of Ireland.

"Elizabeth, "By the Quene.

"Right trusty and welbeloved, wee greete you well. Wheras Conley Mac Geoghegan of Kenaleagh, our faithfull and lowinge subject, hath humbly submitted himself to our trustie and welbeloved Sir Henry Sidney, knight of our order, and deputy of our realme of Ireland, recognising himself as a faithfull subject to us and our crowne, ofiringe to surrender his estate for him and his sequele, and to receave from us an estate according to our pleasure. We in consideration of his said submission and offers, are pleased to accept and allow him as our liege man and faithfull subject; and are pleased that he shall receave from us these graces and speciall favors in maner and forme followinge.—First, that the said Conley Mac Geoghegan deliver unto you our said deputy, a full and pleyne particular, note and extent of all the manors, castells, lordshipps, landes, tenements, signories, rules, rents, duetyes, custumes, and comodities whereof he is by any maner of meane seised at this present. And after, we will and order, that our chauncellor shall accept and receave of the said Conley Mac Geoghegan, by dede to be inrolled in our court of Chancery within that our realme of Irland, the submission of the said Conley Mac Geoghegan, and the surrender and resignation of his name of Conley Mac Geoghegan, and of all the said manors, castells, lordships, seignoryes, rules, hereditaments, comodities, and profits, with all and singular their

appurtenances After which submission and surrender so made, our pleasure is, that

you our said deputy cause our letters patents, under our great seale of that our realme, to be made to the said Conley Mac Geoghegan during his lyfe; the remaynder to his sonne Rosse alias Roger and the heyres males of his body; and the remainder after them to the heyres males of the body of the said Conley lawfully to be begotten, of all the said castells, manors, lands, tenements, and hereditaments, to hold of us, our heires and successors, in capite by knight's service, and yeldinge, payenge, contributinge and doinge to us, our heires and successors, all souch rents, services and attendance, as now by any lawe, composition, use or custome he is bound or might have, with souch words of variance as to you our said deputy, by assent of the said Conley Mac Geoghegan, shalbe thought convenient. Neverthelesse, yf it shall seeme necessary to our said deputy to alter or change the said rents, duties and attendance, which the said Conley is presently holden to doe, into other kynds meeter for our service, we authorise you so to do. Item, our pleasure is, in consideration that all manner of obedience is by the said Conley Mac Geoghegan, for him and his, offred to us, that is due from a good and faithfull subject, that the said Conley and his said heyres males of his body, their issues, ofspringe, posteritie, sequele, servants, tenants and followers, shall to the uttermost of their powers, contynue for ever faithfull, true and loyall subjects to us, our heires and successors, as others our subjects of that realme are bounden by their allegiance to do: And, in like manner, shall accept, obey, effectually accomplishe and fulfill the statutes, lawes, writts, processe and ordinances of us our heires and successors. And if you our said deputy and counsayll there thinke necessary to deale with the said Conley more particularly, we are pleased that you shall and may add to the said letters patents so to him to be made, such farther articles and covenants on his parte to be observed by him, his said heires, sequele and followers, for their better instruction how to behave themselves towards us our heires and successors, and to all other our lovinge subjects, as to you shalbe thought mete and convenient. In consideration whereof let it be expressed in the said letters patents, that we accepte him, his said heires, posteritie, servants and followers, into our protection, to be used, supported, favored, maynteyned and defended as any outher of our lovinge subjects, and to be free and exempt from the exactions, servitude and oppression of all others, contrary to our lawes, demandinge any thinge of him or them. Yeven under our signet, at our Pallais of Westminster, the last day of February 1567, in the tenth yere of our reigne.

"To our trustie and welbeloved our deputy and chauncellor of our realme of Ireland for the tyme beinge, or to the justices of our said realme, and our chauncellor there."—Rot. Pat. de arm. 11°. Eliz. d— From the original roll.


Conly Mac Geoghegan had by his third wife, Margery Nugent, daughter of Christopher lord Delvin (DeMna), Hugh boy (buidhe, or the yellow) Geoghegan, who died 10th June 1622, leaving Art or Arthur Geoghegan of Castletown in the county of Meath, Esq., named in the note, p. 108, his son, who married Giles or Julia (also named therein), daughter of James Mac Coghlan, and had Hugh his eldest and Edward or Edmond his second son, also named in the note as joint patentee with his mother Giles, in the letters patent or grant there referred to, bearing date 15th May 1678. In this grant, the castle and lands of Bunowen, &c. were limited to Giles for her life, remainder to Edward and his heirs male, remainder to Edward Geoghegan the younger, grandson and heir to Art, and his heirs male, remainder to Conly Geoghegan late of Lerha and his heirs male; with remainder to Francis earl of Longford and his heirs for ever, according to a deed of settlement made by said Art, of those lands, dated 22nd June 1666. By privy signet dated at Whitehall, 20 Oct. 1677, the King directed Giles and Edward her son, to pass certificate and patent of the lands alloted to said Art in Connaught, in common with other transplanters, pursuant to the Act of Settlement Rot. Pat. 290 Car. II. 3 p. f.

Edward Geoghegan the patentee of Bunowen, was succeeded by his son Charles, whose eldest son, Edward, died A. D. 1765, aged 73 years. His son Richard succeeded, and conformed to the Protestant faith on 18th April, 1756; the certificate of which conformity, numbered 28 for that year, is preserved in the Rolls' Office, Dublin. He appears to have been a lover of science, and a man of enterprizing genius. Soon after his conformity, he visited Holland to ascertain the Dutch method of reclaiming land from the sea; and on his return home he succeeded in recovering a considerable tract of the lands of Ballyconneely near Bunowen, by erecting a weir or dam to oppose the encroachments of the ocean. On this work he placed the following inscription: "Hos terminos, Deo favente, posuit mari Richardus Geoghegan, qui perssepe corruentem aggerem luctando restituit, pauca ducens solertise ac perseverantise esse impossibilia. Opus perfectum fuit anno Domini, 1758." This gentleman was enthusiastic respecting his Milesian origin; and he was often heard to declare, that, although not the "chief of his name," yet that he prized his ancient Irish descent beyond the pedigree or title of the proudest peer of France or England. In A. D. 1780, he erected a conspicuous octagonal building, on the site of the "old fortress of a down (dun) on the top of the hill" of Doon, mentioned, p. 109, by our author, as a monument to commemorate the concession of free trade to Ireland, as appears by the following inscription thereon: "Deo liberatori Hibernise, A. D. 1780, has aedes consecravit, anno eodem, gratus et laetus, R. G." He died 4"' Jan., 1800, aged 83 years. His eldest son and heir, John, assumed the surname of O'Neill only, by virtue of the Royal sign


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