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poem still extant. This valuable piece, like most of the other evidences of Irish history, still remains unpublished. A small part, consisting merely of the prose prefaces to the descriptions of the several provinces, has been translated by the learned author of Cambrensis Eversus, and inserted in that work, see p. 25. The portion relating to Connaught is here printed from a valuable copy of the original, in the handwriting of Cucoigcriche O'Clery, one of the Four Masters, preserved in the Library of the Royal Irish Academy. The publication of the entire, which extends to the whole of Ireland, will, it is hoped, be achieved by the Irish Archseological Society.
"In the Portion of Connaught.
"O'Conor supreme King of Connaught. O'Flannagan, O'Maoil-Mordha, O'Carthy, and O'Mughroin (Moran), the four chiefs of Clan-Cathail; O'Maoil-Breanainn (Mulrenin) chief of Clan-Connor; O'Cahalan of Clan-Fagharta (Faherty); O'Maonaigh (Mooney) of Clan-Murthuile; Mac Oireachty (Geraghty) of Muintir-Roduibh, O'Finachty of Clan-Conmaigh( Clanconoo); another O'Finachty of Clan-Murchadha; O'Conceanainn (Concannon) of Hy-Diarmada; Mac Murchadh of Clan-Tomultach; O'Fallamhain (0'Fallon) of Clan-Uadach; Mac Diarmada of Tir-Oilleall (Tirerrill); Tir-Tuathail (Tirooil) the country of Feartire, Clan-Chuain, Tir Neachtain, and Tir-n-Enda.
"In the Portion of Breifny.
"O'Ruairc (Rourke) supreme King of Breifny. Mac Tighearnan (Tiernan) chief of Teallach Dunchada (Tullyhunco in Cavern); Mac Samhradain (Mac Gauran) of Teallach-n-Eachach ; Mac Consnamha (Mac a Naw, now Forde) of Clan-Cionaoth (Clan Kenny); Mac Agadain (Mac Keegan) of Clan-Fearmaighe (Glanfame);
Caoipeac ITIuije pinn."
See Appendix I. for the chief inhabitants of Connaught, and their possessions, towards the close of the sixteenth century, when the Irish tenures ceased, and the principal lords surrendered to Queen Elizabeth.
NOTE NOTE B. See page 2, note d. "Barony of Clare."
The plains of Magh Seola, which form the present barony of Clare in the County of Galway, were the inheritance of the O'Flaherties and their ancestors, for upwards of 800 years antecedent to the thirteenth century. This district is frequently mentioned in our annals, and other old writings. The Four Masters commence their celebrated work by stating, that the " antediluvian nymph" Ceasoir died at Cuil Cesra in Connaught, and that she was interred at Car n Cesra. In our author's Ogyg. p. 162, it appears that Cnoc Meadha Siuil . a well-known hill, now called Knockmaa, near Tuam, in this barony of Clare, was supposed to be, "fertur fuisse," Car n Cesra; and that Cuil Cesra was near it: and to this day, an ancient earn, or monumental pile of stones, may be seen on the summit of that hill. In this district was fought, in the third century, the famous battle of Magh Mucruimhe, on a plain lying immediately to the west of the town of Athenry; in which battle Art, King of Ireland, was killed. The spot where he fell is still shewn, and is called Turloch Airt . See ante, p. 43, note e. Our author, in Ogyg. p. 329, points to it as situate "inter Moyvoelam et Kilcornan.'' The old castle of Moyvoela is still standing, and to the south of it lies Turloch Airt. It has been observed, that many less remarkable places have been distinguished by monuments in other countries.
Not long after this occurrence, the territory or plains of Moy-Seola appear noticed as the scene of some of the apostolic labours of St. Patrick. An old unpublished history of Ireland, preserved in the Library of the Koyal Irish Academy, informs us, " that St. Patrick arrived in Connaught in A. D. 434, and making towards the twenty-four sons of Brian," see ante, p. 127, "Echean, the eldest of them, mounting his horse, set spurs to him, and advised the rest of his brethren to do the same, and not to countenance the blessed clergyman; which they all did, save only Duach Galach, the youngest, who, staying on foot, courteously saluted St. Patrick, and tendered him respect and obedience. The hoiy man went still after Echean, and having overtaken him, asked if he were the man, whi \ he denied; but St. Patrick, notwithstanding, cursed him, saying: 'if you be Echean, I deprive both you and all your brethren about you of all royalty and felicity, except him only who honoured and cherished me, for my Lord Jesus Christ his sake.' Then Duach Galach replyed, that if he was the eldest son he would have farther pleased the holy man. St. Patrick blessed him saying, you and your posterity shall be kings over your brethren." And so it came to pass, for the future kings of Connaught, and the O'Flaherties of Iar-Connaught, and several other great families, were descended from this Duach. The story is, however, variously told; for which see Ogyg. p. 375; the Pedigree of the Hy-Briuin Aoi, by Duald Mac Firbis; and the Tripartite Life, Trias Thauir p. 203; and part ii. ch. 52. But St. Patrick afterwards blessed the sons of Brian, " suaque sacra benedictione mu
U 2 nivit nivit filios Brianithe O'Flaherties, and all the people of Hy-Briuin Seola, "gentemque de Hua-Briuin" Here also he built the church of Domnach-mor, now called Domnach Patruig, on the banks of Loch-Sealga, of which considerable remains may be seen at the present day.
Loch-Sealga is now called Lough-Hacket, which name it received from one of those English families planted in Moy-Seola, in the thirteenth century, by the Earl of Ulster, when the O'Flaherties were driven westward by the power of the De Burgos.— Hist. Galway, pp. 51, 119. In A. D. 1300, some of these " Hackets" accompanied the
Earl Richard de Burgo on the expedition to Scotland Cal. Rot. Pat. 31 Edw. I.
No. 2I, and they continued retainers of the De Burgos to a later period Id. Rot. Pat.
3, 4 Edw. II. No. 127. By them was built the castle called Castle Racket. In A. D. 1584, 29 Jan. it was found by inquisition, that " the sept of the Hackets was seised of the island called Ilan-Hacket in Moynter Murcho," i. e. in Moy Seola; "and of 12 quarters of land there, called Magherylary."—Inq., Uolis Off. In the composition for the territory of Clanrickard in that year, it appears that " the land of Shane bwye's sept of Castell Mc Hackett were 34 quarters."—See Appendix, No. I., and for more of this family of Hacket, see Rot. Pat. 150 Jac . L, p. 2, and 170, p. 2.
The district now forming Clare barony, was thickly castellated by the settlers above alluded to, during the thirteenth, and the three succeeding, centuries. The following enumeration of those castles, with their proprietors, &c., is extracted from "The Division of Connaught, A. D. 1586," preserved in the British Museum, Cotton, Titus, B. xiii. p. 399: "The Baronie of Clare, conteininge Moyntagh Mc Hugh, Moynter Moroghowe, and Maghere-reogh, x miles long and vi broade; and is, after
like rate, plowlands xvi John Burke fitz-Thomas, and Mc Creamon (Redmond) chief
in the same—Parishes. Vicarage of Clare, vicar, of Kilmillayn, vicar, of Lekagh, vicar.
of Kil , vicar, of Bealclarhome.—Gent, and castles. Therle of Clanricard, Clare;
Ullig Reogh, Dromghriffin; John Lynch fitz-William, Yowghule; Tybbot Lyogh, Loscananon; Mac Walter called Thomas Mc Henry, Ballenduffe; Moyler Mc Shean, Cloynebow; Walter fitz-Ab. fitz-Ed., Masse ; Nicholas Lynch, Anaghcoyne; Henry fitz-Edmond, Leagkagh; Mc Reamon.Cloghenwoyr; Ullig McReamon,' Castle Hackett; Walter Burke, Kilnemanegh; Mc Walters sept, Cahermorise; Moyler Mc Reamon, Anaghkyne; Wil. Grana Mc Ric, Cloghran; Redmund Mc Moyler Mc Roe, Bealclarhome; Redmund Mc Walter, Aghkyne-, Ullig Mc Richard, Comor; William Gaynard, Carigin; Meyler Mc Rickard, Tawmagh; Richard Burke, Coroffyny; James fitz-Ambrose, Anbale; Thomas Balue, Qworanonyn; Thomas Ballagh, Beallabeanchere; John Burke fitz-Thomas of Ballindere, and of Deremaclaghlyn; Murrogh M° Swyne, Kyleskiegh; Edmund Owhny, Achrym; Walter Boy, Grange; Johnoge fitz-John fitz-Ed., Carnan; Richard Burke fitz Tho., Beallanea; Tirlagh Caragh Me Swyne, Cahirnefieke; Ffoxe's Castle. Cas. 33." Most