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inorbadh, agas og gairm righ Connact do Thoirdhelbhach Mhor MacRuaidri na Sioghe buidhe, da bhrathair a naois a chuig mbliadan deag.
"57. Toirdhelbhach Mor Mac Ruaidri na Soighe Buidhe, &c. 47 bliadna na righ Connact agas Erionn agas a eug a n-Dun Mor.
"58. Ruaidhri Mac Toirdelbhaigh Mhoir. Is an i4amhadh bliadain do flaitheas an Ruaidhri so os Connact, agas is an 4&mhad bliadain da fhlaitheas os Erinn, san mbliadhain 1169. tangadar na ceadgoill shexancha go h-Erinn."—Orig. MS.
No list of the kings of Connaught has, until now, been published. The foregoing is inserted, as the most complete, so far as it extends, that the Editor has met with. But the future historian may find it necessary to subject it to close examination; and in so doing, he will be aided by the labours of the late Doctor O'Conor, in his Rerum Hibernicarum Scriptores, and the various authorities there referred to. A catalogue of the Irish provincial kings, continued after the Anglo-Norman invasion, will be found in O'Ferrall's Book of Pedigrees, preserved in the Office of Arms, Dublin.
ThE ANCIENT BEGAL FAMILY OF O'CONOr OF CONNAUGhT.
The following genealogical and hitherto unpublished account of the O'Conor family, compiled by the venerable Charles O'Conor, has been communicated by the compiler's grandson, the late Matthew O'Conor, Esq., to the Editor.
"Achay Moymedon (Eochy Moyvane), who died king of Ireland, A. D. 366, had several sons. The principal were Brian, Fiacra, and Niall, from whom descended the families of Hy-Brune, Hy-Fiacra, and Hy-Niall. From the fourth to the thirteenth century, this race of Achay Moymedon was the most powerful in the kingdom. During that whole period the Hy-Brune had vast patrimonial domains in Connaught, and generally had the suffrages of the provincial states in the elections of provincial kings for that province.
"When the Hy- Bruno family subdivided into several branches, the most powerful branch was distinguished by the particular name of Clan Murray (otherwise Siol Murray), from Murryach Mullethan, who died King of Connaught, A. D. 702. In the eleventh century, Teige, chief of the Clan Murray race (and King of Connaught, A. D. 1030), took the sirname of O'Conor, and that sirname has continued in the family ever since.
"In the twelfth century the O'Conors became very powerful in Ireland; from being provincial Kings of Connaught, they aspired to the throne of the kingdom, and succeeded. In 1136 Torlagh the Great had sufficient influence to get himself elected King of Ireland by a majority of the states. History gives him a great character. He reigned 20 years, and died A. D. 1156.
"Roderick was the elder son of Torlogh the Great, and from being King of Connaught, naught, was elected King of Ireland, A. D. 1166. In his reign the kingdom was invaded by Henry II. King of England. Roderick, deserted by most of the provinces, was finally, in 1175, obliged to enter into a convention with the King of England, wherein he yielded to become that monarch's vassal for the province of Connaught alone. Thus ended the Irish monarchy.
"From Cathal Crovedarg, the younger son of Torlogh the Great, descended the most powerful branch of the O'Conor family, as the succession of their history in the annals of the thirteenth, fourteenth, fifteenth, and sixteenth centuries amply testifies. From that Cathal Crovedarg, who died King of Connaught in 1224, is descended, in the sixteenth generation, Brigadier Thomas O'Conor, for whom we have drawn up the following genealogy.
"We have drawn out this genealogy from the most authentic materials in the archives of Ireland, and from the antient annals, as well as modern documents, now preserved in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin. To this noble repository of antiquities we had daily access thro' the indulgence of Dr. Thomas Leland, the present librarian, and one of the Senior Fellows of the University. The accounts in the Herald's Office in the Castle of Dublin could not be guides to us in the following genealogy; as they do not reach farther back than the 12th century. The later accounts in that office are only taken from the originals that we have perused.
"Having premised thus much, we now proceed to our genealogical line from Achay Moymedon to the Brigadier Thomas O'Conor, marking as we go along the principal evolutions in power and prosperity. C. O'conor.
"1. Achay Moymedon, King of Connaught, was elected King of Ireland A. D. 358, and died A. D. 366.
"2. Brian, the common father of the lly-Brune race, and Prince of Connaught, died A D. 397.
"3. Duach Galach, Prince of Conaught, died 438.
"8. Aodh, Prince of Connaught, was elected King of Connaught by the states in 556, and died in the battle of Benbow, A. D. 577.
"9. Uada, King of Connaught, 597. "10. Reilly, King of Connaught, 645. "11. Fergus, Prince of Connaught, 654.
"Clan "Clan Murray.
"12. Murryach Mullethan was elected King of Conaught A. D. 696, and died A. D.
702. From him the principal Hy-Brune branch took the name of ClanMurray, otherwise Siol-Murray.
"13. Inrachtach, died King of Connaught, 723.
"14. Murgaly, Prince of Connaught, 751.
"15. Tomaltach, Prince of Connaught, 774.
"16. Murglas, died King of Connaught, 813.
"17. Teig, Prince of Connaught, died 841.
"18. Concovar, King of Connaught, 879.
"19. Cathal, Prince of Connaught, 925.
"20. Teige of the Tower, King of Connaught, died A. D. 956.
"23. Teige (of the white steed), died King of Connaught, 1030. He was the first
who took the surname of O'Conor. "24. Aodh (of the broken spear), died King of Connaught, 1067. "25. Roderick (of the yellow hound), 1118.
"26. Torlogh the Great, King of Connaught, and elected King of Ireland 1136, died 1156.
"27. Cathal Crovedarg, elected King of Connaught, over which he reigned with great
reputation 33 years. He died A. D. 1224. "28. Aodh died, King of Connaught, 1228.
"29. Roderick, Prince of Connaught, was drowned in the Shannon, 1244. "30. Eogan (of the palace), King of Connaught, 1274.
"31. Aodh, King of Connaught, 1309. After the battle of Athenry in 1317, the provincial power of the O'Conors in Connaught was much reduced, the English having wrested near one-half of the province out of their jurisdiction.
"32. Turlogh, King of Connaught; he was called Torlogh Don, and his family took
from him the surname of O'Conor Don, 1345. "33. Aodh, King of Connaught, 1356. "34, Torlogh Og, King of Connaught, 1406.
"35. Fedlim Geancach (Prince of the Plains of Connaught), killed in a skirmish
treacherously, 1474. "36. Eogan Caoch (Prince of the Plains of Connaught), 1485.
"37"37. Carbry (Prince of the Plains, &c), 1548.
"38. Dermod (Prince of the Plains), died in his castle of Ballintobber. He married
the daughter of Torlogh Roe O'Conor, otherwise O'Conor Roe, 1585. "39. Aodh (Prince of the Plains of Connaught), who compounded for his country of the Plains with Queen Elizabeth's Lord Deputy, Sir John Perrot, died 1627. "40. Hugh Og of Castlerea, Commissioner for the province of Connaught in the Council of Kilkenny, A. D. 1642, died 1655." "From this Hugh Og descended Thomas O'Conor, Esq., an officer of great repute in the service of His Most Christian Majesty."—See Dissertations on the History of Ireland, p. 282.
"The Hy-Brune, or Clan Murray O'Conors, were descended from Teig, who first took that surname, and governed the province of Connaught in the year 1030; and from him, in the fifth generation, descended Roderic O'Conor, King of Connaught in the year 1157, and elected King of all Ireland in the year 1166, on the death of his predecessor Murkertach O'Laghlin, in the battle of Literluin.
"In the year 1175, Roderic yielded to such terms as Henry II., King of England, proposed to him. In 1186 he resigned the provincial government of Connaught, which, after many contests, devolved finally on Cathal Crove-darg, Roderic's youngest brother.
"From this Cathal Crove-darg, who died in the year 1224, descended the O'Conors of Ballintobber, otherwise the O'Conors Don. Hugh O'Conor, the chief of this name, in 1586, submitted to Queen Elizabeth's Government, and the composition between him and the Queen's Lord Deputy, Sir John Perrot, is still preserved in the Rolls Office in Dublin.
"This Hugh O'Conor Don, of Ballintobber, gave the lands and castle of Belanagare, with other estates, to his third son, Cathal Og, otherwise Charles O'Conor, who died on the ninth of February, 163^ ]. And these estates were confirmed to Major Owen O'Conor, the said Charles's eldest son, in the Act of Settlement made in Ireland, soon after the Restoration of King Charles II.
"Major Owen O'Conor died withmit issue male in 1688. The confusions which followed subjected his estate to a dismemberment, on account of the forfeiture of one of his co-heirs. What remained, being two-thirds, devolved on his nephew, Denis O'Conor, who died at his house in Belanagare, February 1, 1750.
"To him succeeded Charles O'Conor of Belanagare, still alive, and for him we have drawn up the following genealogical line, down from the time of Cathal Crove-darg O'Conor abovementioned: "1. Cathal Crove-darg O'Conor died in the abbey of Knockmoy, A. D. 1224.
IrISh ArCh. SOC. 15. T "2
"2. Hugh, his son, succeeded to the government of the Irish province in Connaught [namely, the countries yielded by the English monarchs to the O'Conors, as a government, independent of that established in favour of the first English adventurers]. This Hugh was killed in the court of Jeffrey Marsh, Lord Justice of Ireland, A. D. 1228.
"3. Roderic, Hugh's son.
"4. Eogan, Roderic's son, succeeded to the government of the Irish of Connaught for three months, and was murdered in the monastery of the Fryers Preachers in Roscommon, A. D. 1274.
"5. Hugh, Eogan's son, succeeded governor of the Irish of Connaught, and was killed by his own kindred, A. D. 1309, at Kell-an Clochan in Breffiny.
"6. Torlagh, Hugh's son, obtained the government of the Irish province in Connaught, and was killed at Fiodh-Doruda in Munter Eolus, A. D. 1345.
"7. Hugh, Torlagh's son, obtained the government of the Irish province of his ancestors; was deposed A. D. 1350, and murdered in Baly-loch-Decar, by Donagh O'Kelly, the chieftain of Hy-Many, A. D. 1356.
"8. Turlogh Og, Hugh's son, obtained the provincial government of his ancestors, and was killed in Clanconrey, A. D. 1406.
"9. Feidlim Geancach, a minor when his father died, succeeded in his advanced age to the patrimonial possessions of his father, and lived in the castle of Ballintobber. He was killed in a skirmish with the O'Kellys of Hy-Many, A. D. 1474.
"10. Eogan Caoch, Feidlim's son, died, chief of his name, at Ballintobber. Edania, the daughter of Daniel O'Conor of Sligo, his wife, died in 1476, and he died himself A. D. 1485.
"11. Carbre, the son of Eogan Caoch and Edamia, died in his castle of Ballintobber, A. D. 1546. He married Dervorgilla, the daughter of Feidlim Finn O'Connor, his own kinswoman.
"12. Dermod, the son of Carbre and Dervorgilla, succeeded to the estates of Ballintobber; married Dorothy, the daughter of Teig boy O'Conor Roe, and died at Ballintobber, A. D. :he lived in 1585.
"13. Hugh, the son of Dermod and Dorothy O'Conor, married Mary O'Ruark, the daughter of Bryan na Murrtha O'Ruark (who was executed in London in 1590). He compounded with the Queen's Lord Deputy, Perrot, for his patrimonial estates, and died in his castle of Ballintobber, A.D. 1627.
"14. Cathal Og, otherwise Charles, the third son of Hugh and Mary O'Ruark, obtained the castle and estate of Belanagare from his father, on his intermarriage