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Some authorities would assert that the dynasty did not begin until that date or, at
least, until 1260, the year of Kublai Khan's accession. i6 The family name of the
Ch'ing emperors was Ai-hsin-chueh-lo, of Manchu origin. It has customarily not ...
Despite the prevailing attitude of conservatism, many Ch'ing dynasty artists were
both individualistic and innovative. Based largely on the dicta of a late Ming
dynasty artist- critic, Tung Ch'i-ch'ang, Ch'ing painters are classified as "
Ch'ing-tao 240 after his brother, the emperor Cheng-t'ung, was captured while
leading the Imperial forces against the Mongol leader Esen in 1449. When Esen
tried to take advantage of his victory and attack the capital at Peking, Ching-t'ai's
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The New Encyclopaedia Britannica (Encyclopaedia)User Review - Not Available - Book Verdict
For virtually all its 238 years,Britannica has ruled the shelves as a peerless general encyclopedia. Reviewers have consistently given it high marks for most of the 12 criteria identified inKister's ... Read full review