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The copy of the Constitution of the United States is believed to be strictly acco in text and punctuation, which, it is understood, can be said of only one other in print—that in the work known as Hickey's Constitution. The statement of differences between it and the Rebel Constitution has been made with extreme The common index to the two instruments shows, at a glance, wherein they d and will be found both interesting and convenient—the whole chapter posses special value to large classes of persons. In presenting the facts upon each subject of legislation, the general plan has b first, to state the result reached, with the final votes; and, then, such proceeding: the intermediate stages, as are of adequate importance, or necessary to explain position of Members. This preparation involved constant selection, concerning wi there may be differences of opinion—some thinking that too much detail on subject is given; others, too little of another. In all cases the rule stated, goveri As far as it has been possible to obtain the Rebel legislation on the same or responding subjects, it has been added, with such of their orders and proclamation were connected with them. A comparison of the two, and the dates of enactm or issue, will prove of service in dispelling delusions and correcting general misc ceptions. Besides the legislation proper, the volume contains, in a classified form, all Messages, Proclamations, Orders, Correspondence, and Addresses of the Preside the Diplomacy of the Secretary of State; valuable letters and papers from the Sec taries of the Treasury, of War, of the Navy, of the Interior, and from the Postmas General; Opinions of the Attorney General upon commanding public questions; th of the Orders of Commanding Officers which are within the scope of the work; t Decisions of the Courts; and such other data as properly belong therein—the wh forming a multitudinous mass of facts, to any one of which the classification adopte and the copious index appended, will, it is hoped, make it easy to refer. The votes by Yeas and Nays have been carefully compared with the Offici Journals of Congress. In preparing these lists, the names of those persons have, f comparison's sake, been italicised, who were elected by, or were at the time general co-operating with, the Democratic party. All others are in roman. Under “Our Foreign Relations” will be found much of permanent value, as we as of current interest and dispute. The chapter on the “Conspiracy of Disunion” contains several very interestin documents, chief of which are the extract from U. S. Senator Maclay's journal 1789, recording, probably, the first threat of disunion uttered in Congress, and upo a subject which remained a matter of complaint in some quarters down to the perio of Secession; and the Minutes of the Proceedings of the Police Commissioners o Baltimore in 1861, one of the most flagrant as well as one of the latest outbursts o treason. Other portions of this chapter will richly bear examination. I greatly regret that want of space has required the omission of many other facts, gathered from our political history, tending to reveal the true character of this foul conspiracy against Liberty, this crime against humanity.
The lists of the organization of the Rebel “Provisional" and “Permanent” Government have been made up from every accessible source, and, though not complete, are more nearly so than any other yet published north of the Potomac, and as nearly so as present facilities afford. They are the result of careful and extensive examination. As a matter of interest, the names of those of the conspirators who were once members of the Congress of the Union have been put in italic.
This work was undertaken a few months ago without a realizing sense of the labor it involved. I can scarcely hope to have escaped errors, both of omission and commission, but have striven to make it fair, impartial, and truthful. It deals with the most momentous events of this Century, which will be studied while civil Government exists. I trust that the volume will be of service to those consulting it, and that its general effect will be to help strengthen the purpose of the American people to maintain their Unity, their Freedom, and their Power.
EDWARD MCPHERSON. August 11, 1864.
PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION.
I have revised the entire work, and corrected every error ascertained. fhe Appendix has expanded greatly beyond the original design. Much of the matter in it is quite inaccessible, and the delays and uncertainties of procuring it led almost insensibly to an enlargement, and also somewhat disturbed the methodical arrangement elsewhere preserved. The historic papers of the South Carolina Convention, as now printed, are from official copies, and differ very suggestively from current versions, in numerous material points. The votes on Secession Ordinances, and subsequently on the Extinction of Slavery, in several of the rebellious States, form a pleasing contrast.
The copious chapter on “The Church and the Rebellion ” has been gathered with great care, and will serve to show their mutual relations and influence, as well as the singularly diverse views which have prevailed in Church courts. The contributions from the Bureau of Military Justice illustrate the practical working of the Emancipation policy, and will amply justify attention. To the action of the last session of Congress, and the record of the Presidential canvass which preceded it—of the result of which an official tabular statement is furnished—every student of American politics will have constant occasion to refer. On the great unsettled question of Reconstruction, the full record is presented.
It would be improper, in issuing this enlarged, and it is hoped improved edition, not to express my thanks for the kind reception given the first by the Press and the Public.
March 24, 1865. EDWARD MCPHERSON.
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
THE ELECToBAL AND PopULAB Vote Fob
PREsident, in 1860.......
DEVELoPMENT or the Secession Movement
Action of Conventions in South Carolina, Geor-
Peoceedings of The Gover NMENT IN RE-
LATIox To THE Action of The INsub-
Names of the Senators and Representatives of
Constitution of the United States—Points of
ADMINIsraation or ABBAHAM LINcoln....
President Lincoln's Inaugural Address—Secre-
tilities against the United States, and Why—
THE AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE................... 150
The Seward-Lyons Treaty—Vote in the Senate
ARREst of Citizens, THE WRIT of HABEAs
Arrest of Members of the Maryland Legislature