Page images

No. of poor.

The county of Lancaster exhibits the same spectacle And the whole sum levied in this way, in the twentyof a gradual increase.

one years, from 1803 to 1824, amounts to 2,361,942 TABLE,

dollars, 49 cents. Showing the number of poor maintained in the house of Table showing the poor tax in the city, and all the

employment and hospital, for the county of Lancaster, and the whole expenses of the poor in the coun

county taxes assessed on the city, (except the dog ty, during the respective years specified, (ending on

tax,) in the years specified. the 1st of May, in each year.)


Poor tax. All other taxes. (6) Years.

Expenses. (1)

$64916 41

$41464 86 1816

$16,497 53

75445 36

47007 50 1817

16,982 79

75024 29

46735 68 1821

15,351 50

65755 37

46900 05 1824 208 1-3 13,568 39+

76336 88

49333 84 It is stated by the directors of the poor, that in the 5

78795 50

60708 11 years, from 1816, to 1821, the increase of pauperism in

78747 09

60236 74 that county had been in the ratio of 2 to i. (2)

106807 16

110451 82 Your committee come now to the facts, relating to the

95877 07

79761 95 populous district of Philadelphia.

95401 25

79480 68 A Table of the paupers relieved and supported, in and

99457 90

94239 32 out of the Alms House, during the years specified, in the city of Philadelphia and the annexed townships

Totals. .......$912564 29 $716320 55 and districts; and of the amount of the poor tax, dur

Your committee observe, moreover, that the poor tax ing the same years.

does not always show the actual public expensc of the Years. Paupers. Poor Tax. (3)

poor during each year. A large revenue is derived from 1789 820

$22933 other sources, as will appear from the following state1790 833 21333 ment of the account for the year ending May 26,

1824. 1791 680

Expenses of the alms house,

$53262 06 1797 834 40000 Do. of out door poor, &c.

88976 24 1800 1390


Accommodation notes paid, 54000 00

Interest on borrowed money,

1156 18

55156 10 (4) Table of the number of paupers relieved and supported during the years specified, in Philadelphia and

197394 48 the annexed districts, in and out of the alms house. The tax laid for that year amounted to 114,468 dollars Years. Paupers.

Years. Paupers. 10 cents, and the whole amount received from taxes of 1789 820 1808

2156 that and former years, during that year, was 108,410 dol1790 833 1809


lars 51 cents. 1791 680 1810

2500 The other sources of receipt may be stated as follows, 1797 834 1811

2500 1800 1390



Amount received from late treasurer, $1064 02 1801 1220 1813 1500 Do. returned by sundry guardians

5245 50 1802 1050 1814 1470 Fines,

1227 68 1803 1088 1815 1458 From bastardy cases, bonded,

4034 57 1804 1210 1816

Do. support of married women,

1084 62 1805 1306 1817

Ground rents,

915 24 1806 1526 1818 1868 Commutations in bastardy cases,

883 07 1807 1854 1822 (5) 3090 Sundry incidental receipts,

135 25 Statement of the amount of poor rates, levied in the city and Board af medical students, in steward's family, 1231 33 adjoining districts since the year 1803.

Tickets and certificates sold to medical stu-

1900 00 Years. City. Ag. districts. Total.

Pay patients, coffins, &c.

3310 88 Manufactured goods sold,

910 29 1803 $53494 02 $21768 61 $75262 63 1804

68000 00 49364 53

Money borrowed, 20774 14 70138 67 1805 63644 90 28111 98 91756 88

89,942 45 1806 69168 13 30531 72 99699 85

Add amount received from taxes as 1807 62181 40 27693 09 89874 49 1808

108410 51

above, 64496 55 26910 36 91406 91 1809

60563 84 25311 91 85875 75 1810

Whole amount of receipts,

$198,352 96 64916 41 27317 54 92233 95 1811 75445 56 27942 28 103387 64 The ensuing table exhibits the number of paupers 1812 75024 29

27648 62 102672 91 maintained in the alms house, the amount of poor tax 1813

65755 37 23875 94 89631 51 assessed, and the average price of wheat flour per 1814 76336 88 30112 79 106449 67 barrel, during the years specified. 1815 78795 50 31151 51 109947 01

Years 1816 78747 09

Average price 31353 98 110101 07 1817


Poor tax. 106807 16 43394 38 150201 54

of wheat flour 23d May.

house. 1818 95877 07 38904 19 134781 26


837 $103387 64 $8 49 0 1819 96401 26 39087 54 134488 80



102672 91 9 33 1 1820 99457 90 41335 99 140793 89



89631 31 7 53 5 1821 90499 64 38237 69 128737 43



106449 67 753 8 1822 74204 13 31736 51 105940 64


109947 01 1823


8 63 2 35534 77 78933 33

114468 10



110101 07 11 29 4 1824 92464 75 41626 44 134091 19



150201 54 9 80 6 The first eight years in the series, give



134781 26 8 48 5 an average of

$87031 14 1820

1095 134488 80 5 52 0 The last eight years, of

130437 84 1821

1109 140793 89 4 10 3



No. of pau

pen in alms

per barrel.


p. 111.

Table showing the population of the whole city and Justice Cook. But it is revived again, and is in force,

county, (7) the number of paupers in the alms house, and without any regard to the matter of the book pro-
in the city of Philadelphia, and the amount of the vides that the printer should put his name to the books
poor tax in the city and annexed districts, in the years he prints, which thou hast not done."

The prisoners continued to press for a trial.
Paupers in Population of Poor tax

“Justice Cook. A trial thou shalt have, and that to alms house. city and county.

'assessed. your cost, it may be. 1790 416

Justice Jennings. A trial thou shalt have, but for some 54391


reason known to us, the court defers it to the next ses 1800 699


sions, and that is the answer we give, and no other you 1810 1294 111210


shall have." 1820 1095 136497


The trial was, accordingly, put over to the next term. In the opinion of your committee, it is unnecessary to The only offence which appeared against Macomb, was comment upon these facts, or to enter upon a more ela- his joining with Keith and his party, and disposing of borate detail of them. After a mature consideration of two copies of Keith's printed address to his Quaker the whole subject, your committec are irresistibly led to brethren; for this he was not only imprisoned, but also the conclusion, that in every country in which our sys-deprived, by lieutenant governor Lloyd, of a license to tem of poor laws has prevailed, the number of paupers, keep an ordinary, or, house of public entertainment, for and the amount of assessments for their relief, have pro- which he had, a few months before his confinement, paid gressively increased, and in a ratio not to be accounted the lieutenant governor twelve pieces of eight, or three for by the increase of population, or a rise of provisions, pounds, twelve shillings of the then currency. and other necessaries of life.

At the next sessions of the court on the 6th of the

following December, Bradford was placed at the bar. • Exclusive of 68 paupers, not legally settled in the "The presentment was read;" the substance of which county, who were admitted and entertained sundry pe- was, that the 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th articles of the riods of time.

pamphlet called 'An Appeal,' had a tendency to weak† Not including sundries raised on the farm and ma

en the hands of the magistrates, and William Bradford nufactured in the house, which, in 1821, amounted to the following proceedings of the court are extracted

was presented as the printer of that seditious paper. 2,482 dollars 63 cents, and, taken at that sum, would from the pamphlet above mentioned. make the whole expenses amount to 16,051 dollars 2

Clerk. What say you William Bradford, are you cents.

guilty as you stand presented, or not guilty? (1) Taken from the annual reports of the directors. Bradford. In the first place, I desire to know whe(2) Answer of directors of poor of Lancaster county, to ther I am clear of the mittimus, which differs from the commissioners on pauperism. July, 9, 1821.

presentment? (3) Doc. N. Y. p. 111.

The clerk and the attorney for the government read

and perused the mittimus and presentment, and finding (4) Doc. N. Y.

them to differ, said, that when William Bradford was (5) Including 161 illegitimate children, Journal H. cleared according to law, he was cleared of the mittiR. 1823–24, p. 40.

Bradford insisted on knowing, whether, on the (6) Answer of county commissioners, to commission issue of the presentment, he was clear of the mittimus. ers on pauperism, 1821-2.

After a long debate on the subject, Bradford was told (8) The cure of the "guardians and managers,” in- that he was clear of the mittimus, on the issue of the cludes only the city, the fold) township of the Northern presentment. Liberties, and the district of Southwark. The other Bradford. What law is the presentment founded on? parts of the county are under the direction of distinct Attorney for the government. It is grounded both on officers.

statute and common law. [TO BE CONTINUED.]

Bradford. Pray let me see that statute and common

law, else how shall I make my plea? Justice Cook SINGULAR TRIAL.

told us last court, that one reason why ye deferred our

trial then, was, that we might have time to prepare our. At the Court before which William Bradford and oth- selves to answer it; but ye never let me have a copy of ers were arraigned, the following conversation took place my presentment, nor will ye now let me know what between the Judges and the prisoners.

law ye prosecute me upon.

Attorney. It's not usual to insert in indietments against “Justice Cook. What bold, impudent and confident what statute the offence is, when it's against several stamen are these to stand thus confidently before the court? | tutes and laws made.

Macomb. You may cause our hats to be taken off if Justice White. If thou wilt not plead guilty, or not you please.

guilty, thou wilt lose thy opportunity of being tried by Bradford. We are here only to desire that which is thy country. the right of every free born English subject, which is The court then ordered the clerk to write down that speedy justice, and it is strange that, that should be ac- William Bradford refused to plead, which he did; but counted impudence, and we impudent fellows therefore, as he was writing it down, Bradford desired they would when we have spoke nothing but words of truth and not take advantage against him, for he refused not to soberness, in requesting that which is our right, and plead, but only requested that which was greatly neces which we want; it being greatly to our prejudice to be sary, in order to his making his own defence. Several in detained prisoners.

the court requesting on the prisoner's behalf, that the Justice Cook. If thou hadst been in England, thou court would not take advantage against him, they adwould have had thy back lashed before now.

mitted him to plead, and he pleaded, not guilty. Bradford. I do not know wherein I have broke any The jury were then called over, and attested; but law so as to incur any such punishment.

before they were attested, Bradford was asked, if he Justice Jennings. Thou art very ignorant in the law. bad any exceptions to make against any of them that Does not thee know that there's a law that every prin- were returned for the jury. ter shall put his name to the books he prints, or his press Bradford. Yes, I have, and particularly against two is forfeited?

of them, Joseph Kirle and James Fox, for at the time Bradford. I know that there was such a law, and I when I was committed to prison, Arthur Cook (one of know when it expired.

the judges) told me, that Joseph Kirle had said, that if


the proceedings of the magistrates were thus found that was one act which they prosecuted William Brad. fault with, that they must not defend themselves against ford upon. thieves and robbers, merchants would be discouraged George Keith answered the attorney, "It may be obof coming here with their vessels, &c. and I except served the singular and extraordinary severity of those against James l'ox, because the first day after Babbit justices, cailed Quakers, who will pick out a statute made and his company were taken, I being at Sam Carpen in Old England, and prosecute a man upon it here, ter's, there was governor Lloyd, James Fox, and several which might ruin him and his family, though it's not others, and in discourse concerning the taking of the certain whether that act be in force; most of William said privateers, James Fox greatly blamed William Penn's and the Quakers books were printed without Walker, because he found fault with some justices that the name of the printer, when that act was in force, and were Quakers, for commanding men, and as it were yet we never heard that any printer in England was pro pressing them to go against the said privateers; and al-secuted for that; these here because they cannot fix the 50 James Fox joined with Thomas Lloyd in saying, he matter to be any breach of the peace they'll prosecute would mark them as enemies to the government and the printer for not putting his name to what they supwell being of the province, who were neutral in the case pose he printed." of going against Babbit and his crew; by which Instan- Note. 'That all the time those persons were on trial, ces I think it appears that these two persons have pre- the grand jury sat by them, overawing and threatening judged the cause that is now to come before them. them, when they spoke boldly in their own defence,

Joseph Kirle acknowledged that he had spoken such and one of the jury wrote down such words as they diswords, and desired to be discharged; but the court liked, signifying that they would present them. Juswould not allow of the exceptions.

tice Cook bid them take notice of such and such words, Clerk. These are no exceptions in law.

thereby overawing the prisoners, that they had not liberAttorney. Hast thou at any time Meard them say that ty to plead freely, When Thomas Harris, at the request thou printed that paper? for that is only what they are of the prisoners, began to say something to the matter, to find.

they stopt him, and bid an officer take him away, and Bradford. That is not only what they are to find, Arthur 'justice] Cook said, that he should plead no they are to find also, whether this be a seditious paper more there. or not, and whether it does tend to the weakening of After a long pleading, D. Lloyd, their attorney, began the hands of the magistrates.

to summons up the matter to the jury, and concluded

by Attorney. No, that is matter of law, which the jury saying, It was evident William Bradford printed the seis not to meddle with, but find whether William Brad- ditious paper, he being the printer in this place, and the ford printed it or not, and the bench is to judge whether frame* on which it was printed was found in his house. it be a seditious paper or not, for the law has determin. Bradford. I desire the jury and all present to take ed what is a breach of the peace, and the penalty, which notice, that there ought to be two evidences to prore the bench only is to give judgment on.

the matter of fact, but not one evidence has been Justice Jennings. You are only to try, whether Wil- brought in this case. liam Bradford printed it or not.

Justice Jennings. The frame on which it was print Bradford. This is wrong, for the jury are judges in ed is evidence enough. law as well as the matter of fact.

Bradford. Bat where is the frame? There has no The attorney again denied it; whereupon some of the frame been produced here; and if there had, it is no jury desired to know what they were to try, for they did evidence, unless you saw me print on it. believe in their consciences, they were obliged to try Justice Jennings. The jury shall have the frame with and find whether that paper was seditious, as well as them; it cannot well be brought here; and besides the whether Bradford printed it; and some of them desired season is cold, and we are not to sit here to endanger to be discharged.

our health. You are minded to put tricks upon us. A great noise and confusion among the people. Bradford. You of the jury, and all here present,

Some on the bench showing their willingness to allow I desire you to take notice, that there has not one eviof Bradford's exceptions to the twojurors, justice Cook dence been brought to prove that I printed the sheet, said, 'I will not allow of it; is there four of us of a mind called An Appeal; and, whereas they say the frame is Then the attorney read the 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th ar evidence which the jury shall have; I say, the jury ticles of the said printed appeal, &c. and commented ought not to hear, or have any evidence whatsoever, but thereupon, and then said, William Bradford is presented in the presence of the judges and prisoners. for printing and publishing this seditious paper, whereof Yet this was nothing minded, but Sam (Justice] Jenyou of the jury are to find him guilty, if it appears to nings summoned up to the jury, what they were to do, you that he has printed it.

viz. to find, first, whether or not, that paper called the -Bradford. I desire you of the jury, and all men pre- Appeal had not a tendency to the weakening the hands sent, to take notice, that what is contained in this paper of the magistrates, and the encouragement of wicked. is not seditious, but wholly relating to a religious differ- ness? Secondly, whether it did not tend to the disturbence, and asserting the Quakers ancient principles, and ance of the peace? And, thirdly, whether William it is not laid down positive that they ought not to have Bradford did not print it, without putting his name to it proceeded against the privateers, but laid down by the as the law requires? The jury had a room provided for way of query for the people called Quakers to consider them, and the sheriff caused the frame to be carried it and resolve at their yearly meeting, whether it was not to them for an evidence that William Bradford printed a transgression of the Quakers principles to hire and the Appeal, The jury continued about forty-eight hourscommissionate men to fight?

together, and could not agree; they then came into Justice Cook. If it was intended for the yearly meet-court to ask. Whether the law did require two eviing at Burlington, why was it published before the meet- dences to find a man guilty? To answer this question, ing?

the attorney read a passage out of a law book, that they Bradford. Because it might be perused and consi- were to find by evidences, or on their own knowledge, dered of by friends before the meeting, even as the bills or otherwise; now, says the attorney, this otherwise is the that are proposed to be passed into laws, they are pro- frame which you have, which is evidence sufficient. mulgated a certain number of days before the assembly Bradford. The frame which they have is no evidence, meets, that each may have opportunity to consider them for I have not seen it; and, how do I, or the jury, know

Then the attorney read the act* against printing any that, that which was carried into them is mine? books without the printer's name to them, and he said,

* Called by printers form, containing the pages is * An act of the British Parliament. 11 Car. 2 cap. 33. I typ 4.

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Bradford was interrupted; the jury were sent forth state money taxes, and arrears of purchase money in landagain, and an officer commanded to keep them without office, per articles 21st, 22d, and 38th, are appropriated meat, drink, fire, or tobacco. In the afternoon the jury and fully sufficient to redeem the state bills of April came into court again, and told, they were not like to 1781, and certificates issued for horses, &c. in 1780, per agree; whereupon the court discharged them.

articles 11th and 36th. Bradford then said to the court, that seeing he had 6th. The marriage and tavern licenses are allotted for been detained so long a prisoner, and his utensils with the payment of the judges salaries, per article 23d. which he should work had been so long kept from him, 7th. The excise for the payment of interest on the he hoped now to have his utensils returned, and to be depreciation certificates, per articles 24th and 27th. discharged from his imprisonment.

8th. The continental, resolve, and commonwealth Justice Jennings. No! Thou shalt not have thy money are fully stated in articles 29th and 30th. things again, nor be discharged; but I now let thee 9th. The accounts of depreciation and funded debt know, thou stands in the same capacity to answer next certificates are made out from the best documents I court as before.

could procure, per articles 27th and 28th. The balance Next court being come, Bradford attended, and de- due on these certificates is 1.417,227 9 0, including the essired to know, if the court would let him have his uten- timated amount of those unfunded, which are consolidatsils, and he be discharged?

ed agrecably to the act of the United States. The anJustice Cook. Thou shalt not have thy goods until re- nual interest on these certificates amount, at six per cent. leased by law.

to l.25,033 12 11. Bradford. The law will not release them unless exe- This state's proportion of state debts assumed by the cuted.

United States, per article 37th, on the system funded, Justice Cook. If thou wilt request a trial, thou may will yield an annual interest of 1.30,350, which is 1.5,316 have it.

7.1 per annum more than the sum now paid by the Whereupon Bradford queried, whether it be accord-state, which will operate in the year 1792, and will be ing to law to seize men's goods, and imprison their per- fully equal to the presert claims on the state for certifisons, and to detain them under the terror of a gaol, one catés issued, and what yet may issue on accounts settled six months after another, and not bring them to trial unless or unsettled; besides the product of the land-office, per requested by the imprisoned? Whether, when a jury is article 38th, which operates as a sinking fund on those sworn, well and truly to try, and true deliverance make debts. between the proprietor and prisoner, it is not illegal, to 10th. The new loan debt is taken from the Comptrolabsolve them from their oaths, dismiss them, and put the ler-General's former statement, per article 34th. By an cause to trial to another jury?”

act of April 1790, these certificates received in exchange

for continental certificates were to be delivered monthSTATEMENT OF THE PUBLIC ACCOUNTS, ly to this office, and cancelled, of which none have yet,

been received. of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, from the 1st of 11th. Article 33d exhibits an account of the continen

October 1789, to 30th September 1790. Taken froin tal and new lòan certificates received in the land-office, the books in the Register General's Office.

per article 17th, and paid by the Receiver-General to the Agreeably to the duties of this department I have the Comptroller-General, and his supposed amount on loan honour to lay before the honourable committee of ways the balance is what the Comptroller-General hath to acand means, a state of the annual accounts of this com- count for, besides what he may have received for other monwealth, from the 1st of October 1789, to the 30th of property and debts of this state, of which I could obtaint September 1790. It is with regret I inform the com- no account. He has paid to the state treasurer $302,643 mittee, that it does not comprehend an accurate state of 99 cents, and there is yet to be paid 1.334,138 10 8, on many important objects; nor will it be in my power to which, as well as that already paid the Treasurer, inter give a complete state of the finances until the books of rest will be calculated to the 31st December 1787. the Comptroller General's office are made up and set- 12th. The account of indents, per article 31st, states tled to 28th March 1789, and the balances regularly fur- the amount of indents that the Comptroller has or will nished this office, as directed in the acts of 28th March receive, on the exchange of certificates, taken from the and 30th of September 1789, and 1st of April 1790. payments of interest made at the treasury on the new

I beg leave to offer some general observations which ioan debt, and the balance to be paid, as he will receive tend to explain some part of this statement now before an equal amount in indents as interests paid on said cer. you.

tificates. The interest on the continental and new loan. 1st. The balance due on the Loan office of £50,000 certificates, per article 32d, is carefully calculated from per article 3d, being specially appropriated for the re- the respective dates of interest to the 31st December . demption of the bills of credit of March 1785, will leave 1787, the balance shows the indents he will have to pay: only 2.26,054 17 4 of the 1.53,709 1 9, per article the this is confined to those he received from the land-of: 6th, in circulation, to be provided for, which have fice, taken from the Receiver-General's accounts. charged in the estimate for the present year, per article 13th. The arrears of specie taxes are stated in article. ; 43d.

41st, balance outstanding, 1.201,945 13 4. It was my 2d. The account claims and improvements, per article intention to have stated an account with the respective the 15th. There have already been drawn on this fund, counties for each year, but not being able to obtain all warrants to the amount of l.8,655 7 11 more than the the County Treasurer's accounts, I have confined myself sum appropriated by law, which will remain unpaid un to those from the year 1785 to 1789, per schedule B. til the 25000 annually set apart for this purpose, can be and the accounts with the respective counties. Of these taken from the general revenues, when onfy l.1,344 12 taxes 1.94,009 0 8 are due from 1785 to 1789, and 1, will remain unappropriated.

1.107,936 12 8 for the years 1781, 1782, and 1783; the 3d. Of the money for the improvement of roads and latter may probably undergo some further deductions, inland navigation, per article the 16th. Of this there regular returns not being made of all the exonerations remains a balance of 1.8,642 13 8, which has been used by law. The counties are bound to make up their quc for the general purposes of the state, and will take some tas. The sum brought into the treasury from October time to replace.

1789 to September 30th 1790, is 1.82,833 9 2, per sche4th. The loan-office of l.150,000 being appropriated dule A, soine thousand pounds more than the preceding for the redemption of the bills of June 1780, called dol- thirteen months produced. I have in the estímate, un. iar money, per articles 19th and 26th. The balance is der the 43d article, computed that 1.79,738 1 6 may be fully equal to that purpose.

expected into the trearury in the course of the year. sth. The general revenues in state money, arrears of 14th. Under the 42d and 43d articles, I have made an VOL. II.


estimate of the general revenues and expenses for the By the neat amount of licenses, fees of year 1791, by which it appears that fully and honourably land-office, tax on writs, arrears of carriage to comply with the claims on the state, a farther sum tax, auction duties, and interest from loan than arrears of taxes and imposts, and interest from the office, per article 42d

15,009 5 0 United States, will be necessary. Having stated them By interest on certificates generally under the above two articles, I have again from the United States, per classed them under four heads, which, with great defer- article 33d

17,905 4 0 ence to the superior judgment of the committee, I beg Deduct one leave to submit.

year's interest I.

on 1.184,196 By several acts of the legislature, the taxes from 82, proposed 1785 to 1789, and impost, were appropriated for the to be applied payment of the interest on the new loan debt, and to the Propriburning 1.20,000 annually of the bills of March 1785; and prietary debt, by another act, the loan-office of 1.50,000 principal was as under the specially appropriated for the redeeming of said bills 12d head 11,061 15 C therefore propose holding these funds to the above pur. Ditto, poses until the whole of these debts are extinguished, 1.26,698 17 10 by which an instant appreciation of the bills of credit of ditto 1,601 18 9 1785 may be reasonably expected, and the state not sub

12,663 14 5 ject to a discount allowed on all her expenditures, except to the officers of government.

5241 9 7 To the amount of bills in circulation,

By ditto on indents, per per article 6th

£53,709 1 9 articles 31st and 32d : 17,467 10 7 To balance of interest on new loan

By ditto, old continental debt, 31st, 23,912 15 4 dollars

54 4 10


77,621 17 1

22,763 50 Surplus, to be applied to other pur

Deduct one fourth, as only poses after these objects are accomplished 48,041 8 0 three quarterly payments

will be due 1st Oct. 1791 5,690 16 3 125,663 5 1

17,072 8 9


£32,081 13 9 By artears of taxes from 1785 to 1789, per schedule B.

94,009 0 8

IV. General Revenues. By balance on impost 4,000 0 0 To balance deficient, per article 2d,

16,378 10 30 By ditto, duc on loan office 1.50,000 per

To claims and improvement, per act article 3d, 27,654 4 5 26th March, 1789

5,000 0 0 To inland navigation, &c.

5,000 0 0 125,663 5 1 Pensions to widows and children of offi

cers of the Pennsylvania line and militia,
and disabled officers, &c.

4,700 00 The grant to the late Proprietaries. This debt being One year's interest on funded debt, per large, for which warrants to a very great amount have article 28th

8,950 16 7 been issued that remain unpaid, and may, if not guarded Balance of Island Money, and 4 years' against , interfere with any plan of arrangement of the interest

855 18 0 finances that can be made. It is therefore proposed to Ditto interest notes, ditto

178 07 fund this debt, and secure the interest quarterly out of To sundry warrants issued before the the interest to be received from the United States, or 10th April 1789, that remain unpaid

10,000 0 0 discharge the principal and interest with the six per cent. of the said certificates.

£51,063 6 0 To amount of principal due, per article 12th, including the whole instalment 184,196 8 2

CR. To balance of interest to 1st January,

By this sum, which may be expected 1791, the period the United States inte

to be paid into the treasury in the course rest will commence

26,698 17 10 of this year, from the arrears of taxes for

1781, 1782, and 1783, out of £107,936 12 210,895 6 08, due thereon, per article 41st, 15,0000 a CR

By a tax to be laid for half the amount By this sum taken out of

of the late funding tax, say

38,472 18 9 the certificates of the United States, bearing interest at

£53,472 18 9 six per cent. per article 33d 184,196 8 2

Agreeably to the foregoing statement, it would apBy ditto, to discharge the

pear that all the appropriations would be fully equal to interest 26,698 17 10

the claims on them, except the fourth head, where a tax 210,895 6 0 is proposed. It may possibly be considered as improper

to lay a new tax while such heavy arrearages are due onIII. Civil List.

the old, or until the quotas of the counties shall be more To amount of one year's expenses of

exactly proportioned. In either case, the deficiency may government, per arti le 420

25,009 5. Obe supplied by the state borrowing 30 or £40,000 on the Surplus, which may be applied as the le.

funds she possesses. After another year, if the collection gislature may think proper

7,022 8 9 of the taxes is pressed, and the appropriations strictly

attended to, a small tax will be sufficient, and the re32,031 139 ceipts at the treasury will be in specie. Several pro-

ductive funds will be released, which may be applied to

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