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address was denominated seditious, and Bradford was place, to be a seditious person, and an enemy to the arrested and imprisoned for printing it. The sheriff king and queen's government." seized a form containing four quarto pages of the types Bradford and Macomb, who had been imprisoned, ape of the address; he also took into his custody a quantity peared at this court, and requested that they might be of paper, and a number of hooks, which were in Brad- brought to trial; pleading that it was very injurious to ford's shop, with all the copies of the address which he them, and their families, to remain in confinement. They could find. The civil authority took up the business; claimed, as free born English subjects, the rights secure and, as Keith and Bradford state the facts, they who pero ed by Magna Charta, among which was the prompt adsecuted them in the religious assemblies, condemned ministration of justice; and Bradford, in particular, de. and imprisoned them by civil process--the judges of sired that his trial might then take place, "because, not the courts, being the leading characters in the meetings. only his person was restrained, but his working tools
, Several of Keith's party were apprehended and impri- and the paper and books from his shop, were taken from soned with Bradford; and, among them, Thomas Budd, him, and without these he could not work and maintain and John Macomb. The offence of the latter consisted his family.” in his having two copies of the address, which he gave Soon after this session of the court Bradford was, by to two friends in compliance with their request. some means, released from his confinement. It is said,
The following was the warrant for committing Brad. that in the examination of the frame.' the jury not being ford and Macomb.
acquainted with reading backwards, attempted to raise “Whereas William Pradford, printer, and John Ma- it from the plank on which it was placed, and to put it comb, taylor, being brought before us upon an informa- in a more favorable situation for inspection; and that one tion of Publishing, Uttering and Spreading a Malitious of them assisting with his cane, pushed against the bot. and Seditious paper, intituled, An Appeal from the tom of the types as the form was placed perpendicularly, twen ty eiglit Judges* to the Spirit of Truth, &c. Tendo when, like magic, this evidence against Bradford instant. ing to the disturbance of the Peace and the Subversion ly vanished, the types fell from the frame, or chase as it of the present government, and the said Persons being is termed by printers, formed a confused heap, and pre. required to give Securitie to answer it at the next court, vented further investigation. but they refused so to do. These are therefore by the Bradford having incurred the displeasure of the do. King and Queens Authoritie and in our Proprietarys minant party in Pennsylvania, and receiving encourage. Name, to require you to take into your Custody the Bo- ment to settle in New York, he, in 1693, removed to that dies of William Bradford and John Macomb, and them city; but it is supposed he had a concern in the press, safely keep till they shall be discharged by due Course which was continued in Philadelphia. of Law. Whereof fail not at your Peril; and for your Bradford continued to print for the government of N. so Doing, this shall be your sufficient Warrant. Given York, and during thirty years, was the only printer in under our Hands and Seales this 24th of August, 1692. the province.
“These to John White Sheriff of Philadelphia or his On the 16th of October 1725, he began the publicae Deputies."
tion of the first newspaper printed in that colony. Signed by Arthur Cook, and four others.
He continued his residence in the city, and enjoyed a The day after the imprisonment of Bradford and his long life, without experiencing sickness or the usual in friends, a' «Private Sessions," as it was called, of the firmities of age. Several years before his death, he re! county court was holden by six justices, all Qnakers, tired from business, and lived with his son William, in who, to put a better complexion on their proceedings, Hanover square. As early as 1728, he owned a paper requested the attendance of two magistrates, who were millat Elizabethtown, N. J. When this mill was built, not Quakers.
I cannot determine; but I believe it was the first that This Court assembled, it seems, for the purpose of was erected in New Jersey; and, it is not altogether convicting Keith, Budd, and their connexions, of sedi. improbable that it was the first built in British America. tious conduct, and of condemning them without a hear. ing; but the two magistrates who were not Quakers, if
On the morning of the day which closed his life, he we credit Keith and Bradford, reprobated the measure, walked over a great part of the city. He died May 23, and refused to have any concern in it, declaring, that the 1752, aged ninety-four. The New York Gazette which whole transaction was a mere dispute among the Qua. announced his death on the Monday following, mentions, kers respecting their religion, in which the government that he came to America seventy years ago; was prinhad no concern. They, however, advised that Keith, ter to the government upwards of fifty years; and was and others accused, should be sent for, and allowed to a man of great sobriety, and industry; a real friend to defend themselves, and affirmed that if any thing like the poor and needy, and kind and affable to all:- His sedition appeared in their practice, they would join temperance was exceedingly conspicuous; and he was heart and hand in their prosecution. To this the Qua. almost a stranger to sickness all his life. He had left ker magistrates would not consent, and the others in off business several years past, and being quite worn consequence left the court. The court, then, as is sta- out with old age and labour, his lamp of life went out ted in a pamphlett "proceeded in their work, and as for want of oil.” they judged George Keith in their spiritual court, without all hearing or trial, so in like manner, they prosecu. GENERAL STATEMENT OF THE COMMERCE ted him in their temporal court without all hearing." The pamphlet further states that “one of the judges de.
OF PENNSYLVANIA. clared that the court could judge of matter of fact with. out evidence, and therefore without more to do, proclaim.
We have compiled the following table from the dif. ed George Keith by the common cryer, in the market ferent tables, contained in Seybert's and Pitkin's statis
tics, to the year 1815—from that period to the end, we “Twenty eight,” meaning those who condemned have been favoured with the necessary documents from Keith, in what he called “their Spiritnal Court.”
+ This pamphlet is entitled, “New England Spirit of the Register's office at Washington. The whole togePersecution, transmitted to Pennsilvania, and the Pre. ther, forms probably the most complete view of thc tended Quaker found Persecuting the True Christian commerce of this state from its commencement to the Quaker in the Tryal of Peter Boss, George Keith, Tho- present time, that has ever been published. In a future mas Budd and William Bradford, at the Sessyons held at Philadelphia the
Ninth, Tenth, and Twelfth days of number we may make some further observations on December 1692. Giving an account of the most Árbi- these tables, which we have not leisure at the present trary Proceedings of that Court.”
moment to do.
A COMPREHENSIVE STATEMENT OF THE COMMERCE OF PENNSYLVANIA. TONNAGE.
Drawback | Drawback | Gross duties Expenses
&c. on on MerchanRegistered, | Enrolled, Licensed,
of Domestic dise, Ton
Spirits, Su-nage, Fines,
Imports. Merchandise. gars, &c. &c.
REWARD OF MERIT.
the several courts, the mayor, recorder, aldermen, and Harrisburg, Penn. April 11th, 1826. select and common councils of the city of Philadelphia, Captaix David Coxxer,
and a large assemblage of citizens. A copy of my adUnited States Navy.
dress to Captain Conner, and his reply, are hereto an. Sir-It affords me great pleasure to convey to you a nexed. copy of a preamble and resolution, unanimously adopt.! Hoping that what has been done will meet with your ed by the legislature of Pennsylvania, and to have the approbation, I have the honor to be, with sentiments of opportunity of communicating to you the high sense the much respect and esteem, your obedient servant, governinent of Pennsylvania entertains for your good
G. B. PORTER, conduct and intrepidity, displayed as an officer of the
Adj. General Pa. United States navy, in two, among the most brilliant naval engagements of the late war.
Captain Conner-On this, the anniversary of the most Arrangements have been made to have the sword di. memorable day in the history of nations—and at that rected to be presented to you, prepared for that pur- hall in which the independence of these United States pose, as early as practicable.
was first proclaimed to an astonished world, I have the I have the honour to be,
gratification of performing the most pleasing task which Very respectfully,
could devolve upon me-to communicate to you the Your obedient servant,
high sense which the government of this commonwealth J. ANDW. SHU'LZE. entertains for your good conduct and intrepidity, disSir-I have had the honour to receive your letter of played in two of the most brilliant exploits of our naval the 11th inst. accompanied with a “copy of the pream- forces during the late war, and to present to you, in the ble and resolution unanimously adopted by the legisla- name of the Governor of the commonwealth of Pennsyl: ture of Pennsylvania.". This flattering testimony of the yania, an appropriate sword, which has been procured approbation of my native state, so obligingly communi- agreeably to a resolution unanimously adopted by the cated by your excellency, has penetrated me with the legislature. deepest gratitude.
In referring to the account of the capture of his Brie In return, I can only pledge myself to use the sword tannic Majesty's ship Peacock, by the United States which has been so liberally voted to me, in such a cause, sloop of war Hornet, in which you were acting lieutenand on such occasions, as must receive the sanction of ant, your conduct is eminently conspicuous for undaunt the patriotic authorities from which it emanated. ed courage and great bravery, while the battle raged;
Be pleased to accept the assurance of the very high for consummate skill and matchless intrepidity in exe. regard of your excellency's most obedient servant. cuting the order for the removal of the prisoners; and
D. CONNER. for that noble philanthropy and humanity exhibited in His Excellency J. ANDREW SAULZE,
your unexampled exertions to save, at the imminent risk Governor of the state of Pennsylvania.
of your own life, the lives of those whom you had so gala Philadelphia, April 15th, 1826.
lantly defeated. Truly did your commanding officer, SECRETARY'S OFFICE,
the immortal Lawrence, in his official report to the SeHarrisburg, June 15, 1827. } cretary of the Navy say, “ he would be doing injustice GEORGE B. Porter, Esq.
to your merits, were he not to recommend you particu.. Adjutant General of Pennsylvania.
larly to his notice." Sir-by a resolution of the legislature of Pennsylva- Nor, sir, is there less to applaud in your patriotic and nia, of the twenty-fifth of February, 1826, an official meritorious conduct, when, while first lieutenant in the copy of which is herewith transmitted, the governor was same vessel, she captured the Penguin. Not even a requested to procure and present, in the name of the desperate wound, nor the expectation that impending commonwealth, to captain David Conner, of the Unit. fate seemed to have decreed that in a few moments more ed States' navy, for his good conduct and intrepidity, your gallant spirit should wing its flight to eternity, displayed in two of the naval engagements with the could daunt your courage, while victory was yet uncerenemy, during the late war, an appropriate sword; not tain. No, sir, although exhausted by loss of blood, so to exceed in price the sum of four hundred dollars; and copiously shed for the honour of your country, you the governor having received information that the sword maintained your post with heroic ardour, and lived to is now prepared and ready for delivery, has instructed witness a glorious victory, in which you acted so noble a me to inform you, that it is his wish that you will repair part, that well might the brave captain Biddle say, as he to the city of Philadelphia, and on his behalf, and in the did, “ you were an officer of much promise, and that name of the commonwealth, present the said sword to your conduct was in the highest degree creditable to Captain Conner, agreeably to the said resolution of the yourself, and called for his warmest recommendation." legislature.
This, sir, is not fattery. It is honour to the brave, for I am, with much respect, your obedient servant, conduct which has aided in establishing for our country
I. 1). BARNARD. a character the most exalted, and which has covered ADJUTANT GENERAL's OFFICE, you and the other officers of our navy, with imperisha. Lancaster Farvember 9, 1827.}
ble glory: His Excellency, J. ANDREW Suulze,
Pennsylvania has always vied with her sister states; Governor of Pennsylvania.
has taken a just pride in conferring honours on her naSir-It becomes my duty to report to you that agree tive citizens. And I can truły say, no one more heartily ably to your wish, as expressed in the letter of the Se applauds this patriotic zeal, ihan our present executive, cretary of State of the 15th of June last, I repaired to the Governor Shulze. It is a source of pleasure and satis. eity of Philadelphia, and on the 4th day of July present. faction to him, that during bis administration he has the ed, on your behalf
, and in the name of the common opportunity of procuring and presenting this sword, to wealth of Pennsylvania, to captain David Conner, of the one so justly entitled to it; whose achievements have United States' navy, the sword which had been prepar- aided so much in convincing the world that, man to man, ed by Messrs. Fletcher and Gardiner, under your direc- and ship to ship, the star spangled banner is invincible; tions, agreeably to a resolution of the legislature, passed that however contemptible the “striped bunting" bad on the twenty-fifth day of February, 1826. The cere been in the eyes of the British navy, their proud banners mony of presentation was performed in front of the state were and ever will be humbled by the unconquerable housa, in the presence of commodore Bainbridge, cap- bravery and superior skill of American spirits. tain Elliott, and the other naval officers attached to the In this sentiment permit me to tell you, I most corstation, and then in the city, General Patterson's bri- dially concur. And although I regret, exceedingly, that gade of volunteers, the Cincinnati society, the Judges of this “ tribute of respect” this honour justly duc, has been so long withheld; which can only be accounted for where each axle-tree is subjected tu friction. Fourteen by your extreme modesty, and that of your friends, in wagons move together in a section, and in sections go not presenting your claims and services to the notice of down at the same time. All being ready, the hugle of the government of your native state; yet I trust you wil the coachman sounded, and the company saw the tun not consider it the less acceptable, when you are assur- sections start. Very little effort was necessary to set ed that the resolution which I present you was unani- them in motion. At first they went off slowly, gaining mously adopted, soon as it was offered, and that every velocity as they advanced. One man is sufficient to citizen of Pennsylvania believes, that should the go- each section of the wagons, and of course twenty-one vernment of the United States, at any time hereafter, be tons of coal. He mounts a little box behind, and by the come engaged in war upon the ocean, nothing but an simple pulling of a rope, restrains their speed to any opportunity will be wanting to convince them, that you point between twenty miles and one mile an hour. He continue worthy of their partiality and kind feeling; that has the train in perfect command. Next to the two secyou will do honour to the state which gave you birth; that tions, and perhaps 40 perches in the rear, came the you are deserving of that high recommendation, which pleasure carriages filled with company from the Hotel, in your youth you obtained; that you are capable of tak- ladies and gentlemen. Of these there were fourteen or ing the place of Decatur, Perry, Lawrence, and those fifteen. The coachman, a merry fellow, yet exceedingother naval worthies, who, though called from this to, ly civil and obliging, took his seat, called to his horses, we trust, a better world, have left their names and cha- cracked his whip, and away we went at fine speed. racters as imperishable as the world itself; that you are After us came a section of boxes, filled with mules destined to be one of the most honoured and illustrious and horses, troughs before them filled with provender, among the bravest of the brave.
which they eat with as much freedom as if in their staCAPTAIN CONNER'S REPLY.
bles, as they roll along the rail-way. The road is made It is with emotions of the deepest sensibility that I re. by laying, logs across it, perfectly bedded and levelled, ceive this most gratifying evidence of the approbation a foot perhaps a part; on these, lengthwise, and running with which the government of my native state has view. with the road, and on each side wide enough apart for ed my public services. A splendid testimonial of this the wheels to run, are fastened two timbers six or se. character, emanating from a state, distinguished for her ven inches square. On these are nailed bars of iron. enlightened patriotism, constitutes the highest reward This simple-very simple construction, constitutes the to which an officer can aspire. The sons of Pennsylva- rail-road. Consider yourself standing a few perches nia engaged in the national service, may well be proud from the way. Hear you that distant rumbling sound of their birthright, since she loses no opportunity of re. like an earthquake? In an instant behold those wagons! warding the humblest of them, who have acquitted with what speed they come, yet how regular are their themselves in a satisfactory manner, while engaged with movements!-how easily they guide!—with what facithe enemies of our country.
lity they turn with every turning of the road! A lever for the kind and flattering manner in which you have is fixed to each wagon from near the front left wheel, been pleased to notice my humble services, I offer to and rises above the side of the car; by pulling that le. you my most respectful thanks. I also beg leave to of: ver back, by the most simple machinery, every whecl is fer, through you, to the members of the legislature, and clasped by two semi-circular pieces of wood. The fricto the distinguished patriot who now occupies the exe- tion thus produced retards or instantly stops the wagon, cutive chair of the state, and whom you now represent, however fast it may be going. All these levers are fastmy most heartfelt thanks for the honour which has ened together by a rope, the end of which is held by the been this day conferred upon me. The splendour of the one who guides, so that at pleasure, he can stop the reward which you have so handsomely bestowed, has whole train with scarce an effort. far exceeded my deserts; and though I cannot hope to Behold the pleasure carriages coming! The driver has fulfil the high expectations which you have been pleased let the coal train get a mile ahead-for that moves only to express, yet it shall be my constant duty to exercise about five miles:n hour, though it might go 10 or 15, or all the talents and zeal I may possess, when an opportu- even more, but five is deemed most prudent. The rogue nity shall again offer, to defend the rights of our beloved has let the way become clear to show the company the country.
(Journal of the Senate. speed of his Heet steeds. They are of the same train
with those of Achilles, begotten by the wind-aerial (From the Village Record.)
coursers. Imagination can scarcely conceive their swiftMAUCH CHUNK-IN CONCLUSION.
He cracks his whip-speaks sharply, as if he had A few steps from the landing of the raft brought me really Xanthus and Balius before him; the carriages to the Mauch Chunk Hotel, a large and elegant build- glide with the velocity of the swallow, and almost with ing, well finished and furnished, and crowded with well its apparent ease-a breeze seems to meet you, so dressed, fashionable people, evidently strangers, on a swiftly do you press upon the air-the respiration bevisit to the mines. A glance round the tea-table, told comes more hurried. Scarcely have you tasted the me there was both beauty and grace among the female pleasure of this rapid motion before you approach the visitants. An examination of the book, where each per-coal train. The driver calls gently to his steeds, and in a son's name is recorded, informed me that some of the moment, by his lever, the carriages are moving slowly first characters and talent of the state, were guests at and gently along the smooth way. the mansion. After an early breakfast, the bugle And lastly, what do you see?' Did even imagination, sounded to rally all the company who wished to visit in its wildest fights, ever picture to itself wagons laden the mines and view the rail-road. Behold us on the with twenty-two tons running for many miles without summit level, a mile from the mine--and eight from the aid, and more than this, that mules and horses should river, preparing to return-a sky, clear-a gentle ride in coaches, feasting by the way like London turtle breeze and pure air, bracing the frame, and giving fed aldermen! The whole view of the descent of the bunyanċy to the spirits. A brigade of fifty-three wagons wagons, coaches, and mule boxes, is one of the most inwas drawn up on the rail-road, each loaded with a ton citing, extraordinary--pleasing and wonderful, that I and a half of coal. The wagons are square boxes, wid- have ever beheld. Wonderful-wonderful! again and ening at the top; some of wood_some of sheet iron, again, exclaimed every one to whom it was new. On running on low cast iron wheels, of 18 to 24 inches dia- returning, three mules draw up four carts co wagons. meter-the felloes four inches broad, cast with a flange The ascent being moderate the labour is light. Two on the inner edge to keep the wheel in its place on the hundred tons are delivered at the landing a day, at a rail-way. The axle-tree, of iron, turns with the wheel
. cost of about 22 cents per ton. I used to give 31 and 4 A tin tube is inserted, having a piece of sponge at the dollars a ton for hauling coal from the mine. The coal bottom, to permit oil to trickle through constantly, field itself is an object of curiosity. Rail-roads are laid
through the openings in all directions, and numerous Millerstown to Seger's
12 hands employed in quarrying coal, loading wagons, and Seger's to Hogenbaugh's, at Lehighton 12 removing rubbish. No description can give a just idea Lehighton to Mauch Chunk
3 of the depth, extent, and value of this vast and inexhaust. All the houses mentioned are excellent, Sumneyible mine. Coal enough seems presented to the eye to town would be the best stopping place for the night. last for centuries, and yet examination shows, that for On returning, by all means come through Bethlehem, several miles in various directions from the place now and see that beautiful plaee. working, there is coal in abundance. When the wagons arrive at the brink of the moutitain
LONGEVITY. near Mauch Chunk, they are one at a time let down the John Ange, a planter, between Broad creek and the chute to the coal house, which projects over the water, head of Wicomoco river in swampy grounds, at thať and from which the boats are laden. The chute is 700 time reputed Maryland, now of the territory of Pennfeet in length-the perpendicular height 230 feet. You sylvania, died about five years ago, aged one hundred will at once see how extremely steep must be the de. and forty years, according to his own ca'culation, and scent, and how heavy the pressure of 30,000 weight of his neighbours firmly believed it, from the tradition of coal in a heavy wagon. Yet so simple and stire is the their fathers. He had been totally blind with age some process of descending, that without the slightest acci- years before his death. He left a son of about eighty dent or disorder, thousands of tons are let down yearly years, or more, who is already a great-grand-father, yet The loaded wagon in descending draws up the empty more hale, lively, and active than most men in their wagon, there being a double rail-way down the chute. prime, and has no grey hairs. Both he and his father A large drum, round which the rope is wound, turning, were of lean constitutions, and lived poor and sparing, lets off the rope which is fastened to the descending 1. e. on simple and natural food; not the nerve-destroywagon, and at the same time winds up the rope to ing teas and coffee; not kept in perpetual fevers by which the empty car is attached. It is curioas to see the strong Madeira, nor provoking a sickly appetite by rich car which has left its load, starting as if by itself-for the and high seasoned dishes; while the pure moisture of distance is so great you ean scarcely observe the rope the soil prevented the pestilential, nervous, or putrid that draws it-and coming rapidly up the steep. To fevers and Auxes, so often epidemical and fatal in high prevent the drum from revolving too rapidly, and letting and dry grounds, in these warm climates. the wagon descend too swift, a band of iron clasps one
M. W. end. This band is drawn close, by a lever, or loosened, June 30, 1775.
[Pa. Mag. giving at pleasure any velocity to the cars the manager
STEAM BOAT NAVIGATION. pleases, or stopping both mid-way, in a moment. I feel Statement showing the amount of steam-boat tonnage of how very imperfect is this description. Words cannot each state and territory of the United States; a'so, the give an idea of these works-much less those so feeble duty collected on the same, during the year 1827. as mine. To awaken liberal curiosity is rather my ob
Steam-boat tonnage. Duly collected. ject than to gratify it. Except the steam engine, I
Tong. 95ths. Dolls. Cts. know nothing that gives so lively and strong an impres. Maine.....
21 00 sion of what the power and ingenuity of man may accom- Rhode Island... ...178 07
10 68 plish. The astonishing ascendancy of mind over matter. Connecticut.
99 12 These works are worth a journey across the Atlantic to New-York.
615 84 The intelligent and liberal should visit-admire New-Jersey
. 1,078 92
64 68 and enjoy. The boats and other works I described Pennsylvania..
94 80 when there two or three years ago, and need not repeat. Delaware....
22 32 The wild mountain scenery—the pure air and active Maryland..... .2,207 49
132 42 exercise; are co ducive to health and pleasure. The District of Columbia.. ..873 12
52 38 excellent aceommodations of Mr. Kimball, yield the tra- Virginia....... .946 57
56 76 veller every comfort that the city would afford. To South Carolina.. ..3,233 79
193 98 look along a table so well spread, having between 30 Alabama...
186 00 and 40 guests, attended by ready, neat, and obliging Louisiana.
1,020 18 waiters-the handsome furniture - the beautiful flowers Georgia.
43 14 upon the mantle-piece--you experience all the pleasure Treasury Department, of intelligent and refined society in the midst of a dense Register's office, April 15, 1828.
, } population. Go to the window, and the lofty mountain,
JOSEPH NOURSE, Register. rugged and inaccessible, presents you the aspect of nature in her rudest form. You may there partake of the Statement of the Ridge Turnpike Company affairs, for pure spring, as it gushes from beneath the mountain
the year 1827. rock; or the bland Madeira from the " south side," and Balance on hand 1st January, 1827. $299 49 the finest vintage. At ten steps from the door you may
Tolls in 1827.....
9,662 69 penetrate the wildest solitude; or sitting in the neat carpetted parlour, surrounded by books, listen to the
$9,962 18 sweet-toned piano, touched with taste and feeling by
PAYMENTS. some fair and accomplished hand.
$5,272 64 The canal to the Delaware is in a rapid state of ad- Salaries..
2,085 39 vancement, and will be wholly or nearly finished this Expenses..
111 10 fall,
7,469 13 The reverse of my course home, may be agreeable to those who should like to visit Mauch Chunk.
Balance on hand ......2,493 05
Miles. From West-Chester to White Horse
6 Certificates of debt, bonds, White Horse to Moore's (Pawling's bridge) 9
.$104,673 46 Moore's to Cross Roads
2 Interest on same, unpaid... 46,305 29 Cross Roads to Evansburg
$150,978 75 Evansburg to Perkiomen
THOS. H. WHITE, Treasurer. Up Turnpike
03 Philadelphia, January 1, 1828. Turnpike to Sumneytown
8 Samneytown to Millerstown
PRINTED BY WM. F. GEDDES, (Or deave Millerstown half a mile on your left.) No. 59, Locust street, near Eighth, Philadelphia,