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good stand or a chance seat—(taking good care to dodge 300 Limes, 14s. 3 gallons Rum, of John Jones, the boom) was greater at the time, than now adays at 148.

1 80 the steam boat wharf, for a modern, "Sundays excur. 36 Loaves of Bread, of Lacey, ye Baker, 090 sion” With the wind ahead, backing and filling, near Cooking and Wood, 8s. Earthenware and Can. Dunck's ferry, the steamer would pass it by, as would dles, of Duchee, 3s. 4d.

0 11 4 the fast trotting horse, the restive loaded mule. If no- A barrell of beer, of Anthony Morris, 0 180 ticed at all through the “Eye Glass,” of some "exquisite;" it would most probably be with the opened eye of Errors excepted, Ed. Wooley,

£5 13 10 wonder, where, in the name of every thing fashionable, without it was to Camp meeting, could such a queer Jooking boat load of people, be possibly going to in the Mr. Thomas Nevell, for the State House, humble way, every one, gentle and simple, used to go 1781,

To Joax COBURN, Dr. by Meyer's boat from Philadelphia, to Bordenton, and July 16—To sundry hands getting down the Burlington,-in days

LANG SYNE.

Old Steeple, and getting up the
Poulson.

new one, getting up the Bell, &
fixing of it,

£12 00 00 STATE HOUSE STEEPLE.

To the two falls and blocks and

Crab getting the Old Steeple Mr. Poulson,

down and the new up, and the As the erection of the new steeple on the state house

Bell,

8 00 00 has caused much enquiry about the old, I have overhaul. ed the numerous papers in my possession respecting the

20 00 00 erection of public buildings of old times, and find:

That the contract with the carpenters, for building Note.-This is the Rigger's bill against Nevell, the the state house, was in March, 1732.

Carpenter.

Ib. That the work was measured by Samuel Powell, Samuel Rhoades, Joseph Fox, and John Nicholas, in seve

CANAL LOAN BILL. ral parts, for the then province, and the county of Phi- The following bill passed the House of Representaladelphia, in 1740, 1741.

tives on Tuesday: That the steeple was raised Nov. 4, 1741, and the An act authorising a loan for the continuance of the Penn bell put therein April 17, 1753.

sylvania Canal and Rail Road and for other purposes. And that the steeple was taken down, July 16th, Sect. 1. That the Governor be and he is hereby 1781.

authorised to borrow on the credit of the commonwealth, I send you a copy of the carpenter's bill of expense, a sum or sums of money in the whole not exceeding at raising the steeple, and also, at raising the bell, with eight hundred thousand dollars, and the sum or sums so also the Rigger's bill, for taking down. If you think the subject worth noting in your paper, ers of the internal improvement fund, to be applied by

borrowed shall be paid to and vested in the commissionyou are at perfect liberty to use the whole, or any part, them in the manner and for such purposes as are or shall as you please.

be directed by law, and in case offers shall not be made Am your old friend,

within the time specified by the Governor for loaning J. K. Northern Liberties. sums of one thousand dollars or more, but less in the

aggregate than the whole amount authorised to be bor

Nov. 4th, 1741. rowed, at an interest not exceeding five per centum The Province of Pennsylvania,

per annum, then the Governor, if be deems the whole To EDMUND WOOLEY, Dr.

sum necessary, may receive proposals for loaning the For expenses in raising the tower of the Stadt House, whole sum proposed at one time at an interest not ex. viz:

ceeding five per centum per annum: Provided, That 95 loaves of bread,

. . £0 19 91 no engagement or contract shall be entered into, which 61 lb. bacon,..

at 7d.

....1 14 13 shall preclude the commonwealth from reimbursing any 1483 lb. beef,....

.....at 31d.....2 8 1 sum or sums thus borrowed at any time after the expira. Potatoes and greens

.....0 7 11 tion of twenty five years from the first day of January 800 limes ...

....at 48..... 1 12 0 next. 13 barrel of beer.

.at 18s....1 70 SECT. 2. That the Governor be and he is hereby 44 lb. mutton....

at 3}d......0 12 8 authorised, to cause to be constituted, certificates of 373 lb. veal..

at 3}d. .....0 11 0 stock, signed by the Auditor General and countersigned 30 lb. venison..

.at 2d........0 50 by the State Treasurer, setting forth that they pertain Turnips.....

0 1 6 to the canal loan for the sums so borrowed by virtue of Pepper and mustard,..

....0 1 5 this act, or for any part thereof, bearing an interest not 2 Jugs and Candles, Pipes and Tobacco...... 0 60 exceeding five per centum per annum and reimbursable Butter, 9s. 8d. Turkey, 4s. 4 pair fowls, 98.....1 28 as aforesaid, which stock thus created shall be transfer$ of a hundred of flour.....

.0 3 6 able on the books of the Auditor General or at the bank Two former hookings at getting on two floors, of Pennsylvania, by the owner or owners of the same, and now for raising the tower, fire wood, &c. 3 00 bis, her or their attorney, and new certificates of them

shall be issued by the Auditor General and State Trea£14 12 81 surer to the new holders. And it is hereby further de

clared, that it shall be deemed to be a good execution

of the said power to borrow, for the Governor of this PHILADELPHIA, April 17, 1753. commonwealth to cause the said certificates of stock or The Province,

any part thereof for any amount not less than one thouTo EDMUND WOOLEY, Dr. sand dollars, as may be judged best adapted for the purFor sundrys advanced for raising the Bell Frame and pose, to be sold, and the faith of the commonwealth is putting up the Bell.

hereby pledged to establish a sufficient revenue for maA peck potatoes, 28. 9d. ; 14 lb. Beef, at 4d

king up any deficiency that may hereafter take place in 48. 8d.; 4 gammons, 38 lb. at 60.-193. £1 6 5 the funds appropriated for paying said interest and reMustard, Pepper, Salt, Butter,

0 20 imbursing said principal. A Cheese, 13 lb. at 6d.-68. 6d.; Reef, 30 lb.

Sect. 3. That the State Treasurer be and he is at 4d.--10s.; a peck potatoes, 25. 7d. 0 19 1 l hereby authorised and directed to pay to the commissioners of the internal improvement fund any sum of money To repeal this act at the present moment, before it from the treasury not otherwise appropriated, which in shall have gone into operation, the avowed desideratum the opinion of said commissioners can be dove without of the movers of this enquiry, would, in the opinion of embarrassing the ordinary operations thereof, in antici- your committee, evince a weakness and vascillation, on pation of the loan provided for in this act, to be applied the part of the legislature, not less derogatory to their as is directed by the several acts authorising the surveys high character than detrimental to the best interests of of routes and the construction of canals and rail roads, the community. and the expenses incident thereto, and as soon as the In their enactment of this law, the legislature were loan authorised by the first section of this act shall not unmindful that the substitution of a wholesome for have been made, and the moneys arising therefrom shall a spurious currency, like all other radical changes int have been received to a sufficient amount, the amount human institutions, must inevitably be accompanied with of money so taken from the treasury shall be repaid partial inconveniences; hence the operation of the law thereto by the commissioners of said fund.

was postponed, and ample time affored to prepare

fos Sect. 4. That if any further funds be required for this event. It is within the knowledge of your comthe purpose of the Pennsylvania canal and rail road, in mittee, that in many parts of the commonwealth, advanaddition to the amount provided for in the foregoing tage has been taken of this cautionary provision, to presection, previous to the negotiation and receipt of the pare for the operation of the law at the appointed time, permanent loan provided for by this act, then and in and it is believed, that by far the more considerable porsuch case the Governor be and he is hereby authorised tion of the state is thus prepared. If some sections to negotiate a temporary loan not to exceed eight hun- thereof, resting upon the faith of successful importuni. dred thousand dollars at an interest not exceeding five ses for a repeal of the law, or on their own determinaper centum per annum for the amount so required, with tion to disregard its wholesome previsions, have been any bank, corporation, or individual, or individuals, as supinely neglectful of the salutary and paternal voice of in his opinion may be most advantageous, the monies so the legislature, the fault is not chargeable to the law itborrowed to be applied to the purposes set forth in the self, but those who are bound to obey it, and furnishes third section of this act, and to be repaid to the lender no argument against the wholesomeness of its provi. or lenders out of the permanent loan authorised by the sions, or reason for a repeal thereof. If indeed the pofirst section of this act within six months after the pas- sition assumed by some memorialists, that the inhibition sage of this act.

of these small notes will deprive them altogether of a The above bill has passed three readings in the Sen circulating medium, was correct, in that case the law ate, and only wants the signature of the Governor to certainly would be to them a grievance. But to this pobecoine a law.- Harr. Chronicle. It is now a law. sition, your committee cannot for one moment assent:

the fears of the memorialists on this head are entirely REPORTS OF COMMITTEES ON SMALL NOTES. groundless. The scarcity of metallic currency among

them has been occasioned by the introduction of these Thursday, Dec. 18.

notes--they have either taken the place of the coin

which was at one time employed in circulating the an. In Senate — Mr. Kerlin, from the committee on banks, nual produce of the land and labour of that portion of which was directed by a resolution of the 10th inst to country, or having been originally introduced there, enquire into the expediency of repealing the la passed have since been used to the entire exclusion of a metalon the 11th day of April, 1828, entitled an act concern-lic currency. Let them but drive small notes out of ciring small notes for the payment of money, and to which culation, and specie and notes of a larger denomination, has also been referred divers memorials upon that sub of each in proportion to the wants and convenience of ject, reported:

the community, will inevitably take place. The local That the system of policy pursued by the legislature situation of some portions of the state, will not form an for a number of years, in their endeavours to restrain exception to this theory. If the paper in the small the circulation, within this state, of notes of a less de channels of circulation cannot be exchanged for specie nomination than five dollars, is in the opinion of your on demand, it is most certainly not the value it purports committee, founded in the soundest principles of politi- to be, and these industrious citizens of the state are excal economy, and if persisted in, cannot fail of produ- changin.g the produce of their land and labour for a fic. cing the most beneficial results to the community. Of titious, instead of real value. It is admitted by the me. this system, your committee are of opinion, that the act morialists, that if the law was general, embracing the of the last session forms a most important feature. Pre- neighbouring states of New York, Ohio, &c. specie vious to the passage of this act the efforts of the legis. would be forced into circulation. To this suggestion, lature had been alone directed to control corporations your committee would remark, that in order that such a of their own creation in their issues of this paper, but law should become general, a commencement must be the act strikes at the evil in a different shape, by ren-, made somewhere. Maryland has made this commencedering penal the use of this species of circulating me- ment. Pennsylvania came next into the measure, and dium, wherever and by whomsoever issued. Your com- it is confidently believed, that the states bordering on mittee are not aware of any change of circumstances her will follow the example of her sister states in the affecting the interests of the community, calculated to adoption of a similar policy--if not immediately, most

induce an alteration of the deliberately expressed opi- certainly at no remote period—when its beneficial and nion of the legislature at their last session; on the con- salutary effects shall have been developed by actual ex. trary, this appears to be the appropriate time; business perience. Your committee therefore, most earnestly of all kinds continues in a flourishing condition, produc- and unanimously recommend the following resolution: tive labour and capital, the great sources of wealth and Resolved, that it is inexpedient to repeal the law of prosperity, are fully employed. No moment, therefore, the last session, entitled an act concerning small notes could be more propitious than the present for the ain- for the payment of money: ple restoration of a currency of intrinsic value to the Laid on the table. small channels of circontion. The argument (and it is the only plausible one ad

REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON BANKS vanced by any of the memorialists) that small notes Relative to the act concerning Small Notes for the pay. are of convenience in facilitating the transmission by mail of small sums of money, however correct in itself,

ment of Money. Mr. SNYDER, Chairman. Read in is trivial in comparison to the evils arising from the cir.

the House of Representatives, December 18, 1828. culation throughout the community, of an unsound me. The committee on banks, to whom were referred dium of exchange.

sundry petitions and remonstrances, relative to the re

peal of the act to restrain the circulation of small notes, does not possess knowledge sufficient to decide upon made report:

the character of the note offered to him. Nor can he That they have given the subject every consideration test the value of it, by offering it for payment to a bank its importance would seeni to require, and with great beyond his reach and out of the state. deference to the opinions of those who have memorial. Your committee forbear to enter more at large upon ised the legislature, the committee consider it their du- the general policy of the law, as it would only be going ty, and therefore, submit such of their views as have in over the ground upon which the act complained of was duced them to come to the conclusion drawn in this passed. The general reasons for which will be found report. There is no subject can so much claim the at- ably stated in a report on the subject made by the comtention of an enlightened legislature, as the regulation mittee on banks of the last session. After the fullest conof the common currency of the State; it is a matter insideration your committee can see no reason to vary from which every citizen of the Commonwealth is immediate- the views and statements made by their predecessors, ly interested, and deservedly, has bad the attention of and therefore proceed to notice the petitions referred to some of our most eminent economists. It would ap- them. pear from all the acts passed to regulate the currency of Your committee have looked into the situation of the this state, that the settled policy of Pennsylvania was to people of Erie county, and others who have petitioned prohibit the circulation of small notes, inasmuch, as for a repeal of the law, with a view of discovering if banks incorporated by her acts are prohibited from issu- there are any circumstances to render a law, so highly ing notes of a less denomination than five dollars, and useful to the rest of the community, injurious to the peyour committee cannot but view with deep concern any titioners--but they have been unable to see any thing attempt made to change that policy, adhered to for the materially to vary the application of the law to that relast twenty years, with the exception of a short time spectable portion of our fellow citizens. Your commitduring the war, when circumstances rendered it neces- tee conceive that the greatest error into which they sary to suspend specie payments, the effects of which, have fallen is that a paper currency such as they have is though at the time unavoidable, is felt even to this day; healthy, and sound. * To those who understand the subfor the last two years exertions have been made, and ject, such an opinion can have no weight; it is the first acts passed to perfect that policy, and it was confidently time that it has ever been represented to any legislature expected that the act of the last legislature, would have of this state, that a mere promise to pay was equal to been regarded and suffered to go into operation su as to actual payment. fully test its effects by experience, before any portion The petitionets represent that their local situation is of our fellow citizens should have thought proper to pe- such that the act if put in foree would be injurious and tition for its repeal. By the terms of the act, the circu- almost ruinous to them. It must be admitted that some lation of small notes is not prohibited until after the first trifling inconvenience may at first be felt by the citiof January, 1829; more than eight months was thus al. zens of Erie county, as well as those of other counties lowed to prepare the public for the change. As yet no on the northern and western borders of the state. All evils can have been suffered by the petitioners, and until acts of the legislature to regulate the currency of the some specific injury or inconvenience is pointed out, commonwealtlı, must necessarily partially affect a greatyour committee trust, that the House will persevere in a er or lesser portion of the community, especially those system, which, not only bad the assent of a large portion located on tlie borders of those states that may differ with of the last legisla'ure, but was received with joy by the us in their policy The only question therefore with the community in general. Your committee beg leave fur- guardians of the public welfare should be whether that of ther to remark, that since the passage of the act of the a paper or a metallic currency for the common and every last session, as they are informed, preparations have day transactions of the people would most promote the inbeen made in various sections of the state, and especially terest and welfare of the community, or what is the fundathose parts most vexed by the circulation of fureign mental interest of the state. Your committee are exsmall notes, to carry into effect the provisions of that tremely anxious that in this question the general inteact. Those notes are becoming discredited in public rest of the commonwealth should be consulted, and if opinion; to repeal the law now, therefore, would not this act to regulate her currency should prove inconveonly give the appearance of unsteadiness in legislation, nient to a small portion of her citizens for a short time, (in itself a great evil) but would most assuredly produce it is not any good reason for its repeal. an unusual fond of this worthless paper, to the great in. The petitioners further represent that they will be jury of the public, and particularly the working classes, deprived of a circulating medium. Such a supposition for they are the principal sufferers as will appear from in the view of your committee, is entirely groundless, facts noticed in this report.

for when we take into consideration the amount of exYour committee would further remark, that in their portable produce of the country, it must appear to all opinion the time for carrying this law into effect has conversant with trade, that this deprivation could not been happily chosen. The nation is at peace with all take place. the world, and in a state of great prosperity, any tem- The petitioners seem to forget, that trade is an interporary inconvenience therefore, which might be felt by change of commodities, not of bank notes; and the real a change in the important subject of circulation, will be question for them to decide, is whether or not that quickly remedies, while if this important reformation is trade shall be carried on through a depreciated and put off until a season of financial and commercial em- often spurious medium, and this observation will apply barrassment, judging from experience, it is much to be to the petitioners from Allegheny as well as those froin feared that the evil of a corrupt circulation will be be- Erie county. It is highly probable the petitioners have yond the reach of legislative control. They would re taken a wrong estimate of the amount of small notes spectfully refer to the period of time shortly after the employed, in dealing with persons out of the state, and last war, when the circulating medium was in a very cor- at a distance. Such transactions are generally, and can rupt state, and to the fruitless legislative efforts which altogether be performed with notes of five dollars and were made to correct it, as a proof of what they have upwards, which are not prohibited by our laws. Your advanced.

committee also think that the ainount of small notes in The increase of the crime of forgery of bank notes, circulation is not so great in those districts as the peticalls loudly for the interposition of the legislature, to tioners seem to suppose; and that a small addition to protect the poorer classes of people (who mostly receive the amount of silver at present in circulation, (an addithose small notes) from imposition. Those who deal in the tion which it will certainly receive if the law be put in larger denomination of bank notes, soon learn to judge force) will be amply sufficient to carry on the common between the forged and the genuipe. Not so with the and every day tiansactions within the county. But fur poor man who must suffer without redress, because he I ther; if it be as they rt present, that their present paper circulating medium is healthy and sound, it will certain- further consideration of the various petitions referred to ly command silver when offered to those banks that them on this subject. bave issued it, and in that case they could not be deprived of a circulating medium. It is further represented by the petitioners, that num

EFFECTS OF CLIMATE ON NAVIGATION, &c. bers of travellers pass through Erie county, and will drain them of what specie they have. This position at On page 23, of this volume, the present article was first view may have some little plausibility, but your commenced; but it has continued open until the present committee cannot think that the great state of Pennsylvania, commonly called the key-stone of the Union, period, on account of the difficulty of obtaining the noshould at once take so insignificant a rank that her laws cessary information-and is still imperfect, for the same should be unknown, and most especially those to regu- reason. But being desirous of bringing all the facts we Late her currency. But whatever may be the opinion of have collected into the same volume, we have conclud. the House, of the probable effect of the law on the county of Erie, Allegheny, or any other county on the ed to do so, and may hereafter add to them. borciers of the state, your committee trust, and most 1776.2

We can find no notices. earnestly request that that effect will be fully shown by 1777. S experience, befose they consent to its repeal. It could 1778. January 19. The river was closed at this date. not be otherwise expected, but that those interested in 1779. February. Leaves of willow, blossoms of peach, the banking institutions of New York, New Jersey, &c. and flowers of dandelion were seen. that issue none other but notes of a less denomination 1780. January 5. On Sunday morning last, at a fire at than five dollars, and depend principally upon their cir. the French Consul's, the weather was so severe culation in this state, would if possible get up a feeling that many of the engines were rendered useless of hostility to this law. We would not say that it is they by the intense cold; during this month, the mer. alone that have operated upon the people of Erie and cury, excepting one day, never rose so high in Allegheny counties, but have no doubt but they have the city as to the freezing point. done their part, being immediately interested, for it is

March 4. The Delaware became navigable highly probable that some of these institutions will have after having been frozen nearly three months. to close their concerns if this law goes into operation. This is denominated the hard winter. Ice 16 to For it is a notorious fact that the labouring men employ- 19 inches thick-frost penetrated the ground from ed in the construction of the improvements of the state, 4 to 5 feet. During this winter the ears of hornare in many cases paid by their employers, the contrac- ed cattle, and the feet of hogs exposed to the air, tors, in this species of paper, obtained, as your commit- were frost-bitten. Squirrels perished in their tee unde stand, directly from those institutions, upon holes, and partridges were often found dead. such terms as to make it a matter of interest to them. 1781. January 27. " The winter thus far hath been It may be expected, then, that those who speculate at remarkably mild—so that the earth has scarcely * the poor labourers' cost, will exercise their influence. been frozen half an inch deep, or the smallest

There are many interested in another species of paper ponds covered with ice strong enough to bear a equally disreputable, whose influence will be co-exten- dog. Thus mild it had continued until Monday sive with the dependence of the employed. It is that of last, (23d,) when we had a very hard gale of individual or company paper, which appears in the guise wind, chiefly from the north-west, but alternate. of being the bank notes of some capital city, by the im- ly varying to almost every point, and accompa. print of Philadelphia and New York, and having the nied with a smart fall of rain and snow. Several word near printed on them as small as possible for the vessels were forced from their fastenings, and eye to discern. And it is a lamentable fact, that many drove ashore on the Jerseys, and the island. Trees impositions are practised upon the unsuspecting with were torn up by the roots, and somehouses unthis species of paper. The issuers being regulated by roofed.” Garlic was tasted in butter this month, interest alove, it is impossible to conceive the evils that 1782. In a pocket almanac, on the blank leaves bemight arise therefrom, should they be permitted to con- tween January and February, is the following tinue in circulation.

memorandum: Your committee have seen with pleasure that the citi

“ 29 and 30 of this month, was extremely cold. zens of the neighbouring states, particularly the state of

31. More moderate; the river froze over the New York, are becoming dissatisfied with the state of 30th of last month, at night, so as to admit peotheir currencies, and are anxious to go back to a sound- ple on it the 31st, in the morning, and contier system, and it is highly probable, will follow the ex- nued fast until the 16th inst. —when it drives ge. ample set by. Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. A nerally, and the 21st several vessels came up;' perseverance, therefore, in the law of last session, will and in the Freeman's Journal is the following tend greatly to bring about this very desirable object, paragraph: particularly, as it will deprive the banks of the other

February 6. "About a week since the extrem, states of the profit of circulating their notes in Pennsyl- ity of the cold was felt here. On Tuesday aftervania. And in viewing this report, your committee can- noon the thermometer fell very low. This not but express the hope, that no act of the present lo- day the mercury was within the bulb, and in some gislature will damp the efforts which are making through- instances it fell 4o below 0, being the greatest out the United States, to produce a sound basis for our excess of cold experienced here for many years. circulating medium.

It is needless to say the Delaware opposite the With respect to the suggestion of the petitioners, re- city, and for several miles downward, is covered garding the repeal of the 8th section of the act of 1817, with a fixed and strong floor of ice. prohibiting the Pennsylvania banks from issuing notes

10th. Ferry boats cross upon the ice, - The under five dollars, your committee deem it unnecessary river probably closed on the 30th January, and to enter into the question, confident that the legislature opened on the 16th February. will not destroy the settled policy of the state. Coun- 1783. May . A heavy hail storm, believed the hea. ter petitions have been referred to us, and we entirely viest ever known here—did not extend more than agree with the petitioners in the view they have taken of half a mile north and south. Stones fell weighthe probable good effects that may result from a steady ing half an ounce. Windows were broken by adherence to the acts complained of, and therefore offer them. the following resolution:

November 30. An earthquake in the city. Resolved, That the committee be discharged from the

December 1. Do.

da. Most of Vol. II.

47

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1784.

the houses were sensibly shaken, so that in many from S. E. Caused a heavy swell in the river.
the china and pewter, &c. were thrown from the Many vessels injured.
shelves-and several persons awaked from their December 23. Navigation interrupted by large
sleep.

quantities of floating ice.
27th. The navigation stopped, and in a few

26th. Skaiting on Schuylkill. days the river was frozen over, opposite the city, 1789. January 3. Owing to moderate weather the and continued so till 18th of March. 29, snow. navigation is again restored, and many vessels

January 13. Great damage done by the sud- have departed. The three lower bridges on den and extraordinary rise of water occasioned Schuylkill were carried away by the breaking up by the thaw and great rain of Thursday last. On

of the ice, and one of them nearly destroyed. Tuesday and Wednesday a most remarkable

19th. Sleighing: thaw, attended with a warm, disagreeable, un

February 5. Vessels locked up in the river wholesome vapour, which in the evening was suc- near Marcus Hook. River froze and thawed four ceeded by a sharp N. W. wind and clear sky, times, and not navigable till 8th March. so that within a few hours we have experienced

19th and 20th. Snow 8 or 10 inches deep. a transition from heat to cold, of at least 53 de- Mercury fell 5° below 0 in the city, and twenty grees. The suddenness and severity of the frost miles from the city 12° below 0. Both at six has entirely bound up the navigation.

A. M.
February 12. Bay full of ice.

23d, 24th, 25th, and 27th. Mercury Auctuated 28th and 29th. Mercury below 0.

betweeen 4 and 10 above 0. A very backward March 12. Navigation opened, having been

spring. Peaches failed almost universally. No closed since 26th December.

cherries or strawberries. 15th. This morning (Sunday) about 2 o'clock

Uncomfortable to sit without fire unthe ice in the Schuylkill gave way, but soon after

til 1st June. the floating ice lodged and formed a dam-by

July (or August.) Very hot weather. By ten which means the ground about the middle ferry A. M. the meat in the market became putrified. became suddenly overflowed, which carried Mayor ordered it to be thrown into the Delaware away every thing but the Brick house-drowned -Merchants shut up their stores. Deaths nuseveral horses and cattle, and forced the family merous, particularly among children. 16 Infants to secure themselves in the second story till day

buried on the 1st Sabbath of July. Thermomelight; whither they were followed by a horse, ter at 96° for several days. who had taken sanctuary in the house from the

August. Fires agreeable. water. The waters did not subside till 4 o'clock

September. No rain during this month. on Monday afternoon. [One of the family informs December. Entries and clearances through the us that there were 21 persons in the house at the

month. time--only two are now living. The house was

1790. January 2. Such an open winter as the present at this time occupied by Joseph Ogden; who

has not been known in this city since it was foundbuilt the first floating bridge at the Middle Ferry,

ed-Boys bathing in river as if it were summerafter that destroyed by the British. In the

wharves crowded with wood-oak 15 shillings Pennsylvania Gazette of the 27th March, 1784, hickory, 25 shillings. the particulars of this event are related in the February 7. Only time this winter that the form of 2 Chapters in Chronicles, in scripture Delaware was interrupted by ice--frozen over. style.] It was considered one of the hardest 8th. Skaiting on the river. winters for 40 years.

10th & 11th. Deep snow. December 22. So much ice that the river is at

17th. Ice drove. a stand.

March 10. The only considerable snow this January 3. Vessels attempt to go down; the

winter-only remained on the ground three days moderate weather having so far cleared the ice; Yesterday morning thermometer at 4° but on the evening of the 4th the harbour was

Sept. 24. First frost. entirely frozen across.

Nov. 26th and 27th. First snows. 20th. Frozen from side to side; broke up in 4

Dec. 8. River closed by ice. or five days, and was entirely free from ice; all

12th & 13th. River navigable-vessels sailed. vessels from below came up.

16th. Snow and cold until February 2. The river was again frozen over. 18th, when the river, frozen over & stands22. Vessels got up and down.

boys skating continued closed till 18th January: January 21. Our weather has been remarka

21st. Snow all the morning-continues cold

till the end of the month. 31st, very cold. bly mild for the greater part of the winter, until Friday (17th) last, when it grew cold, and froze

1791. January 1. Ohio river has been closed for the river in a few days from side to side at the

some time by ice.

17th. Snow.
lower part of the city.
April 1. A north-east gale, with hail and snow,

18th. Snow-river opened so that vessels ar. did great damage.

rived. Muy. Remarkable for the absence of the sun

Dec. 23. River closed-having been obstructfor 14 days, and constant damp or rainy weather.

ed by floating ice for several days continued cloDecember - Navigation stopped.

sed till end of the month.

1792. January 6. The mildness of the weather for

Junuary 2. Mercury on Saturday at 12 o'clock, some days past having liberated the navigation,

48°-an april day-navigation expected to open several vessels came up.

in a day or two.

5th. Arrivals. February 5. Thermometer fell to 6° below 0,

7th, 13th, 18th, 22d. Snow. or 38 below freezing point. The day before it

Feb. 7th, 11th, 12th, 13th and 14th. Snow. had stood at 6° above freezing point; so that it

March 6. Ice started. fell 42° in about 17 hours,

Dec. Arrivals and clearances this month. Murch 5. Boys sliding on the ice.

1793. Jan. 14. Hail. August 18 and 19. There fell seven inches of

18. The extreme temperateness of this searain. November 10th and 11th.

son exceeds every winter remembered by the A violent storm oldest inhabitants of Philadelphia, for now we

1785.

1786.

1787.

1788.

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