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yond which individuals not to be expected to advance; riod referred to. Tried and untried prisoners, of all where they may, without hesitation, i rust enti.ely to the ages and colours, and of both sexes, of every grade of interposition of the public power. There are cases, offence, and of every variety of character, and even the undnubtedly, where the legislature ought to bave the poor debtors, who had conmmitted no offence at all, exclusive cognizance, and where the charge should fall were thrown into one common herd, in an ill contrived upon the public purse. There are cases too, where building, which retained the abomination of a subterrathe burtben must be borne by individuals. But there neous dungeon for prisoners under sentence of death. are cases where they may most bencficially co-operate, "What a spectacle," exclaims Mr. Vaux, “must this and in which it is impossible to determine the exact abode of guilt and wretchedness have presented!” proportion which shall fall upon each. But let us not be well might he ask the question. A den of wild beasts, too anxious on this point. Charity, like mercy, “is desperate from confinement, and mad from hunger, twice blessed; it blesseth him that gives, and him that abandoned to the work of mutual destruction, would be takes;" and it is in the order of Providence that this bless- but a faint type of such an assemblage. The brute ing shall never be wanting to him that gives. “He bath obeys his instinct; but to condemn a buman being to an dispersed,” says the inspired psalmist : "he bath given existence where mere brutal ferocity will assume the to the poor; his righteousness endoreth for ever; his dominion over him, is to be accessary to the crime of horn shall be exalted with honour.” In the very act of effacing the image of his Maker, and robbing him of charity there is a process of purification in the heart of the attributes of humanity. Many details will be found the giver, which elevates his feelings and improves his in the pamphlet, which time will not allow to be repeatcharacter. Besides, it is an individual duty, which ed. There is one, however, which is not less curious individuals only can perform. It must be voluntary. than important. A clergyman," who was a member of The moment it becomes compulsory, it is no longer the acting committee, proposed to preach to the prisoncharity. It may benefit "him that takes,” but its virtueers. llis efforts were resisted by the keeper; and when "to him that gives” is gone.
at last by perseverance be gained admission, he found For this particular object, as entitled to individual (on a Sunday) a loaded cannon, with a lighted match care, we have the countenance of precept and example, beside it, prepared by the keeper, pointed at the priand the encouragement of the success which has follow- soners, and ready to do the work of destruction upon ed exertion in the same career. A little more than the least commotion. Such were the fears the keeper forty years ago, "the Philadelphia Society for alleviat- felt, or affected to feel, of his inmatesing the Miseries of Public Prisons," was founded by a It was with the sanction and the approbation of this few of the citizens of Philadelphia; ard that venerable society that the present plan was put forward, as a most man, whose long life has been devoted to the service material and hunane improvement. of his Maker and his fellow creatures, with exemplary Is it necessary for me to add, as a further motive to inpurity and faithfulness, was appointed to the station of fluence the charitable, that wherever a Refuge has been president, which he has since occupied without inter established, its support, in whole or in part, has been ruption, and still continues to occupy.. "When we supplied by the contribution of individuals? The Lonconsider,” they say in the preamble to their constitution, don Refuge was this begun, and has thus been main"that the obligations of benevolence which are founded tained. In our sister city, which gave us an example of on the precepts and example of the author of Christian- a Refuge in full operation before we had yet moved, the ity, are not cancelled by the follies or crimes of our fel- subscriptions of individuals have not only been larger low creatures; and wbcn we reflect upon the miseries than here, but they have borne a larger proportion to which penury, hunger, cold, unnecessary severity, un- the aid afforded by the state. Shall we be outdone in wholesome apartments and guilt, (the usual attendants charity? They laboured in an untried work; we have of prisons,) involve with them, it becomes us to extend the light of their experience. They persevered in the our compassion to that part of mankind, who are the face of doubt, and their exertions have been crowned subjects of these miseries. By the aids of humanity with success. We bave every ground of confidence, their undue and illegal sufferings may be prevented; tbe and yet the work languishes in our bands. The Legislinks which should bind the whole family of mankind lature has given us a liberal earnest of its intentions. We together, under all circumstances, be preserved unbro- have no reason to fear that it will ever be less disposed ken; and such degrees and modes of punishment may to extend its aid. It is for ourselves, then, to do what is be discovered and suggested, as may, instead of conti- now wanting, in humble reliance that what we do will nuing habits of vice, become the means of restoring our not be done in vain. fellow ereatures to virtue and happiness.” They soon But, the motives which have now been adverted to, after addressed the public, asking for pecuniary aid, are not the only ones which address themselves to us stating that the funds of the society were confined to an upon this interesting subject. Our interests, as well as annual subscription from each of its inembers, and a our duties, are deeply concerned in it. The increase of ground rent of fourteen pounds, the donation of John juvenile delinquency has for a long time past occasioned Dickinson, Esq.
the most serious apprehension and regret, wherever inThis lititle band of philanthropists went resolutely to quiry has been made into the state of crime and punishwork, and in the forty years that have elapsed, have ment. From this calamity, we are by no means exempt, persevered unceasingly in their exertions to promote On the 13th of the present month, there were in prison, the humane objects of their association. Their history under conviction, thirty-nine white boys, and twenty; has lately been given to us by Mr. Vaux. It is not too one black, making a total of sixty. Of the intried much to say, that to their labours, under Providence, we boys, we have no account: nor have we any account of are chiefly indebted for an entire revolution in the con- the girls, as they have not been separated from their seduct and management of our prisons: to them, in a nors in vice. The whole number, however, if ascergreat measure, we owe the credit of having been the tained, would by no means ascertain the extent of the first to introduce the penitentiary system, as well as the evil. The repugnance to prosecuting children, even amelioration of our penal code. If the penitentiary bas when they are detected in offence, and the inclination failed of its purpose, from want of accommodation, or of courts and juries to acquit them, out of compassion from other causes, it is to be hoped that the Legislature for their tender years, rather than consign them to the will affard the means of remedying its defects, and of destruction of a prison, leave many at large to pursue giving it a fair and full experiment.
their course of iniquity. The aggregate canpot be conStill, with all its imperfections, our present system of-jectured. It includes a great variety. Among the thirty. fers a striking contrast to that which existed at the pe- nine white boys named in the list from the prison, there
are eleven who are styled by the keeper "good boys," The Right Rev. Dr. White, Bishop of Pennsylvania from which we may understand that there is nothing in their dispositions or habits decidedly vicious. With ter them in the fulness of their stature and strength.care and instruction they would probably be reclaimed, she counsels us to eradicate them by culture beforo and become useful members of society. But what is they have struck too deep into the soil, and in their their condition now, and what are their prospects? place to sow the seeds of wholesonie instruction.Branded with the infamy of a jail- lost to the feeling wherever we succeed, we save a liuman being to soof shame-turned loose upon the world-cut off from ciety, and we disburthen the jail of a permanent tenant. intercourse with the honest part of the community- If, notwithstanding our best exertions, come should be without counsel, aid, or instruction, they are forced into lost
, still we have the
satisfaction of knowing, that but the society of the vicious, and driven to crime for a for those exertions, all would probably have perished. subsistence. They are irretrievably lost, when they To fultil that "obligation of benevolence," which, in Inight have been saved. Rejected by society, excluded the language of the Philadelphia Society for alleviating from honest occupation, with the world in hostility a- the Miseries of Public Prisons, “is not cancelled by the gainst them, they naturally become enemies of the follies and crimes of our fellow creatures,” especially world, and grow into the most desperate offenders. towards those of them whose follies, or even crimes,
An intelligent magistrate of England, in a letter re are the least reprehensible, and to supply that defect in cently published, has some very striking remarks on our criminal institutions which experience has shown to this point. They are entitled to great attention, be- contribute to the increase of crime, rather than to its cause they are founded on actual observation, made in prevention, is the design of the House of Refuge. the course of a long experience. “Early imprisonment, It imposes restraint, for restraint is necessary no les therefore,” he says, "is the great and primary cause for the good of the subject, than for the security of sofrom which crime originates. From this source most of ciety. But it inflicts no punishment; it affixes no badge the evils flow which affect the youthful offender, and at of disgrace; it stamps no degradation; it regards its inthe earliest age lead him into those paths of vice, from mates as unfortunate children, exposed in their weak. which afterwards there is no escape; from which the ness, without support, and bowed down by the storms light of hope is almost excluded, and where the tears of and temptations of life, but capable of being restored repentance are generally disregarded. Whatever may to uprightness by steady treatment and judicious care. have been his first propensities at his first commitment, Upon this simple and humane basis, all the regulations he invariably becomes worse and worse, and leaves his of the House are framed. The general object is, to prison fully instructed in all the mysteries of crime. You impart to the inmates religious and moral instruction; will find the still lingering blush of slame quickly give to form them to useful and orderly habits; to furnish way to the stare of habitually profligate associates; and them with wholesome occupation; and at a suitable age, you will hardly recognise in the familiar boldness of the if they prove themselves worthy, to bind them as apfelon, the distressed and desponding novice in his pro- prentices to some reputable employment, so that they fession. To him to return is as fatal as to proceed; he may be enabled to earn an honest livelihood, and main. is impelled onwards by every impulse which bad exam- tain an honest station in society. ple, bad company, and the scofts of the world have rais- It affords me sincere satisfaction to be able to say, and ed in him; till at last he is driven down the gulf, which to the managers it affords the most confident hope, that has so long yawned to entomb its living victim of des- the plan has proved eminently successful. So long truction.” (Sir Eardly Wilmot's letter.)
ago as in the year 1819, Mr. Hoare, in his examination In the sixth report of the committee of the Prison before a committee of the House of Commons, made Society of London, it is remarked, that “Many hundreds this statement:-"In the different prisons I have visited, of these lads (committed) have either no parents, or the reformation of the boys is generally considered as have been deserted by them. Thus abandoned, they hopeless; in the Refuge we generally succeed. The have made fellowship with others alike friendless, con. classification is not so perfect as I think desirable, but tracted a desire for wandering, and an aversion to re- the funds of the society are very low, and we are oblistraint; they live from day to day by preying on the pro-ged to do the best we can.” perty of others; at night they usually sleep in the open The Warwick county Asylum (an imperfect Refuge, air. Their minds are in a state of the darkest ignorance, it would seem, where boys were generally received only and the grossest vice. They are very frequently brought after conviction, and consequently after the contaminaup before the magistrates for petty offences. They are tion of a prison,) established in 1818, and supported committed for short periods, and when liberated, are solely by voluntary contributions, is stated to have been very soon again in prison. They continue pilfering, of infinite benefit. Out of eighty-one boys, thirty-nine increasing in guilt as they advance in years, until their have been ascertained to have been permanently reformcareer is terminated by transportation or death.” And ed; twenty-one have been since tried at Warwick, and in a note it is stated, that "one boy, but nine years of sixteen remain. Boys, says Sir Eardly Wilmot, have age, who has been under the notice of the committee, occasionally been received into the Asylum without had been eighteen times committed to the different pri- being tried and convicted; and I have it on the best au: sons in the metropolis.”
thority to say that the facility of reform is incalculably It is needless to dwell upon the facts which have been greater with such boys than with convicted felons, stated. They speak a language too plain to be misun- In the London Refuge, and in the Refuge of New derstood, and addressing itself to every thinking mind York, a friend who has accurately examined the state. with irresistible force. Do you desire that crime should inents, informs me that a permanent reform bas been efincrease, that criminals should be multiplied, and be- fected in the proportion of nine out of ten. The cases come more hardened and dangerous? Do you wish that detailed are numerous and interesting, and it is desirable your security from depredation should be every day ren that they should be extensively known, as they present dered more precarious, and the expense of providing a most powerful argument in tavour of the plan. guards for your property and pence, be constantly aug. There is reason to believe that a solution has thus been mented? Are you willing that the generation which is found for a difficult and aflicting problem. The public rising, and of which your own children form a part, security may be reconciled with a just and humane atshould be exposed to the evils that have just been exhi- tention to the circumstances of unfortunate youth. Our bited? You cannot be. The dictates of prudence, as feelings may be spared the dreadful sacrifice of juvewell as the suggestions of charity ard mercy, say, No. nile victims, which existing laws and institutions have While compassion is pleading to the heart for the friend- demanded-prosecutors, magistrates, courts, and juries, less children of poverty and want, wisdom, speaking to may be relieved from the painful struggle between their the understanding, is telling us to beware how we en. duty and their strong inclination—the appalling increase courage or permit the growth of ruffian and lawless of juvenile delinquency be checked—the quantity of propensities, lest, by and by, we should have to encoun-crime be diminished-and the seeds of vice, which are vegetating under an unnatural and cruel culture, in a soil the exhaustion of fuel occasioned by the great increase capable of producing good fruit, be supplanted by the of steam engines. development of that germ of virtue, which, if not de. The first squadron of boats, loaded with coal, arrived stroyed, is sufficient under Providence, to restore in at tide water on the 5th instant. Fifty tons of this coal some degree the likeness in which man was made, and bave been consigned to the Messrs. Townsends, which to lead to present and to future happiness.
will afford our citizens an opportunity of testing its qua, The philanthropist and the statesman may here con- lity. cur. He who desires the welfare of all mankind, and From gentlemen who have recently been through on he who only seeks to arrange the movement of a com- the whole line of the canal, we learn that the work bas munity so as to produce security and peace, will equally been executed in the most permanent manner, and that find his purpose promoted. And even the most rigid in its construction, durability and economy are judiciouseconomist, looking only to the pecuniary cost, (if any ly combined. This canal is 32 to 36 feet wide, upon such there be) will have nothing to object. The ex- the water line, and has 4 feet depth of water. The locks pense of maintaining a refuge, is not greater than the are 76 feet in length between the gates, and 9 feet wide. expense of maintaining a jail. The amount required to the boats are estimated to carry 25 to 30 tons. support its inmates, is less than the cost of an equal From the mouth of the Rondout, where it connects number in prison. And if, enlarging his view, he recol- with the Hudson, to Port Jervis, near the Delaware river, lects, that those who begin their days in a jail
, most is a distance of 59 miles; on this section are 60 lift locks commonly become a burthen for life, subsisted by the 2nd one guard lock, of hammered stone, laid chiefly in public while in, and by plunder when out; whereas the hydraulic cement. There are also one aqueduct over Refuge, working a reform, enables them to support the Neversink river 224 feet in length, upon stone piers themselves, and to contribute something to the general and abutments; one over the Rondout entirely of stone expenses of society; that the one enlarges the sources upon two arches, one of 60 and the other of 50 feet of crime, and swells the streams that flow from it, and chord; and ten others, of various dimensions, upon stone the other seeks to diminish the fountain of iniquity, and piers and abutments
, over lateral streams; 15 culverts dry up its noxious issues; he will be convinced that a of stone, and 93 bridges having stone abutments and just economy walks hand in hand with charity and poli- wing walls. cy.
Port Jervis is less than a mile from Carpenter point, That considerations like these will eventually obtain formed by the junction of the Neversink and Delaware for the Refuge a much larger support from the treasury rivers, and at which point, the states of New York and of the state or the county, we have no doubt. But the New Jersey, corner upon Pennsylvania. Port Jervis present object is to put it into operation, upon a scale affords a view of the territory of three states and also of of usefulness that will be creditable to those with whom the Delaware river and the fertile valley of the Neverit originated. The state and the county have contribu. sink. ted twenty thousand dollars towards the building, and From this point, the line of the canal is carried along have provided a revenue for supporting the establish on the east side of the Delaware, to a point opposite ment of five thousand dollars a year for five years, ma- the mouth of the Lackawaxen river. At this place a king a total of forty-five thousand dollars. Individuals dam has been erected across the Delaware, by means of have given about twelve thousand dollars. Money is which the canal is fed, and boats cross the river. From now wanted, and the managers, having exhausted their McCarty's point, which is formed by the junction of the efforts to proceed as they would wish, with the means Lackawaxen with the Delaware, the canal follows up which have been placed at their disposal, are compelled the valley of the Lackawaxen, 25 miles, to the forks of again to appeal to your enlightened charity.
the Dyberry, at which point the canal terminates, and If at this moment you should see a destitute and help where a thriving village is already established, called less child approaching the brink of a precipice, and Honesdale. know that its ignorant steps would in a few moments
On the Delawar section of 22 miles, there are wooden lead it to destruction, would you not reach forth your locks, and on the Lackawaxen section of 25 miles, are band to save it? Many are on their way to that yawning 37 locks of the same description. These locks are se. monster, a jail, which devours all that is sound and cured by a substantial dry stone wall, and so constructed healthful in their nature, and fills the vacant space with that the wooden lining can be taken out and replaced, corruption. Will you not, from your abundance, give without disturbing the rest of the lock. something to save them from imminent ruin, and your
Honesdale, where the canal terminates, is 16 miles selves from the infliction you must suffer from them, or distant from the coal region. Over this 16 miles, the will you allow the mischief to spread and grow till coal is to be transported upon a rail road, which is al; some other hand shall check it?
ready in great fowardness. The structure of the rail It was said of an eminent heathen sage, that he brought road is of timber, with iron plates securely fastened to philosophy from the clouds, and fixed her abode
among to weigh nearly 366 tons. The railway is to be furnish
the timber rails with screws. The plates are estimated brought by no mortal hands, but freely given to man for ed with 5 stationary and 5 locomotive steam engines his own benefit and guidance. It teaches us that chari. It is estimated that this rail road and its appendages will ty is like uinto the duty enjoined by the first and great transport 540 tons per day, in one direction. The steam commandment."
engines for the rail road were taken up as soon as the canal waa navigable; and it is expected the rail road will
be in operation as early as June next. From the Albany Argus.
The rail road terminates at Carbondale, on the LackaDELAWARE AND HUDSON CANAL.
wana river, where several hundred tons of coal have al
ready been quarried, and transported to the canal by The public seem scarcely aware that a canal, one hun. rail road. dred and six miles in length, commencing at the tide The coal of the Lackawana has been tested, and water near Kingston, and terminating at Honesdale, in proves to be of the first quality for working iron, as Pennsylvania, has been completed since July, 1825; and well as for the ordinary purposes of fuel. As to quanthat this great work has been accomplished principally tity, there can be no reasonable doukt on the subject
. by the enterprise and perseverance of an individual com- A visit to Carbondale, and the coal region in its vicinity, pany: As the channel for conveying coal to the navi- will satisfy any person that the supply is inevbaustible. gable waters of the Hudson, this canal must be regarded and the canal being now completed, and the rail road as an improvement of incalculable importance to the nearly finished, our citizens in the cities and villages pe blic; it not of indispensable necessity, in supplying bordering upon the Hudson may cangratulate themselves upon the facilities offered by this great highway for ob- To all whom these presents shall come, certifies and makes taining an inexhaustible supply of fuel.
That, at an election held in and for the state of PennELECTORAL COLLEGE OF PENNSYLVANIA. sylvania, on Friday, the thirty-first day of October, in
the present year, the following named persons were duWe have received, and take this opportunity of ly elected, and returned to be Electors of President and publishing, “The Minutes of the College of Electors of Vice President of the United States, for the term of the State of Pennsylvania,” for the purpose of exhibit- four years next ensuing the fourth of March in the year
one thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine, agreeably ing the mode of proceeding in that important business to the laws and constitution of the United States, and of Wednesday, December 3, 1828.
the state of Pennsylvania, that is to say: John B. Gibson, This day, agreeably to the provisions of the constitu- William Findlay, Edward King, John Lisle, Jacob Holtion and laws of the Únited States, and of the common. gate, Samuel Humes, Sen. John W. Cunningham, Geo. wealth of Pennsylvania, the Electoral College convened G. Leiper, Henry Sheetz, Adam Ritscher, Havid Hotin the Senate Chamber of the State Capitol, in pursuance tenstein, Peter Frailey, Francis Baird, Henry Winters, of a resolution of the Senate of the commonwealth of William Thompson, Leonard Rupert, Jacob Gearhart, Pennsylvania, of which the following is an extract from George Barnitz, Jacob Heyser, John Harper, John M. their journal:
Snowden, Robert Scott, John Scott, William Piper, VaIN THE SENATE.
lentine Geisy, James Gordon, Henry Allshouse, and December 2, 1828.
James Duncan. Whereas the act of second February, 1802, provides
Given under my hand and the great seal of the that the electors of president and vice president of the
State, at Harrisburg, this third day of December, United States, shall meet at the seat of government on
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hunthe first Wednesdays in December, succeeding the
dred and twenty-eight, and of the commonwealth election.
(By the Governor.) Therefore, having understood, that they are now in
C. BLYTHE, attendance, Resolved by the Senate of the Common.
Secretary of the Commonwealth. wealth of Pennsylvania, that the Electors be, and they (The other two certificate which follow, are verbatim the are hereby invited to convene in the Senate Chamber
same as the foregoing.) in the State Capitol, on to-morrow at ten o'clock.
On motion, Ordered, that the names of the Electors Extract from the Journal,
be called over by the secretary, from the official lists JOHN DE PUI, C. S.
furnished by the executive, to ascertain the absentees,
if any. On motion of Mr. John Scott and Mr. Leiper, Wil. Liam Findlay was unanimously appointed President.
Which having been done, Whereupon, he returned his thanks to the Electoral
It appeared that all the electors were present.
On motion, College for the honour conferred on him, On motion of Mr. King and Mr. Cunningham, Mr; den, were appointed tellers to officiate at the election
Mr. John W. Cunningham, and John M. Snow. John De Pui was appointed Secretary to the Electoral for president and vice president of the United States. College.
On motion of John B. Gibson, and John W. CunningOn motion, Messrs. Scott, William Piper and George ham, the certificates of the election of a President and G. Leiper, were appointed a committee to wait upon Vice President of the United States, required to be the Governor, and inform him that the Electoral College signed by the electors, were read in the words followis duly organized and ready to receive his communica
ing, to wit: tions.
[See hereafter.] Mr. Scott from the committee appointed to wait upon the Governor, and inform that the Electoral College forms of the foregoing lists were adopted.
On motion of John B. Gibson, and Edward King, the was duly organized, and ready to receive his communi
On motion of Mr. Frailey and Mr. King, cations, reported: That they had performed that service, and that the order that their names appear in the official lists furnish
Ordered, That at the election the Electors vote in the Governor informed them he would make his communi- ed by the Executive, and to be called by the president cation by message forth with. .
of the college. Calvin Blythe, Esquire, the secretary of the commonwealth, being introduced, presented a message from the dao to perform the duties enjoined on them having ar
1 he hour appointed by law for the electors on this Governor, accompanied with three certified lists of the
rived, names of the Electors, duly elected by the people, on
Mr. Cunningham and Mr. Snowden took their seats as the 31st day of October last.
tellers, and, on motion, And said message and lists were severally read as fol
Of Mr. Holgate and Mr. King, the electors proceeded low, to wit:
to choose by ballot a President of the United States, and To the Electors of a President and Vice President of the the votes of all the Electors being now taken, the votes United States,
for President were opened, and severally read by the Fellow citizens—The secretary of the commonwealth president of the college, and the votes and the tally will deliver to you herewith, in pursuance of the act of lists corresponding, it appeared that Andrew Jackson congress, in such case made and provided, three lists of had twenty-eight votes. the names of the Electors of a President and Vice Presi.
The President of the College then declared that An. dent of the United States, chosen by the people on Fri- drew Jackson had 28 votes for President of the United day, the thirty-first day of October, in the present year, States. for this state, agreeably to the constitution and laws of The Electors then proceeded to choose by ballot a the United States, and of Pennsylvania.
Vice President of the United States, and the votes of all J. ANDW. SHULZE.
the Electors being now taken, the votes for Vice Presi. Harrisburg, December, 1828.
dent were opened and severally read by the president Pennsylvania, ss.
of the college, and the votes and tally papers corresJ. Andw. Shulze.
ponding, it appeared that John C. Calhoun had 28 In the name and by the authority of the com- votes. monwealth of Pennsylvania.
The President of the College then declared that John [Seal.]
J. ANDW. SHULZE, governor of the said C. Calhoun, had twenty-eight votes. commonwealth,
On motion of Mr. Gibson and Mr. King, the envelopes
containing the lists of votes for President and Vice Pre pointed to take charge and deliver to the President of sident, required to be signed by the Electors, were read, the Senate of the United States, at Washington City, and were in the following words:
the seat of government of the United States, on or be“We, the Electors, duly elected, on the part of the fore the first Wednesday in January next, one of the state of Pennsylvania, to vote for a President and Vice packages containing the list of votes of this Electoral President of the United States, do certify that lists of all College, for a President and Vice President of the the votes given for President and Vice President, are United States. contained herein.
Whereupon a certificate of the appointment of WilDecember 3d, 1828."
liam Findlay was signed, and of which the following is (Of which there are six copies ]
a copy: Triplicate certificates of the election of President of
STATE CAPITOL OF PENNSYLVANIA. the United States, as approved of by the Electoral Col
Electoral College, December 3d, 1828, lege, were then signed by the Electors, of which the We the undersigned electors for a President and Vice following is a copy:
President of the United States on the part of the state of We, the Electors of president and vice president of Pennsylvania, do certify that William Findlay, Esq. ore the United States, being duly elected and appointed on of the electors of the electoral college of Pennsylvania, the part of Pennsylvania, for that purpose by the peo- is bereby appointed to take charge of and deliver to the ple thereof, having met at the state house, in the bo- president of the Senate of the United States at Washingrough of Harrisburg, the seat of government of the said ton City, the seat of government of the United States, state, this third day of December, in the year of our Lord and in case there shall be no president of the Senate at one thousand eight hundred and twenty-eight, and in the seat of government, on the arrival of William Findconformity to the provisions contained ih the constitn- lay, Esq. entrusted with the list of votes of the electotion and laws of the United States, and of the state of ral college, the said William Findlay, Esq.shall deliver Pennsylvania, proceeded by ballot to vote for a presi- into the office of the Secretary of State, on or before dent of the United States, on the part of the state of the first Wednesday in January next, one of the pack. Pennsylvania
ages containing the list of votes of this electoral college Whereupon,
for a President and Vice President of the United States. It appeared that Andrew Jackson had twenty-eight (Signed by all the electors excepting W. Findlay.) votes.
The Secretary then delivered to Mr. William Findlay In testimony whereof we, the said Electors, have his certificate of appointment, and one of the packages
hereunto set our hands and affixed our seals, the containing the list of votes for a “president and viceday and year aforesaid.
president of the United States, directed to the President John B. Gibson, (L. S.) William Thompson,(L.S.) of the Senate of the United States, Washington City, William Findlay, (L. S.) Leonard Rupert, (L. S.) D. C.” Edward King,
(L. S.) Jacob Gearhart, (I.. S.) Mr. William Findlay then gave a receipt therefor, in John Lisle, (L. S.) | George Barnitz, (L. S.) the words following, to wit: Jacob Holgate, (L. S.) Jacob Heyser,
Harrisburg, Dec. 3, 1828. Samuel Humes, (L. S.) John Harper,
Received from the president of the electoral college John W. Cunning- John M. Snowden, (L. S.) of the state of Pennsylvania, certificates of the votes giham,
Robert Scott, (L. S.) ven by them this day, for president and vice-president of George G. Leiper, (L. S.) John Scott, (L. S.) the United States, to be by me delivered to "The PreHenry Sheetz, (L. S.) William Piper, (L. S.) sident of the Senate of the United States, Washington Adam Ritscher, (L. S.) Valentine Geisey, (L. S.) city, D. C.” to whom the same is directed, before the David Hottenstein, (L. S.) James Gordon, (L. S.) first Wednesday of January next. Peter Frailey, (L. S.) | Henry Allshouse, (L. S.)
WM. FINDLAY. Francis Baird, (L. S.) James Duncan, (L. S.) On motion of Mr. Cunningham and Mr. King, Henry Winters, (1.- S.)
One other of the packages, directed to the Hon. Triplicate copies of the election of Vice President, Joseph Hopkinson, Judge of the Eastern District of the as approved of by the Electoral College, were then state of Pennsylvania,” containing the list of votes for signed by the Electors, of which the following is a president and vice-president of the United States, was copy:
ordered to be delivered to John B. Gibson, to deliver (Same as the preceding, excepting that the word the same accordingly, who receipted for the same in the “Vice President' is inserted in the place of 'President.') words following: On motion of Mr. Gibson and Mr. Snowden, Mr.
Harrisburg, Dec. 3, 1828. Cunningham and Mr. Snowden, were appointed a com- Received from the president of the electoral college mittee to examine the certificates of the election of pre- of the state of Pennsylvania, certificates of the votes sident and vice-president of the United States, and the given by them this day, for president and vice-president envelopes, and ascertain whether they were respective of the United States, endorsed “ The President of the ly signed by each elector.
Senate of the United Strtes, Washington city, D. C." After some time, Mr. Cunningham from the commit- and enclosed with this direction: "Hon Joseph Hoptee reported:
kinson, Judge of the Eastern District of the state of That they had carefully examined the certificates and Pennsylvania, Philadelphia," to be by me delivered to envelopes, and that they were all properly signed. the said judge Joseph Hopkinson, within ten days from On motion of Mr. Gibson and Mr. King,
this date. Orderod, that Mr. Cunningham and Mr. Snowden be
JOHN B. GIBSON. a committee to cause the lists and certificates of the On motion of Mr. Gicsey and Mr. King, election for president and vice-president, to be enclosed Mr. James Gordon was appointed to deliver the rewith the proper envelopes, and each package sealed, maining package directed to the president of the senate and directed as required by law.
of the United States, Washington City, District of CoAfter some time,
lumbia, to the postmaster at the seat of government of Mr. Cunningham reported that the committee had this state, carefully examined and enclosed the list and certificates The package was then delivered, and Mr. Gordon reof clection for President and Vice President with the ceipted therefor in the words following, to wit: proper envelopes and sealed and directed each package
Harrisburg, December 3, 1828. as required by law.
Received from the president of the electoral college, On motion of Mr. Cunningham and Mr. Giesey, Wil of the state of Pennsylvania, certificates of the votes by liain Findlay, one of the electors, was unanimously ap. them given this day for president and vice-president of