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ART III. As the weapons of the Christian warfare are being a Papist, and even of a priest and Jesuit in disguise. not carnal but spiritual, the means employed by this and it had been commonly reported that Dr. Tillotson Society for effecting their design shall be exclusively had given into the same opinion, and reported it to his the influence of personal example, of moral suasion, with arguments drawn from the oracles of God, from prejudice. Upon which Mr. Penn wrote to him thus: the existing laws of our country, and appeals to the Worthy Friend, consciences and hearts of men.
Being often told that Dr. Tillotson should suspect me, ART IV. This Branch shall hold its annual meeting at and so report me a Papist, I think a Jesuit, and being such time and place, as the directors may determine, closely pressed, I take the liberty to ask thee, if any when a Board consisting of a President, Vice l'residents, such reflection fell from thee If it did, I am sorry one Recording and Corresponding Secretaries, a Treasurer 1 esteemed ever the first of his robe, should so undeserv. and twenty-four Directors shall be chosen to conductedly stain me, for so I call it: And if the story be false, the business of the Society; three of whom shall consti- I am sorry they should abuse Dr. Tillotson, as well as tute a quorum. In case of the failure of an annual myself, without a cause. I add no more, but that I ab. election, the existing officers shall continue till a new hor two principles in religion, and pity them who own election.
them: The first is, Obedience upon authority without conArt V. It shall be the duty of the Board to meet, at viction; and the other, Destroying them that differ from the call of the President, as often as shall be necessary me for God's sake. Such a religion is without judgment, for the transaction of business, to fill their own vacan-though not withoui teeth. Union is best, if right, else cies; to adopt energetic measures to accomplish the charity. And as Hooker said, “ The time will come, object of the General Union; and to make to this when a few words spoken with meekness, and humility, Branch an annual report of their proceedings.
and love, shall be more acceptable than volumes of conART VI. Any person may become a member of this troversies, which commonly destroy charity, the very Branch by subscribing the Constitution and signing the best part of true religion.” I mean not a charity that following pledge, viz.
can change with all, but can bear all, as I can Dr. Til. We, whose names are undersigned, do hereby ac- lotson, in what he dissents from me; and in this reflecknowledge our obligation to keep the Sabbath accord- tion too, if said, which is not yet believed by ing to the Scriptures; and we pledge onrselves to each Thy true Christian Friend, other, and to the Christian public, to refrain from all se
W. PENN. cular employments on that day, from travelling in steam Charing-cross, 28th of the 11th month, 1685-6. boats, stages, canal boats, or otherwise, except in cases of necessity or mercy, and to aim at discharging the To which Dr. Tillotson returned the following anduties of that sacred day; and also that we will, as cir- swer: cumstances admit, encourage and give a preference to
January 26, 1685. those lines of conveyances whose owners do not employ Honoured Sir The demand of your letter is very just them on the Sabbath.
and reasonable, and the manner of it very kind; thereArt VII. This Constitution shall not be altered, ex- fore, in answer to it be pleased to take the following a cept at an annual meeting, and by a vote of two thirds count. The last time you did the favour to sce me at of the members present.
my house, I did, according to the freedom I always use,
where I profess my friendship, acquaint you with someRobert Ralston, President.
thing I had heard of a correspondence you held with
some at Rome, and particularly with some of the Jesuits Rev. G. R. Livingston } Vice Presidents.
there. At which time you seemed a little surprised; and Nicholas Murray, Recording Secretary. after some general discourse about it, you said you would Thomas Bradford, jr. esq. Cor. Sec’ry.
call upon me some other time, and speak farther of it. Frederick Erringer, Treasurer.
Since that time I never saw you but by accident and in
passsge, where I thought you always declined me; parJames Moore
A. G. Claxton ticularly at Sir William Jones's chamber, which was the Dr. Griffiths
Duncan Gecrge last time I think I saw you. Upon which occasion I J.J. Inglis
Robert Wallace took notice to himn of your strangeness to me, and told Joseph P Engles
Rev. J. L. Dagg him what I thought might be the reason of it and that I Rev. James Patterson
Rev. S. Helfenstein was sorry for it, because I had a particular esteem of G. W. Mentz
Rev. M. Force your parts and temper. Nicholas Murray
Dr. B. R. Rhees The same, I believe, I have said to others; but to Joseph Montgomery
Rev. W. 1. Brantly whom I do not so particularly remember. Since your Rev. John Chambers
John M‘Mullin going to Pennsylvania, I never thought of it, till lately Isaac Wampole
Rev. Peter Wolle being in some company, one of them pressed to declare, J. B. Mitchell
Ambrosa White whether I had not heard something of you, which had Cornelius Stevenson
James Peters. satisfied me that you were a Papist. I answered, No, Interesting and appropriate addresses were delivered by no means. I told him what i had heard, and what i by the Rev. Dr. Green, Thomas Bradford, jr. esq. Res. said to you, and of the strangeness that ensued upon it; Dr. Jane way, Rev. Mr. Dagg, Rev. Mr. Patterson, Rev. but that this never went farther with me, than to make Mr. Livingston, and others. A spirit of harmony and me suspect there was more in that report, which I have exertion pervaded the meeting, which, it is hoped, will heard, than I was at first willing to believe; and if any extend itself through every part of Pennsylvania, and made of it I should look upon them as very injurious do much to rescue the Cbristian Sabbath from profana. both to Mr. Peen and myself. This is the truth of that tion.
matter; and whenever you will please to satisfy me that Robert Ralston, Chairman. my suspicion of the truth of that report I had heard,
was groundless, I will heartily beg your pardon for it. Nicholas Murray S
I do fully concur with you in the abhorrence of the two principles you mention, and your approbation of that
excellent saying of Mr. Hooker's, for which I shall very WM. PENN AND ARCHBISHOP TILLOTSON.
highly esteem him. I have endeavoured to make it one William Penn, for his strict attachment to king James of the governing principles of my life, nerer to abate any 1. and the extraordinary favours received by him from ence from me in opinion; and particularly to those of
thing of humanity or chority to any man, for his diffir. that prince, had drawn upon himself the imputation of your persuasion, as several of them have had experience.
Alexander Henry Secretaries.
I have been ready on all oocasions, to do all offices of all occasions to vindicate you in this matter; and shall kindness, being truly sorry to see them so hardly used; be ready to do it to the person that sent you the enclosand, though I thought them mistaken, yet, in the main, ed, whenever he will please to come to me. I am very I believed them to be very honest. I thank yon for much in the country, but will seek the first opportunity your letter, and have a just esteem of the temper of it, to visit you at Charing-cross, and renew our acquaintance, and rest
in which I took great pleasure. I rest,
Your Faithful Friends
(Penn. Mag. This produced the following letter from Mr. Penn. Worthy Friend,
AUCTIONS. Having a much less opinion of my own memory than of Dr. Tillotson's truth, I will allow the fact, though not numerous and respectable meeting of Merchants
În pursuance of a resolution adopted at a very the jealousy: for besides that I cannot look strange and Traders, held at Clement's Hotel, on the evenwhere I am well used, I have ever treated the name of ning of the 27th ult. a general meeting of merchants Dr. Tillotson with another regard: I might be grave and and others was convened at the District Court full of my own business: I was also then disappointed by the doctor's; but my nature is not harsh, my education room on the evening of the 7th inst. at 8 o'clock. less, and my principles least of all
. It was the opinion Chair, and MATTHEW NEWKirk and David Ell
THOMAS C, ROCKHILL was called to the I had of the doctor's moderation, simplicity and integrity, rather than his parts or post, that always made me
MAKER were appointed Secretaries. set a value upon his friendship; of which, perhaps, I am
The following resolutions were submitted by the a better judge, leaving the latter to men of deep ta- committee chosen at the former meeting, and unani. lents. I blame him nothing. but leave it to his better mously approved off: thoughts, if, in my affair, his jealousy was not too nimble 1st. Resolved, That in the opinion of this meet. for his charity. if he can believe me, I should hardly ing, the existing system of sales by auction is a prevail with myself, to endure the same thought of Dr. great and increasing evil, and highly injurious to Tillotson on the like occasion, and less to speak of it. the interests of every class of citizens throughout For the Roman ccrrespondence I will freely come to the Union. confession. I have not only no such thing with any Je- 2d. Resolved, That a committee, consisting of suit at Rome (though Protestants may have without of the following persons, be appointed on behalf of the fence) but I hold noue with any Jesuit, priest, or regu- citizens
of Philadelphia, to co-operate with our fellar, in the world, of that communion. And that the low citizens elsewhere, in their exertions to correct doctor may see what a novice I am in that business, I the evils of auctions, and to pursue such measures know not one any where. And when all is said, I am a as they may deem advisable for the accomplishCatholic though not a Roman. I have bowels for man- ment of this object, with power to supply any var kind, and dare not deny others what I crave for myself, cancies in their own body, viz: I mean liberty, for the exercise of my religion; thinking Manuel Eyre, faith, piety, and providence, a better security than Matthew L. Bevan,
Furman Leaming, force; and that if truth cannot prevail with her own wea
Robert Toland, pons, all others will fail her. Now, though I am not
Matthew Newkirk, David Ellmaker, obliged to this defence, and that it can be no temporising now in 1686) to make it; yet, that Dr. Tillotson may
R. M. Whitney,
J. J. Borie, Jr.
Aaron Kille, am no Roman Cathol.c; but a Christian whose creed is the A. Tessiere,
William Wurts, Scripture; of the truth of which I hold a nobler evi- Joseph Cabot,
William Rogers, dence, than the best church authority in this world; and Richard Price,
James Fassitt, yet I refuse not to believe the Porter, though I cannot Caleb Cope,
J. M. Vanharlingen, leave the sense to his discretion; and when I should, if Townsend Sharpless, Thos. C. Rockhill. he offends against those plain methods of understanding J. M. Chapron, God hath made us to know things by, and which are in- 3d. Resolved, that a committee of three persons separable from us, I must beg his pardon, as I do the be appointed to prepare a memorial on this impore Doctor's for this length, upon the assurance he hath gi- tant subject to be presented to Congress at their enven me of his doing the like upon better information; suing session. Whereupon Joseph H. Dulles, J. J; which that he may fully have, I recommend to him my Borie and Furman Leaming were appointed on said Address to Protestants, from page 133 to the end; and to committee, who having withdrawn for a short time, the four first chapters of my No Cross no Crown; to say reported a memorial
, which was read and unaninothing of our most unceremonious and unworılly way mously adopted. of worship, and their pompous cult: where, at this time,
4th. Resolved, that the proceedings of this meetI shall leave the business, with all due and sensible ac.
ing be published in the newspapers of this city, afknowledgements to thy friendly temper, and assurances
ter which the meeting adjourned. of the sincere wishes and respects of
T. C, ROCKHILL, Chairman. Thy affectionate and real friend,
MATTHEW NEWELRK, } Secretaries.
David ELLMAKER, Charing-cross, 29th of the 11th month, 1686.
To the Senate and House of Representatives in Congress To which the Docter answered:
assembled. April 29, 1686. The Memorial of the subscribers, citizens of Philadel. Sir,- I am very sorry that the suspicion which I had
phia, entertained concerning yo!l, of which I gave you the Respect fully represent, true account in my former letter, hath occasioned so That the evils resulting from the system of auctions, much trouble and inconvenience to you: and I do now as conducted in this country, are many and aggravatel, declare with great joy, that I am fully satisfied that there and such as the General Government alone can remedy was no just ground for that suspicion, and therefore I and prevent. do heartily beg your pardon for it. And ever since you That the system, by which "licenses to sell to the were pleased to give me that satisfaction, I have taken highest bidder,” are granted to a few persons whose Wealth may purchase the privilege, or whose influence midst of the Great Pine Swamp. There is not, probably with a ruling party may procure it, while all others are in the whole extent of country, south of the lakes, and
prohibited from selling their property in this manner- east of the Allegheny mountains, a place remaining so is an infringement of the liberties of the citizen.
will, secluded and romantic. On Thursday morning, That a system created by local laws, and by means of July the 10th, I mounted my horse at Porter's excellent which the great mass of merchandize is made in the Hoiel, in Wilkesbarre, and directed my way from the course of trade, to pass throug: the hands of a few men, charming valley of Wyoming, through 'Solomon's Gap who thereby acquire great wealth in a skort time—is a to Lowrytown. Attracted by the new merchant mill of monopoly inconsistent with the principles of our govern. Gen. Ross, stopped half an hour to examine it. The ment.
higli perfection attained by Ainerican Millwriglits, in That the profound secresy with which the vender is the construction of machinery for the manufacture of concealed, through the agency of auctions, encourages flour, is a source of admiration and pride. The whole fraud in numberless forms, and the established time be- labour is done by machinery; the wheat carried into the yond which there is no redress, (limited to one day, or loft, thorouglily cleansed, and conveyed to the hopper; at most but three days,) secures generally to the de. the flour, by elevators, returned to the loft, stirred, ceivers the gain of any cheat which may be unde. cooled, bolied, and with little labour packed in the bat. tected in that short period. Fraudulent debtors, under rels ready for market. Pennsylvania abounds in fine cover of this system, securely practice the arts of the mills. Perhaps there is not, in the world, so great a swindler. Stolen property is thus easily and safely con- number, so perfect in machinery as in our state. The verted into ready money; and the temptation has in mill of Gen. Ross is among the noblest, neatest finished, frequent instances led the heedless youth to rob his and best it has been our lot to visit. A sufficient stream employer, and thus raise the means of guilty indulgence. giving him a fall of thirty feet, affords him power, with The smuggler finds this secret system, a ready avenue, two pair of burr, and one pair of country stones, for ex. by which to reap the profits of those frauds which he is tensíve operations. Bergstresser was his millwrightpractising upon the revenue.
a German, distinguished for the neatness, accuracy and That foreign speculators and manufacturers allured by strength of his work, and for some valuable improve. the temptations of auctions, the long credits on duties, ments in the arrangement of the cog.wheels; lessening and frequent success in adventures, have poured their essentially the friction. The cost of the mill was under. Surplus goods into the United States, thereby creating stood to be 13,000 dollars. From Wilkesbarre to Lowry. such fluctuations in trade as to drive from it almost all town, the road passes over rocky monnlains, and deep but those who are under their own peculiar circum- glens of thick pine and hemlock woods. stances.
Two miles from Lowrytown, there is a large opening, That the American importer, being thereby removed apparently of some miles in extent; said to be an old from the trade, the profit arising froni the importing bu- Indian clearing, but is probably the effect of a windfall siness is transferred from the American citizen, and is and repeated fires which have prevented the timber from deducted from the wealth of the nation; and all the pros- growing. Evening was approaching and rabbits innuperous industry which would arise from the diffusion of merable played and sported in my path for a long dis. so great an amount through society, in the employment tance, so tame as scarcely to leave the road as I rode by of mechanics, thc rerting of houses, the consumption of them. At six I arrived at the upper houses in Lowry. the products of the earth, &c. is lost.
town. Fifteen or twenty neat log buildings are erected That the credits on duties designed to encourage the on a piece of fat land on the top of Lehigh mountains; American merchant, when industry, enterprise, and ho- and are occupied by persons who are engaged in getting nesty formed his chief capital, have become a perpetual in logs for the saw mills. The purpose of the settle. fund without interest, in the hands of the foreigner, to ment and works at this place, is to prepare timber for the manifest injury of those for whose benefit they were boats to take coal from Mauch Chunk to Philadelphia. granted.
Having been so directed; I inquired for the habitation That the incessant fuctuations thus created are at of Mr. Irish, superintendant of the works at this place, once injurious to commerce, destructive to public mo- and turning to the right, descended a steep hill into a rals, and ruinous to individuals—the monopolist alone narrow glen; through which Laurel run finds its way to being enriched amid the general calamity.
the Lehigh. The hills rise abruptly more than two hundred That the prices of merchandize are increased, inas- feet high, and it cannot much exceed that distance from much as the profits of the importer and auctioneer, to- the top of one hill to the top of the other. A place so gether with the state duties, are added to the gains of wild and rude is rarely to be found even in the Great the former importer, who still remains a necessary link Swamp, which nature seems to have intended for an in the trade of the country, and must be supported by a eternal solitule. But the enterprise of man has made charge upon his sales. The price is also increased in the even this place lively by lis labour, and pleasant from absence of the competition of many importers, the trade the conviction of the public utility and private prospebeing in the hand of a few foreign agents, by whom in rily springing from the operations here carried on. 'A times of scarcity the most exorbitant profits are realized. road between a row of houses and stables near the creek
Believing that the positions here assumed, can at the leads to two saw mills on the margin of the river. A proper time be clearly proved, and that inferences from stone mill and large store, containing goods to the value them deeply involving the interests of every class of the of more than 10,000 dollars, indi:ate the business trans community are fairly deducible, we appeal to those to acted here. Provisions are brought from Luzerne county whom is entrusted the
welfare of our common country, and notwithstanding the roughness of the road, a brisk and pray that they may take such measures as shall in trade is kept up between this place and Wilkesbarre. their judgment most effectually protect our citizens A wagon going in was taking barrels of mackerel from against the operations of a system, fatal alike to the vir- Lowrytown, the driver saying they could be obtained as tue and prosperity of the community.
cheap by that route as any other.
The accommodations at thc house of Mr. Irish were MAUCH CHUNK.
very comfortable. The chamber and beds were so neat It was in July 1825, when I last visited Mauch Chunk. they would be in the best mansion in the city, a perfect Having heard much of the improvements since made luxury; and if I could give a receipt for the baked Inthere, and especially of the rail-road, I determined to dian pudding we had for dinner, I am sure all good take the opportunity of my journey to Wilkesbarre, again to see this interesting place. Lowrytown, an ap. Receipt.-Scald two quarts of skim milk, stir in ono pendage to the works at Mauch Chunk, is situate 15 pint of Indian meal, or enough to make very thia mush, miles further up the Lehigh river. Its location is in the add a little saltma tipa-cup full of molasses, a great spoon
housewives would thank me for learning them to make destruction in the market place, a large parcel of valu. a dish so simple, economical, and truly excellent. able china, &c. belonging to his deceased wife. He
There are four saw mills at this place, two of them mounted a stall on which he had placed the box of running two saws each, and of the most powerful con. ware; and when the people were gathered around him, struction One set of hands work from 12 at niglie to began to break it piecemeal with a bammer, but was 12 at noon--another, the other 12 hours, so that the interrupted by the populace, who overthrew him and mills run day and night. The mountains of the Lehig his box to the ground, and scrambling for the sacrifice, are high and precipitous. Logs are hauled to the son carried off as much of it as they could get. Several mit and projected in shutes or trouglis to the river. 10 would have purchased the china of him before he atsee the logs descend endwise 700 feet, passing with the tempted to destroy it, but be refused to take any price rapidity of an arrow, plunging into the deep water, for it.
Penn. Gaz. March 25, 1742. throwing aloft a volume of loain and spray-one log fol. lowing another in quick succession, was a sight interesting; I might say, combined with the mountain scenery,
At a celebration of the 4th of July in Meansville, the expanse and depth of forest, the shouts of the woods Bradford county, Pa. the Declaration of Independence men, and the flight of the sacred eagle, was exciting and was read by Colonel Franklin, now about 80 years of sublime.
age, in a strong and impressive manner-after which he The largest pine cut this season, was lying on the delivered, extemporarily, the following short address: mountain briuk. Its size exceeded that of any tree I re- “ Friends and fellow citizens:collect to have seen. There were three logs of seventeen feet each, before it reached the point where it se. who have faced the British cannon, and heard the still
“You see before you a frail remnant of one of those parated into branches or prongs, and froin each prong more appalling yell of the painted savage at the horri three logs were obtained of fifieen feet each, making ble massacre of Wyoming We gained for you the li. nine logs. The butt measured four feet five inches one berty you have enjoyed for more than half a century. In way, and four feet another way-not being exactly all human probability this is the last time our faultering round. A calculation made on the spot, gave 9000 feet tongues will ever tell to you on an anniversary of freeAs the quantity of boari's the tree would produce; so dom the story of our sufferings. May the Almighty that in Philadelphia it would be worth, in sawed lumber more than one hundred dollars. See the effect of her strengthen you with virtue to defend your inheritance man labour, skill and internal navigation. The differ: against foreign invasion, as well as against domestic in ence in the value of this single tree, in the forest and at
trigue and military usurpation. market, speaks powerfully in favor of making the intercommunication between different parts of the country
FREEDOM OF THE PRESS. perfect as possible. Only open a way for the productions “At a Council at Philadelphia, February 1st, 1725, of the soil to market, and for every dollar expended, the Board being informed that Andrew Bradford, the you add twenty to the public sfock of wealth. I counted printer, attended according to order, he was called in with what accuracy I could, the rings from the centre, and examined concerning a late pamphlet entitled, marking the age of the old pine, and found them to be Some remedies proposed for restoring the sunk credit nearly 260, so that it must have commenced its growth of the Province of Pennsylvania.' Whereupon he de. with Shakspeare, about 1560 or 70, and lived in days of clared that he knew nothing of the printing or publish“Good Queen Bess."
ing the said pamphlet; and being reprimanded by the But the horn sounds. The rafts are ahout to set off Governor for publishing a certain paragraph in his newsdown the river for Mauch Chunk. Having sent my horse paper called the American Weekly Mercury, of the 2d through the wilderness path by a boy hired for the pur- of January last, he said it was inserted by his journeypose, precisely at 1 o'clock P. M. we pushed from the men who composed the said paper, without his know. shore at Lowrytown, two rafts being in company. The ledge, and that he was very sorry for it, and for which he lever was moved, the gates of the dam descended, the humbly submitted himself, and asked pardon of the Gowater rushed through the sluice way, and we shot down vernor and the Board; Whereupon the Governor told the steep descent on the foaming billows, not without him, that he must not for the future presume to publish a deeper ducking than was altogether desirable by a any thing relating to or concerning the affairs of this go. mere passenger. When ladies go down, a box is pre. vernment, or the government of any other of his Majes. pared to save them from the waves. On the artificial ty's Colonies, without the permission of the Governor or fresh we floated along finely, sometimes running ahead Secretary of this Province for the time being. And of it, and having to wait for it to come on. The scenery then he was dismissed." along the Lehigh is extremely wild. The hills the whole
Minutes of Council. way rise steeply from the margin of the river several hundred feet and are crowned by forests of mighty pines
LARGE POPLAR. shutting out the sun except at "migh twelve.” Deer are often seen on the banks-bear sometimes and rattle A poplar tree was cut down in Berks county in 1827, snakes are not wrifrequently killed in the eddies swim- near Lewis's ferry. It was 117 feet in height, and 64 ming the river. At the Hatchel.teeth Falls, the fresh from the butt to the first branch, and its greatest cirhaving been dissipated by the distance run, our raft ran cumference 20 feet 7 inches-perfectly sound, and from upon a rock. The hardy raftmen spring in, the water the concentric circles at the end of the trunk, it was es. coming waist high, pashed her off; and went on without timated to be 300 years old. Gave 22 cords of wood. a murmur or an oath. Just at dusk the village of Mauch
Sat. Ev. Post April 7. Chunk and its wonderful works opened to eye.--Vil. Rec. ful of ginger-or a little of any other spice you like. Put
Printed every Saturday morning by William F. Gedit in a tio or earthen pan, and bake it in the oven three hours. It eats well without, but better with a lump of des, No. 59 Locust street, Philadelphia; where, and at butter, and is a luxury superior to rice or custard. the Editor's residence, No. 51 Filbert street, subscrip
tions will be thankfully received. Price five dollars per ANECDOTE OF BENJAMIN LAY.
annum-payable in six months after the commencement On Monday about noon, being in the time of the ge- of publication and annually, thereafter, by subscribers neral meeting of friends, Benjamin Lay, the Pythagorian cynical Christian philosopher, bore a public testi. resident in or near the city—or where there is an agent mony against the vanity of tea drinking, by devoting to other subscribers pay in advance.
DEVOTED TO THE PRESERVATION OF EVERY KIND OF USEFUL IXFORMATION RESPECTING THE STATE.
EDITED BY SAMUEL IIAZARD, NO. 51, FILBERT STREET.
VOL. 11.-NO. 3.
PHILADELPHIA, AUGUST 2, 1828.
The following document is interesting, as exhibiting IV Of depreciation certificates, issued for the depre. the state of the finances of Pennsylvania at the com- ciation of the pay of the Pennsylvania line in the late mencement of the present government in 1790. It will federal army, of the officers of the hospital and medical
department, and of the state navy. serve by comparison with the statements of the present V Of interest notes issued to pay one year's interest period, to mark the rapid progress of the State to its to citizens of Pennsylvania on certificates for cash lent, now flourishing financial condition.
services performed, or supplies for the United States.
VI Of certificates of funded debt, given for debts STATE OF THE FINANCES Of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, till Oct. 1st, 1790. for all demands against the state authorised by law and
due, where there was not money to discharge them, and On the commencement of the present government of equity. this commonwealth, bound in all the engagements of VII of new loan certificates, issued for certificates of the former, and by a fundamental article in our own debts due by the United States to citizens of this state. constitution, as well as in that of the Union, which in. VIII The certificates of depreciation and the funded hibits laws to impair contracts; I beg leave to lay before debt under the foregoing heads bear an annual interest the legislature a state of the debts of the common of six per cent. therefore cut of them arises another wealth, of their engagements for their discharge, whe. debt. ther of principal or interest, the means of discharge, IX Of the pensions allowed by the state. and the present appropriation of the revenues, together X Compensations for servants and apprentices enlist. with an enumeration of such as are not specially appro.ed in the continental army. priated, as the present constitution directs that no mo. Under the second head is included all demands against ney shall be drawn from the Treasury but in consequence the state which arose during the war, and which may be of appropriations made by law.
exhibited before the 1st of January next, together with Of the Debts of the State.
such accounts already settled, as will not be discharged When the arms of Great Britain were raised against in money, the parties being, per act of April 1st 1784, this country, Pennsylvania, then a province, owed few and March 1785, entitled to receive such certificates and debts to individuals. Only two have appeared and been the interest thereof. settled; the amount of both is inconsiderable; one for By act of 21st November 1789, no claim against the £15 for repairing arms in 1773; the other for printing in state for articles or supplies of any kind furnished by 1761 to 1764, £3 15.* She had unredeemed of sun individuals during the late war between the United dry emissions of bills of credit which were struck, part States and the King of Great Britain, not preferred be. thereof for the defence and other purposes of the late fore the 1st of January 1791, will be afterwards admit. province, and part emitted on the faith of the province, ted or allowed by the state. anci lent to certain useful public institutions. The amount There is another species of expense called claims, of the bills unredeemed at the revolution, 1776, were which cannot properly be arranged under the debts of £299633 150, By acts of March 23d, and May 25th, the state, and which is uncertain in its annount, as it de. 1778, the holders of these bills were called upon to de- pends on the grants of the legislature at the time, and liver them up within a limited time, now long since not on accounts adjusted upon fixed principles. The elapsed, and to receive other bills to the same amount sum of £5000 annually is appropriated by act of March in their stead. After the limited time was passed, the 26th and 28th September 1789, and is constituted as a first mentioned bills were declared to be irredeemable fund for this purpose. It may be worthy the considerafor ever. Under these laws a great many were exchan. tion of the legislature, whether such a fund is not likely ged, but there remains unexchanged and escheated to to beget many improper applications, and whether, after the state the sum of £266439 8 3.
the state hath, by an act of limitation, barred even unThe debts due and which have accrued to the state settled claims which would have been legal, such an insince the commencement of her independence, have vitation should continue to be held out. principally been incurred in the late war. They consist, Besides the foregoing debts, there are the following
I of bills of credit emitted for carrying it on, or for cxpenses, viz: paying the interest of debts due for advances, services XI The pay and contingent expenses necessary for and supplies therein, together with £50,000 emitted on the support of government. loan. For pay and expenses of the militia and forces of XII The improvements undertaken for the advantage the state in the service of the United States, either in of the citizens, the advancement of learning, wealth, the federal army in our defence against the British, or and population, in the commonwealth. on the frontiers against the British, and savages; supplies Having thus generally mentioned the debts and ex. for the federal army in men, money, clothing, military penses of the commonwealth, I shall state more particu. stores, provisions, and other purposes.
larly the nature and amount of each, the funds upon II of the grant to the late proprietaries in Pennsyl- which they respectively rest, and the parts of the for. vania.
mer which have been redeemed. III Of certificates issued in 1780, for provisions for I The bills of credit are of the several emissions, fol. the army, per act June 1780, and for horses for the ar- lowing, viz. my.
1st The resolve money emitted in 1775 and 1776, by
sundry resolutions, viz: £35,000 per resolutions of as Certificates of funded debt, as per head II. were is. sembly, June 30th, 1775, for pay of associators in ser. sued for both of these.
vice, and to put the city and province into a state of Vol. 11.-7.