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had been asked a thousand times. Whether the ques- questioned why he did not go and quell the riot there, tion (repeated) came from the child or the man, he was answered as follows--Bless my soul, gentlemen--bless sure to answer them, every one, with an unbroken my soul, wass can I do wid dem. smile, extending from cheek to cheek, (sans teeth) 'White sand for floors, being at the time an important with unwearied patience, idiotic simplicity, and an af. article of consumption, the old Sand Man, for the northfectionate tone of voice. To astonish them, he some- ern part of the city, was looked for the same as the times changed his usual amiable appearance and expres- Milkman. For the amusement of his customers, on sion of countenance, to a hideous frown and an awful being requested so to do, he would send his horse onsquint; his two eyes gazing at each other, and his long ward, the length of the square, then call after him by tongue hissing like the serpent from between his bone- his name, causing the horse, with the load of white sand, less gums, causing the juvenile spectator to shrink away to turn about and come to him—he trolling the song of from the horrid sight, which was but for a moment- White Sand, ho!-a shilling a bush, soft "oder' hard no. then resuming his usual benevolent smiling look, he ney. would say,
" that's the way to frighten the Indians, so Turkey carpets were spoken of, and only to be seen it is.” He claimed as sweethearts, all the fashionable upon the floors of the first families for wealth. Parlour unmarried young belles in the city. He had “fifty hun. foors of very respectable people in business, used to be dred, twenty hundred and sixteen" of them; and when swept and garnished every morning with sand sifted any of them married, he was sure to go the next day through a 'sand sieve,' and sometimes smoothed with a after the wedding, to claim his forfeit, always cheerfully bair broom, into quaint circles and fancy wreaths, agreegiven to him, which was an half crown, and a glass of ably to the genius for drawing possessed by the champunch from the lady's own hand, which, said he, was bermaid. all the same, as though I married her myself.
The Old Loganian Library, a one story brick buildA partially deranged elderly spectre-looking maiden ing, shaped gable end fashion in the front, stood solitary lady, tall and thin, of the Friends persuasion, named and alone, within a post and rail fence on the west side Leah, was somewhat remarkable from the circumstance, of Sixth street, midway between Chestnut and Walnut that she used sometimes to pass the night, wrapped in a streets. Behind the house, and on the grass, the schoblanket, between the graves of the Potter's field, (now lars belonging to the Quaker Academy, in Fourth street, Washington Square,) for the benevolent purpose of used to have the regular “set to." Sometimes in the frightening away "the Doctors.”
grapple, after being brought to the scratch," the folCollector Sharp Delany, in the front part of his family lowing exclamation might frequently be heard by one residence, transacted the whole Custom House business of the combatants—"Dont tear my shirt-tear my skin of the port of Philadelphia, at the south-east corner of -but dont tear my shirt.” Walnut and Second street, at present occupied by the The Northern Liberties, about Camptown and Pegg's Delaware Insurance Company.
Run, used to be in agitation almost every Saturday George Baynton, a native of the city, was without night, by the regular irregular, tavern, rough-and-tumcontroversy, acknowledged to be the most admirable ble smash fighting between the ship-carpenters, from among the fashionable young gentlemen of his day— Kensington, and the butchers from Spring Garden. The being of proper age and height, and of most astonishing public authority not even attempting to hinder them. beauty. "The beautiful Fatima," as described by Lady A Bank Note at this time, signed by Thomas Willing, Wortley Montague, in her letters from Adrianople, and President, and countersigned by a long row of hieroglyGeorge Baynton, should have been brother and sister. phic, perpendicular hair-strokes, only discoverable by Boys and men would turn and gaze after his splendid the close inspection of microscopic power, to be the personal appearance-"many a bright eye fell beneath name of Tench Francis, the Cashier, was a kind of 'Cahis glance," and followed his receding footsteps with viar to the multitude,' and not to be seen, as now-a-days, looks of admiration. Fame had assigned to him all the in the hands of every one. It used to be viewed as a bounties of nature, beyond the reach of art,--and every thing totally different from the continental paper moyouthful manly grace, accompanied by the fascination ney-as something unfathomable and puzzling to the of the serpent, towards the devoted fluttering bird. He brains of people, in its very nature—it being considered deceased in the Fever.
as so much cash in gold and silver, to be had in a moThe uptown and the downtown boys, at this time, used ment. The strength of the paper caused a bet to be to have, according to the streets, their regular night. made, that in its material, it consisted of either silk or battles, with sticks and stones, making the panes of Russia sheeting; and that three of the notes twisted toglass to jingle on the pavement occasionally—but the gether would lift a fifty-six pound weight from the appearance of Old Carlisle and the famous West, the ground. On trial, the notes broke by the weight; a Constable, would scatter them into all the hiding places, convulsive laughter ensued among the crowd. A conpeeping out from hole and corner, when the coast was sternation seized the owner of the notes, whether or no, clear. Those from the south of Chesnut street, were by having torn them, he would be able to recover their frequently headed by one, whose naval exploits, (since amount from the Primitive National Bank. There were that time) in the Mediterranean, and on the Atlantic three banks in the thirteen United States, at the time, ocean, have secured to him imperishable fame. Also by and the banking system was spoken of as a great mystery, his faithful friend, and the ardent admirer of the hero known only to the “great Financier” Robert Morris
, until death-well known since throughout the commu- and the precious few. The nuniber of banks at present nity for his suavity and exquisitely polished manners, distributed throughout the now twenty-four United unequalled by any of his race. Every one knowing bim, States, being three hundred and sixty-five, the great beholding his visage only in his mind. They were the mystery has been proportionably unravelled. Achilles and the Patrocles of the Downtowners.
Persons living towards the Delaware, and speaking of The sign of the Three Jolly Irishmen, a tavern kept the house, No. 322 Market street, (then standing by itat the north-east corner of Race and Water streets, and self) by way of designating the distance, would say whose locality ('twas said) was familiar in places across "away out at Markoe's.” the ocean, used to be notorious throughout the city, as Story books for children consisted in Goody Two a primary resort of the “New Comers,” and at times, Shoes, Giles Gingerbread, Tom Thumb, Peter Pippin, one continued scene and sound of daily riot, and night and Robinson Crusoe abridged, all printed and publishbrawl, making it dangerous to meddle with them, even ed originally in Saint Paul's Church Yard, London, by by course of law. A little old German watchman, who Carrington Bowles, and re-sold here at six-pence. stood in his box hard by, his shoulders bending under The
people being numbered about this time, the pothe pressure of years, and his chin and nose almost in pulation of the city, in round numbers, was said to be contact--on being foolishly applied to one night, and I above 50,000; which act of numbering was supposed by many pious, good people, speaking on the subject, statues of England for the city of London only, thoug! (after it had happened) to be the procuring cause of the abridged, compose a volume. judgment of the Fever" with which the city was af- To justify reasoning by analogy from the instances of terwards afflicted. Even (said they) as was the judg- corporations abroad, in Europe, it must appear that this ment of pestilence upon the Israelites, for numbering country is now in the predicament that Europe was at the people "in David's time." LANG SYNE. the period of their commencement. On examination it
(Amer. Daily Adver. will be found, that there is no one circumstance of simi
litude-anciently they were exemptions from the Several attempts were made to procure an act of in. domination of the feudal barons, who devoured all the
profits of the industrious in the country, and generally corporation for the city before it was accomplished. On gave a degree of legislative power to those who prethe 4th Sept.1783, the following memorial, signed by up-viously had no share in the laws by which they were wards of 1400 citizens opposed to it, was presented to the governed, either personally or representation. As much assembly. It was again revived in 1786; but the act did not munities may be calculated, even at this day, to relieve
as the combination of citizens enjoying corporation imfinally pass until March 1789. To show the grounds of from the weight of monarchical sway, to the same deobjection to having the city incorporated, we publish gree are they contrary to the equal and common liberty the Memorial.
which ought to pervade a republic.
To those who are disposed to profit by the example To the honourable the Representatives of the Freemen of of others, England affords an instructive example of the
the State of Pennsylvania, the petition of divers free- mischievous effects that are experienced from the pracholders and inhabitants of the city and liberties of Phi- tice of incorporating. Their commercial towns have ladelphia humbly sheweth:
Aourished or declined in direct proportion as they have
The That your petitioners conceive it their greatest hap
been freed from or fettered by incorporations. piness that they cannot be affected in their right of per-ed to illiberal purposes, though restricted by statutes,
power of making bye-laws has been constantly pervertsonal security, personal liberty, and private property, but by the laws and regulations of their representatives and frequently corrected by the decisions of Westminin general assembly; this privilege they consider as the ster Hall. Towns previously inconsiderable, left to the characteristic of freemen, the object of the present re- common government of the counties, have grown to an volution, and without which even Pennsylvania would unexpected magnitude; ancient cities, with every adbe no eligible place of residence.
vantage of situation, have dwindled, under the weight The attachment to this mode of government, which corporate powers have been employed, for some time
of their corporations, to absolute insignificance-the reason and reflection first suggested, habit and experi- past, in little else than regulating a city feast, or the paence has enforced and increased; it is therefore with rade of a holyday show, and once in seven years prostithe most unaffected concern that we have observed a tuting their votes to the minion of some court favourbill, published in June last, by order of your honorable ite. house, entitled “An act to incorporate the inhabitants of the city of Philadelphia,” which, if enacted into a law, ment, to the principle of incorporations, they have many
But if your petitioners could be reconciled for a mowould in our apprehension subject us to an aristocratic objections against the published bill, some of the most police, in a manner repugnant to the genious and spirit weighty they beg leave to mention:of our constitution, and to the manifest abridgement of
This bill introduced on the petition, as we find, of a what we estimate as the most invaluable of our rights very few of our fellow inbabitants, proposes to alter the and possessions.
constitutional mode of appointing justices of the peace We beg leave, with all due respect, but with becoming for the city of Philadelphia, without the previous applifreedom, to present to your honourable house our senti- cation of the major part of the freeholders of the same, ments upon a measure that so nearly concerns us in our or of any ward therein, contrary to the express words of most essential interests, and the reasons which induce the thirtieth article of the frame of government, and us to be of opinion, that such a law is unnecessary, in when scarcely a year is wanted till the electors of justices adequate to the design proposed, that the circumstances of the peace will be called to a new exercise of their which gave rise to corporations in Europe do not exist privilege herein. Your petitioners cannot conceive that here, and that the history of the present state of Eng- under the power you possess of granting charters of inland, exemplifies the pernicious consequences which we corporation, and of constituting towns, boroughs and may reasonably expect, should such an institution be es- cities, and counties, you can take away the rights of the tablished.
freeholders in this particular, nor that of the supreme The incorporation is unnecessary, because the legisla- executive branch of its alternative upon their choice, ture, in which several gentlemen from the city are a part, once in seven years. For if this could be, then under will always be possessed of sufficient informations with colour of incorporating any city or county, the council respect to the provisions necessary to be made for the and the people might, with equal facility, be divested convenience and order of the city, the periods of assem- of their right to constitute the sheriff
, as this last officer bling sufficiently frequent to accommodate the laws to is essential to a city corporate, which justices of the any incidental matters, and to vary as situation alters.- peace are not; Westminster, Winchester, Salisbnry, and The eastern states of this continent afford examples of divers other incorporated cities and towns in England, the best regulated towns in the world, who never yet have no justices of peace belonging to the municipal entertained an idea that they suffered inconvenience for body. Lord Holt has observed, that a mayor is not want of an incorporation.
therefore a justice of the peace, this requiring a special An incorporation is equally inadequate to the design grant in the charter. proposed-advert to the statutes of Great Britain-every We object to the large powers of oyer and terminer, incorporated city and borough, while in the full exercise unrestrained to offences not capital, in the proposed of the power of making by-laws, apply to parliament magistracy of the city, denied to the justices of the counfor the establishment of every charge on its citizens, for ties. We wish not the peculiar grant of the public a sanction to every improvement in its police; even in fines and amerciaments in the city court, creating an in. relation to those particulars which are generally deemed vidious distinction seemingly in favour of the citizens, to be the more immediate objects of the circumscribed but payable to a body who would not be accountable legislation of a corporation, paving and lighting the for their public funds. We fear the precedent would be streets, care of the poor, assize of bread, supply of wa- soon productive of similar applications from every counter, and every other business of the same nature. The ty within the state; and we the rather object to this, as any transfer of fines from the common stock of the com- was much superior in elegance and finish to any we have monwealth carries with it a diminution of the constitu- seen made here. tional right of the council, in proper cases, to remit or The Plated Ware of Messrs. Hendricks and Morrison, mitigate such punishments. Although under the for- and the Edge Tools of Mr. Martir. did great credit to mer government, al fines went to the governor's private their skill as mechanics. purse, such a privilege in the late corporation of Phila- And we would indulge the hope that the praise so delphia was much less exceptionable—and we think it justly bestowed on these gentlemen, will prove an instrange that the intended charter, if beneficial to the centive to others of our mechanics to exhibit specimens people, should be confined to the old city bounds, and of their work. not extended to the whole town, and all the vicinity that Before closing our observations on the varied producmay probably hereafter become such--that your petition- tions of our county, exhibited on this occasion, we will ers would be distressed if the income and funds of the notice the specimens of Currant and Grape Wine, parold corporation should be given back again to an aristo- ticularly that offered by Mrs. Eckert. It was excellent cratic common council, who may expend it at their plca of its kind, and a very pleasant and palatable beverage, sure. This estate is now vested in the wardens of the and exhibits in a most favourable point of view her skill city, who apply it strictly, to the amount of two thou- and industry in its production. sand pounds per annum, in easement of our taxes for Your committee have thus attempted to present some the support of a nightly watch and pumps.
idea of the exhibition in a brief and condensed form. For these and many other objections of importance, We are fully aware of the very imperfect manner in upon which we supplicate the honorable house to be which we bave discharged this duty, but we trust the heard, if necessary at the bar of the house by council, board will at once see the impossibility of any one comwe pray that the said bill be totally rejected. And your mittee being able to do justice to every different depetitioners, as in duty bound, will ever pray, &c. partment.
No doubt we have omitted much deserving special Exctroct from the Report to the President and Directors of notice; but the materials furnished us were such that we
the Washington co. (Penn. ). Society, for the promo- can do no better. tion of Agriculture & Domestic Manufactures.
We would suggest to the board the propriety of here (Concluded from p. 301.)
after requiring from each examining committee a full DOMESTIC MANUFACTURED ARTICLES,
and detailed report of the animals or articles coming
under their notice. Let them give praise only where The Cloths, Flannels, Baizes, Carpets, Linens, Bed praise is due. Tickings, Coverlets, Hearth Rugs, Stockings, &c, with Your committee cannot close this report without noseveral beautiful specimens of needle work, were such ticing (and with pride too) the perfectly good order as to call forth the admiration of every one who beheld that prevailed throughout the day. them, and to furnish evidence, (were evidence wanting) Notwithstanding the immense multitude present, not of the industry and taste of the ladies of Washington one instance of disorder, and scarce one of intoxication county. Amongst the great variety of household ma- was observed. All which is submitted, &c. nufactures (about 150 in number) nothing appeared to
GEORGE BAIRD, excite greater attention than the Sewing silk; several
THOMAL M'GIFFIN, pounds of which were exhibited, made by Mrs. Axtel,
S. WORKMAN, Riggs, Bombarger and Quail, and which we have no he
JAMES REED, sitation in pronouncing equal to any imported silk we
JOSEPHI RITNER, have seen. Whilst on this subject we beg leave to state
Committee. that we observed with much pleasure a young lady at
[Am. Farmer, tending our show, from an adjoining county, dressed in most superb silk, of a beautiful mazarine blue color, pro- EXPULSION OF CONGRESS FROM PHILADELduced from worms fed by her own fair hands during the
PIIA. last summer, Your committee would remark that the
Continued from p. 278. cultivation of the silk worm is very simple, and can be introduced among our agricultural pursuits with the A MESSAGE from the President, and the Supreme Exegreatest facility. It is within the reach of almost every
cutive Council, to the General Assembly. farmer. The mulberry grows spontaneously and abun. dantly, and it requires only the labour of children to ma- GENTLEMEN, nage the worms.
We think it our duty, to lay before you an account of No science is necessary; the little girls in New Eng- the late disturbances among the soldiery in this state. land raise them in barns, and produce good silk, and in On the 19th day of June, we received the enclosed large quantities.
letters from Col. Richard Butler, and William Henry, Single counties, not half so large as ours, are now sell- Esq. of Lancaster, and immediately transmitted them ing Sewing Silk to the amount of several thousand dol- by our Delegates to Congress. lars annually. Your committee were also highly grati- In the conference with the committee appointed on fied in viewing a number of beautiful Leghorn and Gimp these letters, some of them proposed the stopping the Bonnets-particularly those made by Miss Ewart and soldiery from Lancaster by a detachment from the miliMiss M'Clelland, the former of whom made upwards of tia, to be instantly called out. We informed the comeighty dollars, and the latter fifty dollars worth of these mittee that Lieutenant Butler, who brought the late disarticles during the last year. Such facts as these speak patches, had represented to us, that the soldiers had bevolumes in favour of our protecting system, and prove haved very regularly upon their march—that they said incontestably that if the unnatural advantage which fu- they were coming to have their accounts settled—that reign competition derives from the political depression they must then be near the town—and that it was very of the labouring classes in Europe, is counterbalanced improbable a sufficient force could be collected in timo by an adequate importing duty, our home industry and to intercept them. skill will be able to manufacture from the products of The case appeared so delicate and difficult, that the our own soil, a sufficient supply of cloths, cottons, silks committee themselves seemed to doubt the propriety of and bonnets, without impoverishing our country to pay opposing the soldiers by force, and compelling them to trans-atlantic artisans.
return; and one of them said, that "in all cases, in which In the class of manufactured articles, we think it but he could not determine precisely what to do, it was a just to the reputation of Mr. Joseph Iluston, as a work- maxim with him, that the better way was to do nothman, to mention that the Cabinet Ware shown by himling.”
On the same day orders were issued from the War We assented to the proposal. About three o'clock, Office, that these soldiers should be received into the the members of Congress left the State House. We barracks, and supplied with rations.
have heard that their President was stopped for a few On Saturday, the 21st of June, a party of thirty armed moments in Chesnut street by some soldiers; but, that soldiers marched from their quarters in the barracks, one of the leading serjeants coming up, apologized for and parading before the State-House, where we were what had happened, reproved the soldiers, and took then met in Council, sent up to us by the Secretary, the them away. following Message in writing:
We continued in Council till four o'clock, when the "May it please your Excellency,
soldiers were on their return to the barracks. “WE, the non-commissioned officers and soldiers now That evening Colonel Hamilton and Mr. Elsworth, of in this city, demand of you, and the honorable Council, a committee of congress, called upon the President, and authority to appoint commissioned officers to command read to him a resolution which had been just passed by us, and redress our grievances, which officers to bave that honorable body. The President then told them, full power to adopt such measures as they may judge he would summon a council to take it into consideration, most likely to procure us justice. You will immediately and to confer with the committee the next morning at issue such authority, and deliver it to us, or otherwise nine o'clock. We met accordingly at the President's we shall instantly let in those injured soldiers upon you, house, on Sunday, June the 22d, and the following resoand abide by the consequence. You have only twenty lution was read to us by the committee. minutes to deliberate upon this important matter. The officers in general have forsaken us, and refuse to take By the United States in Congress assembled, June 21st,
1783. any further command. This we presume you all know. We are, in behalf of ourselves and the men, Yours, Resolved, that the President and Supreme Executive &c. &c."
Council of Pennsylvania be informed, that the authority The immediate object of this message, the terms in of the United States having this day been grossly insultwhich it was expressed, and the further design of the ed, by the disorderly and menacing appearance of a body insurgents to procure sanction for their future proceed- of armed soldiers about the place in which Congress ings, by an anthority to be derived from us, determined were assembled, and the peace of this city being endanus unanimously to resolve, that “the demands contained gered by the mutinous disposition of the said troops now in it should be rejected.”
in the barracks, it is in the opinion of congress necessaIn the mean time a larger number of soldiers in arms ry that effectual measures be immediately taken for supadvanced, had soon joined their companions, making in porting the public authority. the whole a body of about 300 men of the Pennsylvania line, under the direction of serjeants. They paraded Butler, be directed to confer without loss of time with
Resolved, That the committee on a letter from colonel also before the State House, a party of 15 or 20 men the Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania, on took post in the yard, opposite the south windows of the the practicability of carrying the preceding' resolution Council Chamber, and centinels were fixed at the doors
into effect. of the State House, but people still kept continually going out and coming in without being stopped by
The committee then gave us this explanation, as they them.
termed it, of the foregoing resolution—"By effectual We remained in the Council Chamber for more than measures, Congress mean that the militia of the state be an hour after the receipt of the message before mention- immediately called forth, in sufficient force to reduce the ed, and then sent the Secretary to enquire, if that mes- soldiers to obedience, disarm, and put them in the power of sage to the Council was approved by the soldiers in ge
Congress.” neral. He reported to us, that he was answered inso- We observed that this was indeed a matter of great lently by some of the leaders, “it was approved by them, moment, and to obtain the desired effect, without proand that we should soon hear more from them.' ducing unhappy consequences, must be conducted with
While these things passed, most of the members of much prudence--that to call the militia into service, Congress assembled, but not in sufficient number to form without an assurance of a sufficient force being immea Congress. That honourable body stood adjourned diately collected, would be an act of irritation that might from Friday till the following Monday, Saturday being provoke the soldiery to excesses, which they otherwise a day of usual recess; but upon the alarm, the members might decline-that we would take immediate steps, by were specially summoned by their President to meet, consulting the colonels of the regiments of militia, for and at the place to which the soldiers were moving.– discovering the disposition of the militia, and the state For what purpose they were so summoned, we have of preparation in which they were; in order to ascertain not been informed.
the practicability of adopting the "effectual measures" To these gentlemen the President of this Board went, recommended by congress, in such a manner as would and communicated the message of the soldiery, and the give a reasonable expectation of success that the state resolution of Council. He then returned to the Coun- magazine was in the hands of the soldiers, and the comcil Chamber. No farther measure was decided upon missary of military stores had but a very inconsiderable till Major General St. Clair came up, and expressed his quantity of fixed ammunition in his possession—that difhopes that the soldiers might be prevailed upon to re- ficulties might arise from the militia law itself.--that in turn peaceably to their quarters, if Council would con- the present situation of affairs, delay was of the greatsent to a conference with a committee of either commis est advantage to us, as the soldiers were ready to actsioned or deranged officers, to be appointed by them, that they had put themselves in a train of negotiation, on the state of their affairs. The President of this which, if properly improved by us, might afford us opBoard again went to the Congress room, and asked the portunity to prepare every thing for reducing them, and President of Congress, in the presence of several other to avail ourselves of every circumstance that might ocmembers, if it was agreeable to them that Council should cur for making proper impressions upon their mindshold the conference proposed through General St. Clair. that this was not so much to be considered as an insurHe was answered by the President, that they most rection of citizens of Pennsylvania, as a mutiny of concheerfully agreed to Council's holding such conference; tinental troops--that if the rest of the army, or a suffifor that he, and the members of congress, had empow- cient part of them, could be relied on, it appeared to us ered Gen. St. Clair to settle the matter with the soldiers, in such manner as he should judge most proper."* the members can recollect, addressed by the President
in these words "Sir, you are empowered by the memSeveral members of Congress say, that Gen. St.bers of congress here present, to go among the soldiers, Clair was called into the Congress room, and, as well as and take such measures as you shall judge most proper.? advisable, that intelligence of this disturbance should be The next morning, Monday, June 23d, we met in the immediately dispatched to the commander-in-chief, and council chamber, and the President laid before council a body of men put in motion towards this city--that this the following letter: measure might in a few days have a very favourable ef
Philadelphia, June 23, 1783. fect upon the soldiers, or, if they should take any reso- “SIR, lution from despair, on receiving notice of it, we should “We have the honor to inclose for your Excellency then be in a better condition to resist their outrages-- and the Council, a copy of the resolutions communicaand that we would immediately make every effort in our ted in our conference yesterday. Having then fully enpower to answer the wishes of congress.
tered into all the explanations which were necessary on The committee replied, that there was great weight the subject, we shall not trouble your Excellency with in those observations—that prudence required that a recapitulation. But as the subject is of a delicate and means should be used for ascertaining the temper of the important nature, we think it our duty to request the citizens, and what degree of assurance might be placed determination of the council in writing. We have the in their exertions—that this should be done with pro-honor to be, with perfect respect, found secrecy, to prevent the soldiery from discovering
Your Excellency's most obedient servants, what was in agitation—that if, upon making all the en.
A. HAMILTON." quiry which might be consistent with the secrecy with which this business should be conducted, council should
After considering this letter, and agreeing to a resonot think it practicable to draw forth an adequate force lution upon it, the committee came in. We began the immediately, it would be more advisable, and entirely conference by saying, that we had used all the industry the sense of congress, that none should be drawn forth; we could the preceding day and that morning, to inform for congress were determined to proceed by coercion, ourselves as to the practicability of collecting a sufficient and expected soon to have a force that could be depend force immediately to carry the resolutions of Congress ed on-that the army might be relied on, and that prop into execution in the best manner; and that all the comer representations had been made to the commander in manding officers of regiments, except one, had been chief-that as to the want of ammunition, we might be consulted by us on the subject-that the result of our assured, that we could be supplied with any quantity of inquiries on the subject was
, that the citizens were immusket and cannon cartridge in fifteen minutes, one of pressed with an opinion of the pacific disposition of the the committee having pointed his enquiries to that sub- soldiery in the barracks, and that they would be satisject, and his information being derived from a person fied with wbat was just and reasonable that the officers whose business it vas to know. We then desired that also declared that it would be very imprudent to call the ammunition mentioned by the committee might be them into immediate action, under these impressions, secured, lest it might be discovered and seized by the and in such a situation. soldiers. The committee agreed to confer with us again
We desired the committee would be pleased to connext morning, and then withdrew.*
sider the difficulties under which we laboured, in collectAfter the committee had withdrawn, we Resolved, ing and employing a sufficient body of men upon such That every member of council should use the utmost an occasion, and that time might be allowed for comdiligence to inform himself, as to the practicability of municating the proper information, and urging the procollecting a sufficient force immediately to carry the re- per mutives, to bring the minds of our fellow citizens solution of congress into execution, and that the com
into a correspondence with the views of Congress, and manding officers of regiments, and captain Morris
, of for preparing them to act—that to make an attempt tog the light horse, should be consulted on the subject.
hastily, for the purpose of executing their resolution, op The committee of congress, in their report, have to give assurances that it would be executed, without a . fallen into several mistakes by confounding facts and would, instead of evidencing our respect for Congress,
reasonable persuasion that we should not be mistaken, sentiments, and representing them as happening or ex. be to betray them--that therefore we should confide in pressed at times when they had not happened, or were the candour of the committee, and in the magnanimity of not expressed. These mistakes were owing no doubt Congress, to put a just construction upon our conduct to the quick succession of circumstances, and the ideas --that the soldiers had bebaved very peaceably since that, without noticing dates, in consequence took pos- Saturday, had appointed their committee to confer with session of the mind. The obvious construction of the first report is, that had been induced to commence, with the concurrence of
us, and seemed to rely upon the negotiation which they the committee informed council of the letter to congress the President and the members of Congress themselves, who from the board of serjeants, though not a single mem- had sent General St. Clair to treat with them, and ber of council, nor the secretary, has any remembrance which we had agreed to proceed in with the approbation of its being mentioned by them, nor does any member of council now know what that message was.
The argument annexed to it in the report is no more recollect- compulsory means for redress, and menacing them with ed.
death in case of their failing to execute their views." The committee say, that council informed them "the The conference, in which the committee say they exertions of the militia were not to be expected from a made this representation, was held according to their repetition of the insults which had happened." Though own report on the twenty third of June. It began at 10 the council only said, they could not be sure that such o'clock in the morning. The commission from the muanother insult would produce those exertions.
tineers to the officers bears date, and was presented to In short, to show the extreme inaccuracy with which the officers on that day, about 8 o'clock in the morning. these reports, to be entered upon the minutes of con. It is highly improbable that the committee should have gress, and preserved among the archives of the empire, discovered its contents, in the two hours that intervened have been composed, it is necessary only to attend to between its being presented, and their meeting the counthat part where the committee say, they represented to cil; and the improbability is increased by this circumcouncil "that congress would probably continue to pur-stance, that not a member who was in council knew any sue the object of having the soldiers in their power, un- thing of the commission, nor remembers to have heard less it should be superceded by unequivocal demonstra- a single syllable respecting it mentioned by the committions of submission on the part of the mutineers—that tee during the whole conference The first knowledge they had hitherto given no satisfactory evidence of this council had of the commission was on the twenty-fourth, disposition, having lately presented the officers they had when they received the letter from captain Chrystie, and chosen to represent their grievances with a formal com- that same day they sent a copy of it to congress by their mission in writing, enjoining them if necessary to use secretary.