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tensively now, than they were four years ago. New rives when it will be proper to draw the water from the iron works have been erected in Centre and Huntingdon summit, for the purpose of making some additions to this counties. We think it fair to estimate the Coal, Pig part of the work. Metal and Bar Iron that descended the Susquehanna last The resources which are within reach, and which the spring as the double of what descended in the year 1824. board rely upon to prevent the future interruption of The lumber trade has also very considerably increased, the navigation, are,and there is no doubt that this has likewise been the case 1. The formation of a new reservoir, of vast capacity, with four, wheat, clover-seed, whiskey and pork. in the bed of the Swatara. This work is now under
Of the producers of flour, wheat, clover seed, and contract, and while will be a reservation of water, pork, and manufacturers of iron and whiskey, many are which can be raised to the summit in a dry season, will, their own carriers, and rely upon the Spring Freshet for at the same time, be an extension of the navigation to conveying the above articles to market, the return for within four miles of extensive coal mines. It will be which is indispensable to meet their engagements at constructed in the manner recommended and described home. There are a great number of extensive dealers by Canvass White, Esq. in the above articles, who reside on the north and west 2. Sheathing and raising the sides of the summit, so branches, and to whom a conveyance of their produce as to give a perpendicular depth of five feet four inches, to market in the spring is also indispensable to meet which will produce an extra quantity of 700 locks full their engagements. The situation of those employed upon the summit
, where alone a scarcity is to be apprein getting out Coal and preparing lumber for market is hended, and which may be used in times of drought, as precisely similar.
the depth may be decreased from five feet four inches, Now, we are informed, that the Shamokin Dam can- / to 3 feet 4 inches, without interrupting the navigation. not be passed but at imminent risk by arks and keel bot- 3. l'he formation of three new feeders on the easttom boats, and can only be passed with the greatest dif- ern section, and raising Hammaker's dam three feet ficulty by rafts. Our informant mentioned that some eight inches on the western section, which are now rafts of lumber, for the bridge at the mouth of the Ju- completed, and will furnish a sufficiency of water on niata, passed through the sluice of the Shamokio Dam those levels below the summit heretofore defective. a few days ago, but were so shattered by the roughness 4. The stoppage of such leaks as could not be discoof the course, that they were obliged to ruft over, that vered without filling the canal, and which could not is, to take their rafts apart and put them together anew, heretofore be stopped without interrupting the trade. before they proceeded any further with them. The In addition to the expedients above enumerated, the slaice of the dam at the mouth of the Juniata is suffi-board rely upon a great saving of water hereafter, from ciently rough, even for the descent of rafts, and expe- the experience which has been acquired by the lockrienced watermen say that loaded keel bottomed boats' tenders, in passing the boats through the locks. cannot ascend it-but must sink.
Among the interesting results of the first year's exIf our information should turn out to be correct, heavy perience, the board will enumerate the following: losses must be sustained by the up river people next 1. Upwards of 18,000 tons have passed through thc spring:- Harr. Chronicle.
canal since the last spring, although the boats at the
commencement were only seventeen in number, and the ANNUAL REPORT,
outlet locks on the Susquehanna were not finished, of the President and Managers of the Union Canal which occasioned a short portage throughout the entire
Company of Pennsylvania, to the Stockholders. season, between the river and the canal.
2. In consequence of the demonstrations of the trade The period having arrived when the Board of mana- which seeks the canal, about one hundred and fifty gers of the Union Canal Company are required to inake boats have been built by private enterprise, and are reaan Annual Report, they feel a high gratification in being dy for the spring business, and the outlet locks on the able to state, that the general result of the first year's Susquehanna are now finished. experience, has been such as to give an increased con- 3. Although the obstacle of a portage at the west end fidence in the practical utility of the Union Canal. It is of the canal was encountered, and but few boats were destined to le not only the great connecting link be ready in the brisk part of the season, and a large portween the Susquehannah and the Schuylkill, but it tion of trade had ascended the Susquehanna before the will realize the most sanguine expectations, both as it canal was opened, yet, the tolls actually received, regards its influence upon the trade of the city, and amount to upwards of 15,000 dollars, and in addition, the prosperity of the interior, as well as its profitable about 11,000 dollars have been paid by the Union Canat ness to the individual Stockholders.
boats to the Schuylkill Navigation Company, making a By a reference to the last Annual Report, it will be total of 26,000 dollars, derived from this means of interseen, that the board where then engaged planking course with the Susquehanna. the summit to the extent of six miles. In the progress
. 4. The doubts entertained by some persons, whether of this arduons operation, 1,712,638 feet of boards and an adequate supply of water for the summit can be raised plank, and 232,000 running feet of timber were used. by a mechanical power, have been put to rest, and a It was commenced on the 6th of Angust, and was com- full demonstration made, that the locks which appear pleted on the 20th of December, making a period of small to the eye, can pass with the greatest facility boats four months and fourteen days. On the 28th of Decem- of 25 tons. ber, a cargo of 20 tons of Susquehannah coal passed In addition to the beneficial results above enumerated through the entire Canal, to the port opposite Reading the board will remark, that the opening of a new marThe rapid and effectual manner with which the plank ket by means of the Union Canal, to a portion of the ining was executed, the board ascribe to the talents and habitants of the interior, has enabled them to receive persevering industry of William Lehman, the resident their plaister, and other articles, at a cheaper rate, has engineer. With the opening of the spring, the canal given them better prices for all their productions, and was ready for use, and continued in operation, with a has convinced them that Philadelphia can best supply few short interruptions, until late in August, when an their wants, and is, at the same time, tKe best purchaser unusual drought, fogether with the great consumption of their commodities. of water wbich invariably attends the first year's trial of A statement of the articles which have passed through all new canals, interrupted the navigation for about a the canal since April last, is annexed to this report. month, when it was restored for a few days, and again The treasurer's account, showing the sum of 11,942 interrupted, from the same causes, for another month. dollars 67 cents, to be the balance of cash in his hands
The canal is now again in full operatiow, and no doubt on the 1st instant, is here with transmitted. is entertained of its continuing so, until the period ar- In the progress of the work, during the two last years, the board found it necessary to make temporary loans, the timber part of the waste wear, and protected on the from individuals and institutions, to liquidate which, face by sloping stone walls. Sluice gates are to be prothey advertised for a further kan of 300,000 dollars, in vided, for drawing off the water as may be required. July last, which was subscribed for at a premium of four The wood part of the dam may be considered objecper cent.
tionable, on account of its being exposed to the weather Since the last report damages to the extent of 6,603 when drawn down, and thereby subject to decay. This dollars 87 cents have been paid.
difficulty will be remedied in the peculiar construction In conclusion, the Board will remark, that it is con. of the dam, by keeping the timber constantly wet, by a fidently believed, that the State Canal, which is an ex- supply of water taken from Trout run, which can easily tension of the Union Canal, and a source of pride to all, be brought to the point for that purpose. By this ar. will be opened in the course of next summer, from Lew- rangement, no danger need be apprehended from a fail-, istown, on the Juniata, and from Northumberland, at ure of the dam, occasioned by the decay of the timber the confluence of the west and north branches of the work, for, in addition to the protection by the water Susquehanna. These are but parts of the glorious works from Trout run, the reservoir will be replenished by of Pennsylvania; but these parts alone, without further every considerable rain, and causc the water to flow aid, will increase the tolls of the stockholders of the over the top. Union Canal and the Schuylkill Navigation Company, The valley of the Swatara, has been recently re-surwill augment the trade and wealth of Philadelphia, and veyed, and examined; the land is found to be of an infewill develope the riches of a large portion of our beau- rior quality for agricultural purposes, altheugh considertiful country. All of which is respectfully submitted. ably improved. A new stone grist mill and saw mill, a By order of the Board of Managers.
distillery, several dwelling-houses and barns, and abont SAMUEL MIFFLIN, President. 720 acres of land, will be inundated. Philadelphia, November 18, 1828.
The dam will set the water back above the mouth of The whole amount of tonnage which passed this Ca- Fishing creek, and make a pool above six miles in nal, from the 17th of March 1828, to the 1st of Novem- length, perfecting so much of the navigation of the ber, was 18,124 tons, as follows:
Swatara towards the coal mines. This part of the naviTons. Cut.
gation can be so arranged as to be drawn down about 4204 4 Fish, salt and merchandise.
ten feet, without interrupting the passage of boats. 4167 17 Lumber.
Some land at the head of the pond, would be left exo 395 1 Shingles and staves.
posed to the action of the sun, at such times as the wa3511 13 Gypsum.
ter should be drawn down, and perhaps might be pre354 4 Iron.
judicial to the health of the inhabitants residing along 3619 17 Cloverseed, bricks, leather, cement, butter, its borders; this, however, may be effectually avoided, lard, limestone, flaxseed, soap and nuts.
by constructing another dam and embankments at a pro 1625 19 Flour, wbeat, rye and whiskey.
per point, of sufficient elevation to prevent the bottom 245 5 Coal.
land from being uncovered with water, thereby doing
away all possible objection to any unhealthy effects of 18124
the reservoir; for no injurious miasmata will be geneUpwards of 762 tons have passed since Nov. 1. rated, if the land is kept constantly under water of some
depth. The timber and brush should be carefully reTo the President and Managers of the Union Canal moved throughout the whole of the pond, and a towing Company of Philadelphia,
path constructed along the bank. Gentlemen--When the plan was proposed, (and A public road will probably be opened along the east adopted by the Board,) to supply the summit level of bank of the pond, which will make a better and more the Union Canal from the Swatara, by means of hydraulic direct route from the dam to Pine Grove, than the canal power, we then calculated that an adequate supply of now travelled. A new road will be required from the water could be obtained, by constructing reservoirs in damn, to pass around the bay, occasioned by the ravine the mountainous country above the head of the feeders, of Trout run. in case the Swatara should be diminished by excessive The expense of the work connected with the reserdroughts below what would be required for the naviga- voir, will depend in a great measure on the season and tion, which was proved to be the case this season. the facility of getting the necessary quantity of timber
Experience having demonstrated the necessity of pro- and plank delivered et the damn; it has been estimated curing a further supply of water, it now becomes neces- at thirty thousand dollars, makieg due allowance for unsary to resort to the measure which has been in contem- favourable weather and other contingencies. I should plation for some time, but deferred on account of not in- recommend, that measures be taken to execute the volving the stockholders in unnecessary expenses; for work as speedily as circumstances will permit. had the Swatara continued to furnish the quantity of The reservoir, when filled, will contain a supply for water found to flow in at the time the water-works six months, equal to the present demand, which in aif were projected, no further provision would have been probability, is more than will be required at any futurs necessary.
period, The country has heretofore been examined, for the All which is respectfully submitted. purpose of ascertaining the practicability of construct.
CANVASS WHITE, Engineer. ing a reservoir, if it should be required. The gap in the October 27th, 1828. Blue Mountain, was found to present a favourable site for the location of a dam, and has now been fixed upon
CORRECTIONS. for that object, as the ravine throngh which the Swatara passes at that point, is but about 430 feet wide, with Our readers are desired to correct a typographical errocky banks.
ror which escaped us in our last number, on page 292; The height of the dam is fixed at 40 feet, 200 feet in 5th line from the bottom of the first column, 3000 miles length, and is to constructed of timber in the form of crib-work, filled with stone and covered with pine plank. are printed instead of 300. One abutment of the dam will be the solid rock of the Mr. Lukens, whose marriage we announced last week, shore, the other abutment, at the end of the 200 feet of in an advertisement, denies the several relationships dam; to be of stone, laid in hydraulic cement, and raised there stated as existing, between himself and his wife, to the necessary height. The remaining part of the dam to fill the ravine, is to be constructed by raising a and says that, his wifes mother is only niece to a former mound of earth, about ten feet higher than the top of wife.
DEVOTED TO THE PRESERVATION OF EVERY KIND OF USEFUL INFORMATION RESPECTING THE STATE
EDITED BY SAMUEL HAZARD.
VOL. II.-NO. 21.
PHILADELPHIA, DEC. 6, 1828.
5,280 ft. From the Committee on Inland Navigation, on the Dela
4 ware & Raritan Canal, read February 21, 1825.
Seconds, 3,600 )21,120( 6 ft. pr. second, nearly. Mr. LEHMAN, from the committee on inland navigation,
21,600 to whom was referred a communication from the Governor of New Jersey, relative to the contemplated canal
120 ft. area of opening.
6 from the Delaware to the Raritan river, made
720 cub. feet in one sec. That the legislature of New Jersey, by an act passed
60 December 30th, 1824, incorporated a company, who are authorised to make a canal from the Delaware to the
43,200 do. in one inin. Raritan, and to supply the canal with water from the riv
60 er Delaware, by means of a navigable feeder, not to be less than 30 feet wide and 4 feet deep, to be located near
2,592,000 do. in 1 hour. the bank of the Delaware, and to be about 25 miles in
24 length; provided that the consent of the legislature of Pennsylvania should be previously obtained.
10368000 An application is now formally made by the Governor
5184000 of the state of New Jersey, for the concurrence of Pennsylvania, in the proposed plan of improvement.
62208000 do. in 24 hours. The committee decm it superfluous to dilate upon the general utility of canal navigation, as a salutary spi- Lock chamber, 15 by 80, and 8 ft. lift. rit in its favour now pervades every portion of the coun:
15 try; nor do they conceive it necessary to seek for convincing arguments, to show that a canal from the tide of
400 the Delaware, to the tide of the Raritan, deserves the
80 countenance of Pennsylvania. It is universally conceded that its completion is demanded by a liberal and en
1,200 lightened policy. It will "a great national artery,"
8 forming an important section of an interior water communication, destined to be the greatest on the globe, as
9,600 cub. ft. per lock. it will extend from Maine to Florida, and penetrate to
1 lock and for 1 boat, the shores of the western and northern lakes, and be.
if the locks are sefore the lapse of many years, through the heart of Penn
parated 600 feet. sylvania to the Ohio, and from thence to the Mississippi,
9,600 and the Gulf of Mexico.
4,800 The wisdom of the legislature of our sister state, who has the sovereignty of the soil over which the canal will
14,400 pass, has decided upon the practicability, and prescribed
100 boats in 24 hrs. may the manner of its construction: but as a part of the De
(pass. laware is required for a supply of water, and as this river
1,440,000 cubic feet of water for is subject, in part, to the jurisdiction of Pennsylvania,
lockage. and the free use of all its waters, is of high importance The river yields in 24 hours at the to her best interests, it becomes the duty of the legisla- lowest times,
62,208,000 cub. ft. ture to consider the project in all its bearings; and the Cubic feet of water necessary to chief point appears to be, the extent to which the navi- pass 100 boats in 24 hours, 1,440,000 gation may be injured, and whether the advantages which are likely to accrue to our own state and to the
60,768,000 nation, will not more than counterbalance the injury.
In regard to the probable effect upon the rise of the By this result, it appears that not more than one fornatural channel of the river, the committee think it prop- tieth part of the water of the river will be required to er to submit the opinions of some eminent engineers, as feed the Delaware and Raritan canal. furnishing the best lights for the guidance of the legisla
WM. STRICKLAND. ture. The opinions are here stated at length, as forming Philadelphia, Jan. 27th, 1825. a part of the explanations upon this interesting subject alluded to by the Governor of New Jersey, in his letter
Philadelphia, January 28, 1825. to the Governor of Pennsylvania.
Sir, “The amount of water in the river Delaware, at the Your letter of the 24th inst. enclosing a paper from junction of the Lehigh, as estimated by Mr. White, in Mr. Strickland, was received this morning, in giving the dry season or lowest stage of the river, would pass my opinion rclative to the queries you have done me the through an opening 40 feet in width, by 3 feet in height, honor to propose, I must rely principally on the stateat the rate of 4 miles per hour.
ments in Mr. Strickland's letter, relative to the quantity Vol. II,
of water afforded by the Delaware river, during its low. Easton-and we have no other way of coming at results, est stage, as also the quan:ity required for lockage in but by comparison with our experience upon the Mothe contemplated canal. The deduction of Mr. S. viz. hawk river." "that not more than one fortieth part of the water of the From our observations of a comparison between the river will be required to feed the Delaware and Raritan waters of the Delaware and the Mohawk, at and below canal,” is no doubt correct so far as it relates to the quan- Schenectady, we come to the conclusion, that they are tity required for lockage. But the deduction ought, 1 as 4 to 3 in favour of the Delaware. conceive, to embrace the expense of water by evapora- At a point 4 miles below Schenectady, in 1823 in the tion, leakage and absorption, on that portion of the cả- 1 month of August, we attempted to fill the canal about nal depending exclusively on the Delaware for its sup- 20 miles, when the banks were new and very leaky, and ply of water. On the supposition that the portion thus for that purpose we took the water from the river, at the to be supplied, embraces an extent of twenty five miles, place above designated. Much speculation existed I would accordingly substitute the following estimate among mill owners on the river, 15 miles below the and deduction, instead of that alluded to, viz.
point where we took water out. After the most criti. “The river yields in 24 hours, at the lowest
cal and particular examination, there are none of the time,”
mill owners, who pretended any variation in the water
of the river exceeding half an inch, and some think bo "Cubic feet of water necessary to pass 100
variation was perceivable. boats in 24 hours,'
From this data the result can be applied to the Dela
ware river, and the conclusion is, that at no time can the Expense by evaporation, leakage, &c. on 25 miles of canal, in 24 hours,
waters of the Delaware river be seriously or injuriously
affected, by taking a sufficient quantity of water out of Total expense of water in cubic feet, daily, 5,040,000 canal, as the quantity taken can never exceed a fiftieta
the river, to supply the proposed Delaware and Raritan llence it appears that about one twelfth part of the part of the volume passing in the river in its lowest water afforded by the riter, in its lowest stage, will be state. required to supply the contemplated canal.
We are, dear sir, very respectfully, your obedient sciI have the honor to be, Sir,
vants, Very respectfully,
BENJAMIN WRIGHT, Your most ob’dt, servant,
CANVASS WHITE. S. II. LONG, Maj. U.S. Engineers. F. S. BAILEY, Esq. floyd S. Bailey, Esq. l'hiladelphia. Troy, Jan. 29th, 1825.
Trenton, February 1, 1825. Flord S. BAILEY, Esq.
Dear Sir I received yours of 26th ult. A press of Dear Sir,
business has prevented my attending to your request as Yours of the 24th, from Philadelphia, came safe to soon as I otherwise should have done. hand this day. I have not time nor data to answer your The report of the committee on the subject of the Dequeries, but presume I can give such information as will laware and Raritan canal, appendix B, (a copy of which be satisfactory. The Erie canal from Alexander's bridge i berewith transmit,) contains so much of the results of to Albany, was filled from the Mohawk, in the fall of my level of the Delaware, as was deemed necessary for 1822, the length of this part of the canal is about 25 the purpose of ascertaining the practicability of obtaining miles, and bas 24 locks, from 7 to 11 feet lift, the canal a feeder from that source. Have not, as yet, inade ady being new, required much more water than after being inap or profile of the river or level. There has been no a short time in operation. No diminution in the river survey or level made with a view to ascertain the most was perceptible at the point where the water was taken practicable roiste for the feeder. I can only say, geneout. A mill owner, located about the middle of the rally, (not however, professing to any practical science canal, made particular observations at this time on his on the subject, that excepting the rocky base of the mill pond, he thinks that his pond was lowered about mountain extending along part of Wells' falls, say half balf an inch when the water was first let into the canal, a mile, the route will be very favourable. The most elibut is not positive that the quantity of water taken from gible place for taking out the water, I conceive will be the Mohawk has made any perceptible difference in the at the end of Howell's falls, provided the sunmit level quantity which generally flows in that stream. I men- of the main canal can be cut down to admit of it, or if tion this circumstance because the mill owner was ap- that be deemed impracticable, then the mill dam at prehensive that a large quantity of water would be ta- Bull's island. But in that case, it may be deemed neken from the river, and of course was more particular cessary to commence at the Tumbling-Dam Rock, in in his observations. My own observations corroborate order to obtain sufficient elevation to pass two creeks, the above statement.
which put in between Tlowell's falls and Bull's island. My impression is, that the Delaware is much larger estimate upon this extreme point. But if the first place than the Mohawk, and am therefore of opinion, that no The commissioners you will'observe, have founded their injury would be done to the navigation of the Delaware, can be adopted, the expense will be much less, as well in consequence of taking a supply of water to feed the on account of the decreased difficulty of passing the recontemplated canal.
vines and valleys as the length of the feeder in the main Yours respectfully,
canal. I should suppose the saving of Tockage would CANVASS WIIITE.
go far to compensate the cutting down the summit le
vel. Altuny, January 31st, 1825.
As to the question, how much will the water in the Dear Sir-We are this day in receipt of your favour Delaware be reduced by the feeder?-It is contemplated, of the 27th instant, and shall endeavour to give you our I understand, to make the feeder the same size as the opinion of the quantity and diminution of the water in the main canal, say 16 feet in the bottom, and 32 feet on the Delaware, by taking out a supply for the proposed Ra- water line, and 4 feet water, allowing 6 inches descent ritan and Delaware Canal, at some point (probably) 20 per mile. The river is about 800 feet wide at common miles above Trenton.
low water, and in this section falls at the average rate of We must first premise, that we have no such data, as nearly 4 feet per mile. This will reduce the river nearly would settle this question scientifically, and in short, we half un inch. But if any objection be made on account have neither of us seen the Delaware in a low state of of the navigation, it can only exist at the falls, where the the waters, except at two places, viz. at Trenton and at the water descends at the rate of about 10 feet to tie mile; this then will here reduce the water about three- feeder and canal shall be approved of by a majority of tenths or one-third of an inch.
the board of cngineers of the United States, who shall I am, sir, your friend, &c.
certify that the location and dimensions are in their judgTHOS. GORDON.
ment the best adapted for a caval navigation between In addition to the information contained in the above the tide waters of the Dclaware and Raritan rivers. documents, the committee will quote the opinion of the Another condition of the act is, that New Jersey shall, United States engineers, contained in a letter to the ca- upon application by the Legislature, authorise Pennsylnal commissioners of the state of New Jersey, dated vania, or persons acting under her authority, to enter October 13, 1824.
upon the river Delaware, at any part or place, and take “In this country, (says Messrs. Bernard, Totten, and as much water as may be required for the construction Sullivan) we have the experience of the Erie canal, as a of canals within any part of the state, provided that the better guide to the quantity of water consumed or em- water taken out shall not exceed in quantity that which ployed, than the experienee of European canals can be is taken out by the Delaware and Raritan canal company, considered in this climate; whence we conclude, that a but the water to be used by either state, is to be only feeder will be necessary from the Delaware. And we for purposes of navigation. are happy to find that this will be practicable without For the purpose of facilitating the communication encountering any very great difficulty and without any between the upper and lower waters of the Delaware, ultimate disadvantage to the natural navigation of that the committee have further provided that the navigable river, as a branch canal from the feeder may even enter feeder shall terminate and enter the main canal within the river at Trenton or Lamberton."
two miles of the tide water, From the foregoing calculations, it appears that there With the foregoing conditions and restrictions, the is a material difference of opinion, with regard to the passage of the bill will in the opinion of the committee, portion of the waters of the Delaware, which will be be the means of creating for our citizens, on the upper required for the contemplated canal; and in order to waters of the Delawarc, a more easy and commodious guard the interests of Pennsylvania, the committee sub-way of getting to market the productions of their inmit to the consideration of the house, a bill which after dustry, and by augmenting the general prosperity of assenting to the request of New Jersey, contains our country, it will benefit the commercial metropolis beside other provisions, an express condition, that if at of the state, as from her position, Philadelphia, under a any time hereafter, it shall appear to the Legislature wise policy, will ever be a great commercial city, and of Pennsylvania that in consequence of the construction the real centre of the manufactures and wealth of the of the feeder or canal, there is any variation at any time Union. The execution of the canal will give employin the water of the river, exceeding an inch in depth, ment to many of the labouring poor, who live in and and that such variation seriously and injuriously affects contiguous to our state; it will contribute to maintain the navigation, the Legislature shall have full power to the spirit of activity and improvement; it will more imalter or repeal the act, and the privileges granted shall mediately advance the pecuniary interests of the midcease and determine.
dle states; it will accord with the expressed wishes of The above provisions, in the opinion of the committee, New Jersey, and promote the harmony subsisting bewill at all times compel the canal company, in case the tween us and a sister state, and by facilitating the internavigation is injured, either to improve the natural bed course between the most populous and valuable secof the river, or pass boats through the feeder, upon such tions of the republic, it will increase the energies of the terms as will be satisfactory to the persons who are inter- people, and strengthen the bands of the Union, the best ested.
pledges for general happiness and security. As a further precaution to secure facility and cheap- Under these impressions, which are the result of ness of transportation, from the beginning of the feeder, much deliberation, the committee respectfully ask the which will be near Easton, to tide water, the bill re sanction of the House to the bill annexed to this report, quires that the feeder shall be esteemed a public highway, and not more than one cent per mile, for every REMINISCENCES OF PHILADELPHIA. ton weight of the ascertained lading of any boat, ark, eraft, or vessel, engaged in the transportation of per- The contemplation, occasionally, by your Beminis. sons or commodities from the river Delaware, to the ri- cent, of the astonishing increase in population, wealth, ver Raritan, shall be at any time demanded,
and splendour, now exhibiting every where throughout The committee think proper to call the attention of our beloved city; its lengthened pavements and splen, the house to the following part of the report of the Unit- did buildings, very frequently cause a reversion of the ed States board of engineers, communicated by Mr. mind, back, upon the period, when, on Monday mornCalhoun, the Secretary of War, to the President on the ings in particular, he crept lazily to school, stopping 12th inst.
here and gazing there, upon the “moving panorama" “The co-operation of the board with the commission- around him. The images of characters then existing in ers of the state of New Jersey, resulted in a strong con the city, and the situation of things, are as palpable as viction of the practicability of a canal communication be was the “air drawn dagger" of Macbeth, but without the tween the Delaware and the Raritan, by leading the horror. They float upon the memory rather as "This, water of the former from about twenty-six miles tle down moving,” or the motes (sometimes mingled and above the city of Trenton to the summit ground be convolved) discernible only in the sunbeam. Ere they tween Trenton and Brunswick; and that the abun- vanish forever, as the curling mist, or the fitting dance of the water of the Delaware, will supply a canal ghost at cock-crow, it is intended in this communication of dimensions adapted to the vessels navigating, the to collect a variety of them hastily together, in one great rivers and bays of the sea-coast. The board are, groupe, so that those who have a relish for the modern however, of opinion, that previous to fixing the exact intique, in by-gone days, may see them route of the canal, lines should be run from the vicinity
“Come like shadows, so depart," of Bordentown across the summit, to the lowest point on the Raritan, to which a canal can, with due economy, An elderly domestic in the Pancoast family, who al. be extended, with a view to avoid as much of the diffi- ways named himself Me Mo Michael Hans Muckle We. cult tide navigation of the two rivers as possible.” der, although moving in an humble sphere, his person
Sensible as the committee are of the importance of and character was familiar to every inhabitant. When the canal as a national work, and of the duty which Penn- sent on an errand he could hardly proceed a square in sylvania owes to the confederacy, they have thought it an hour, being continually surrounded by all sorts of incumbent on them to introduce into the bill a section people, some viewing him, and listening to him, and requiring that the location and the dimensions of the I some asking him over again, the same question which