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MISCELLANEOUS. The following are the official returns of votes given for

HARRISBURG, (Penn.) Nov. 8. President and Vice President of the l'nited States, at the election in Pennsylvania, on Friday, 31st Oct. 1828: Singular and outrageous robbery.—The prothonotary's No. of votes polled. Majorities. office at this place, on Thursday night, was broken open

and two of the dockets taken out. From the manner in

which the robbery was committed, it would appear that COUNTIES.

the purloiner must have been acquainted with the site

ation of the books and papers of the office. City & Co. of Philadelphia | 12017| 62001

Semi-Annual Bank Dividends, Nov. 1828.

5817 Chester

38351 3555 300 Bank of the Northern Liberties, 5 per cent. Lancaster 5186 3719 1467 Mechanics' Bank,

45 do. Delaware

953 1164
211 Southwark Bank,

5 do.
3341/ 2311 1030
Schuylkill Bank,

do. Berks 45831 894 3689

Farmers' & Mechanic Bank, 3 do.

3297 3425
128 Bank of Penn Township,

do. York

1864 1781
Kensington Rank,

5 do.
21131 898 12151
Commercial Bank,

3 do. Dauphin 1974 1140 834) Philadelphia Bank,

2 do. Lebanon 1439 597 842 Bank of Germantown

3 do. Huntingdon

17081 1144 564) Germantown and Perkiomen Northumberland 1669 395 1374 Turnpike road

$13 each share. Lehigh

2000 516 1484 Adams

1242] 1461

219 Unitarian Church.—We understand that a public sale Northampton

3628 889 2739

and letting of pews, was held in the new Church, corAllegheny

3866 1666 2200 ner of Tenth and Locust streets, last evening, Nov. 12. Westmoreland

3917 629 3288

Biddings by way of premium for the choice of pews ran Bedford

2260 780 1480

so high as $100 per pew, and the total of sums offered Lycoming

1534 467


for these preferences amounted to $1500. About fifty Columbia

1869 562 1307 pews were sold, at sums amounting together to $11,050, Union

1697 210 1528 and a rent of eight per cent on the purchase money.Bradford

1553 910 643 Besides this, a considerable number of pews were rected Luzerne

1645 1435

210 at from $30 to 7.50 per annum.-- Dem.Press. Susquehanna

1062 694 368 Centre 1998 453 1545

LONGEVITY. Clearfield

393 211 182 Died, on the 13th ult. at the house of Mr. John MonaMifflin

1650 506 1144 hon, in the neighbourhood of Mont Alto Furnace, in this Crawford

1117 958 159 county, Mrs. MARY Stoops, at the advanced age of 117 Cambria

314 94 220

years. The deceased resided in the house in which she Mercer


865 died, for the last 65 years. For some time'past she was in Perry

1060 2411 819

the daily habit of reading the Bible, and had done so the Washington

3883 1687 2196 day previous to her death, without ever using spectacles. Greene 1498 452 1046

Chambersburg Repository. Fayette

2945 1230 1715 Franklin 2386 1915 671




Married, in Bucks county, Pa. Mr. Jacob LOKENS Erie

773 945

172 aged 81, to Miss RACHEL Caílds, aged 25. She is a niece Beaver

1253 1282

to her husband, an aunt to her mother, and a sister to Schuylkill

220 643

her grand mother. Indiana and Jefferson

926 245 681 Somerset

1347 238

1109 Butler

1068 610 458 The Lehigh chain bridge, at Allentown, after the daVenango

769 126 643 mage which it sustained from the late fire, being repairPike


741 475 ed so as to render it passable, has again been broken Wayne

531 320

down. The Mauch Chunk Company in the excavation Warren

340 243 97 of their canal, were blasting rocks in the vicinity of the Tioga

850 193

657 bridge, when a large fragment which had been thrown Potter & M'Kean

175 108 671 into the air, fell on one of the chains and broke it. The

bridge being without a support on the one side, of |101652) 50848 51569 765 course gave way. Active preparations, we are informMajority for Gen. Jackson, 50,804 ed, have already been made once more to rebuild it,

and we bave no doubt it will soon be in a good condiELECTORS CHOSEN. tion for crossing:

Easton Cen. John B. Gibson,

Wm. Thompson,
William Findlay
Leonard Rupert,

A Buck weighing 193 pounds, was shot, a few days
Edward King,
Jacob Gearhart.

ago, near Fannettsburg, Pa. by Mr. James M'Connell. John Lisle,

George Barnitz,
Jacob Holgate,

Jacob Heyser,
Samuel Humes,
John Harper,

Printed every Saturday morning by William F. GedJohn W. Cunninghain, John Scott,

des, No. 59 Locust street, Philadelphia; where, and at Gcorge G. Leiper, William Piper,

the Editor's residence, in North 12th st. 3d door south Henry Sheets, Valentine Giesey,

of Cherry st. subscriptions will be thankfully received. Adam Ritscher, James Gordon,

Price five dollars per annum payable in six months after David Hottenstein, John M. Snowden,

the commencement of publication—and annually, therePeter Frailey, Robert Scott,

after, by subscribers resident in or near the city, or where Francis Baird, Henry Allshouse,

there is an agent. Other subscribers pay in advance. Henry Winter,

James Duncan.











VOL. II.-NO. 20.


NO. 48.


under the name of "The University of Pennsylvania,'

and have so continued to the present time. Report on the subject of Education, read in the Senaie of By the act of 1779, the Supreme Executive Council

Pennsylvania, March 1, 1822. Mr. Wurts, Chair- were directed to reserve and appropriate to the use of man.

the University, so many of the confiscated estates, as Education, adopted by the Senate, the Committee on bushel; such reservations and appropriations to be from Pursuant to sundry resolutions, on the subject of might be necessary to yield to it a yearly income, not ex

ceeding' £1500, computing wheat at ten shillings per Education report

That from various documents collected by the Secret- time to time laid before the General Assembly for their ary of the Commonwealth, and by the Chairman of the approbation and confirmation. In pursuance of this di. Committee on Education, in the Senate, during the last rection, the Supreme Executive Council set over to the session of the Legislature, they have gleaned a number Trustees, certain estates, rated by the Council at the of facts, which they respectfully submit, together with gross sum of £25,000; and the same having been laid such other matter, called for by the resolutions, as the beforc the General Assembly, an act was passed in 1785 sources of information, open to the committee, have ena- several of these estates, however, were subsequently

“to confirm them to the Trustees of the University.” bled them to collect.

claimed by individuals, whose rights were not affected 1. UNIVERSITIES.

by the confirming act of 1785, and the trustees were The committee find but one seminary of learning of evicted by due course of law. Hence the intended this grade, in actual operation, within the Conmon. grant of £1500 per annum, has actually amounted to wealth. That is "The University, of Pennsylvania” not more than about £1200 per annum, with the inconlocated in the city of Philadelphia. This institution venience and expense consequent upon a disputed title. had its origin in an academy, founded in that city in the This, together with $3000, given to aid in the purchase year 1749, by a few distinguished and public spirited of ground for a botanical garden, is “the amount of apindividuals, among whom is found the name of Benja- propriátions made by the Commonwealth” to “The Unió min Franklin. To this laudable object, that great man

versity of Pennsylvania.” and his coadjutors appear to have been stimulated by a the institution," laid before the Legislature, during the

By reference to the “annual statement of the funds of conviction, that unless effectual measures were taken to increase the means, which then existed, of educating the last session, pursuant to the provisions of the act of youth of Pennsylvania, they were in danger, to use their 1791, it will be seen, that the " gross amount of reveown language on the occasion, “ not only of wanting a

nue for the year 1820," derived from real and personal succession of fit persons for the public stations of life, estate, was $11,046 58 cts. The library and apparatus but even of degenerating into the greatest ignorance."' belonging to the institution are valued at $12,000. The In 1750, an English, Latin, and Mathematical school

“s annual statement” made to the present Legislature, was opened in the academy. The institution, thus cre- represents the income of 1821, at $10,842 11 cts. The ated by individual enterprise and liberality, continued funds of the institution appear to bave been principally to flourish, and in 1753, the trustees were incorporated collected by private subscription, both in Europe and by the "Proprietaries of Pennsylvania,” In order to

America, extend its sphere of usefulness, a new charter was in the department of Arts, a Provost

, Vice Provost, and

In this seminary, there are at this time, 3 Professors granted in 1755, by the provisions of which a college was grafted upon the former academy; and after the ad a Professor of Languages; six Professors of Medical Scidition of this new department, the institution was deno-ence, two teachers of the Grammar School, and a teachminated" The College, Academy, and Charitable School er of the Charitable School. The branches of learning of Philadelphia, in the Province of Pennsylvania." In taught in the Department of Arts, are the following. 1779, probably under the influence of feelings excited by languages; in the acquisition of which, the student is

By the professor of Languages, the Latin and Greek the revolutionary struggle, the General Assembly

, pass carried through a course of the most approved classic ed an act annulling the charters above mentioned, modelling the seminary upon its present form, under the authors. . By the Professor of Natural Philosophy, (the name of “ The University of the State of Pennsylvania,” present vice provost) algebra, Euclid's elements, practiand vesting in the trustees of this new corporation, all cal geometry, trigonometry, mensuration, spherics, use the franchises and estates of “The trustees of the Col- of the maps, dialling, conic sections, fluxions, chemislege, Academy, and Charitable School of Philadelphia, try, natural philosophy and astronomy. By the Provost, in the Province of Pennsylvania.” But in 1789, the Le- or Professor of Moral Philosophy; history, rhetoric, logislature, conceiving the act of 1779 to be "repugnant gic, metaphysics, moral philosophy and natural theo. to justice, a violation of the constitution of the Common-logy. To this course, is added, by the Provost; lectures wealth, and dangerous in its precedent to all incorpo- upon the science of the human mind, delivered once a rated bodies," repealed so much thereof " as effected in week, during the whole term; and by the Vice Provost, any way the ancient corporation of the trustees of a series of lectures upon natural philosophy. In the the College, Academy, and Charitable School of Phila- Grammar School, the pupil passes through a course of delphia, in the Province of Pennsylvania,' and the rights studies preparatory to ihe higher branches of science.* and property of that corporation were again restored. The number of students," who have usually been reBy the act of 1791, however, the two institutions, by ceiving their education at this seminary, taking all its agreement and request of their respective trustees, were once more united on the terms mentioned in the act,

• See Register, pp. 118. 197: VOL. II.


departments into consideration, has been considerable, by a “sense of the high importance of training up a at all times. The Grammar School formerly contained succession of youth in useful and liberal knowledge, to between one and two hundred, but is now reduced to qualify them for filling the places of their elders and 50 or 60. The Medical College has varied from 300 to predecessors, who, in the usual course of nature, must 500; the number is greater at the present time than it gradually be called from the active duties of this life," has been for some years past.* The department of Arts but also, by the consideration, that “under the care and appears to have received less of public encouragement good management of the trustees, the institution was than any other branch of the institution. It is supposed rapidly growing, and promised to be of great advantage, that the average" number of students in this depart. by largely diffusing the liberal arts.” ment, until within a few years, has been between 30 and By this act the sum of £500 and 10,000 acres of land, 40, and the number of graduates between 10 and 12. were granted to the trustees of the college. It is It is highly gratifying to learn, however, that a favour-plain, from an examination of the act, that this grant able change has recently taken place in the prospects of was not commensurate with the wishes of the Legislathis department. The cloud that hung over it is rapid- ture. “That economy which it was then so necessary ly passing away, and it now promises to answer all the to preserve in the application of the public property, objects of its creation, and to fulfil the expectations of is assigned, in the preamble to the act, as the reason for the friends of science and literature. The number of making so “moderate a donation.” In 1791, the sum graduates last year, was 35. The whole number of stu- of £1500 was granted for its immediate relief;" and dents, now, in the several college classes, is about 75; the preamble to the act, making this grant, bears testiand a considerable accession is expected.

mony to the fact, that the institution “had been emiThe merits and extensive utility of the Medical de nently useful in that diffusion of knowledge, which the partment, are so well known, that it would be super- constitution of this commonwealth, and the general inRuous for the committee to offer any remarks thereon. terest of the citizens, require the Legislature to proIt has long been the pride of our state and country. It mote.” has flourished without a rival. The committee cannot In 1795, a further grant of $5000 was made, under a doubt, but that the kindred institutions, which are ris-stipulation that there should be admitted into the college, ing in other states, so far from depressing, will have a any number of students, not exceeding ten, who may be tendency to confirm and establish, on a sure basis, the offered, in order to be taught reading, writing, and reputation of the Medical School in the University of arithmetic gratis; no one of them to continue longer than Pennsylvania, by calling into active and vigorous opera- two years. The building erected for the accommodation, that generous and liberal emulation, which is both tion of the students, having been destroyed by fire, and the parent and nurse of genuine science.

" the funds of the commonwealth not justifying an absoIt has been already remarked, there is no other semi-lute grant of money,” in 1803 an act was passed, authonary of learning, of the same grade, in actual operation, rising the treasurer of Cumberland county, to pay to the in the state. In the year 1819, the legislature passed trustces of the college, $6000 in advance, out of the aran act, which had for its object the establishment of an rearages of state taxes, due from that county; the loan University, near the town of Allegheny, in the county not to bear interest for two years after the passage of the of Allegheny, to be called the " Western University of act, and to be secured by mortgage, payable in seven Pennsylvania.” By the third section of the act, “forty years, on the 10,000 acres of land, granted to the colacres of the vacant lands belonging to the common-lege till 1786. By an act passed in 1806, this lean was wealth, bounded by or adjoining the out-lots of the town increased, out of the same fund, to $10,000, and the of Allegheny, were granted to the trustees of the con- prior mortgage directed to be cancelled, on the trustees templated institution. But it appears, that there was, executing a new one upon half the above mentioned at the time of the grant, a pre-existing claim, (under an lands, to secure the re-payment of the whole sum lent, act of the General Assembly, passed in 1787,) on the free of interest, five years after the passage of this lase part of the owners of lots in the town of Allegheny, to recited act. The amount, however, received by the a right of common in the land thus granted to the trus- trustees, under these two last mentioned acts, was only tees, in consequence of which, they have not been able $8,400 instead of $10,000, in consequence of a deficiency to avail themselves of the grant, and the object, contem- in the fund from which the money was to be drawn. plated by the act, to wit, the establishment of an Uni- By an act, passed in the year 1819, the governor was versity, has not been carried into effect.

authorised to cancel the mortgage given to secure the 2. COLLEGES.

above loan; and the trnstees of the college were forever

discharged from the payment of any debt due from the Dickinson College, (so called “in memory of the great corporation to the commonwealth. and important services rendered to his country, by By an act, passed during the last session of the John Dickinson, then President of the Supreme Execu- legislature, the governor was required to draw his tive Council, and in commemoration of his very liberal warrant on the state treasurer, in favour of the trusdonation to the institution,”) is located at the borough tees of this institution, for the sum of $6000 so soon as of Carlisle, in the county of Cumberland. It was esta- the trustees should, by deed, duly executed and seblished and incorporated, by the Legislature, in the corded, convey to the commonwealth, all the lands year 1783. No grant was made to the institution by the theretofore granted, by the state, to the college, which incorporating act; put from the preamble thereto, it they had not previously transferred; and also, assign to appears "that a large sum of money, sufficient to begin the commonwealth all securities for the purchase moand carry on the design for some considerable time, had ney of such of the said lands as they had theretofore sold. already been subscribed by the generous liberality of By the second section of the act, the trustees were divers persons, who were desirous to promote so useful authorised to draw the further sum of $2000 annnally, an institution; and no doubt” was entertained by the le- for five years. With the terms of commutation offered gislature, “but that further donations would be volun. by this act, the trustees have complied, and received tarily made, so as to carry it into perfect execution.” the $6000.

The early efforts of the friends of this institution, The above, the committee believe to be a correct which like the University of Persylvania, is the off statement, of the amount of the appropriations made spring of private liberality, appear to have been crowned by the Commonwealth, to Dickinson College. The with success. In 1786, an act was passed, "for its pre- committee cannot withhold the remark, that though sent relief and future endowment,” to which the legisla- they may appear in the aggregate, to be considerable, ture of that day appear to have been moved, not only yet they were not of such a nature, nor made in such a

way, as to be productive of substantial benefit or per. See Register, vol. II. p. 112.

manent relief to the institution. The lands were never a source of revenue; but on the contrary, absorbed an- deem it unnecessary here to enumerate, as it has already nually, a considerahle sum in the payment of taxes. been done in speaking of the department of Arts in the The money donations were triling in amount; and were University of Pennsylvania, not expected, by the several legislatures that made In the recent expose of the trustees, “all the necessathem, to do more than afford temporary relief, to the ry expenditures of a young man for one year" at this embarrassed concerns of an institution, which having seminary, with the exception of his books, candles and been erected and cherished by the enlightened views clothing," are estimated at $176 50 cts. and munificent spirit of the friends of science and litera- The college edifice, which is of stone, and pleasantly ture, “promised to be of great advantage by largely dif- situated, has cost $20,000. The library, consisting of fusing the liberal arts," and was therefore deemed too about 2,400 volumes, and the philosophical apparatus, valuable to the commonwealth, to be suffered to sink are estimated at 8,000. There are two other libraries, under the pressure of burthens, too heavy to be re- belonging to literary societies, appended to the institumoved by the enfeebled hands of founders and patrons. tion, which consist of upwards of 2000 volumes, well Exhibiting, as it it did, in its infancy, the bright pros- selected. pect of future extensive usefulness, and promising, from The committee indulge the hope, that this ancient se. its central situation, to become a school, in which the minary, established for noble and wise purposes, by the rising generation, might with peculiar convenience, ac- legislature of 1783, nourished by its successors with care quire those virtuous principles and that liberal know- and affection, proportioned not to their wishes, but to ledge which are the only solid basis of free government, the slender means of the commonwealth, and now warmthe Legislatures of 1786, 1791, and 1795, (days of trial ed into life by the act of the last legislature, is destined, and difficulty) granted a present help, in the hope, shortly, to acquire a rank and character, which will doubtless, that when imperious circumstances no longer render it an ornament and an honor to the state: and, in required the most rigid economy in the disbursement of the language of the law, from which it derives its existthe public money, their successors would liberally and ence, will become conspicuously useful in instilling inpermanently endow a seminary which had been thus to the minds of the rising generation, the virtuous princarefully handed down to them.

ciples and liberal knowledge by which the most exalted In the apprehension of the committee, there are many nations acquired their pre-eminence.” considerations, that point out this institution, as one, Franklin COLLEGE, so called “from a profound reswhich, in accordance with the injunction of our consti- pect for the talents, virtues and services to mankind in tution, it would have been a wise policy in the state, to general, but more especially to this country, of Benjahave taken under its immediate patronage, and to have min Franklin, then president of the Supreme Executive placed upon such a foundation, as would have insured Council,' was, by an act of the general assembly, passed the existence of “one seminary of learning,” in the cen- in the year 1787, “erected and established in the botre of the commonwealth, "in which the arts and scien- rough of Lancaster, in the county of Lancaster, for the ces might have been promoted.” It is matter both of instruction of youth in the German, English, Latin, surprise and regret, therefore, that when the finances of Greek and other learned languages, in theology, and in the commonwealth no longer forbade this course, the the useful arts, sciences and literature.” legislature should still have persisted in the system of From the title and preamble to the incorporating act, temporary relief, and finally should have permitted Dick- it would seem, that this institution, was designed, partiinson College to sink beneath the weight of accumula- cularly, for the improvement of our German population. ted embarrassments.

In the title, it is called "the German College and ChaAfter struggling for years with difficulties, the result rity School, in the borough and county of Lancaster." of deficiency in the active funds of the institution, the By the incorporating act, 10,000 acres of land, lying trustees were compelled to suspend its operations in the within the boundaries of what are now the counties of year 1816. In this prostrate condition, it continued un. Lycoming, Tioga, Bradford and Venango, were granted til very recently. The act of the last session of the le-to the trustees of the college. By an act, passed in gislature, however, has enabled the trustees to revive 1788, “the public store house and two lots of ground in its operations, under auspices that give it a high claim the borough of Lancaster," were vested in the trustees, to the confidence of the public and the protection of and these appear to be the only "appropriations made the state.

by the commonwealth” to the institution. The lands The committee might perhaps, be charged with step- have not, as yet, been productive of any revenue to the ping out of the defined sphere of their duties, were college; on the contrary, they have been a source of they to speak of the scientific and literary attainments expense. of the gentlemen composing the faculty to whose charge Soon after the passage of the act, incorporating the the trustees have committed the immediate superinten- institution, a sum of money was raised for its use, by dance of the institution. It would, at any rate, be a private subscription. This was applied toward its imwork of supererogation. Suffice it to say, that “a Fa-mediate organization. It remained in operation about culty consisting of a Principal and three Professors has two years, when the trustees found themselves unable been organized, who associate with high literary quali- to proceed. Since that time, occasionally a Greek and fications,valuable facilities for instruction. The Rev.J.M. Latin, and sometimes only an English grammar school, Mason, D. D. is the Principal:f Henry Vethake, Esq. has been kept in the buildings belonging to the board Professor of Mathematics and Experimental Philosophy; of trustees. From the information before the committee, the Rev. J. Burns, professor of the learned languages; it does not appear probable, that the institution will be and the Rev. Alexander M'Clelland, professor of Belles revived, and placed upon the footing contemplated by Lettres and of the philosophy of the human mind." the act creating it. Indeed there are inherent defects

The college was opened, and these gentlemen entered in the charter, which must ever present serious obstacles upon the duties of their several stations, in January last. to any efforts that may be made for the accomplishment The present number of students is 28.* The number, of that object. it is understood, would have been much larger, but for Jeeferson COLLEGE, "located” at Canonsburg, in the an idea which had gone abroad, that the institution would county of Washington, was incorporated and establishnot be ready for the reception of students this winter. ed, by an act of the legislature, passed in the year 1802. 'There is every reason to expect a large accession in the An academy had existed in the place for a number of spring

years, and upon the foundation, which had thus been The branches of learning taught," are those which created, the college was established. are usual in a collegiate course, and which the committee In the year 1806, the legislature granted $3,000 to the

institution, providing at the same tiine, that there should * See Register, vol. 1, p. 293.

be admitted into the college, any number of poor chil† Now the Rev. Dr. Wm. Neill. I Now the Rev. Joseph II. Spencer.

dren, not exceeding four, who may, at any time, be of only “appropriation made to it by the commonwealth" fered in order to be taught gratis; none of them however is a grant of $5000 made by the last legislature, payable to continue longer than two years, if others should apply in annual instalments, commencing on the first of Janufor almittance. By an act passed during the last session ary, 1820. of the legislature, a further grant of $5,000 was made, to The college buildings are 120 feet in length and 40 in be paid in five annual instalments, commencing on the breadth; and when completed will accommodate with first of January, 1820.

lodging 36 students, and from 150 to 200 with rooms for The above appears to be the amount of appropria- recitation. The central building is of stone; the wings tions made by the commonwealth" to this institution.- of brick, one of them still in an unfinished state. The It is chiefly indebted to private benefactions, and the institution owns a Pneumatic and an Electrical Apparaexertions of its friends for its prosperity, since its orga- tus, Maps, Globes, an Orrery and a small Library. Atnization. The funds arising from tuition have been the tached to the College are two literary societies, institu'principal means of supporting the professors.

ted for the purpose of promoting useful emulation among Four thousand five hundred dollars have been be- the students. Each of these has a private library. queathed to the institution, by individuals, to aid in edu- There are three professors in this seminary including cating poor, but pious young men, for the gospel minis- the principal; and for information as to “he branches of try-and numbers have already experienced the benefits learning taught,” the committee respectfully refer to of this pious bequest.

what has been said on that point in relation to Jefferson The college owns a philosophical and a chemical ap- College. What has been said of Jefferson College, in paratus, which, though not extensive, are each adequate relation to the annual "expense of educating and supto a practical illustration of those branches of science. porting the student,” is equally applicable to WashingThe library contains about 1000 volumes; in addition to ton College. The number of graduates at this instituwhich, the literary Societies attached to the institution, tion, since its organization, is one hundred and twentyhave each a respectable private library.

five. A majority of that number were of the state of This seminary is under the immediate superintendance Pennsylvania. The average number of students” in of the Principal; a professor of Mathematics and Natu- the college has been about 60.* The present number ral Philosophy; a professor of Languages, and an assist. is 69. It gives the committee pleasure to add, that the ant teacher. A professorship of Divinity has recently institution is considered by its immediate friends and pabeen added, but the students in that department are ve- trons as in a flourishing state, and that its sphere of usery limited in number.

fulness is likely to be extended. “The branches of learning taught” correspond in

ALLEGHENY COLLEGE, "located” at Meadville, ir the substance with those which have already been enumera- county of Crawford, was founded by a number of public ted under the head of Department of Arts in the Uni-spirited gentlemen of that vicinity, in the year 1815, versity of Pennsylvania.

and incorporated by the legislature in March, 1817. From the representations to the committee, it appears

Two thousand dollars were granted to the institution that the whole "expense” incident to the education by the incorporating act, and a further grant of five thouand support of a student,” at this institution, will not sand dollars, payable in five annual instalments, was made exceed $125 per annum.' The degree of Master of Arts during the last session of the legislature. These are has been conferred on twenty graduates, alumni of this the only appropriations made by the commonwealth,” college; and about one hundred and eleven clergymen to this infant seminary: have received their education, either in whole or in part ration, it could hardly be presumed, that the trustees

In the short period that has elapsed since its incorpoat this seminary.*

would have made much progress in the organization of The college edifice is of brick, 76 by 45 feet in di- the college. But by the activity and praiseworthy efmensions, and when completely finished will accommo- forts of a few individuals, and especially of the gentledate from 150 to 200 students. The present number is man who fills the station of Principal of the institution about 80; and the prospects of the institution warrant more has been accomplished than, under all the circums the expectation of an increase, rather than a diminution stances, the most sanguine expectations would have led of that number.

us to anticipate. The corner stone of a building, to be Washington COLLEGE, "located” at the borough of called “Bentley Hall,” in commemoration of a munifi. Washington, in the county of Washington, was incor-cent bequest made to the seminary by the late Rev. Wilporated and established by the Legislature in the year liam Bentley, D. D. of Salem, Massachusetts, was laid 1806. The institution was ingrafted, upon the Washing- in July, A. D. 1820. This edifice is to be built of brick, ton Academy, which from the representation then made three stories in height, one hundred feet in length, and to the legislature, appeared to be in a condition to ex- thirty-eight feet in width, calculated for the accommotend its plan of education, by having the learned lan- dation of one hundred pupils, with rooms also for the guages, the arts, sciences and literature, taught upon a reception of a library and philosophical apparatus, &c. more enlarged system than generally obtains in semina- "The number of students" in the seminary at the ries in the country, with funds fully adequate to such an present moment, the committee are not able to mention." undertaking.”. This academy was incorporated by the From its very recent establishment, however, the numGeneral Assembly, so early as the year 1787, and endow. ber must be small. The first class of graduates, upon ed with 5,000 acres of the unappropriated lands of the whom the degree of A. B. was conferred at the annivercommonwealth. This appropriation, like all others of sary commencement, in July last, contained six. "The a similar nature to literary institutions, remained for ma- branches of science taught,” are substantially the same ny years, entirely unproductive. In 1797 the legislature with those taught in the seminaries of which the comgranted $3000 to the trustees of the academy "to enable mittee have previously spoken; and the expense attendthem to complete the buildings for the institution.” The ing "the education and support” of the pupil, though act making this grant provided for the admission into the rated at rather less, will not vary materially from the academy of any number of students, not exceeding ten, sum mentioned in relation to Jefferson and Washington who may be offered, in order to be taught reading, wri. colleges. ting, and arithmetic, gratis; none of them to continue More than a year ago this institution owned a library longer than two years.

valued at six thousand dollars, including, as the commitThat this seminary flourished as an academy, is an in- tee are assured, "more rare and extremely valuable ference justified by the preamble to the act, converting works than many other public libraries of much greater it into a college. Since its organization as a college, the extent.” This collection embraces the private library See Register, vol. 1, p. 293.

* See Register, vol. 1, p. 293.

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