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tions of submission on the part of the mutineers. That mittee had the most distant intention to insinuate that they had hitherto given no satisfactory evidence of this the executive council bad any share in promoting the disposition, having lately presented the officers they insult which was offered to Congress by the mutinous had chosen to represent their grievances, with a formal troops, but that the executive council bad shared with commission in writing, enjoining them if necessary, to Congress in receiving the insult. use compulsory means for redress, and menacing them

(Journals of Congress. with death, in case of their failing to execute their views.

BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIR Under this state of things the committee could not forbear suggesting to the council, that it would be expe- Of DR. JOHN DAVIS, late of Chester county, Penndient for them so to qualify the reception which they

sylvania. By M. MORGAN, M. D. Surgeon in the U. should think proper to give to any propositions made

States Nary. by the mutineers, as not to create embarrassments, Dr. John Davis was born in Tredyffrin township, should Congress continue to act on the principle of co- Chester county, on the 13th of December, 1745. His ercion.

ancestors came from Wales, towards the latter part of The committee finding that there was no satisfactory the 17th century, and were among the first settlers of ground to expect prompt and adequate exertions on the Great Valley, where they purchased a considerable the part of the executive of this state, for supporting tract of land. His parents were much respected and the public authority, were bound by the resolution un- beloved by their neighbours, being alike distinguished sler which they acted, to advise the president to summon for industry, temperance, and benevolence, and thei Congress to assemble at Princeton or Trenton on Thurs- sincere piety. They lived to an advanced age, and are day the 26th instant.

still recollected with veneration by many of the older Willing however to protract the departure of Con- inhabitants. His father, having a large family, and the gress as long as they could be justified in doing it, still want of physicians being very much felt in the neighhoping that further information would produce more de- bourhood at that early day, encouraged the predilection cisive measures on the part of the council, and desirous of his son for the profession of medicine. There was of seeing what complexion the intimated submissions no school convenient to his residence, where the Latin would assume, they ventured to defer advising the re- and Greek languages were taught, and he obtained his moval till the afternoon of the day following, that on preparatory education from Dr. William Currie, a highly which the answer of council was given. But having respectable Episcopalian clergyman, who was then pasthen received no further communication from the coun- tor of the churches of the Great Valley, Radnor and cil, and having learnt from General St. Clair, that the Perkioming: submissions proposed to be offered by the mutineers, Dr. Currie did not teach a regular school, but emthrough the officers they had chosen to represent them, ployed his leisure in instructing his own children, and were not of a nature sufficiently explicit to be accepted admitted the son of his friend to his paternal care. or relied on- - That they would be accompanied by now While with Dr. Currie, his application to his studies demands, to which it would be improper to listen; that was as assiduous as could be permitted by his other arothe officers themselves composing the committee had cations. He had to assist his brothers in the cultivation shown a mysterious reluctance to inform General St. of the farm, a healthful exercise, which fortified both Clair of their proceedings; had refused, in the first in his body and mind, and prepared him for the life of lastance, to do it, and had afterwards only yielded to a bour and usefulness which he afterwards pursued. Not peremptory demand on his part--The cominittee could having as much time for study as he wished, he learned no longer think themselves at liberty to delay their ad- early to appreciate its value, and wasted none in idleness vice for an adjournment, which they this day according- and dissipation. From the exhausting fatigues of the ly gave; persuaded, at the same time, that it was neces- field, be returned, in the evening, with avidity to his sary to impress the mutineers with a conviction, that books, and was seldom allured by his companions to extremities would be used against them before they pleasure or amusements; for his character in youth and would be induced to resolve on a final and unreserved manhood was firm and inflexible. Having acquired a submission.

good English education, and a competent knowledge of Philadelphia, June 24, 1783.

Latin and Greek, he commenced the study of medicine The Letter to His Excellency the President of the Su- at eighteen years of age, with Dr. Cadwallader Evans,

preme Executive Council of Pennsylvania. of Philadelphia. He remained three years with Dr. Sir-We have the honour to enclose for your excel Evans, who was well qualified to give him a liberal lency and the council, a copy of the resolutions commu- course of instruction, having finished his education in nicated in our conferences yesterday. Having then London, and carefully taken notes of the lectures of Dr. fully entered into all the explanations which were ne- William Hunter, and other celebrated professors, who cessary on the subject, we shall not trouble your excel attended to the hospitals of that metropolis. Dr. Evans lency with a recapitulation; but as the object is of a was one of the physicians to the Pennsylvania hospital, delicate and important nature, we think it our duty to then an infant institution, and his pupils attended to this request the determination of the council in writing. as well as to his extensive private practice.

We have the honour to be, with perfect respect, Lectures were delivered at this period by Doctors

your excellency's most obedient servants. Shippen and Bond, and soon after the college was of. Philadelphia, June 23, 1783.

ganized, in which the first course of lectures was given

in 1765. He attended to this course, as well as the priFriday, July 11, 1783, vate lectures which had been previously read in the On motion of Mr. Williamson, seconded by Mr. Ells- hospital, and was a favourite pupil

. He cherished thro? worth, Congress, came to the following resolution. life an affectionate regard for the abilities and virtues of

One of the delegates from Pennsylvania having read these excellent men, and a lively recollection of the in his place, a letter from the supreme executive coun- great benefits he had received from their attentions. cil of that state, complaining of an ambiguity in part of He finished his studies under Dr. Evans, and soon afthe report of a committee which was entered on the ter settled himself in Vincent township, Chester county, journal of the 1st instant, in the following words: where he almost immediately obtained a large circle of That they (the executive council) regretted the insult practice; but not being satisfied with his knowledge of which had happened, with this additional motive of anatomy and surgery, he resolved to return to Philadelsensibility, that they had themselves had a principal phia, and spend a year in the Pennsylvania hospital.share in it.”

Being recommended by his former exemplary conduet

, Resolyed, That Congress do not conceive the com- The found no difficulty in obtaining the appointment he

solicited; and having spent one year there, as house sur country, many of whom are still living, who were raised geon, he, at the expiration of this time, established him- from the bed of sickness by luis hand. self at his native place in 1768.

His abilities in his profession were of a high order, the He was now conscious of having availed himself of fruits of intense labour, and a steady, exalted tone of every opportunity which his country at that time afford- moral feeling. He had great judgment and sagacity in ed, of obtaining a sound knowledge of his profession, all the practical branches of the healing art. The true and was well prepared for commencing the practice. theories in physic had of course received a proper share

Possessed of warm affections, a cheerful temper, and of his attention. But he was precise in his reasonings polished manners, in a short time he gained general con- and deductions, and though naturally quick and imagifidence and extensive patronage: but what contributed native, he kept this faculty under just subordination to a most to his advancement was his skill in surgery, to which discreet and chastened judgment. Having witnessed in he had carefully applied himself. Soon afterwards he early life the evils derived to medicine from too strong formed a happy matrimonial connexion, and the com- an attachment to authorities loosely hypothetical, and mencement of the revolution for independence found having seen the subversion of a succession of visionary him with a rising family and a well earned reputation. doctrines, from the reign of Boerhaave to nearly the In the part of the county in which he resided there were present times, he knew well the true fountain of human few who were loyal to the cause of the mother country, knowledge, and always discountenanced a dogmatical and scarcely any who were lukewarm and indifferent. – adherence to speculative reveries, which he regarded Most of them, on the contrary, put every thing cheer- as seducing the mind from the proper objects of its purfully at hazard to oppose British misrule and violence. uit, and as tending to impede the progress of the sciAmong the most enthusiastic were Gen. Wayne and Dr. ence. The improvements in medicine and surgery were Davis, who lived neighbours to each other, were nearly not neglected by him, as is too commonly the case with the same age, having been born the same year,) and country practitioners; he read the best periodical works, between whom there had long existed a community of and purchased good books. feeling and congeniality of principles. They acted in The most common operations in surgery he frequently concert in preparing the public mind and arranging the performed with success, and never attempted such as little military resources of the surrounding country for were improper or of very doubtful efficacy. the approaching conflict, and when a determined spirit No state of the weather, or condition of his domestic of resistance was excited, they were among the first to affairs, interfered with his attention to his patients, and give up the comforts of home, and trust every thing to in his intercourse with the sick he was kind and affecthe issue of the momentous struggle. Gen. Wayne im- tionate. Perhaps no man was ever more free from the mediately received a commission as colonel of the 4th pedantry of the profession. battalion of infantry raised by congress for the defence He was ready to consult, on all proper occasions, with of the colonies; and on the 5th of March, 1776, the ge- the neighbouring physicians, and not one ever accused neral assembly of Pennsylvania voted fifteen hundred him of want of candour, or any thing that could be conmen, (officers included,) to be taken into pay for the strued into duplicity. He was not overbearing to the immediate defence of the province, and to serve until youthful, and never disparaged the judgment of the ab. the 1st of January, 1778. Of these troops, two batta. sent. In speaking of others, he seemed to consider lions, of five hundred men each, were riflemen, and them as present. Sincere and modest in his deportment, placed under the command of colonel Samuel Miles.- he was exempt from an ostentatious display of learning, The other battalion was infantry, and the command giv- always indicative of a weak mind, and little knowledge en to colonel Atlee. Dr. Davis received the appoint- of the world, and he detested every species of trick, ment of senior surgeon of the staff, and they were soon hypocrisy, and charlatanry, which would degrade the in readiness to co-operate with Washington's army. character of the faculty, in the eyes of the judicious.

Among the other officers of this afterwards gallant Conversation on medical topics was never obtruded by and distinguished corps, we find the names of the fore him on people unacquainted with them, but he answered fathers of a number of the respectable families in the all questions with courtesy and brevity: His conduct counties adjacent to Philadelphia; but most of the vete- was marked by great good sense, in which he was exrans themselves bave long since slept in the bosom of celled by few, and by unaffected dignified behaviour; the land which they loved so much, and which they nor is it now recollected that he was at enmity with any spent the best part of their lives in defending: well educated and honourable physician. His charges

When Washington resolved on the perilous attempt were moderate, his farm afforded him more than a supof meeting the British forces on Long Island, in order port for his family, and his bills were not rendered till to prevent them from obtaining possession of New York, called for. these battalions were in the hottest part of the action, It is the fate of physicians every where, to make greatand suffered severely. Colonel Miles, Dr. Davis, and er sacrifices to the unfortunate and destitute classes of one of his brothers, were among the prisoners, but were their species than any other set of men. This is pecuso fortunate as to be exchanged soon afterwards, and liarly the case in a country practice, where the populaescaped the hard fate of many of their companions, who tion is much scattered. Every log hut in the woods, were sent to the prisonships at the Wallabout, the me- and every cottage, however remote, must receive the lancholy history of which is but too well recollected. punctual calls of the physician, without any prospect of

He continued with the army, where his services were pecuniary reward. To those who were unacquainted highly appreciated, where he had a great deal of expe- with Dr. Davis, it would appear like exaggeration truly rience in surgery as well as the diseases incident to mi- to declare, how this part of his duty was performed. Of litary life, until nearly the close of the revolution: when the measure of his charity, therefore, the writer will say the fatigues of duty, and the mental anxiety and suffer- nothing, but the manner in which his favours were dising, brought on by the destitute condition of the hospi- pensed, left no load on the poor man's heart, and he was tal department, occasioned a dangerous fever, which always glad to meet his smiling benefactor. compelled him for awhile to absent himself from his re- He practised medicine for nearly half a century, and giment, and which he with great difficulty survived. never refused a call, except from indisposition. This

At the termination of the war, he returned to his agri- rarely happened, for his own health was seldom intercultural labours and professional pursuits on his farm, in rupted, and Providence seemed pleased to give that to the Great Valley, where he speni the remainder of his him, which he so much delighted in bestowing on othlife.

With what zeal and ability that life was devoted to the He was of a temperament uncommonly free and ardischarge of all his duties, social and professional, can dent. His mind was unfettered by contracted systems, be well attested by the inhabitants of a large extent of and he entertained sanguino views and anticipations with



regard to the moral improvement of man. He was there pressive. His head was well proportioned, his forehead fore indifferent to nothing which related to his condi- full and high, his hair brown, eyes gray, and all bis feation. Education was the object dearest to liis heart, and tures regular and strongly developed. he esteemed good teachers as the most useful members Possessing human fallibility, he doubtless had faults, of every community. Accordingly, he procured the but it would scarcely become any one who knew him to best he could for his own children; but he suffered the mention them, if recollected; because almost every one affliction so bitter to a fond and aged parent, of seeing had received some great kindness at his band. They several of his promising sons cut off at that period of life were but foibles at most, and in comparison with his virwhen the prostration of a father's hopes desolates the tues, like the spots on the sun, which are not easily disheart.

coverable, and which neither diminish his heat nor obIn the political concerns of his country, he felt a strong scure his brightness. solicitude, and took an active part, but he was a purely disinterested republican, and never sought or accepted

ANNALS OF PAUPERISM. an office. He had a deeply rooted attachment to the illustrious man who has always held, and always must hold, the first place in the affections of his countrymen; Accounts OF THE GUARDIANS OF THE POOR, and he, however, belonged to that party which elevated Mr. Managers of the Almshouse & House of Employment of Jefferson to the presidency. The war with Great Bri. the City of Philadelphia, the District of Southwark, and 'tain of 1812, was warmly advocated and supported by Township of the Northern Liberties, for the year ending him, believing that it was a war of national character 26th of May, 1828. and honour, without maintaining which, the advantages We at first designed making an abstract of these acof the revolution would have been in a great measure lost, and the requisite confidence in the stability and counts; but recollecting that they are the last, which will energy of the representative system, impaired.

appear under the old system of poor laws, and that they Ilis taste for literature was better cultivated than usual- will probably, at some future lime, be required for referly happens with men engaged daily in an arduous pro- ence, we have concluded to publish them entire. There fession. His historical knowledge was by no means circumscribed, and he was conversant with the beauties ed, than in the expenditures of public money for the

are few subjects in which the public are more interestof Shakspeare, Milton, and Pope. Moral philosophy was a favourite subject of his thoughts, and he had ex support of the poor, and therefore we presume, it will amined with attention most of the works on the mind be satisfactory to every one to have an opportunity of from the time of Mr. Locke. From him he obtained his investigating these matters for himself. The details of first principles, and he was an admirer of some of his such an immense establishment as the Alms House bas works. He viewed his labours as having established a new era in the history of man, and as setting at libcrty become, are deserving of attention. the human mind. With Locke, he believed that reve. dation was natural reason, and natural reason revelation.”

PLEAS OF THE COUNTY OF PHILADELPHIA, This gave much concern to some of his friends, lest he

The Auditors of the County of Philadelphia, should be too sceptical in his religious opinions. But a

Respectfully state: life of rectitude and integrity like his, wanted no apology, and his homage for the Creator of christianity was the Guardians of the Poor and Managers of the Alms

That they have carefully examined the Accounts of shown in the habitual reverence for its precepts evinced in his daily intercourse with the world. It is true, he House and House of Employment, of the City of Phiregarded bigotry and fanatacism as the deepest stains on

ladelphia, District of Southwark and Township of the the human character, as tending more than any thing May, 1827,

and ending on the 26th of May, 1828;


Northern Liberties, commencing on the 29th day of else, to debase the soul, by eradicating charity, destroy they have compared them with the vouchers and Docuing health, banishing social comfort, and counteracting ments, relating to the same, and now report the followall the benevolent aims of God towards his creatures.His abhorrence however was equally great of the cold,

ing statement. unstable and frivolous character of the sceptic, who

Almshouse, Oct. 29th, 1828. gives no serious thought to any of the important rela

No. I. tions of life, and makes light of all that is most deeply Expenditures by the Managers of the Almshouse and interesting to mankind.

House of Employment, for the use of the Officers, His philanthropy was conspicuous to the last, and to their families, and the Paupers, for and during the year this, it may be truly affirmed, he was a martyr. His last

ending 26th May, 1828. professional act was one of charity, and cost him his life. A poor woman was suffering under the interesting pangs Supplies for Paupers and use of the Institution generally. peculiar to the sex, and demanded his assistance. He 141,741 lbs. beef

5,596 83 hastened as usual to her relief. The weather was cold,

26,393 do. pork

1,241 74 the fire became low, there was no wood cut short, and

18,396 do. mutton

553 76 no person about the house but females and children.

964 bbls. wheat flour

4,570 91 The Doctor took the axe himself, but finding his coat 13 do. and 62 tons, 11 cwt. too tight, he was obliged to lay it off, and remained some 3

qr. 5 lbs, rye do.

1,831 79 time exposed to the cold. Having finished his attend.

2,584 bush. potatoes

877 70 ance, he returned home, and in a few hours was seized 609 do. turnips

60 90 His disease was violent and painful, but

148} do. Indian mcal

79 80 was endured with the firmness and resignation which 352} do. rye corn

195 42 were to have been expected, from the general tenor of 167 do. pease

116 95 his life. On the 13th day of February, 1816, in his 71st

356) do.

106 51 year, be closed his eyes upon the world, towards which

23 do. shorts

10 35 he had discharged all his duties with unsurpassed fideli. 369 do. salt

223 10 ty, and few have better merited the divine salutation of 11 do. malt

13 75 "well done, good and faithful servant.”

11,215 lbs. brown sugar

983 34 There was an obvious affinity between his physical 490) do. loaf and lump do. 74 58 and moral structure. In his stature he was ot good 1,473} do. tea

611 02 size, his person finely formed, his face handsome and ex- 4,187 do. coffee

586 07

with croup.


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Horse gears

5,075 do. chocolate

626 97

Overseers of the Poor of Roxbo. 2301 do. pepper

41 52

rough, Moreland and Beaver 182 do. hops

45 50

Townships, for support of our 9,353 do. rice

311 17

76 95 1703 do. cheese

21 49
Secretary's salary

80 00 4 do, mustard

2 49
5 boxes tin plate

77 50 144 cwt. 1 qr. hay

98 07
A coffee urn

60 00 10,935; galls. milk

1,476 34
469 yds, domestic plaids

54 26 6,806 do. molasses

2,191 86

203 do. Wilmington stripe 34 79 23 bbls. and 15 galls. vinegar 91 70

66 do. carpeting and putting it 5 do. apples

11 00

49 37 3 do. mackerel and 100 shad 28 50

27 do. and 2 pieces diaper 33 10 6% do. beer

26 00
2,550 bricks

23 53 6 bottles sweet oil

3 38
645 lbs. soap

45 52 2,000 herring

4 37
Wheelwright's work

54 19 Garden seeds and plants

17 55
Carpenter's work

35 75 Spices

2} boxes segars

45 00 Aldermen's and Justice's supper

25 48
A hearse

77 00 Guardian's dinners

299 27

27 26 Disbursements of Managers

121 39

31 30 Steward's and Matron's tables

619 94

Expenses in an appeal case at

48 94
23,799 13
Curb stone

21 45 Add for 1,470 galls.

174 yds. cloth

21 75 milk had this year

Glass and queensware

34 32 and not paid for, 183 37

21 25 Also, the amount of

64 lbs. sperm. candles

20 06 stock on hand 28th


38 82 May, 1827, 2,020 22 2,203 59

Clothing to paupers for extra ser-

19 88
26,002 72

Cotton balls, thread and tape 15 07 Deduct the following, had the

3 moss mattrasses

19 11 last and paid for the present

Shoeing horses

18 25 year;

Measuring carpenter's work 16 00 1,530 gallong milk 206 55

Tax books

12 50 13,802 lbs. beef 543 45

4 wheel barrows

16 00
Curing a sick horse

10 00
750 00
Repairing dearborn

11 00 And the following sum

Money advanced for board of papaid by the Steward

tients returned

12 78 into the treasury du

Bricklayer's work

10 75 ring the year; receiv

9 doz, hickory and 7 doz. birch ed for bread, flour


16 12 barrels, hhds. &c. 1 177 31

2 stoves

8 00 Also amount of stock

Cleaning clock

7 50 on hand 26th May,

15 cedar bolts

6 30
1,667 17

Conveying patients to City Hospital 8 00
3,594 48
16 yds. green baize

7 46
-22,408 24 7 kegs tar

7 00 Salaries to steward, matron,

14 loads sand

8 00 clerks,agents gate-keeper

Postage on letters

8 52 and cells-keeper

3,243 13
Stone Cutter's work

5 45 Wages to baker, cooks, wai

36 yds. cotton duck

5 04 ter, &c.

730 53
4 doz. combs

5 43 4,584 bundles, 618 cwt.

Regulating scales and weights 3 77 2 qrs. straw,

510 61

Baskets, 87 cts. indigo $2 50 3 37 Lumber

875 31

84 pieces paper hangings 3 18 Advertising and printing 176 15

22; yds. crash

1 93 Blank books and stationary

229 29

2 46 Brushes

244 02

Wire work $1 65, Cooper's work

391 87
$1 13

2 78 Earthenware

219 94 Cleaning privies 344 96

11,687 52 494 blankets

570 00

Add amount of stock on hand 1,1544 yds. tow cloth

242 54
26th May, 1827

955 76 Paints, oil, glass, &c.

211 09 Plumber's work

263 66 1,117 galls. oil

749 68

Deduct the following 2,7021 yds. muslin

324 75

súm paid by the stew. 456) bush. lime

120 79

ard into the TreasuSweeping chimnies

117 65

ry of the General Water rent for 1828

105 00

Board, received for 13 tons, 13 cwt. 2 qrs. ice 103 72

pay patients, support Making out tax books for 1827 301 00

of non-resident pau1,330 bush. floor sand

97 40

pers, coffins, &c. 3,153 61 369 yds. flannel

93 37

Also, stock on hand 26th Removing non-resident paupers, 136 80

May, 1828

727 04 3,880 65 8,762 63

12,643 28

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Medical Department.
Supplies for sick, &c.
Drugs and medicines

2,046 27 Salaries to apothecary and assistant

608 25 Wages to nurses and assistants 962 06 Disbursements for sick

769 81 Leeching

596 50 Surgical instruments

144 14 200 gross corks

100 00 1,169 lbs. tamarinds

95 57 372 do. linen rags

69 54 875 do. mutton suet

63 62 393 do. Havana sugar

56 00 271% do. loaf and lump do. 41 42 12 reams wrapping paper 46 00 220; yds. muslin

25 26 4 hampers porter bottles

36 25 100 lbs, bees wax

28 00 Glass, earthen and queensware 24 00 Repairing mineral water machine 16 60 6 packs pins

5 70 Filtering paper

2 25 1 yard fine linen

1 25 Sundries

5 02 Liquors used in the medical and

surgical wards: 420 galls. brandy

521 15 322 do. & 1 bottle wine 500 20 64 do. whiskey

18 92 4 do. gin

6 00 864 hhds. porter 865 00 1,911 27

46,088 71

From which sum of $46,088 71,

deduct the following items,
which do not properly apper-
tain to the current expenses of

the year, viz: Guardian's dinners

299 27 Making out tax books for 1827, 301 00 Tax-books

12 50 Removing non-resident paupers, 136 80 And the following sum paid by

the steward into the treasury, being for admission fees, tickets, certificates, &c. seld to medical students

3,632 98 Also this amount, being for ar

ticles furnished the small pox hospital

320 36

7,654 78

4,702 91

Add stock on hand 28th May,


3,477 43

41,385 80

Now add the value of clothing

used in the Institution as per account No.2

5,286 73

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7,370 00

$50,601 59


226 tons Lehigh coal 809 cords oak wood 3934 do. pine do.

7 do. maple do. 18 bbls. charcoal Cartage Wharfage and cordage

1,440 40 3,079 16 1,203 49

26 25

5 03 601 67 70 51

6,426 56

Add stock on band 28th May,


1,134 76

No. II. The Manufactory at the Almshouse and House of Employ ment for the year ending 26th May, 1828.

Stock on hand 26th May, 1827.
Manufactured goods

987 30 Ready made clothing

7,561 32 Deduct the following

890 60 Raw materials, oakum, &c. 3,382 16 Dye stuff's

5 50 Machinery

1,723 47 Outstanding account

57 69

7,046 72 Raw materials, wages, &c. 10,743 lbs. flax

913 15 7,983 do. cotton

785 96 6,130 do. wool

490 40 7,365 do. junk

202 53 7,854 do. tallow

563 28 9531 bushels ashes

227 85 1643 do. coal

57 00

sum paid by the steward into the treasury, received for wood supplied poor widows, agreeably to the will of G. Emlen, deceased,

347 88

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