« PreviousContinue »
December 21. Our river is now free from ice; wea
19. Arrivals. A comet has been visible for ther fine and open.
six weeks; appears to have increased in size. 1735. January 16. Our river continues open and the Dec. Entries and clearances. weather very moderate.
1745. January, February, March. Entries and clearMarch 4. Saturday last quantities of codfish taken ances; find no mention of ice. just off the capes.
•March 26. Friday las a violent gust-houses December. Entries and clearances.
damaged and trees uprooted. 1736. January 6. River is fast, and full of ice.
Dec. Entries and clearances.
1746. January. No arrivals nor clearances this month; 25. Two whales killed at Cape May. no ice is mentioned. April 22. Hail storm near the city; stones as December 28. River frozen up for a week past. large as pidgeons' eggs.
1747. February 24. First arrivals since 23d December. December. Arrivals and clearances through the April 30. A violent N. E. storm did much damonth.
mage. 1737. January 20. Weather very cold; persons frozen December 15. No entries this week, river being
to death; a vessel below cannot come up on account full of ice. of the ice.
1748. January 12. Entries and clearances. February 3, Sunday night last the ice in the
26. A vessel ashore on Reedy Island, Schuylkill, though exceedingly thick and strong, cut through with the ice-no entries or clearances broke up with the fresh occasioned by the rains and --severe weather-a man frozen to death on a flat melting of the snow. The water rose near six feet in Mantua Creek. on the ground floor of Joseph Gray's house at the February 2. Entries and clearances. middle ferry, which is three feet higher than it
- 9. River again full of ice; no entries or was in the fresh in 1733, and that was said to be clearances till March 1, when there are some. the highest ever recollected.
April 21. A comet visible for 8 or 10 night's past March 17. On Wednesday and Thursday last a December. Entries and clearances through the S. E. storm raised the tide higher than known for month. many years, and which did great damage.
1749. January 31. A vesse! reaches “Elsingburgh." May 7. An aurora borealis.
The river, by bard S. E. gale almost freed from ice. December 8. Earthquake last night about eleven February 7. River again full of ice. o'clock; lasted half a minute. Entries and clear
14. Arrivals. ances through the month.
June 1. Great quantities of locusts. 1738. January and February. Entries and clearances December. No arrivals from 12 to 26; ice not menthrough the month.
tioned. April 6. A great storm at E. and N. E.; damaged 1750. January 22, Our river is now broke up; and yeswharves; creeks very much raised.
terday a vessel went down. This morning a violent December. Entries and clearances till 18th.
N. E. storm, which has done considerable damage 1739. . January 25. River now entirely clear of ice; ves- to the vessels and wharves. sels gone down; fast since 18th December.
February 6. River free from ice; vessels going December. Entries and clearances.
up and down. 1740. January 10. No entries or clearances from this February 16. A very bright aurora borealis. date till
May 30. It is said this has been the coldest May February 21. When arrivals are mentioned.
in the memory of man; last week there were frosts March 15. Ice broke up in the Delaware.
in several places, which have done considerable da. December 19. River unnavigable from this to 13th
mage, and in some places snow. March.
December 25. A violent N. E. storm last Thurs1741. January 8. Our river has been fast some time,
day; it damaged our wharves considerably, and and we heard from Lewes that 'tis all ice towards 1751. January 1. River full of ice.
sunk some small craft. the sea as far as the eye can reach. Tuesday and
22. River so open that a shallop, came up Wednesday are thought to have been the coldest
from Marcus Hook. This morning a violent S. E. days for many years. March 5. The severity of the winter complained
storm which damaged wharves and vessels. of throughout the country. Cattle dying for
October 3. Monday night last the streets of this
city began to be illuminated with lamps in pursuwant of fodder; many deer found dead in the woods,
ance of an act of Assembly. and some came tamely to the plantations, and fed
Décember 24. For a week past our navigation has on hay with other creatures. March 13. River navigable. The winter ex. 1752. February 18. Our river has been driving for some
been stopped, the river being very full of ice. tremely long and severe.
days past, and is now so clear of ice, that if the 19. River now quite open; vessels daily come up.
weather continues moderate in a few days vessels April 19. We hear from Lancaster county that
will fall down. during the great snow, which in general was more
February 25. River entirely clear; 12 sea vessels than three feet deep, the back inhabitants suffered
arrived in one tide. much for want of bread; that many families of new 1753. Jan. 2. Our navigation is stopped; river full of settlers had little else to subsist upon but the car.
ice. cases of deer they found dead or dying in the
9. Vessels entered. swamps or runs about their houses. The Indians
23. Navigation quite clear. fear a scarcity of deer and Turkies, &c.
November 14. A violent gale from E.; wharves December. Entries and clearances.
overflowed, and water in most of the stores. 1742. January. do.
December 29. River full of ice. Navigation 22. Comet visible for some time.'
stopped. On Monday last a violent S. E. storm February and March. Entries and clearances
drove several vessels ashore. no mention of ice.
1754. January 15. Our river is now and has been for Dec. Entries and clearances-no mention of ice.
several days quite clear of ice. 1743. Jan.
January 22. Unusually low tide owing to a gale Dec. 8. A comet visible.
from N. W. 1744. Jan. 3. No entries this week--river full of ice. June 6. On Tuesday afternoon a shower of ex
ceeding large hail; a water-spout appeared on the gious freshes and the tides to rise higher than has Delaware opposite Kensington, which was carried been known for some years past-our river is now up Cooper's creek, and supposed to break on the so clear of ice that we expect vessels up. shore, where considerable damage was done.
21. Arrivals. December. Entries and clearances through the December. Entries and clearances during the month.
month. 1755. January 14. There is so much ice at present in 1763. January 13. Our navigation now is and has for the river that our navigation is stopped.
some days been stopped-river full of ice. January 21. Clearances from this date forward.
27. A vessel reaches Marcus Hook. December, do. through month.
February 24. A moderate thaw for some days— 1756. January and February. Clearances through the ice in river greatly diminished-on Tuesday a brig month.
came up: March 18. On Friday night we had a violent N. December. Entries, &c. during month. E. snow storm, which did considerable damage to 1764. January do the vessels at the wharves, and probably on the December 27. Our navigation was at a stand for a coast. This is the first mention of snow. Arrivals
few days, the river being full of ice; but on Tuesand clearances continue through the month. There day night we had a violent N. E. storm for some is no intimation that the navigation was interrupted hours, which ended in rain--and the wind blowing this winter.
prodigiously hard at the same time destroyed the December. Entries and clearances.
ice, so that some vessels ventured down yesterday, 30. “People surprised at the appear.
31. Delaware frozen over in one nightance of two Parhelia, or mock suns, one on each passable next morning. side of the true one, and a large white circle passing 1765. January 3. Our navigation has been quite at a through all three, and a crown or small rainbow in stand for a week past. the zenith, which appearance lasted nearly an hour, February 7. On Tuesday last an ox was roasted
between ten and eleven o'clock in the morning." whole on the river Delaware, which from the no1757. January. Clearances and arrivals throughout the velty of the thing, drew together a great number month, although the managers of the New Castle
of people. Lottery advertised that they have been prevented by February 14. The weather is now so moderate the severity of the weather, from riding about to and our bay so clear of ice, that the vessels at the sell their tickets, and the country people from Capes are come up to Reedy Island. coming in to purchase; no mention of the naviga
28. Our navigation is now quite clear tion being interrupted, and entries and clearances and several vessels have came up. published every week through the winter.
A letter from Fort Pitt dated January 31, 1765, December. Entries and clearances through the says "the weather has been so uncommonly severe month.
at this post, that both rivers have been passable on 1758. February 2. Navigation has been stopped some the ice for six weeks."
days, and is still, there being a good deal of ice in March 28. On Saturday night last came on here the river.
a very severe snow storm which continued all night 16. River almost clear of ice; some and next day, when it is believed the greatest vessels have fallen down.
quantity of snow, that has been considering the March 22. A smart shock of an earthquake felt advanced state of the season) for many years past, between ten and eleven o'clock P. M.
it being said to be about 2 or 2 feet on a level, and December 28. For a few days past our river has in some places deeper. A great number of trees been full of ice, but is now likely to be soon clear are destroyed; some torn up by the roots, others again.
broke off and the roads so bad that there is scarcely 1759. January 4. Our river is so full of ice that no ves- any travelling sel can stir
December. Entries, &c. all the month. 11. Arrivals and clearances.
1766. January 9. River quite fast since Friday last25. River has for some days been in- weather very severe. terrupted with ice.
30. No arrivals &c. since 9th-ice most. February 1. Clearances.
ly dissolved. December 28. Navigation stopped for a week past. February 6. Arrivals. River full of ice.
16. A sloop drove up to New Castle in 1760. January 3. Clearances.
a cake of ice. 17. Thursday last our river was so free December. Arrivals and clearances throughout. from ice that a vessel came up; but it is now fast 1767. January 1. Our river is so full of ice that navi. again.
gation is at a stand. Thermometer 60 on 2d, 50 February 7. For three days past have had a fine
8. From the very great unexpected thaw thaw by which the ice is greatly dissolved, and we since Saturday last, our river is now pretty clear of hope the navigation will be open in a few days. ice. On Monday n'ght at the middle feuy, Schuyl. 14. Arrivals and clearances.
kill, the ice carried away all the boats, broke the March 20. On Sunday last, we had a violent N. ropes, tore the wharf and did other considerable E. snow storm, when considering the season of the damage; some of the out houses, being washed year and the time it lasted (18 hours) there was away by the water overflowing the banks. the greatest fall of snow that has been known, it is December 24. The cold weather of Saturclay said, since the settlement of the province.
night, filled the river so full of ice that vessels December. Arrivals, &c. through the month.
could not depart; but on Tuesday there was a fine 1761. No arrivals or clearances from January 15 to 5th thaw accompanied with rain and the weather is now February:
moderate, and we hope the navigation will soon December 17. Our river is and has been interrupt. open again.
ed by ice for some days past. 1768. February 11. Our river is now so clear of ice,
24. Navigation quite stopped-mca. that vessels get up and down. sures for relief of the poor.
March 24. On Saturday night last, we had a most 1762. January 14. On Saturday and Sunday last we violent snow storm from N. Ë.
had a violent N. E. storm here, which, with the sud. December. Arrivals and clearances through the den thaw for some days before, occasioned prodi. month.
1769 Jan. Arrivals and clearances through the month. GOVERNORS, DEPUTIES, PRESIDENTS, &C. OF
March 16. Saturday last, a remarkable low tide 1682 Oct. Wm. Penn (proprietor) acted as Gov. till
June 3 William Markham, esq. Dep. Governor.
1703 Feb. President, Edward Shippen and Council to
1709 Feb. Charles Gookin, esq. Dep. Governor to
1726 June Patrick Gordon, Esq. Deputy Governor to
1738 June George Thomas, esq. Dep. Governor to
1756 Aug. 19 William Denny, esq. Dep. Governor to
1759 Nov 17 James Hamilton to
Oct 16 Richard Pern succeeded.
1777 March Thomas Wharton, jr. esq. President of
Supreme Executive Council
1781 Nov William Moore do
1782 Nov John Dickinson do
1785 Oct Benjamin Franklin
GOVERNORS UNDER Net CONSTITUTION,
? Sheuring the rotes for each candidate and each opponent, or
well as the whole number of votes given in the State of
each Gubernatorial election:
whole number of votes giren in the
opponent, F. A. Muhlenburg, who
had 10,700 votes: total votes 30,310
1796 Oct Thomas Mifflin, votes, 30,020
1799 Oct Thomas M'Kean, votes, 37,244
opponent James Ross, who had 32,-
643 votes-total votes,
opponent James Ross, who had 17,-
037 votes--total votes,
opponent Simon Snyde:', who had
38,483 votes-total votes
opponent James Ross, who had 39,-
575, and John Spayd 4006-total 111,564
1814 Oct Simon Snyder; rotes, 51,099–
opponent, Isaac Wayne, who had
1817 Oct William Findlay; votes, 66,331;
opponent Joseph Hiester, who bad
59,272- total votes
opponent William Findlay, who had
1823 Oct J. Andrew Shulze; votes, 89,-
928; opponent Andrew Gregg, who
had 64,211-total votes
1826 Oct J. Andrew Shulze; votes, 72,-
Facts derived from a report to the Legislature, appoint lands, or premises, or any part or parcel thereof, togeth. ed to inquire into the election of 1817.
er with the yearly and other rents, revenues and profits The number of Taxables in 1807, was 138,285, and in of the premises, and of every part and parcel thereof; 1814 165,427, making an increase of 27,142 in 7 years, to have and to hold the said town of New-Castle, otherwise or 3877 per annum, at which rate the taxables for 1817 called Delaware, and fort, and all and singular the said would amount to 177,058. The number of votes given lands and premises, with their and every of their appur. at election of 1817 was therefore 51,515 less than the tenances hereby given and granted, or herein before taxables.
mentioned to be given and granted unto our said dearest Upon the same principle the taxables in 1808 would brother James, Duke of York, his heirs and assigns, for amount to 142,162. The number of votes that year was ever; to be holden of us, our heirs, and successors, as 11,564, which is 30,398 less than the taxables.
of our manor of East-Greenwich, in our county of Kent, The taxables in 1800 were 112,333, and those in 1807 in free and common soccage, and not in capite, nor by 138,285, being an annual average increase between Knight's service, yielding and rendering, and the said 1800 and 1807, of 3707— deduct two years increase, say James, Duike of York, for himself, his heirs and assigns, 7754, from the taxables of 1807, aıd it gives 130,531 for doth covenant and promise, to yield and render unto us, the taxables of 1895, when the number of votes for Go our heirs and successors, of and for t'e same yearly, vernor was 82,522, which is 48,009 less than the taxables and every year, four Beaver skins, when the same shall of that year.
be demanded, or within ninety days after such demand By the same process the taxables in 1799 were made. And we do further of our special grace, certain 108, 626. At that election 69,887 votes were given,, knowledge and meer motion, for us, our heirs and sucbeing 38,739 less than the taxables.
cessors, give and grant unto our dearest brother James, In the city and county of Philadelphia, the taxables Duke of York, his heirs, deputies, agents, commissionfor 1814 were 19,869-and the votes at the election of ers and assigns, by these presents, full and absolute 1817, were 12,064.
power and authority, to correct, punish, pardon, govern
and rule, all such the subjects of us, our heirs and sucPotes given in the City and County of Philadelphia, at cessors, or any other person or persons as shall from time the different elections for Governor. From the Journals.
to time adventure themselves into any the ports and plaTOTES.
ces aforesa:d, or that shall or do at any time hereafter 1790 1859
inhabit the same, according to such laws orders, ordi1793 567 812 1,379
nances, and institutions, as by our said dearest brother, 1796
or his assigns, shall be established; and in defect there. 1799 2749
of, in case of necessity, according to the good discre1802
tion of his deputies, commissioners, officers, or assigns
respectively, as well in cases and matters capital and 1808 5688
criminal as civil, both marine and others, so always as 5907 11,592 1811
the said statutes, ordinances and proceedings be not 1814 5082 5049 10,131
contrary, but (as near as may be) agreeable to the laws, 1817
statutes and government of this our realm of England: 1820
and saving and reserving to us, our heirs and successors, 1823
the receiving, hearing and determining of the appeal 1826
and appeals of all, or any person or persons of, in, or belonging to the town, fort, lands and premises afore
said, or touching any judgment or sentence to be there King Charles the Second's Grant of the Town of Neu- made or given.° And further, that it shall and may be Castle, and the three lower Counties, to the Dake of lawful to and for our dearest brother, his heirs and as. York.
signs, by these presents, from time to time, to nominate, Charles, by the grace of God, King of England, Scot. make, constitute, ordain and confirm such laws as aforeland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, &c. To said, by such name or names, stile or stiles, as to him or all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting. Know them shall seem good; and likewise to revolve, discharge, ye, that we, for divers good causes and considerations us change and alter as well all and singular governors, offithereunto moving, have, of our especial grace, certain cers and ministers, which hereafter shall be by him or knowledge, and meer motion, given and granted, and them thought fit and needful to be made or used within by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, do the aforesaid town, fort, lands and premises; and also to give and grant unto our dearest brother James, Duke of make, ordain and establish all manner of laws, orders, York, his heirs and assigns, all that the town of New directions, instructions, forms and ceremonies of gov. Castle, otherwise called Delaware, and fort therein or ernment and magistracy, fit and necessary for and con thereunto belongiug, situate, lying and being between cerning the government of said town, fort, lands and Maryland and New Jersey, in America, and all that tract premises, so always as the same be not contrary to the of land lying within the compass or circle of twelve laws and statutes of this our realm of England, but (as miles above the said town, situate, lying and being upon near as may be) agreeably thereunto, and the same at the river Delaware, and all the Islands in the said river all times hereafter to put in execution, or abrogate, reof Delaware, and the said river and soil thereof lying voke or change, not only within the precincts of the north of the southermost part of the said circle of twelve said town, fort, lands” and premises, but also upon the miles about the said town; and all that tract of land up- seas, in going and coming to and from the same, as he or on Delaware river and Bay, beginning twelve miles they, in their good discretion, shall think fittest for the south from the said town of New-Castle, otherwise cal- good of the adventurers and inhabitants. And we do led Delaware, and extending south to Cape Lopen; to further, of our special grace, certain knowledge, and gether with all the lands, islands, soils, rivers, harbours, meer motion, grant, ordain and declare, that such gov: mines, minerals, quarries, woods, marshes, waters, lakes, ernors, deputies, officers and ministers, as from time to fishings, hawkings, huntings and fowlings, and all other time shall be authorized and appointed in manner and royalties, privileges, profits, commodities and heredita- | form aforesaid, shall and may have full power and auments, to the said town, fort, tracts of land, islands and thority within the said town, fort, lands and premises, to premises, or to any or either of them belonging or ap- use and exercise martial law in case of rebellion, insurpertaining, with their and every of their appurtenances, rection and mutiny, in as large and ample manner as our situate, lying and being in America; and all our estate, lieutenants in our counties within our realm of England right, title, and interest, benefit advantage, claim and have, or ought to have, be force of their commissions of demand whatsoever, of, in, or to the said town, fort, lieutenancy, or any law or statute of this our realm. And we do farther, by these presents, for us, our heirs and of York, in these presents is not made, or any statute, successors, gran: unto our dearest brother JAMES, Duke act, ordinance, provision, proclamation or restriction of York, h's heirs and assigns, in his and their discre- heretofore had, made, enacted or provided, or any other tions, from time to tiine; to aclmit such and so many per- matter, cause or thing whatsoever, to the contrary there. son and persons to trade and traffick unto and within the of in any wise notwithstanding. In witness whereof, sa'd town, fout, lands and premises, and into every and we have caused these our letters to be made patents: any part and parcel thereof, and to have, possess, and witness ourself, at Westminster, the twenty-second day enjor any lan-is and hered.ta nents in the parts and pla- of March, in the thirty-fifth year of our Reign. ces aforesa ), as they shall think fit, according to the laws, orders, constitutioni an. I ordinances, by our said SANCTIFICATION OF THE SABBATH. brother, his heirs, deputies, comm'ssioners and assigns, At a large and respectable meeting composed of diffrom time to time to be made and established by virtue ferent religious denominations, convened on Monday of, and according to, the true intent and meaning of the 14th inst. in the 7th Presbyterian Church for the these presents, and under such conditions, reservations purpose of adopting measures to promote the sanctifiand agreements, as our said dearest brother. his heirs cation of the Sabbath; and assig is, shall set down, order, direct and appoint, Robert Ralston, Esq. was called to the chair; and and not otherwise, as aforesaid.
Alexander Henry, Esq. and Nicholas Murray appointed And we do further, of our special grace, certain Secretaries. knowledge, and meer motion, for us, our heirs, and suc- The object of the meeting was stated in a short and cessors, give and grant unto our said dearest brother, his appropriate address by the Rev. Ashbel Green, D. D. heirs and assigns, by these presents, that it shall and may The following resolution was offered by Thomas be lawful to and for him, them, at all and every time and Bradford, Jr. Esq. and seconded by Dr. E. Griffiths. times hereafter, out of any our realms or dominions Resolved, That this meeting cordially approve of the whatsoever, to take, load, carry, and transport, in and measures recently adopted by the convention of deleinto their voyages for and towards the plantation of the gates of different religious denominations held in New said town, fort, lands and premises, all such and so many York on the 6th of May last, for the purpose of proof our living subjects, or any other strangers, being not moting the better observance of the Christian Sabbath. proh'bited, or under restraint, that will become our liv- The following resolution was offered by the Rev. J.J. ing subjects, and live under our allegiance, and shall Janeway, D. D. and seconded by the Rev. Samuel Hel. willingly accompany them in the said voyage, together fenstein. with all such cloathing, implements, furniture, or other Resolved, That it is expedient to form a State Branch, things usually transported, and not prohibited, as shall which shall be auxiliary to the General Union formed in be necessary for the inhabitants of the said town, fort, New York, for promoting the observance of the Sablands and premises, and for their use and defence there bath; and that a committee of four be appointed to preof, and managing and carrying on the trade with the pare a form of a Constitution, and to nominate a Board people there, and in passing and returning to and fro; of officers to be submitted to this meeting. yielding and pay ng unto us, our heirs and successors, The Rev. Messrs. Janeway, Helfenstein, Dagg and the customs and duties therefor due and payable, ac- T. Bradford, Jr. were appointed that committee. cording to the laws and customs of this our realm. And The following resolution was offered by the Rev. J. we do also, for us, our heirs and successors, grant to our L. Digg, and seconded by the Rev. James Patterson. said dearest brother James, Duke of York, his heirs and Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed to assigns, and to all and every such governor and govern- have the proceedings of this meeting, signed by the or's, deputy or deputies, or their officers or ministers, chairman and secretaries, published in the daily papers; as by our said brother, his heirs or assigns, shall be ap- and also, to have them published in a pamphlet form, pointed, over the inhabitants of the said town, fort, lands together with the address of the General Union, and and premises, that they and every of them shall, and distributed as extensively as possible; and also, to raise lawfully may, from time to time, and at all times for ever funds to carry this resolution into effect. hereafter, for their several defences and safety, encoun- The Rev. G. R. Livingston, Rev. J. L. Dagg and ter, repulse and expel, and resist, by force of arms, as Thomas Bradford, Jun. Esq. were appointed that comwell by sea as by land, and by all ways and means what. mittee. soever, all such person and persons as, without the spe. The following resolution was offered by the Rev. G. cial licence of our said dearest brother, his heirs or as R. Livingston, and seconded by Mr. F. Erringer. signs, shall attempt to settle and inhabit within the seve- Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed to ral precincts and iimits of the said town, forts lands and ascertain whether any of the steam boats running on the premises; and also all and every such person or persons regular lines between New York and Baltimore, will whatsoever, as shall enterprize and attempt at any time desist running at all on the Sabbath. hereafter, the destruction, invasion, detriment or annor. Messrs. Ralston, Henry and Murray were appointed ance, to the parts, places, town, fort, lands and premises that committee. aforesaid, or any part thereof.
The following resolution was offered by Mr. John And lastly, our will and pleasure is, and we do here. M'Mullin, and seconded by Mr. Joseph Montgomery. by declare and grant, that these our letters patents, or Resolved, that the clergy of the different denomina. the enrolments thereof, shall be good and effectual in tions of the city and vicinity, be, and they hereby are law, to all intents and purposes whatsoever, notwith respectfully requested as soon as convenient, to deliver standing the not well or true reciting or mentioning of appropriate discourses to their congregations on the ob the premises, or any part thereof, or the limits or bounds servance of the Holy Sabbath. thereof, or of any former or other letters patents or The following coastitution and Board of officers grants whatsoever, made or granted of the premises, or were reported by the committee to the meeting, and of any port thereof, by us, or any of our progenitors, unanimously adopted. unto any person or persons whatsoever, bodies politick
CONSTITUTION. or corporate, or any other law or cther restraint;* in Art I. This Society shall be called the Pennsylvania certainty or imperfection whatsoever to the contrary in Branch, auxiliary to the General Union formed in New any wise r.otwithstanding. although express mention of York city in 1828, for promoting the observance of the the true yearly value or certainty of the premises, or any of Christian Sabbath. them, or of any other gift or gants by us, or by any of ART II. It shall consist indiscriminately of the friends our progenitors henceforth made to the said James, Duke of mo ality and religion of all denominations, who may
choose to combine their influence for the promotion of "Perhaps it ought to be Incertainty.
this interesting object.