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1769 Jan. Arrivals and clearances through the month. GOVERNORS, DEPUTIES, PRESIDENTS, &C. OF
March 16. Saturday last, a remarkable low tide 1682 Oct. Wm. Penn (proprietor) acted as Gov. till
June 3 William Markham, esq. Dep. Governor.
1703 Feb. President, Edward Shippen and Council to
1709 Feb. Charles Gookin, esq. Dep. Governor to
1726 June Patrick Gordon, esq. Deputy Governor to
1738 June George Thomas, esq. Dep. Governor to
1756 Aug. 19 William Denny, esq. Dep. Governor to
1759 Nov 17 James Hamilton to
1771 Oct 16 Richard Penn succeeded.
1777 March Thomas Wharton, jr. esq. President of
Supreme Executive Council
1781 Nov William Moore
1782 Nov John Dickinson do
1785 Oct Benjamin Franklin do
GOVERNORS UNDER NET CONSTITUTIOX,
well as the whole number of votes given in the State at
cach Gubernatorial election:
whole number of votes given in the
opponent, F. A. Muhlenburg, who
had 10,700 votes: total votes 30,310
1796 Oct Thomas Mifflin, votes, 30,020
1799 Oct Thomas M'Kean, votes, 37,244
opponent James Ross, who had 32,-
643 votes total votes,
opponent James Ross, who had 17,-
037 votes--total votes,
opponent Simon Snyder, who had
38,483 votes total votes
opponent James Ross, who had 39,-
575, and John Spayd 4006-total 111,564
Oct Simon Snyder; rotes, 51,099–
opponent, Isaac Wayne, who had
1817 Oct William Findlay; votes, 66,331;
opponent Joseph Hiester, who had
59,272- total votes
opponeni William Findlay, who had
1823 Oct J. Andrew Shulze; votes, 89,-
928; opponent Andrew Gregg, who
had 64,211--total votes 154,147
J. Andrew Shulze; votes, 72,.
of that year.
Facts derived from a report to the Legislature, appoint- lands, or premises, or any part or parcel thereof, togeth. ed to inquire into the election of 1817.
er with the yearly and other rents, revenues and profits The number of Taxables in 1807, was 138,285, and in of the premises, and of every part and parcel thereof; 1814 165,427, making an increase of 27, 142 in 7 years, to have and to hold the said town of New-Castle, otherwise or 3877 per annum, at which rate the taxables for 1817 called Delaware, and fort, and all and singular the said would amount to 177,058. The number of votes given lands and premises, with their and every of their appur. at election of 1817 was therefore 51,515 less than the tenances hereby given and granted, or herein before taxables.
mentioned to be given and granted unto our said dearest Upon the same principle the taxables in 1898 would brother James, Duke of York, his heirs and assigns, for amount to 142,162. The number of votes that year was ever; to be holden of us, our heirs, and successors, as 111,564, which is 30,398 less than the taxables. of our manor of East-Greenwich, in our county of Kent,
The taxables in 1800 were 112,333, and those in 1807 in free and common soccage, and not in capité, nor by 138,285, being an annual :verage increase between Knight's service, yielding and rendering, and the said 1800 and 1807, of 3707—de luct two years increase, say James, Duke of York, for himself, his heirs and assigns, 7754, from the taxables of 1807, and it gives 150,531 for doth covenant and promise, to yield and render unto us, the taxables of 1815, when the number of votes for Go- our heirs and successors, of and for the same yearly, vernor was 82,522, which is 48,009 less than the taxables and every year, four Beaver skins, when the same shall
be demanded, or within ninety days after such demand By the same process the taxables in 1799 were made. And we do further of our special grace, certain 108, 626. At that election 69.887 votes were given,, knowledge and meer motion, for us, our heirs and sucbeing 38,739 less than the taxables.
cessors, give and grant unto our dearest brother JAMES, In the city and county of Philadelphia, the taxables Duke of York, his heirs, deputies, agents, commissionfor 1814 were 19,869-and the votes at the election of ers and assigns, by these presents, full and absolute 1817, were 12,064.
power and authority, to correct, punish, pardon, govern
and rule, all such the subjects of us, our heirs and sucVotes given in the City and County of Philadelphia, at cessors, or any other person or persons as shall from time the different elections for Governor. From the Journals. to time adventure themselves into any the ports and pla
ces aforesaid, or that shall or do at any time hereafter 1790 1859
inhabit the same, according to such laws orders, ordi1793 567 812 1,379
nances, and institutions, as by our said dearest brother, 1796
or his assigns, shall be established; and in defect there. 1799 2749 3701
of, in case of necessity, according to the good discre. 1802
tion of his deputies, commissioners, officers, or assigns 1805
respectively, as well in cases and matters capital and 1808 5688 5907 11,592
criminal as civil, both marine and others, so always as 1811
the said statutes, ordinances and proceedings be not 1814 5082 5049 10,131
contrary, but (as near as may be) agreeable to the laws, 1817
statutes and government of this our realm of England: 1820
and saving and reserving to us, our heirs and successors, 1823
the receiving, hearing and determining of the appeal 1826
and appeals of all, or any person or persons of, in, or
belonging to the town, fort, lands and premises aforeKing Charles the Second's Grant of the Town of Neu- made or given. And further, that it shall and may be
said, or touching any judgment or sentence to be there Castle, and the three lower Counties, to the Dake of lawful to and for our dearest brother, his heirs and as. York.
signs, by these presents, from time to time, to nominate, Charles, by the grace of God, King of England, Scot. make, constitute, ordain and confirm such laws as aforeland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, &c. To said, by such name or names, stile or stiles, as to him or all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting. Know them shall seem good; and likewise to revolve, discharge, ye, that we, for divers good causes and considerations us change and alter as well all and singular governors, offithereunto moving, have, of our especial grace, certain cers and ministers, which hereafter shall be by him or knowledge, and meer motion, given and granted, and then thought fit and needful to be made or used within by these presents, for us, our heirs and siiccessors, do the aforesaid town, fort, lands and premises; and also to give and grant unto our dearest brother James, Duke of make, ordain and establish all manner of laws, orders, York, his heirs and assigns, all that the town of New directions, instructions, forms and ceremonies of gove Castle, otherwise called Delaware, and fort therein or ernment and magistracy, fit and necessary for and con thereunto belongiug, situate, lying and being between cerning the government of said town, fort, lands and Maryland and New Jersey, in America, and all that tract premises, so always as the same be not contrary to the of land lying within the compass or circle of twelve laws and statutes of this our realm of England, but (as miles above the said town, situate, lying and being upon near as may be) agreeably thereunto, and the same at the river Delaware, and all the Islands in the said river all times hereafter to put in execution, or abrogate, reof Delaware, and the said river and soil thereof lying voke or change, not only within the precincts of the north of the southermost part of the said circle of twelve said town, fort, lands and premises, but also upon the miles about the said town; and all that tract of land up- seas, in going and coming to and from the same, as he or on Delaware river and Bay, beginning twelve miles they, in their good discretion, shall think fittest for the south from the said town of New-Castle, otherwise cal good of the adventurers and inhabitants. And we do led Delaware, and extending south to Cape Lopen; to- further, of our special grace, certain knowledge, and gether with all the lands, islands, soils, rivers, harbours, meer motion, grant, ordain and declare, that such gov. mines, minerals, quarries, woords, marshes, waters, lakes, ernors, deputies, officers and ministers, as from time to fishings, hawkings, huntings and fowlings, and all other time shall be authorized and appointed in manner and royalties, privileges, profits, commodities and heredita- form aforesaid, shall and may have full power and auments, to the said town, fort, tracts of land, islands and thority within the said town, fort, lands and premises, to premises, or to any or either of them belonging or ap- use and exercise martial law in case of rebellion, insurpertaining, with their and every of their appurtenances, rection and mutiny, in as large and ample manner as our situate, lying and being in America; and all our estate, lieutenants in our counties within our realm of England right, title, and interest, benefit advantage, claim and have, or ought to have, be force of their commissions of demand whatsoever, of, in, or to the said town, fort, lieutenancy, or any law or statute of this our realm. And
we do farther, by these presents, for us, our heirs and of York, in these presents is not made, or any statute, successors, gran! unto our dearest brother JAMES, Duke act, ordinance, provision, proclamation or restriction of York, h's heirs and sugnis, in his and their discre. heretofore had, made, enacted or provided, or any other tions, from time to tiine; to :iclmit such and so many per- matter, cause or thing whatsoever, to the contrary thereson and persons to trade and traffick unto and within the of in any wise notwithstanding in witness whereof, sa'd town, fo:t, lands and prem ses, and into every and we have caused these our letters to be made patents: any part and parcel thereof, and to have, possess, and witness ourself, at Westminster, the twenty-second day enjoy any lan is and heredita nents in the parts and pla- of March, in the thirty-fifth year of our Reign. ces aforesa'd, as they shall think fit, according to the laws, orders, constitutioni all'ordinances, by our said SANCTIFICATION OF THE SABBATH. brother, his liers, deputies, conm'ssioners and assigns, At a large and respectable meeting composed of diffrom time to time to be made and established by virtue ferent religious denominations, convened on Monday of, and according to, the true intent and meaning of the 14th inst. in the 7th Presbyterian Church for the these presents, and under such conditions, reservations purpose of a lopting measures to promote the sanctifi. and agreements, as our said dearest brother, his heirs cation of the Sabbath; and aus ges, shall set down, order, direct and appoint, Robert Ralston, Esq. was called to the chair; and and not otherwise, as aforesaid.
Alexander Henry, Esq. and Nicholas Murray appointed And we do further, of our special grace, certain Secretaries. knowledge, andl meer motion, for ins, our heirs, and suc. The object of the meeting was stated in a short and cessors, give and giant into our said dearest brother, his appropriate address by the Rev. Ashbel Green, D. D. heirs and assigns, by these presents, that it shall and may The following resolution was offered by Thomas be lawful to and for him, them, at all and every time and Bradford, Jr. Esq. and seconded by Dr. E. Griffiths. times hereafter, out of any our realms or dominions Resolved, That this meeting cordially approve of the whatsoever, to take, load, carry, and transport, in and measures recently adopted by the convention of deleinto their vovages for and towards the plantation of the gates of different religious denominations held in New said town, fort, lands and premises, all such and so many York on the 6th of May last, for the purpose of proof our living subjects, or any other strangers, being not moting the better observance of the Christian Sabbath. proh bited, or under restraint, that will become our liv- The following resolution was offered by the Rev. J.J. ing subjects, and live under our allegiance, and shall Janeway, D. D. and seconded by the Rev. Samuel Helwillingly accompany them in the said voyage, together fenstein. with all such cloathing, implements, furniture, or other Resolved, That it is expedient to form a State Branch, things usually transported, and not prohibited, as shall which shall be auxiliary to the General Union formed in be necessary for the inhabitants of the said town, fort, New York, for promoting the observance of the Sablands and premises, and for their use and defence there. bath; and that a committee of four be appointed to pre. of, and managing and carrying on the trade with the pare a form of a Constitution, and to nominate a Board people there, and in passing and returning to and fro; of officers to be submitted to this meeting: yielding and paying imto us, our heirs and successors, The Rev. Messrs. Janeway, Helfenstein, Dagg and the customs and duties therefor due and payable, ac- T. Bralford, Jr. were appointed that committee. cording to the laws and customs of this our realm. And The following resolution was offered by the Rev. J. we do also, for us, our heirs and successors, grant to our L. Digs, and seconded by the Rev. James Patterson. said dearest brother James, Duke of York, his heirs and Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed to assigns, and to all and every such governor and govern- have the proceedings of this meeting, signed by the or's, deputy or deputies, or their officers or ministers, chairman and secretaries, published in the daily papers; as by our said brother, his heirs or assigns, shall be ap- and also, to have them published in a pamphlet form, pointed, over the inhabitants of the said town, fort, lands together with the address of the General Union, and and premises, that they and every of them shall, and distributed as extensively as possible; and also, to raise lawfully may, from time to time, and at all times for ever funds to carry this resolution into effect. hereafter, for their several defences and safety, encoun. The Rev. G. R. Livingston, Rev. J. L. Dagg and ter, repulse and expel, ancı resist, by force of arms, as Thomas Bradford, Jun. Esq. were appointed that comwell by sea as by land, and by all ways and means what. 'mittee. soever, all suc'i person and persons as, without the spe. The following resolution was offered by the Rev. G. cial licence of our said dearest brother, his heirs or as R. Livingston, and seconded by Mr. F. Erringer. signs, shall attempt to settle and inhabit within the seve- Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed to ral precincts and iimits of the said town, forts lands and ascertain whether any of the steam boats running on the premises; and also all and every such person or persons regular lines between New York and Baltimore, will whatsoever, as shall enterprize and attempt at any time desist running at all on the Sabbath. hereafter, the destruction, invasion, detriment or annox. Messrs. Ralston, Henry and Murray were appointed ance, to the parts, places, town, fort, lands and premises that committee. aforesaid, or any part thereof.
The following resolution was offered by Mr. John And lastly, our will and pleasure is, and we do here. M'Mullin, and seconded by Mr. Joseph Montgomery. by declare and grant, that these our letters patents, or Resolved, That the clergy of the different denominathe enrolments thereof, shall be good and effectual in tions of the city and vicinity, be, and they hereby are law, to all intents and purposes whatsoever, notwith respectfully requested as soon as convenient, to deliver standing the not well or true reciting or mentioning of appropriate discourses to their congregations on the ob the premises, or any part thereof, or the limits or bounds servance of the Holy Sabbath. thereof, or of any former or other letters patents or The following Constitution and Board of officers grants whatsoever, made or granted of the premises, or were reported by the committee to the meeting, and of any part thereof, by us, or any of our progenitors, unanimously adopted. unto any person or persons whatsoever, bodies politick
CONSTITUTION. or corporate, or any other law or ctiver restraint;* in Art I. This Society shall be called the Pennsylvania certainty or imperfection whatsoever to the contrary in Branch, auxiliary to the General Union formed in New any wise rotwithstanding, although express mention of York city in 1828, for promoting the observance of the the true yearly value or certainty of the premises, or any of Christian Sabbath. them, or of any other gift or gants by us, or by any of Art II. It shall consist indiscriminately of the friends our progenitors henceforth made to the said James, Duke of mo ality and religion of all denominations, who may
choose to combine their influence for the promotion of "Perhaps it ought to be Incertainty.
this interesting object.
ABT III. Aš the weapons of the Christian warfare are being a Papist, and even of a priest and Jesuit in disguise. not carnal but spiritual
, the means employed by this and it had been commonly reported that Dr. Tillotson Society for effecting their design shall be exclusively had given into the same opinion, and reported it to his the influence of personal example, of moral suasion, with arguments drawn from the oracles of God, from prejudice. Upon which Mr. Penn wrote to him thus: the existing laws of our country, and appeals to the I'orthy Friend, consciences and hearts of men.
Being often told that Dr. Tillotson should suspect me, ART IV. This Branch shall hold its annual meeting at and so report me a Papist, I think a Jesuit, and being such time and place, as the directors may determine, closely pressed, I take the liberty to ask thee, if any when a Board consisting of a President, Vice l’resislents, such reflection fell from thee If it did, I am sorry one Recording and Corresponding Secretaries, a Treasurer I esteemed ever the first of his robe, should so undeseryand twenty-four Directors shall be chosen to conduct edly stain me, for so I call it: And if the story be false, the business of the Society; three of whom shall consti- I am sorry they should abuse Lr. Tillotson, as well as tute a quorum. In case of the failure of an annual myself, without a cause. I acid no more, but that I ab. election, the existing officers shall continue till a new hor two principles in religion, and pity them who own election.
them: The first is, Obedience upon authority without conArt V. It shall be the duty of the Board to meet, at viction; and the other, Destroying them that differ from the call of the President, as often as shall be necessary me for God's sake. Such a religion is without judgment, for the transaction of business, to fill their own vacan. though not withoui teeth. Union is best, if right, else cies; to adopt energetic measures to accomplish the charity. And as Hooker said, “ The time will come, object of the General L'nion; and to make to this when a few words spoken with meekness, and humility, Branch an annual report of their proceedings. and love, shall be more acceptable than volumes of con
ART VI. Any person may become a menber of this troversies, which commonly destroy charity, the very Branch by subscribing the Constitution and signing the best part of true religion. I mean not a charity that following pledge, viz.
can change with all, but can bear all, as I can Dr. Til. We, whose names are undersigned, do hereby ac- lotson, in what he dissents from me; and in this reflecknowledge our obligation to keep the Sabbathi accord. tion too, if said, which is not yet believed by ing to the Scriptures; and we pledge ourselves to cach Thy true Christian Friend, other, and to the Christian public, to refrain from all se
W. PENN. cular employments on that day, from travelling in steam Charing-cross, 28th of the 11th month, 1685-6. boats, stages, canal boats, or otherwise, except in cases of necessity or mercy, and to aim at discharging the To which Dr. Tillotson returned the following anduties of that sacred day; and also that we will, as cir- swer: cumstances admit, encourage and give a preference to
January 26, 1685. those lines of conveyances whose owners do not employ Honoured Sir The demand of your letter is very just them on the Sabbath.
and reasonable, and the manner of it very kind; thereART VII. This Constitution shall not be altered, ex- fore, in answer to it be pleased to take the following accept at an annual meeting, and by a vote of two thirds count. The last time you did the favour to see me at of the members present.
my house, I did, according to the freedom I always use,
where I profess my friendship, acquaint you with someRobert Ralston, President.
thing I had heard of a correspondence you held with Alexander Henry Vice Presidents,
some at Rome, and particularly with some of the Jesuits Rev. G. R. Livingston
there. At which time you seemed a little surprised; and Nicholas Murray, Recording Secretary. after some general discourse about it, you said you would Thomas Bradford, jr. esq. Cor. Secʻry.
call upon me some other time, and speak farther of it. Frederick Erringer, Treasurer.
Since that time I never saw you but by accident and in
passsge, where I thought you always declined me; parJames Moore
A. G. Claxton
ticularly at Sir William Jones's chamber, which was the Dr. Griffiths
Duncan Gecrge last time I think I saw you. Upon which occasion I J.J. Inglis
Robert Wallace took notice to him of your strangeness to me, and told Joseph P Engles
Rev. J. L. Dags him what I thought might be the reason of it and that I Rev. James Patterson
Rev. S. Helfenstein was sorry for it, because I had a particular esteem of G. W. Mentz
Rev. M. Force your parts and temper. Nicholas Murray
Dr. B. R. Rhees
The same, I believe, I have said to others; but to Joseph Montgomery
Rev. W. 1. Brantly whom I do not so particularly remember. Since your Rev. John Chambers
going to Pennsylvania, I never thought of it, till lately Isaac Wampole
Rev. Peter Wolle
being in some company, one of them pressed to declare, J. B. Mitchell
Ambrosa White whether I had not heard something of you, which had Cornelius Stevenson
satisfied me that you were a Papist. I answered, No, Interesting and appropriate addresses were delivered by no means. I told him what I had heard, and what i by the Rev. Dr. Green, Thomas Bradford, jr. esq. Rev. said to you, and of the strangeness that ensued upon it; Dr. Jane way, Rev. Mr. Dags, Rev. Mr. Patierson, Rev. but that this never went farther with me, than to make Mr. Livingston, and others. A spirit of harmony and me suspect there was more in that report, which I have exertion pervaded the meeting, which, it is hoped, will heard, than I was at first willing to believe; and if any extend itself through every part of Pennsylvania, and made of it I should look upon them as very injurious do much to rescue the Christian Sabbath from profana- both to Mr. Peen and myself. This is the truth of that tion.
matter; and whenever you will please to satisfy me that ROBERT Ralston, Chairman. my suspicion of the truth of that report I had heard,
was groundless, I will heartily beg your pardon for it. I do fully concur with you in the abhorrence of the two principles you mention, and your approbation of that
excellent saying of Mr. Hooker's, for which I shall very WM. PENN AND ARCHBISHOP TILLOTSON. highly esteem him. I have endeavoured to make it one
William Penn, for his strict attachment to king James of the governing principles of my life, nerer to abate any A. and the extraordinary favours received by him from ence from me in" opinion; and particularly to those of
thing of humanity or charity to any man, for his diffirthat prince, had drawn upon himself the imputation of your persuasion, as several of them have had experience.
Henry } Secretaries.
I have been ready on all oocasions, to do all offices of all occasions to vindicate you in this matter; and shall kindness, being truly sorry to see them so hardly used; be ready to do it to the person that sent you the enclos. and, though I thought them mistaken, yet, in the main, ed, whenever he will please to come to me. I am very I believed them to be very honest. I thank yon for much in the country, but will seek the first opportunity your letter, and have a just esteem of the temper of it, to visit you at Charing-cross, and renew our acquaintance, and rest
in which I took great pleasure. I rest,
Your Faithful Friend.
(Penn. Mag. This produced the following letter from Mr. Penn. Worthy Friend,
AUCTIONS. Having a much less opinion of my own memory than În pursuance of a resolution adopted at a very of Dr. Tillotson's truth, I will allow the fact, though not the jealousy: for besides that I cannot look strange and Traders, held at Clement's Hotel, on the even
numerous and respectable meeting of Merchants where I am well used, I have ever treated the name of Dr. Tillotson with another regard: I might be grave and ning of the 27th ult. a general meeting of merchants full of my own business: I was also then disappointed by room on the evening of the 7th inst. at 8 o'clock.
and others was convened at the District Court the doctor's; but my nature is not harsh, my education less, and my principles least of all. It was the opinion
THOMAS C, ROCKHILL was called to the I had of the doctor's moderation, simplicity and inte. Chair, and MATTHEW NEWKIRK and David Ellgrity, rather than his parts or post, that always made me
MAKER were appointed Secretaries, set a value upon his friendship; of which, perhaps, I am
The following resolutions were submitted by the a better judge, leaving the latter to men of deep ta. committee chosen at the former meeting, and unani. lents. I blame him nothing, but leave it to his better mously approved off: thoughts, if, in my affair, his jealousy was not too nimble 1st. Resolved, That in the opinion of this meet. for his charity. if he can believe me, I should hardly ing, the existing system of sales by auction is a prevail with myself
, to endure the same thought of Dr. great and increasing evil, and highly injurious to Tillotson on the like occasion, and less to speak of it. the interests of every class of citizens throughout For the Roman correspondence I will freely come to the Union. confession. I have not only no such thing with any Je- 2d. Resolved, That a committee, consisting of suit at Rome (though Protestants may have without of the following persons, be appointed on behalf of the fence) but I hold noue with any Jesuit, priest, or regu- citizens of Philadelphia, to co-operate with our fela lar, in the world, of that coinmunion. And that the low citizens elsewhere, in their exertions to correct ductor may see what a novice I am in that business, I the evils of auctions, and to pursue such measures know not one any wbere. And when all is said, I am a
as they may deen advisable for the accomplisha Catholic though not a Roman. I have bowels for mankind, and dare not deny others what I crave for myself, cancies in their own body, viz:
ment of this object, with power to supply any va, I mean liberty, for the exercise of my religion; thinking Manuel Eyre,
Robert Earp, faith, piety, and providence, a better security than
Matthew L. Bevan, force; and that if truth cannot prevail with her own wea
Matthew Newkiik, David Ellmaker,
R. M. Whitney,
J. J. Borie, Jr. the truth and myself at all times, let him be confident i B. M Credy,
Aaron Kille, am no Roman Cathol.c; but a Christian whose creed is the A. Tessiere,
William Wurts, Scripture; of the truth of which I hold a nobler evi. Joseph Cabot,
William Rogers, dence, than the best church authority in this world; and Richard Price,
James Fassitt, yet I refuse not to believe the Porter, though I cannot Caleb Cope,
J. M. Vanharlingen, leave the sense to his discretion; and when I should, if Townsend Sharpless, Thos. C. Rockhill. he offends against those plain methods of understanding J. M. Chapron, God hath made us to know things by, and which are in. 3d. Resolved, that a committee of three persons separable from us, I must beg his pardon, as I do the be appointed to prepare a memorial on this impore Doctor's for this length, upon the assurance he hath gi- tant subject to be presented to Congress at their
en. ven me of his doing the like pon better information; suing session. Whereupon Joseph H. Dulles, J. J: which that he may fully have, I recommend to him my Borie and Furman Leaming were appointed on said Address to Protestants, from page 133 to the end; and to committee, who having withdrawn for a short time, the four first chapters of my No Cross no Crown; to say reported a memorial, which was read and unaninothing of our most unceremonious and unworlly way mously adopted. of worship, and their pompous cult: where, at this time, I shall leave the business, with all due and sensible ac
4th. Resolved, that the proceedings of this meet. knowledgements to thy friendly temper, and assurances
ing be published in the newspapers of this city, afof the sincere wishes and respects of
ter which the meeting adjourned.
T. C, ROCKHILL, Chairman.
} Secretaries. Charing-cross, 29th of the 11th month, 1686.
To the Senate and House of Representatives in Congress To which the Docter answered:
assembled. April 29, 1686. The Memorial of the subscribers, citizens of Philadel. Sir, I am very sorry that the suspicion which I had
phia, entertained concerning yo'l, of which I gave you the Respect fully represent, true account in my former letter, hath occasioned so That the evils resulting from the system of auctions, much trouble and inconvenience to you: and I do now as conducted in this country, are many and aggravateil, declare with great joy, that I am fully satisfied that there and such as the General Government alone can remedy was no just ground for that suspicion, and therefore I and prevent. do heartily beg your pardon for it. And ever since you That the system, by which "licenses to sell to the were pleased to give me that satisfaction, I have taken highest bidder,” are granted to a few persons, whose