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INTERNAL IMPROVEMENT.

Lead Factory.--Messrs. Charlton & Co. are erecting ALLEGHENYTOWN.

an extensive lead factory which is in a state of forwardThis town has recently been incorporated; and as a pleasant recess from the business and bustle of the city, it Vineyard.--John Towne, Esq. has made provision for is equalled by no village in the vicinity of Pittsburgh the culuivation of an extensive vineyard; and with a view The surrounding prospect is truly delightful: particu- to this object, hehas laid out his grounds on a plan equal. larly, the scenery formed by the junction of the Alleghie- ly novel and beantiful, that, proper attention being paic: ny and the Monongahela, the Ohio in its incipient stage, to it, cannot fail of enabling him to realize his atnost its regular curvature, the vista extending from the bridge wishes. to the termination of the bend, the valleys, and the indented hills, constitutes a landscape on which the eye rests with the luxury of vision. We notice this view mi- of this borough, are entitled to all praise for the exer

The gentlemen who compose the Common Council nutely, because it is one which travellers and visitants tions they are making to improve it. The time is not mark out as peculiarly attractive.

far distant, when they will witness, as, in a good meaBuildings. There has been erected within the cor- sure, the fruits of their efforts, large accessions of popuporate limits of Alleghenytown,during the last 6 months lation, wealth, and refinement. 64 buildings, and the foundations for many more are already laid.

BIRMINGHAM Interesting Assemblage. - Below the Allegheny bridge, Glass Works.--These works are carried on by F. on the bank of the river, fronting the city, and included Wendt & Co. and are known by the name of the Birwithin the corporation of Allegheny town, there are mingham Glass Works. This concern manufactures 400 twelye dwelling-houses, some of which are elegant, situ- boxes of glass per month. ated in the midst of a romantic scenery, and within a neighboring distance of each other, owned and occupi- Air Foundry. This foundry has lately been erected ed by the following gentlemen who pursue their re- by Mr. Jacob Hartman, who has made provisions for spective professions and avocations in the city:-Mr. doing a large business. M'Clean, a printer; Mr. Loomis, a bookseller and stationer, Mr. Carpenter a book binder; Mr. Savoury, an en

Lock Manufactory.-This establishment is owned by graver; Mr. Nelson, a painter; Mr. Mollineux, an engra. Messrs. J. & J. Patterson, and is the most extensive one ver; Mr. Milwaine, coach-maker; Mr. Snowden, printer, of the kind in the west. The locks manufactured by with whom also lives his son, Wm. M. Snowder, Esq. this company, are equal, if not superior, to any made in attorney at Law; Mr. Vendegrift

, a carpenter; Mr; any other part of the United States. The concern is Woods a carpenter; Mr. Fitzimmons, a merchant; and now erecting an Air Foundry for the manufactare of the Rev. Mr. Kerr.

brass and iron cast ware, on a large scale. Western Thcological Seminary.- Active preparations We have seldom seen a more practical illustration of are being made for the erection of this edifice. The interr.al improvement, than what we witnessed a few elevated site on which it is to be built, commands a full days ago in Market street

. An ox wagon stopped at the view of the city, the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers, house of Faris & Co. from the hind part of which was and a large extent of country: When completed it taken an unusually fat calf; together with sundry other will be 150 feet in length, and three stories in height, articles of marketing, and from the fore part, one hunto which, provision will be made for the addition of dred and twenty pieces of blue and mixed cassinetts, all wings, if found necessary. It would have been difficult from the farm and manufactory of A. & J. Murphy, to select a more eligible situation in the West for this Fleece Dale. We look upon such signs as better calcu. Seminary, than the one determined upon; and from the lated to please the true philanthropist and patriot, than exertions manifested in the preparations for its erection. all the political ones that have of late appeared, from we are led to believe that it will be completed in a short- the Chatahooche, to the Kennebec. er period than was expected when its location was decided upon by the General Assembly. The Rev. Dr.

Among the many recent iinprovenients and accommoJaneway, Professor of Theology, arrived sometime since dations of our city, we notice a stand for hacks at the with his family.

corner of Third and Wood streets. The novelty is

pleasing, and the general appearance both of horses and Pittsburgh Cotton Factory - This is a new factory carriages, is highly creditable to the enterprising ownnearly completed, owned by Messrs, Blackstock, Bell, ers. We wish them success.- The Hesperus. and, Co. pleasantly situated opposite the city, a short distance from the western termination of the Allegheny

APPOINTMENT BY THE GOVERNOR. bridge. It is fotir stories high including the basement

Joshua Raybold, Esq. to be a Commissioner under story which is built of store; the rest is brick work.The dimensions are 158 feet by 48, and when completed, tain parts of the township of Moyamensing, in the room

the Act of Asssembly 1828, to survey and lay out cerit will contain from 8 to 10 thousand spindles, together of John Kessler, resigned. with a proportion of power looms. The machinery is in a forward state, and the building will be ready to receive it in the month of October, or November.

INSPECTORS OE THE PRISON.

By the City Councils. Hope Cotton Factory. This is a new factory, owned

Thomas Roney

Thomas Wallace. by Messrs. Shoenberger, Wrenshall & Co. It is beauti- Alexander M.Caraher, fully situated near the embankment and aqueduct, and By the Commissioners of the N. Liberties. commands a full view of the east part of the city, and George N. Baker | Augustin Stevenson. of Bayardstown. This factory is brick-work, 130 feet

By the Commissioners of Southwark by 45, four stories high, and when completed, it will con- Joel B. Sutherland | George MʻLeod. tain 5,600 spindles. It is designed to be in operation in The inspectors just elected, in conjunction with the May next.

Inspectors whose term of service had not expired, met,

and chose Williain Robinson, Esq. is erecting a block of brick Thomas Bradford, Jr. President. buildings adjoining the canal bridge, 150 feet in length, George McLeod, Treasurer, and containing seven tenements.

George N. Baker, Secretary.

Proceedings of Councils.-- At a meeting of Councils HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. beld on the 3d instant, the following resolution was adopted.

Philadelphia City-Wm. Lehman, William Boyd, “Resolved by the Select and Common Councils, that Benjamin S. Bonsall, Henry Simpson, Wm. Duncan, the Watering Committee be authorised, and they are D. S. Hassinger. hereby empowered, to confer with the Pennsylvania Philadelphia County_Benjamin Martin, Wm. Binder Canal Commissioners, or their agents having in charge David Snyder, Michael Riter, J. Hergesheimer. John the Pennsylvania Railway, relative to the entrance of Folkrod, Thomas J. Heston. said railway into the city of Philadelpliia, and report to

Bucks- James Horner, Jacob Clymer, Chas. Lombart, Councils."

James Wilson.

Delaware.-Edward Siter.
Results of the Electim in Pennsylvania.

Chester-John Morgan, Isaac Trimble, Robert Miller, 21st CONGRESS,

Dr, S. M*Clean. 1st district, Joel B. Sutherland

Lancaster-Benj. Champneys, John Forry, jr. Henry 2.1 * Joseph Hemphill

Haines, sen. Nathaniel F. Lightner, Henry Hostetter, 3d Daniel H. Miller

James A. Caldwell. 4th James Buchanan

York-Michael Doudel, Stephen T. Cooper, Thomas * Joseph Evans

Metzler. George Fisher.
*George G. Leiper

Cumberland-Peter Lobaugh, Wm. Alexander.
5th
John B. Sterigere

Perry-James Black.
6th
Innis Green

Berks and Schuylkill-Philip A. Good, Thomas J. 7th * Henry A. Muhlenburg

Rehrer, George Kline, Jobn Stauffer, Jacob Kercher. Josepu Fry, jr.

Northampton, Wayne, and Pike-Abraham Horn, 8th Samuel D. Ingham

M. Robert Butz, Wm. Overfield.
George Wolff

Lehigh-W. C. Livingston, Geo. Miller.
9th
*Philander Stevens

Northumberland-Henry Frick.
* James Ford

Union-Ner Middlesworth, John Drisbach. *Alem Marr

Columbia.- John M.Reynolds, John Robinson. 10th. Adam King

Washington-Samuel Workman. William Patterson, 11th William Ramsey

Aaron Kerr, Wm. Waugh. *Thomas II. Crawford

Westmoreland-- George Farrell, Benjamin Byerly, 12th *John Scott

James Long. 13th Chauncey Forward

Indiana, Armstrong and Jefferson-Joseph Rankin, 141h *Thomas Irwin

Daniel Lawson.
15th
*Wiliam M'Creery

Fayette-Samuel Evans, S. G. Kreps, J. Fuller.
16th
* Jobin Gilmore

Bedford--J. A. Bloolget, N. P. Fetterman.
*William Wilkins

Frauklin-Ludwig leck, Wm. Boals, John Cox. 17th Richard Coulter

Montgomery--John Stephens, John Matheys, James 18th * Thomas II. Sill

Evans, Adam Slemmer. Those marked thus * are not members of the present

Dauphin--Jobn Roberts, W. Lauman. Congress.

Lebanon--Peter Shindle, Peter Wolfersberger.'

Luzerne and Susquehannah-Garrick Mallery, George SENATE OF PENNSYLVANIA.

Dennison, Isuuc Post. 1 district, Stephrn Duncan 1830

Bradford - John Laporte.
John Ilare Powel 1831

Huntingdon-- Jobin Blair, John Owens.
Peter Hay 1830

Beaver-John R. Shannon.
Jesse R. Burden 1829

Allegheny and Butler-Ross Wilkins, Jas. Powers, 3 Benjamin Reill 1831

James Patterson, James M‘Kee. 4 Joshua llunt 1830

Mifflin--Ephraim Banks, John Patterson. t.John Kerlin 1832

Somerset and Cambria- John Phile and John Geb5 Matthias Morris 1832

bart. 6 * Daniel A. Bertolet 1832

Lycoming, Tioga, Potter and M‘Kean-Solomon * Jacob Krebs 1832

Bastress, Curtis Parkhurst. 7 Frederick lambright 1830

Green Barnet Whitlach. * Samuel Houston 1832

Adams-James Jl Sherry, Thomas Stevens. 8 George Sellzer 1830

Centre and Clearfield-Thomas Hastings and Henry 9 John Ray 1830

Petrikin. 10 * Jacob Drumheller 1832

Crawford and Venango-J. Gulbraith. 11 John Ryan 1829

Erie and Warren-George Moore.
12
Henry King 1829

Mercer- Thomas S. Cunningham.
William G. Scott 1831

Those in Italic are Administration men. 13

Robert M'Clure 1831 14

Zephaniah Herbert 1829
Henry Logan 1831

Expeditious Travelling: -The passengers that left N. 15 David Fullerton 1831

York by the Union Despatch Line, on Saturday, Novem16 Jesse Miller 1829

ber 1st, arrived at Philadelphia, in the steamboat Bur17 * Thomas Jackson 1832

lington, at 4 o'clock and 52 minutes, making the short 18 Jacob M. Wise 1831

passage of 8 hours and 52 minutes. 19

Daniel Sturgeon 1830 20 * Thomas Ringland 1830

Printed every Saturday morning by William F. Ged +William G. Hawkins 1832

des, No. 59 Locust street, Philadelphia; where, and at 21 Moses Sullivan 1829

the Editor's residence, in North 12th st. 3d door south John Brown 1831

of Cherry st. subscriptions will be thankfully received. 22 Alexander Ogle 1829

Price five dollars per annum payable in six months after 23 John Leech 1829

the commencement of publication and annually, there24 Eben Smith Kelly 1830

after, by subscribers resident in or near the city, or where Those names with * are new members. Those with there is an agent. Other subscribers pay in advance. † are re-elected

THE

REGISTER OF PENNSYLVANIA.

DEVOTED TO THE PRESERVATION OF EVERY KIND OF USEFUL IXFORMATION RESPECTING THE STATE.

EDITED BY SAMUEL HAZARD.

VOL. II.-NO. 18.

PHILADELPHIA, NOV. 15, 1828.

NO. 46.

EXPULSION OF CONGRESS FROM PHILADEL- ed by the disorderly and menacing appearance of a body PHÍA.

of armed soldiers about the place within which Congress Some months subsequent to the signing of the preli- were assembled, and the peace of this city being endanminary articles of Peace, General Greene, in order to gered by the mutinous disposition of the said troops spare the Pennsylvanians the fatigues of a tedious march, in the barracks, it is, in the opinion of Congress, necesand to save expense to the United States, engaged a sary that effective measures be immediately taken for letter of marque belonging to Rhode Island, to transport supporting the public authority. two companies of that line to Philadelphia. A chanze Resolred, That the committee, on a letter from colonel of climate being considered as necessary to the re-es- Butler, be directed to confer, without loss of time, with tablishment of my health, which was at that period much the supreme executive council of Pennsylvania, on the impaired, I obtained permission to embark with them, practicability of carrying the preceding resolutions into promising to await the General's arrival in that city, effect; and that in case it shall appear to the committee where he expected to have much business to transact that there is not a satisfactory ground for expecting adewith Congress. We arrived at a most important mo- quate and prompt exertions of this state for supporting ment. As our troops disembarked, a considerable num- the dignity of the federal government, the president on ber of mutineers of their own line, from Lancaster, sur- the advice of the committee be authorised and directed rounded the Hall of Congress, demanding the prompt to summon the members of Congress to meet on Thurssettlement of their accounts, and threatening vengeance day next at Trenton or Princeton, in New Jersey, in orin case of refusal, or even an attempt to procrastinate der that further and more effectual measures may be the consideration of their claims. It was my misfortune taken for suppressing the present revolt, and maintainto witness this outrage, and to find, that too many of ing the dignity and authority of the United States. the men, who had returned with honour from the south, Resohed, That the secretary at war be directed to forsook their officers to join the disaffected and support communicate to the commander in chief the state and their unwarrantable proceedings. Violence was now disposition of the said troops, in order that lie may take increased to so high a pitch, that General Hamilton, at immediate measures to despatch to this city suci force the time a member of the National Legislature, having as he may judge expedient for suppressing any disturbfruitlessly endeavoured, by expostulation, to subdue the ances that may ensue.

[Journals of Congress. wrath of the revolters, and moderate the extravagance of their demands, joined his colleagues in the Hall of A number of soldiers, about three hundred, of the their deliberations, and calınly advised them “to think Pennsylvania line, with their urms, and without their of eternity, since he confidently believed, that within the officers, assembled at the State House, where Congress space of an hour, not an individual of their body would and the Executive Council of Pennsylvania sit; but it be left alive:” The supineness of the authorities of the was on a day (Saturday) which Congress do not sit; and state, under these circumstances, was the cause of gene- they were adjourned from the evening before until Monral astonishment. It was said, that Gen. Reed, and many day. The intended application of the men was to the distinguished military characters, indignant at the treat. Executive Council, and not to Congress; and perhaps ment offered to the National Representatives, strongly their coming with their arms is to be attributed to their urged the calling out of the militia, volunteering their never having gone without them, or that they wore services, and pledging themselves, by a decisive blow, them only as ensigns of their services, and not with any to restore tranquillity. Governor Dickenson, however, hostile intention towards any body, much less towards was determined to avoid violent measures; and as dan Congress, who had proceeded even to a degree of anxger was inseparable from delay, Congress, during the iety in recommending and expressly pressing on the se. night, left the city for Princeton. The mutineers, with veral states, the adoption of measures for the reward of increasing insolence, now threatened to take the law the army. into their own hands, and to satisfy their claims from the Congress conceived the dignity of the union somespoils of the Bank. The menace at once electrified what touched upon by the appearance of an armed body every bosom; and it appeared every man's concern, to not under command, and as measures were not so immerender the threat abortive. The whole city were in- diately entered into by the state for preventing it, as stantaneously in arms, and in a few hours, the insurgents Congress conceived the dignity, (not the danger) of the were either dispersed or prisoners. To their honour it case required, they adjourned their next meeting to should be known, that Major James Hamilton of the Princeton. 1st Pennsylvania Regiment, (recently arrived from the Our correspondent concludes, with remarking, that if army of General Greene,) and Captain Bond, who com- the king of England was to withdraw every time he manded the troops from the south, immediately landed, conceives himself affronted, he would long before now used every exertion to check these disgraceful pro- have been in Hanover; but he is used to them. And it ceedings, till frenzy increased to such a height, that to is very remarkable, that our American tumults (if they save them from assassination, their friends compelled may be called tumults,) are the most orderly, quiet, them to retire.

harmless and peaceable, of any in the world. We are [Garden's Anecdotes of the Revolutionary War now as still again as ever. (Pennsylvania Packet.

Resolutions of Congress. June 21, 1783. By his Excellency Elias Boudinot, Esq. President of Resolved, That the president and supreme executive the United States in Congress assembled. eouncil of Pennsylvania, be informed that the authority

A PROCLAMATION. of the United States having been this day grossly insult- Whereas a body of armed soldiers in the service of the VOL. II.

35

United States, and quartered in the barracks of this city, executive council of Pennsylvania, through their delehaving mutinously renounced their obedience to their gates, having on the 19th of June made a verbal report, officers, did, on Saturday the twenty-first day of this in- and on the 20th of the same month a report in writing, stant, proceed, under the direction of their serjeants, and the written report being on the 30th recommitted. in a hostile and threatening manner to the place where that they might amend it, by adding thereto their verCongress was assembled, and did surround the same with bal report, and the report' being this day brought in guards: And whereas, Congress in consequence thereof, with the amendment: did on the same day resolve, “ That the President and Ordered, That it be entered on the journal. Supreme Executive Council of this state should be in

The report is as follows: formed, that the authority of the United States, having The committee to whom were referred the letters and been, that day, grossly insulted by the disorderly and papers communicated to Congress by the executive menacing appearance of a body of armed soldiers, about council of Pennsylvania, through their delegates, rethe place within which Congress were assembled; and port, that the peace of this city being endangered by the mu- That they had a conference yesterday, as directed, tinous disposition of the said troops then in the barracks; with the supreme executive council, in which, in the it was, in the opinion of Congress, necessary, that effec- first instance, the propriety of calling out a detachment tual measures should be immediately taken for support of militia to intercept the mutineers on their march ing the public authority:" And also, whereas Congress from Lancaster, was proposed to the council, suggestdid at the same time, appoint a committee to confering the danger of their being suffered with impunity to with the said President and Supreme Executive Council join the troops in the barracks, who a few days before on the practicability of carrying the said resolution into had manifested a dangerous spirit by an insolent and due effect; and also, whereas the said committee have threatening message sent to Congress in the name of a reported to me, that they have not received satisfactory board of serjeants, and who it was apprehended would assurances for expecting adequate and prompt exertions be ready to make common cause with those on their of this state for supporting the dignity of the federal march for mutinous purposes. That the council hay. government: And also, whereas, the said soldiers still ing shown a reluctance to call out any part of the milicontinue in a state of open mutiny and revolt, so that tia, expressing an opinion that they would not be willing the dignity and authority of the United States would be to act, till some outrage should have been committed by constantly exposed to a repetition of insult, while Con- the troops: there appeared to the committee no altergress shall continue to sit in this city. I do therefore, native but to endeavour to dissuade the mutineers from by and with the advice of the said committee, and ac- coming to town, and if they failed in that attempt, to cording to the powers and authorities in me vested for make use of expedients to prevent the troops in the this purpose, hereby summon the Honourable the De- barracks from joining in any excesses

, and to induce the legates composing the Congress of the United States, detachment from Lancaster to return to that place. and every of them, to meet in Congress on Thursday the That in this view, and at their desire, the assistant som 26th of June, instant, at Princeton, in the state of New cretary at war met the detachment then on its march Jersey, in order that further and more effectual measures to the city, and endeavoured to engage them to return may be taken for suppressing the present revolt, and to the former place, urging the considerations contained maintaining the dignity and authority of the United in the annexed instructions to him, but the said detachStates, of which all officers of the United States, civil ment persisted in their intention of coming to this city, and military, and all others whom it may concern, are and arrived here this morning. That upon conferring desired to take notice, and govern themselves accord- with the superintendent of finance, they find there is a ingly.

probability that the paymaster general, to whom the Given under my hand and seal at Philadelphia, settlement of the accounts of the army has been con

in the state of Pennsylvania, this twenty- mitted, and who having all the documents in his posfourth day of June, in the year of our Lord session, can alone execute the business with propriety, one thousand seven hundred & eighty-three, will shortly arrive from the army, and will immediately and of our sovereignty and independence the enter upon a settlement with the troops in this state; seventh.

that in the mean time measures will be taken to prepare

ELIAS BOUDINOT. the business for a final adjustment. That there will Attest-SAMUEL STERETT, Private Secretary. immediately be sent to Lancaster, a sum of money to be

paid to the troops on account of the month's pay here PROCEEDINGS OF CONGRESS.

tofore directed to be advanced to them, the payment of Princeton. Tuesday, July 1, 1783.

which has hitherto been delayed by particular circumOn the report of a committee, consisting of Mr. Ha- stances, together with notes for three months pay, inmilton, Mr. Ellsworth, and Mr. Bland, to whom was re- tended to be advanced to the men when furloughed. ferred a motion of Mr. Hamilton.

That they have desired this information to be transmitResolved, That Major General Howe be directed to ted to the commanding officers here, and at Lancaster, march such part of the force under his command, as with this declaration, that the corps stationed at Lancashe shall judge necessary, to the state of Pennsylvania, ter, including the detachment, can only be settled with in order that immediate measures may be taken to con- or paid at that place. fine and bring to trial all such persons belonging to

The instructions to Major Jackson. the army as have been principally active in the late mu- SIR, tiny, to disarm the remainder. and to examine fully into Information having been received, that a detachment all the circumstances relating thereto.

of about eighty mutineers, are on their way from Lan· That in the execution of the foregoing resolution, if caster to this place, you will please to proceed to meet any matters shall arise which may concern the civil ju- them, and to endeavour by every prudent method to risdiction, or in which its aid may be necessary, applica- engage them to return to the post they have left. You tion be made for the same to the executive authority of will inform them of the orders that have been given, the state.

permitting them to remain in service till their accounts That the executive of Pennsylvania be informed of the shall have been settled, if they prefer it to being furforegoing resolutions, and requested to afford their as- loughed, and of the allowance of pay which has been sistance whepsoever the same shall be required. made to the army at large, and in which they are about

The committee, consisting of Mr. Hamilton, Mr. Ells to be included. You will represent to them that their worth, and Mr. Peters, to whom were referred a letter accounts cannot be settled without their officers whom of the 17th June, from colonel R. Butler, at Lancaster, they have left behind them at Lancaster. You will repre and sundry papers communicated

to Congress by the sent to them with coolness but energy, the impropriety of

am, Sir,

such irregular proceedings, and the danger they will posed to do every thing in their power to support its run by persisting in an improper conduct. You will as- dignity. That they regretted the insult which had sure them of the best intentions in Congress to do them happened, with this additional motive of sensibility, that justice, and of the absurdity of their expecting to pro- they themselves had a principal share in it. That cure it more effectually by intemperate proceedings. they had consulted a number of well-informed officers of You will point out to them the tendency which such pro- the militia, and found that nothing in the present state ceedings may have to raise the resentments of their of things was to be expected from that quarter. That country, and to indispose it to take effectual measures the militia of the city in general, were not only ill profor their relief. In short, you will urge every consider- vided for service, but disinclined to act upon the pre. ation in your power to induce them to return, at the sent occasion. That the council did not believe any same time avoiding whatever may tend to irritate. If exertions were to be looked for from them, except in they persist in coming to town, you will give the earli- case of further outrage and actual violence to persons est notice to us of their progress and disposition. Should or property. That in such case a respectable body of they want provisions, you will assure them of a supply, citizens would arm for the security of their property if they will remain where they are, which you are to and of the public peace; but it was to be doubted what endeavour to persuade them to do, in preference to measures of outrage would produce this effect; and in coming to town.

particular it was not to be expected merely from a repe

tition of the insult which had happened. Your most obedient Servant,

The council observed that they thought it their duty A. HAMILTON, to communicate their expectations with candour, and

In behalf of the Committee. passed from the subject of the practicability of vigorous Philadelphia, June 19, 1783.

measures to the policy of them. They stated that GenMajor Jackson, Assist. Secretary at War.

eral St. Clair, with the approbation of several members The committee, consisting of Mr. Hamilton and Mr. of Congress and of council, had, by a declaration in Ellsworth, appointed on the 21st of June, to confer writing, permitted the mutineers to choose a commitwith the supreme executive council of Pennsylvania, on tee of commissioned officers to represent their grievthe practicability of taking effectual measures to support ances to council, and had authorised them to expect the public authority, having delivered in a report:

that a conference would be allowed for that purpose. Ordered, That it be entered on the journal.

That it was said the mutineers began to be convinced of The Report is as follows:

their error, and were preparing submissions. That from "The committee appointed to confer with the su- the steps which had been taken, the business seemed preme executive council of Pennsylvania, on the practi- to be in a train of negotiation; and that it merited consicability of taking effectual measures to support the pub- deration, how far it would be prudent to terminate the lic authority, in consequence of the disorderly and me- matter in that way rather than employ coercive means. nacing appearance of a body of armed soldiers sur- The committee remarked with respect to the scruple rounding the place where Congress were assembled, on about giving an answer in writing, that they could not Saturday the 21st instant, beg leave to report; forbear differing in opinion as to its propriety. That

That they had a conference the morning following nothing was more common than written communicawith the supreme executive council, agreeably to the tions between the executives of the different states, and intention of Congress, and having communicated their the civil and military officers acting under the authority resolutions on that subject, informed the council, that of the United States; that for a much stronger reason Congress considered the proceeding on which that reso- there was a propriety in this mode of transacting busilution was founded, of so serious a nature, as to render ness between the council and a committee of the body palliatives improper, and to require that vigorous mea of Congress. That indeed it would be conformable to sures should be taken to put a stop to the further pre- the most obvions and customary rules of proceeding, gress of the evil; and to compel submission on the part and that the importance of the present occasion made it of the offenders. That in this view they had thought desirable to give every transaction the greatest preciit expedient to declare to the executive of the state in sion. which they reside, the necessity of taking effectual With respect to the practicability of employing the measures for supporting the public authority. That militia, the committee observed, that this was a point of though they had declined a specification of the mea- which the council was alone competent to judge. That sures which they would deem effectual, it was their the duty of the committee was performed in explicitly sense, that a number of the militia should be immediate- signifying the expectations of Congress. ly called out sufficient to suppress the revolt. That And with respect to the policy of coercion, the comCongress unwilling to subject the United States to a re- mittee remarked, that the measures taken by Congress petition of the insult, had suspended their ordinary de- clearly indicated their opinion, that the excesses of the liberations in this city, till proper steps should be taken mutineers had passed the bounds within which a spirit to provide against the possibility of it.

of compromise might consist with the dignity, and even The council, after some conversation, informed the the safety of government. That impunity fur what had committee, that they would wish, previous to a determi- happened might encourage to more flagrant proceednation, to ascertain the state and disposition of the mili- ings, invite others to follow the example and extend the tia, and to consult the officers for that purpose.

mischief. That the passiveness of conduct observed to. The day following the committee waited upon the wards the detachment which had mutinied at Lancaster, council for their final resolution, having previously pre- and come to the city in defiance of their officers, had, sented a letter addressed to his excellency the president, no doubt, led to the subsequent violences. That these of which a copy is annexed, requesting the determina considerations had determined Congress to adopt deci. tion of the Council in writing:

sive measures. That besides the application to the The council declined a written answer, alleging that state in which they reside, for its immediate support, it had been unusual on similar occasions; that they were they had not neglected other means of ultimately exeunwilling to do any thing which might appear an inno- cuting their purpose, but had directed the commander vation in the manner of conducting conferences between in chief to march a detachment of troops towards the their body and committees of Congress; adding. how- city. That whatever moderation it might be prudent to ever, that they were ready to give their answer in exercise towards the mutineers, when they were once in writing, if Congress should request it. They then pro- the power of government, it was necessary, in the first ceeded to a verbal answer, in substance as follows: instance, to place them in that situation. That ConThat the Council

had a high respect for the represen- gress would probably continue to pursue this object untative sovereignty of the United States, and were dis- liess it should be superseded by unequivocal demonstra

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