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A LECTURE ON ARCHITECTURE, quence, virtue, achievements, and munificence of those Delivered before the Pittsburgh Philosophical Society.” they commemorate. And further, the encouragement By John Benas, Esq. Civil Engineer and Architect. afforded to this art by the public, gives employment

to many ingenious artificers, and labourers of various Gentlemen, -In the discourse which I have this even- kinds, in converting materials of little or no use in situ, ing the honour to address you with, I have endeavour: into the most gratifying productions of human skill, ed to lay before you some of the advantages which will beautifying our cities, and multiplying the comforts and result to this country from the cultivation of the study conveniencies of life over the face of the country. But of Architecture.

these are not the only, advantages; there may be enuWe may observe that there are some arts which are merated a long train of arts and manufactures which useful only, being adapted to supply our natural wants, are necessary in perfecting the works connected thereor assist our infirmities. Others again are instruments with, constituting many lucrative branches of manufacof luxury merely, and calculated to flatter the pride, ture and commerce. Besides that certain concourse of and gratify the ambition of man; whilst others are con- strangers who visit every country celebrated for magnifitrived to answer many purposes, tending at once to pre- cent works, and stately structures. These extend your serve, to secure, to accommodate, to delight, and to fame, adopt your fashions, give reputation to, and create give consequence to the human species.

a demand for your productions at home and abroad. Architecture, the subject of our present conversation, Nor is architecture less useful in defending, than prosis of this latter kind, and when viewed in its full extent, perous in adorning and enriching countries. She guards may be said to have a very considerable share in almost their coasts, secures their boundaries, fortifies their every comfort and luxury of life. The advantages de cities, and by a variety of artful constructions, controls rived from houses only aro great, they being the first the ambition, and frustrates the attempts of foreign step towards civilization, and having considerable in-powers. fiuence both on the body aud mind of man.

Thus architecture, by supplying men with commoSecluded from each other in the desert, inhabiting dious habitations, procures that health of body, and vigor wretched huts, exposed to the inclement vicissitudes of of mind which facilitate the inventions of art; and when, seasons, men are generally indolent, dull, and abject, by the exertion of their skill or industry, productions with faculties benumbed, and views limited to the gra- multiply beyond domestic wants, she furnishes, by her tification of their most pressing necessities; but when- roads, canals, and ships, the means of transporting them ever societies are formed, and commodious dwellings to other markets; and whenever by commerce they are found, in which, well sheltered, they may breathe acquire wealth, she points out the way to employ their a temperate air, amid the summer's heat, or winter's riches, rationally, nobly, and benevolently, in matters cold; sleep, when nature calls, at ease, and in security, useful and honourable to themselves, and their descendstudy unmolestedly, converse, and taste the sweets of ants; adding, at the same time, splendour to the state, social enjoyments, there they are spirited, active, in- and yielding benefit both to cotemporaries and posterity, genious, and enterprising, vigorous in body, and specu- and enabling them thereby to feel the power and conJative in mind; agriculture and the arts flourish, and the sequence of their happy situation. necessaries, the conveniences, and even the luxuries of An art so variously conducive to the comforts of life, become there abundant.

mankind, and which adds so much to the wealth, lustre, Mere strength, however steady and persevering, and safety of nations, naturally demands protection and obtains with difficulty the desired object; but invention encouragement. In effect it appears that, in all civilizfacilitates and shortens labour, multiplying productions ed times, and well regulated governments, it has been in such vast abundance as not only to supply our domes- much attended to, and promoted with unremitting assitic wants, but produces the means of treasuring them duity. And the perfection of other arts has ever been a up for foreign markets.

certain consequence; for where improvements of this Architecture then smoothes the way for commerce; kind are encouraged, painting, sculpture, and all the she forms commodious roads, throws bridges over deep inferior branches of decorative workmanship, flourish of or rapid rivers, turns aside, or deadens the fury of tor: course; and these again have an influence on manufacrents, constructs canals for navigation, builds ships, and tures even to the minutest mechanical productions, for forms harbours for their secure protection in the hour of design is of universal benefit, and stumps an additional danger, facilitating thus the intercourse between nations value on the most trifling performance, the importance of by the conveyance of merchandise from people to which to a commercial people, is obvious, and requires people.

no further illustration. A well regulated commerce is ever the source of But it is not to be imagined that building, considered wealth, and luxury is ever an attendant on riches; and merely as heaping materials upon each other, in ill as the powers of gratification increase, fancy multiplies shapen or tasteless forms, can be of consequence, or wants, till at length a variety of artificial cravings, the reflect credit either on nations or individuals. Materials result of riches, could not be gratified without the assis- in Architecture, are like words in phrascology, having tance of Architecture to form elegant dwellings, mag- separately but little power; and they are frequently so nificent temples, splendid churches, baths, porticos, arranged, as to excite ridicule,disgust, or even contempt; theatres, triumphal arches, monuments, mausoleums, yet when combined with skill, and expressed with judgbridges, aqueducts, and an endless train of similar in ment, they actuate the mind with unbounded sway: ventions, at once necessary instruments of affluence and But, Gentlemen, many, and singularly opposite, must refinement, or striking testimonies of the vigour, genius, be the qualities and attainments of him who aspires to wealth, grandeur, and taste of the age of their produc- excel in an art so variously directed. It would be a tion.

strange error indeed to suppose it merely mechanical, Nor are there any objects, whether necessary, or su- and confined to building walls or hewing stones, or perfluous; so certainly productive of their design, so wood, by rules of which the practice supposes nothing permanent in their effects, or beneficial in their conse- more as necessary than eyes accustomed judge of a quences, as those productions of art; inasmuch as fine perpendicular, or hands expert in the management of furniture, rich dresses, or brilliant equipages, are only a trowel; and in contemplating the art of building, all secondary attractions at first; they too soon feel the ef- that strike a vulgar imagination, are confused heaps of fects of time, and their value passes away with the collected materials, scaffolding, machinery, tools, and fashion of the day: not so with well constructed build and workmen. But these are but the rough bark of an ings, roads, bridges, canals, or other superstructures of art, the ingenious mysteries of which, though discoverthat class; they are monuments lasting beyond the reach able only to few observers, excite the admiration of all of modes, and record to the latest posterity. the conse- who comprehend them. They perceive inventions of which the boldness implies a genius at one fertile and PENNSYLVANIA HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. comprehensive, proportions, of which the excellence discovers exquisitely delicate feeling, and refined taste,

We attended the meeting of this Society, on the 3d attainable only by long studying, contemplating, and instant, and were much gratified at the interest which copying the most esteemed works of art; and whoever is already created in its favour. So important an instiis qualified to taste so many real beauties, will, I am tution will not, we hope, be suffered to languish for sure, far from attempting to confound architecture with the inferior arts, be strongly inclined to rank it amongst want of the encouragement necessary for its support, those that are most exalted.

every citizen is interested in its welfare. The following To produce well arranged works in architecture, it account of the exhibition of fine fruits and flowers at requires that the professor should have ingenuity and the last meeting, will convey some idea of the good application, and be a good draughtsman, without which he cannot design with either truth or elegance; he must effects which it has already, in its infancy, produced:well understand the elements of geometry, to familiarise A stated meeting of this society was held on the evenhim with the comstruction of works composed of straighting of the 3d instant, and notwithstanding the inclemen. lines, and regular curves; transcendental, to direct his cy of the weather, was attended by many of the memcourse in the more abstract application of eccentric bers; affording very pleasing evidence of the incrcasing curves to domical and eqnilibriated arches, &c. practi- interest which is felt in the institution. A number of cal astronomy, to correct his topographical delineations; the practical gardeners of our vicinity were present, perspective, to guide his taste in the diversified effects and with their accustomed liberality, brought forward produced by change of position; staticks, to govern his large contributions from their green houses; upwards of designs in all that relates to the equilibrium of building, 40 species of beautiful flowers were produced, some of connected as it most intimately is with direct, lateral, which were considered very rare. There were also and compound pressures, upon which the stability of presented for examination, fifteen varieties of pears and his work in many cases depends; mechanics, to lead his apples; emong the former were some very superior St. inventive powers to the application of machinery, with-Germain and white Doyenne pears; the former sent from out which no cumbrous work could be executed; pneu- Lower Dublin Township. It is to be regretted that this maticks, with its various application to ventilation, the excellent fruit is so rarely to be found in our market, construction of pumps, and other machinery affected notwithstanding it always bears a very high price. As by the dilation, or contraction of air; hydraulicks, to we know of no peculiar difficulty attending its producenable him to manage and convert the surplus waters of tion, we recommend it to the attention of the horticulthe conntry to the most useful purposes of supplying his turists of our neighbourhood. buildings, mills, forming canals, reservoirs, &c. and an D. Maupay, exhibited Cauliflowers and Broccoli, both intimacy with geological subjects, is indispensable to fine for the season. assist his judgment in the nature of many of the materials Col. Carr, presented a bottle of wine, two years old, of which the most extensive and massive works are made from the Alexander grape, the product of his own composed.--In fine, the accomplished architect requires vines; it was thought to have excellent body and fine to be a learned judge, rather than a skilful artist, to favour, very similar to good Teneriffe, enable him to direct others with precision in the various Among the flowers, particularly deserving notice, branches connected with his art." He must also be com- were the following:petent, assisted by a perfect knowledge of mensuration, From the Garden of Col. Carr, [late Bartram's.-LOio judge and value their performances with masterly pezia Hirsuta, indigenous to Mexico; this new and beauaccuracy; with all this must be united inflexible integ- tiful plant was presented to the proprietor by William rity, being frequently placed in the critical situation of Maclure, Esq., and is now fowering for the first time, arbiter between conflicting parties; it is therefore ne-in his collection. It is about three feet high, flowers cessary that he should be endowed with a sound under- small and delicate, of a hight red colour. Begonia arstanding, a quick apprehension, the reasoning faculties gyrostigma or Silvery Begonia, from Brazil; the leaves clear and uninfluenced by prejudices, having at the of this plant which has been lately imported, are of sinsame time a temper steady, enterprising, and resolute. gular beauty.

Thus, Gentlemen, I have selected for your considera- From the garden of D. & C. Landreth, Federal st.tion, the opinion of the most celebrated writers on ar- A plant of Bohca Tea, full of flowers and fragrance, chitecture, in ancient and modern times; and though, at Plumbago Capensis, Amarylis Sarniensis or Guernsey present, the value of this beautiful and sublime art is Lilly; this plant, although many years in their collection, hardly known, in this most happily situated city, bles- has not bloomed until this season. Cyrtanthus Angustised with a steady fine climate, lying mid-way between folius. Amaryllis Undulata, wave fowered Illy, from the cotton countries of the South, and the metalic re- Cape Good Hope. New Zealand fax; bearing no re: gions of the North, in the midst of the most extensive semblance to the flax cultivated by our farmers, but sheep-folds in this union, with several strata of the finest from its great strength, it appears well adapted to usebituminous coal under our feet, accompanied with lime ful purposes. stone, the true source of perpetual renovation for the From the Garden of A. D'Arras, Arch street, near productive soil of the surrounding country; having also Schuylkill. ---Hedychium Coronarium, from Mexico, the most extraordinary facility, by the works of nature beautiful white flowers, with delicious fragrance, not and art, in our rivers and canals, converging to this unlike the Catalonian Jessamine. Mespilus Japonica, point, bringing materials of every description to and (Japan Medlar,] flower very fragrant. This fine fruit from our market: it is to be hoped that, though now has been produced in perfection, in our green-houses. unappreciated, the rising generation of this favoured Mimosa Speciosa, from the Cape Good Hope: has been hot-bed for manufactures, will encourage the study and flowering, in D’Arra's collection, for six months past. cultivation of architecture, by inviting artists from every Ardisia Solanecia, (wax flower,] East Indies. country, to reside among them, and by the introduction In addition to which were numerous fine specimens, of the purest and most classic specimens to their public from the Gardens of T. Hibbert, 13th and Lombard; J. buildings, so that, at no very remote period, men may Marann, Filbert street, west of Broad, and D. Maupay, be produced from among themselves whose acquire Germantown road. ments in the correct theory and practice of it, may, like On the whole, the display of fruits, vegetables and West, Stuart, Evans, and Perkins, add to the glory of flowers, was calculated to afford the highest gratification this infant, but colossal and energetic country, and place to every lover of Horticulture; and it is to be hoped, that them on a level with the most distinguished masters of those engaged in its practical details, will continue to any age.--The Hesperus.

eyince the same laudable zeal, to render the meetings of the society attractive by their liberal contributions.



Lead Factory -Messrs. Charlton & Co. are erecting ALLEGHENYTOWN.

an extensive lead factory which is in a state of forwardThis town has recently been incorporated; and as a pleasant recess froin the business and bustle of the city, it Vineyard.--John Towne, Esq. has made provision for is equalled by no village in the vicinity of Pittsburgh. the cultivation of an extensive vineyard; and with a view The surrounding prospect is truly delightful: particu- to this object

, hehas laid out his grounds on a plan equallarly, the scenery formed by the junction of the Alleghe- ly novel and beautiful, that, proper attention being paid: ny and the Monongahela, the Ohio in its incipient stage, to it

, cannot fail of enabling him to realize his utmost its regular curvature, the vista extending from the bridge wishes. to the termination of the bend, the valleys, and the indented hills, constitutes a landscape on which the eye rests with the luxury of vision. We notice this view mi- of this borough, are entitled to all praise for the exer

The gentlemen who compose the Common Council nutely, because it is one which travellers and visitants tions they are making to improve it. The time is not mark out as peculiarly attractive.

far distant, when they will witness, as, in a good meaBuildings. There has been erected within the cor- sure, the fruits of their efforts, large accessions of popuporate limits of Alleghenytown,during the last 6 months lation, wealth, and refinement. 64 buildings, and the foundations for many more are already laid.

BIRMINGHAM. Interesting Assemblage.-- Below the Allegheny bridge, Glass Works. These works are carried on by F. on the bank of the river, fronting the city, and included Wendt & Co. and are known by the name of the Birwithin the corporation of Allegheny town, there are mingham Glass Works. This concern manufactures 400 twelye dwelling-houses, some of which are elegant, situ- boxes of glass per month. ated in the midst of a romantic scenery, and within a neighboring distance of each other, owned and occupi- Air Foundry.—This foundry has lately been erected ed by the following gentlemen who pursue their re- by Mr. Jacob Hartman, who has made provisions for spective professions and avocations in the city:-Mr. doing a large business. M'Clean, a printer; Mr. Loomis, a bookseller and stationer, Mr. Carpenter a book binder; Mr. Savoury, an en

Lock Manufactory. This establishment is owned by graver; Mr. Nelson, a painter; Mr. Mollineux, an engra. Messrs. J. & J. Patterson, and is the most extensive one ver; Mr. M'Ilwaine, coach-maker; Mr. Snowden, printer, of the kind in the west

. The locks manufactured by with whom also lives his son, Wm. M. Snowder, Esq. this company, are equal, if not superior, to any made in attorney at Law; Mr. Vendegrift, a carpenter; Mr; any other part of the United States. The concern is Woods' a carpenter; Mr. Fitzimmons, a merchant; and now erecting an Air Foundry for the manufactare of the Rey. Mr. Kerr.

brass and iron cast ware, on a large scale. Western Theological Seminary.- Active preparations We have seldom seen a more practical illustration of are being made for the erection of this edifice. The improvement, than what we witnessed a few elevated site on which it is to be built, commands a full days ago in Market street. An ox wagon stopped at the view of the city, the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers, house of Faris & Co. from the hind part of which was and a large extent of country. When completed it taken an unusually fat calf; together with sundry other will be 150 feet in length, and three stories in height, articles of marketing, and from the fore part, one hun. to which, provision will be made for the addition of dred and twenty pieces of blue and mixed cassinetts

, all wings, if found necessary. It would have been difficult from the farm and manufactory of A. & J. Murphy, to select a more eligible situation in the West for this Fleece Dale. We look upon such signs as better calcuSeminary, than the one determined upon; and from the lated to please the true philanthropist and patriot, than exertions manifested in the preparations for its erection, all the political ones that have of late appeared, from we are led to believe that it will be completed in a short the Chatahooche, to the Kennebec. er period than was expected when its location was decided upon by the General Assembly. The Rev. Dr.

Among the many recent improvements and accommoJaneway, Professor of Theology, arrived sometime since dations of our city, we notice a stand for hacks at the with his family.

corner of Third and Wood streets. The novelty is

pleasing, and the general appearance both of horses and Pittsburgh Cotton Factory - This is a new factory carriages, is highly creditable to the enterprising own. nearly completed, owned by Messrs, Blackstock, Bell, We wish them success. The Hesperus. and, Co. pleasantly situated opposite the city, a short distance from the western termination of the Allegheny

APPOINTMENT BY THE GOVERNOR. bridge. It is fotir stories high including the basement

Joshua Raybold, Esq. to be a Commissioner under story which is built of stone; the rest is brick work.The dimensions are 158 feet by 48, and when completed, tain parts of the township of Moyamensing, in the room

the Act of Asssembly 1828, to survey and lay out cerit will contain from 8 to 10 thousand spindles, together of John Kessler, resigned. with a proportion of power looms. The machinery is in a forward state, and the building will be ready to receive it in the month of October, or November.


By the City Councils. Hope Cotton Factory.--This is a new factory, owned

Thomas Roney

Thomas Wallace. by Messrs. Shoeüberger, Wrenshall & Co. It is beauti- Alexander M Caraher, fully situated near the embankment and aqueduct, and By the Commissioners of the N. Liberties. commands a full view of the east part of the city, and George N. Baker | Augustin Stevenson. of Bayardstown. This factory is brick-work, 130 feet

By the Commissioners of Southwark by 45, four stories high, and when completed, it will con- Joel B. Sutherland | George M‘Leod. tain 5,600 spindles. It is designed to be in operation in The inspectors just elected, in conjunction with the May next.

Inspectors whose term of service had not expired, met,

and chose William Robinson, Esq. is erecting a block of brick Thomas Bradford, Jr. President. buildings adjoining the canal bridge, 150 feet in length, George McLeod, Treasurer, and containing seven tenements.

George N. Baker, Secretary.



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Proceedings of Councils.-- At a meeting of Councils HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. beld on the 3d instant, the following resolution was adopted.

Philadelphia City—Wm. Lehman, William Boyd, “Resolved by the Select and Common Councils, that Benjamin S. Bonsall, Henry Simpson, Wm. Duncan, the Watering Committee be authorised, and they are D. S. Hassinger. hereby empowered, to confer with the Pennsylvania Philadelphia County_Benjamin Martin, Wm. Binder Canal Commissioners, or their agents having in charge David Snyder, Michael Riter, J. Hergesheimer, John the Pennsylvania Railway, relative to the entrance of Folkrod, Thomas J. Heston. said railway into the city of Philadelphia, and report to Bucks- James Horner, Jacob Clymer, Chas. Lombart, Councils."

James Wilson.

Delaware.--Edward Siter. Residts of the Election in Pennsylvania. ChesterJohn Morgan, Isaac Trimble, Robert Miller, 21st CONGRESS.

Dr, S. M*Clean. 1st district, Joel B. Sutherland

Lancaster-Benj. Champneys, John Forry, jr. Henry 21 * Joseph Hemphill

Haines, sen. Nathaniel F. Lightner, Henry Mostetter, 3d Daniel H. Miller

James A. Caldwell. 4th James Buchanan

York-Michael Doudel, Stephen T. Cooper, Thomas *Joseph Evans

Metzler. George Fisher. *George G. Leiper

Cumberland-Peter Lobaugh, Wm. Alexander. 5th John B. Sterigere

Perry-James Black. 6th Innis Green

Berks and Schuylkill-Philip A. Good, Thomas J. 7th *Henry A. Muhlenburg

Rehrer, George Kline, John Stauffer, Jacob Kercher. Joseph Fry, jr.

Northampton, Wayne, and Pike-Abraham Horn, 8th Samuel D. Ingham

M. Robert Butz, Wm. Overfield.
George Wolf

Lehigh-W. C. Livingston, Geo. Miller.
*Philander Stevens

Northumberland-Henry Frick. *James Ford

Union-Ner Middlesworth, John Drisbach. *Alem Marr

Columbia.- John M'Reynolds, John Robinson. 10th. Adam King

Washington-Samuel Workman. William Patterson, 11th William Ramsey

Aaron Kerr, Wm. Waugh. *Thomas FI. Crawford

Westmoreland--George Farrell, Benjamin Byerly, 12th * John Scott

James Long 13th Chauncey Forward

Indiana, Armstrong and Jefferson--Joseph Rankin, 14th *Thomas Irwin

Daniel Lawson. 15th *Wiliam M'Creery

Fayette-Samuel Evans, S. G. Kreps, J. Fuller.. 16th *John Gilmore

Bedford--J. A. Blodget, N. P. Fetterman. *William Wilkins

Franklin---Ludwig Heck, Wm. Boals, John Cox. 17th Richard Coulter

Montgomery-John Stephens, John Matheys, James 18th * Thomas H. Sill

Evans, Adam Slemmer, Those marked thus * are not members of the present

Dauphin-John Roberts, W. Lauman. Congress.

Lebanon-Peter Shindle, Peter Wolfersberger.

Luzerne and Susquehannah--Garrick Mallery, George SENATE OF PENNSYLVANIA.

Dennison, Isaac Post. 1 district, Stephrn Duncan 1830

Bradford-John Laporte.
John Ilare Powel 1831

Huntingdon-John Blair, John Owens.
Peter Hay 1830

Beaver-John R. Shannon.
Jesse R. Burden 1829

Allegheny and Butler-Ross Wilkins, Jas. I'owers,
Benjamin Reifl' 1831

James Patterson, James M'Kee.
Joshua Hunt 1830

Mifflin--Ephraim Banks, John Patterson.
John Kerlin 1832

Somerset and Cambria - John Phile and John Geb5 * Matthias Morris 1832

bart. 6 *Daniel A. Bertolet 1832

Lycoming, Tioga, Potter and M‘Kean--Solomon *Jacob Krebs 1832

Bastress, Curtis Parkhurst. 7 Frederick lambright 1830

Green-Barnet Whitlach. * Samuel Houston 1832

Adams-James 11 Sherry, Thomas Slevens. 8 George Sellzer 1830

Centre and Clearfield-Thomas Hastings and Henry 9 John Ray 1830

Petrikin. 10 * Jacob Drumheller 1832

Crawford and Venango-J. Galbraith. 11 John Ryan 1829

Erie and Warren-George Moore.
Henry King 1829

Mercer- Thomas S. Cunningham.
William G. Scott 1831

Those in Italic are Administration men.
13 Robert M'Clure 1831
Zephaniah Herbert 1829

Expeditious Travelling: -The passengers that left N. Henry Logan 1831 15 David Fullerton 1831

York by the Union Despatch Line, on Saturday, Novem16 Jesse Miller 1829

ber 1st, arrived at Philadelphia, in the steamboat Bur17 * Thomas Jackson 1832

lington, at 4 o'clock and 52 minutes, making the short 18 Jacob M. Wise 1831

passage of 8 hours and 52 minutes. 19 Daniel Sturgeon 1830 20 * Thomas Ringland 1830

Printed every Saturday morning by William F. Ged William G. Hawkins 1832

des, No. 59 Locust street, Philadelphia; where, and at 21 Moses Sullivan 1829

the Editor's residence, in North 12th st. 3d door south John Brown 1831

of Cherry st. subscriptions will be thankfully received Alexander Ogle 1829

Price five dollars per annum payable in six months after 23 John Leech 1829

the commencement of publication and annually, there24 Eben Smith Kelly 1830

after, by subscribers resident in or near the city, or where Those names with are new members. Those with there is an agent. Other subscribers pay in advance. † are re-elected






VOL. II.-NO, 18.


NO. 46.

EXPULSION OF CONGRESS FROM PHILADEL-ed by the disorderly and menacing appearance of a body PHIA.

of armed soldiers about the place within which Congress Some months subsequent to the signing of the preli- were assembled, and the peace of this city being endanminary articles of Peace, General Greene, in order to gered by the mutinous disposition of the said troops spare the Pennsylvanians the fatigues of a tedious march, in the barracks, it is, in the opinion of Congress, necesand to save expense to the United States, engaged a sary that effective measures be immediately taken for letter of marque belonging to Rhode Island, to transport supporting the public authority. two companies of that line to Philadelphia. A change Resohed, That the committee, on a letter from colonel of climate being considered as necessary to the re-es-Butler, be directed to confer, without loss of time, with tablishment of my health, which was at that period much the supreme executive council of Pennsylvania, on the impaired, I obtained permission to embark with them, practicability of carrying the preceding resolutions into promising to await the General's arrival in that city, effect; and that in case it shall appear io the committee where he expected to have much business to transact that there is not a satisfactory ground for expecting adewith Congress. We arrived at a most important mo- quate and prompt exertions of this state for supporting ment. As our troops disembarked, a considerable num- the dignity of the federal government, the president on ber of mutineers of their own line, from Lancaster, sur-the advice of the committee be authorised and directed rounded the Hall of Congress, demanding the prompt to summon the members of Congress to meet on Thurssettlement of their accounts, and threatening vengeance day next at Trenton or Princeton, in New Jersey, in orin case of refusal, or even an attempt to procrastinate der that further and more effectual measures may be the consideration of their claims. It was my misfortune taken for suppressing the present revolt, and maintainto witness this outrage, and to find, that too many of ing the dignity and authority of the United States. the men, who had returned with honour from the south, Resolved, That the secretary at war be directed to forsook their officers to join the disaffected, and support communicate to the commander in chief the state and their unwarrantable proceedings. Violence was now disposition of the said troops, in order that he may take increased to so high a pitch, that General Hainilton, at immediate measures to despatch to this city suci force the time a member of the National Legislature, having as he may judge expedient for suppressing any disturb. fruitlessly endeavoured, by expostulation, to subdue the ances that may ensue. (Journals of Congress. wrath of the revolters, and moderate the extravagance of their demands, joined his colleagues in the Hall of A number of soldiers, about three hundred, of the their deliberations, and calonly advised them “to think Pennsylvania line, with their arms, and without their of eternity, since he confidently believed, that within the officers, assembled at the State House, where Congress space of an hour, not an individual of their body would and the Executive Council of Pennsylvania sit; but it be left alive:” The supineness of the authorities of the was on a day (Saturday) which Congress do not sit; and state, under these circumstances, was the cause of gene- they were adjourned from the evening before until Monral astonishment. It was said, that Gen. Reed, and many day. The intended application of the men was to the distinguished military characters, indignant at the treat- Executive Council, and not to Congress; and perhaps ment offered to the National Representatives, strongly their coming with their arms is to be attributed to their urged the calling out of the militia, volunteering their never having gone without them, or that they wore services, and pledging themselves, by a decisive blow, them only as ensigns of their services, and not with any to restore tranquillity. Governor Dickenson, however, hostile intention towards any body, much less towards was determined to avoid violent measures; and as dan-Congress, who had proceeded even to a degree of anxger was inseparable from delay, Congress, during the iety in recommending and expressly pressing on the senight, left the city for Princeton. The mutineers, with veral states, the adoption of measures for the reward of increasing insolence, now threatened to take the law the army. into their own hands, and to satisfy their claims from the Congress conceived the dignity of the union somespoils of the Bank. The menace at once electrified what touched upon by the appearance of an armed body every bosom; and it appeared every man's concern, to not under command, and as measures were not so immerender the threat abortive. The whole city were in- diately entered into by the state for preventing it, as stantaneously in arms, and in a few hours, the insurgents Congress conceived the dignity, (not the danger) of the were either dispersed or prisoners. To their honour it case required, they adjourned their next meeting to should be known, that Major James Hamilton of the Princeton. 1st Pennsylvania Regiment, (recently arrived from the Our correspondent concludes, with remarking, that if army of General Greene,) and Captain Bond, who com- the king of England was to withdraw every time be manded the troops from the south, immediately landed, conceives himself affronted, he would long before now used every exertion to check these disgraceful pro- have been in Hanover; but he is used to them. And it ceedings, till frenzy increased to such a height, that to is very remarkable, that our American tumults (if they save them from assassination, their friends compelled may be called tumults,) are the most orderly, quiet, them to retire.

harmless and peaceable, of any in the world. We are [Garden's Anecdotes of the Revolutionary War now as still again as ever. [Pennsylvania Packet.

Resolutions of Congress. June 21, 1783. By his Excellency Elias Boudinot, Esq. President of Resolved, That the president and supreme executive the United States in Congress assembled. eouncil of Pennsylvania, be informed that the authority

A PROCLAMATION. of the United States having been this day grossly insult- Whereas a body of armed soldiers in the service of the VOL. II.


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