Page images


French.” In the Biographia Dmmatica, we are toll, Logam, Judice Supremo et Präside provinciæ Pennsylvathat "he understood French and Latin, and was not al-niensis in America.Mr. Logan did much towards estogether ignorant of Italian.” But this has little bearing tablishing Godfrey's claim to the honor of having inventon the point. lle might have been a powerful writer, ed the quadrant, of which he had been deprived by though ignorant of cither of these languages, and a Hadley. In his 60th year, he made a translation of Cicero profoundly dull one, with a perfect knowledge of all. de Senectute, which Franklin published, ten years afterTo the writings alreadly enumerated, we may add, wards. Ile was a man of various and extensive learn "Sawney; a poem,” which called forth the anger of ing, ancient and modern. To a knowledge of the Latin, Pope; "Night, a poem,” the title of wbich is recorded Greek, French and Italian languages, he added an acin the Dunciad; and his last work, "The case of Au quaintance with the Oriental tongues. lle died on the thors stated, with regard to Booksellers, the Stage, and | 31st of October, 1751, aged 77, bequeathing his tibrary the Public.” The only account of his early life, extant, to the citizens of Pennsylvania, which, under the name is that given by Franklin; and, as he was a Philadel of the Loganian Library, will, for centuries, remain a phian, we could not overlook him, though his literary noble monument of his learning, industry, and inunifidistinction was acquired in another country.

Thomas Makin wrote in 1729, in Latin hexameters, Much has been written and published in this state, on Descriptio Pennsylvania, and the year preceding, Enco- the subject of slavery and the slave trade. The quesmium Pennsyhaniæ, which were addressed to James tion was early agitated during our colonial condition; Logan, and may be seen in Proud's History of Pennsyl- and among those who endeavoured to expose the injus. vania. We know not at what time he came to this coun. tice and inhumanity of the system, were Ralph Sandy, try: He succeeded George Keith, as preceptor of the ford, Benjamin Lay and Anthony Benezet, the lives of Friends' Public School, and was, in the words of Proud, whom are before the public, written by a gentleman, "sometimes clerk of the Provincial Assembly.” The alike distinguished by his philanthropy, and his zeal in poems, abovementioned, were written as an amusement preserving a record of early events, relating to the bisin his old age. It does not appear that he produced any tory of Pennsylvania. Sandy ford was a native of Livother writings.

erpool, in England. IIe was, for some years, a sailor, of Benjamin Franklin, it is unnecessary for us to speak and came to Philadelphia while a youth. In 1729 he at large, as the events of his long and useful life have published “The Mystery of Iniquity; or a brief examirepeatedly been laid before the public, and are familiar nation of the practice of the Times, and died in 1733, to every school boy. It is sufficient for us to advert to at Lower Dublin, in the county of Philadelphia. Dr. him, as a copious contributor to the literature of Penn. Rush published, in the Columbian Magazine, a life of sylvania;-to the science of the world. He published Benjamin Lay. This singular man was also a sailor, and the second newspaper established in the province, which was born in England, in 1677. At the age of 54, he he purchased froin Keimer, alrcady mentioned, nine came to Philadelphia, and soon testified luis zeal against months after its commencement, at which time he had traflic in flesh, whether human, or otherwise. He abnot procured one hundred subscribers. This paper was stained from animal fuocd; and his favorite neal is said to entitled, The Universal Instructcr, in all arts and sciences: have been boiled turnips, afterwards roasted. Believing and Pennsylvania Gazette. The first title was dropped, this anti-carniverous system not sufliciently purifying, when it came under Franklin's control.

the undertook a fast of forty days, in imitation of the John Bartran, a Quaker, and self-taught philosopher, Saviour, and was saved froní starvation by the interferwas in habits of intercourse with Logan and Franklin.

ence of his friends. He lived to the age of 82. He He was born near Derby, in what was then Chester co.

was about four feet in stature, and his usual dress was in 1701, and was the first who established a botanic gar- tow linen, unbleached, and woren by himself. In 1737, den in America. He corresponded with many distin- he published his first pamplet against slavery, whicle guished foreigners, and was pronounced by Linnets the was followed by others, all circulated gratis. lle apgreatest natural botanist in the world.

lle was finally pears to have been altogether exempt from the initabiappointed American botanist to George III. lle is said liny commonly attributed to authors; for it is recorded, to have been a very ingenious inechanic, and to have that on presenting a manuscript to Franklin for publi

. built, wish his own hands, the house in which he resi- cation, the latter remarked, that it was not paged, and ded. He quarried the stone, prepared the timber, and he knew not where to begin. Begin where you please, engraved the following distich in front of the building, and print as much of it as you like,' replied the other. on its coinplction:

On these terms the work was put to press, after it bad "To God alone; thc Almighty Lord,

undergone Franklin's revision. . Anthony Benezet was The lloly One, by me allorcd.”

born in France, in 1713, aud came to Philadelphia al John Bartram, 1770.

the age of 18. In 1762 he published his 'Account of

Dat part of Africa, inhabitel by the Negroes,' which lle claims our notice, on account of a book, entitled was succeeded by other writings, on this and religious An Account of East Flurida, by W. Storli, M. D. With topics. lle passed several years as a teacher in the puba Journal, kept by John Burirum, of Philidelphia, Botan- lic schools, and died in 1784, aged 71, having attained ist to His Majesty, on a Journey from St. Jugustine, up to an enviable height in the estimation of his fellow citithe river St. John. 8vo. London, 1765.

The naine of James Logan is distinguished in our ear. Franklin laboured assiduously to promote a literary ly literature. He came from England in 1699, then in taste in Philadelphia, and to establish literary and scihis 25th year, as secretary to William Penn, avd fortu-entific institutions. In the year 1728, aboat the 22nd nately found sufficient inducement to continue in the new year of bis age, he formed a society called the Junto, world. He held several posts of trust and distinction, which originally consisted of twelve members, who met under the proprietaries, and in the course of a few years weekly, for the discussion of questions in morality, poafter his arrival, became generally known in Europe as litics, nnd natural philosophy. This society subsisted a man of science. He communicated several valuable for many years, having contributed much to the dissemipapers to the Royal Society, and, in 1759, published, at nation of knowledge among its several members, and at Leyden, his treatise in Latin, entitled, Experimenta et last became the foundation of the American Philosophimeletenuta de Plantarum generatione,” which was sub. cal Society. In 1731 he suggested the plan of the 'Lisequently translated by Dr. Fothergill, and published in brary Company of the city of Philadelphia,' an imporLondon, in 1747. He piinted, at the same time, at Ley. tant institution to all ranks of people. in 1749 he drew den, another treatise, entitled, Canvrtum pro invenien- up and published a plan for an academy and charitablo dis re fructionum lum simplicium tuin in lentibus duplicium focis, demonstrationcs geometrica. Autore Jacobo

• Roberts Vaux, Esq.


school, which went into operation the following year: the legislature, which compelled our author to make a but, looking forward to a more improved state of so- voyage to Great Britain, and his associates in care ciety, he declared this academy to be intended as a rying on the magazine, most of whom were among foundation for posterity to erect into a college, or semi- his pupils, declined continuing the work during his nary of Icarning, more extensive, and suitable to future absence. Dr. Smith, at this time, cdited a German newscircumstances;' which intention was subsequently ful paper, as agent for a society formed in London, for befilled. In 1752 he was influential in obtaining a legisla- nevolent purposes. Formal complaints having been tive sanction and grant for the establishment and endow- made to the house of Assembly, respecting the official ment of the Pennsylvania Hospital, a durable monument conduct of William Moore, Esq. president of the court of his philanthropy and public spirit. In viewing the of common pleas, for the county of Chester, the assemdistinguished career of Dr. Franklin, we concur in the bly applied to the governor to remove him from office. following opinion, expressed by his eulogist, Dr. Smith: Moore, in his vindication, presented “an humble ad

“Franklin, as a philosopher, might liave become a cress” to the governor, which was expressed in terms Newton; as a lawgiver, a Lycurgus: but he was greater which proved offensive to the assembly, and that authan either of them, by uniting the talents of both, in gust body resolved that "it was a libel.” Dr. Smith the practical philosophy of doing good; compared to translated the address for his German paper, and refuswhich, all the palms of speculative wisdom and science ing to make satisfactory acknowledgments to the house, wither on the sight. He did not seek to derive his emi- for the constructive offence, he and the judge were nence from the mere profession of letters, which, altho'l both thrown into prison. They pctitioned the king for laborious, seldom elevates a man to any high rank in the redress, and the arbitrary proceeding of the law makers public confidence and esteem; but he became great, by was fully exposed. The offensive address was publishapplying his talents to things useful, and accommodating cd both by l'ranklin and Bradford, in their respective his instructions to the exigencies of times, and the ne- papers, but neither of them was molested. cessities of his country.” Soon after the organization of the Philosophical So deen, where he graduated in 1747. The three follow

Dr. Smith was cducated at the university of Aberciety, it shone forih as a constellation of science and ing years he spent in teaching a parochial school, and in learning, and might fairly have been brought in compe. 1750 was sent up to London, in pursuance of some plan tition with similar institutions of Europe. The names for the better endowment of such schools. He coon reof Franklin, Smith, Rittenhouse, and others, appear with much distinction, in the carly volumes of the translinquished this employment, and embarked for Amerisactions of this society. The two last mentioned were

ca, where he was engaged as private tutor, in the family indefatigable and eminently successful in their astrono- wards of two yeart, whes he took charge of the Phila

of governor Martin, on Long Island, New York, for upmical researches. Franklin, it may be said, laid the foundation of the

delphia Seminary Prior to this event, he, revisited Philadelphia college; but Dr. Smith crected and adorn- England, and obtained clerical orders in December, ed this temple of science. He was inducted provost of 1753. In 1759 he was honoured with the degree of this institution, and professor of natural philosophy, on

D. D. from the University of Oxford; on the recommenthe 25th of May, 1754, and on the 14th of May, 1755, an

dation of the Archbishop of Ganterbury, and the Bishops additional charter was granted by the proprietaries, by the same time he received a similar degree from the Uni

of Durliam, Salisbury, Oxford, and St. Asaph. About which, a college, vested with the power of conferring degrees, was engrafted on the original seminary. "In yersity of Trinity College, Dublin. lle died May 14th, the year 1761, the trustees, finding that the income of

1803, aged 76. the college was insufficient to defray the expenses, and

There are many strong evidences in Barton's life of having exhausted the sources from which money could Rittenhouse, of the interest which Dr. Smith took in the be obtained in the province, determined to make appli- advancement of that self-taught philosopher; and Galt, cation to the mother country for assistance. With this in his Life of West, also makes honourable mention of view, they proposed to the provost, Dr. Smith, that he lis name. He was the means of drawing that great artshould proceed to England, where his personal endea- ist from obscurity, and he bestowed upon him, while yet vours might be useful in promoting their design. He a youth, instruction, which corrected his taste and encheerfully acquiesced, and, being provided with the larged his imagination, Dr. Smith’s writings were mul. proper credentials, left his family, and embarked for tifarious, for he lived during an eventful period, and Europe."*

touched upon most important subjects which then agiThe amount which he collected, during this visit to tated the public mind. His writings were generally England, was more than six thousand pounds sterling popular and his discourses from the pulpit unusually so. This benefaction having been conferred with the under ile delivered several military sermons, of which thar standing that it should form a permanent fund, the mo- preached in Christ Church, June 23, 1775, at the reney was invested by the Trustees in the best securities, quest of the officers of colonel Cadwalader's battalion, and the interest applied to the purposcs of the institu- occasioned an unusual sensation both here and in Engtion. To the exertion of Dr. Smith, this favourable issue land. In a few weeks, it ran through several American of their project was principally attributable, and their editions, and the chamberlain of London ordered ten sense of his inerits on the occasion is very strongly ex- thousand copies to be printed at his expense, in so pressed, in several places, on the minutes of the cheap a form as to be sold at two pence each. It was board.”+ About ten years after this splendid contribu- violently abused by the Tories, and as liberally eulotion from England, it was thought adviseable to make gized by the Whigs. Dr. Priestley praised it in the farther efforts at home, and accordingly Dr. Smith was Monthly Review of August of that year, and the venerasent by the Board to South Carolina, where he collect ble John Wesley attempted to reply to it, but in a man. ed more than one thousand pounds sterling.

ner which proved that his faculties had “fallen in the It has with truth been remarked, that Dr. Smith grew sear.” In 1802 Dr. Smith issued proposals for publishgray in literature, and the advancement of letters in ing a collection of his writings, in large octavo volumes, Pennsylvania. In October, 1757, he commenced " The only two of which. however, were published, in 1803, American Magazine, or Monthly Chronicle for the Bri- the year of the author's death. tish Colonies,” which was abruptly terminated in Octo- In 1779 Dr. John Ewing succeeded Dr. Smith as ber 1758, in consequence of an arbitrary proceeding of provost of the Philadelphia College. Dr. Ewing was

born June 22d, 1732, in Maryland, near the Pennsylva. * Dr. Wood's Address delivered before the Philomania line, and died in September, 1802, in his 71st year. thean Society

In 1809 a collection of his philosophical writings was | Dr. Wood's Address.

published in an octavo volume, entitled " A Plain Ele. mentary and Practical System of Natural Philosophy, By Mr. Norris, (the President of the dinner.) --Pennincluding Astronomy and Chronology."

sylvanians, wherever settled. David Rittenhouse, the astronomer, was one of the

By Mr. Duponceau, (the Vice President.): -The me luminaries of this period. He was born in 1732, at Ger-mory of the Independent Jury, who acquitted William mantown, in the county of Philadelphia, and was the son

Penn of the alleged crime of worshipping God according of a respectable farmer. He was chosen vice-provost, to his conscience. and professor of astronomy at the time that the name of

By T. I. Wharton, Esq.-The memory of that excelthe old College of Philadelphia was changed for the sounding title of the University of Pennsylvania, and lent magistrate and most estimable man, the late Chief

Justice Tilghman. died in June, 1796. The events of bis life have been recorded by William Barton, late of Lancaster, in a By Wm. Strickland.—The City of Philadelphia and work which throws much light upon the political and her Arts. literary history of Pennsylvania. He published an ora- By Benjamin Chew,Jr. Esq.- Internal Improvements. tion, delivered before the Philosophical Society, in 1775, The gigantic chain which will bind the nation with the the subject of which is the history of astronomy, and a inseparable ties of interest. The Founder and Fathers few memoirs on mathematical and astronomical subjects, of Pennsylvania were the first to perceive its importance, in the first four volumes of the transactions of that so and to designate the lines of communication which are ciety. Dr. Rittenbouse translated the tragedy of Lucy now adopted under the approval of a century and a Samson, from the German of Lessing, in 1789, which quarter of reflection. was printed the same year. He was excessively fond of perusing works of fiction.

By William Boyd, Esq.- The Signs of the Times.

May they eventuate in the continued prosperity and R. P. S.

happiness of our country'.

By a Guest.–Our ancient and faithful allies, the DeCOMMEMORATION OF THE LANDING OF

laware Indians. Wherever they may be carried by the WILLIAM PENN.

destiny of nations, to Illinois or Arkansas, we ask human. Friday, the 24th of October, being the 146th Anniver- ity to themselves and justice to their history. sary of the Landing of the immortal Founder of Pennsylvania, and his pilgrim associates, the memorable

In the course of the evening, was read the following event was commemorated by the Peon Society, with

ODE, sentiments which its recollections were calculated to inspire. At five o'clock P. M. the Society sat down to a

IT'rillen for the occasion by Dr. Coates. sumptuous dinner at the Mansion House Hotel. JO- When Pindar struck the Eolian lyre SEPH PARKER NORRIS, Esq. presided, assisted by And sung of heroes and of kings; PETER STEPHEN DUPONCEAU, Esq. as Vice President. He filled the listening youth with fire, After the cloth was reinoved the following toasts were And urg'd to proud and gen'rous things. pronounced,

He sung the deeds their fathers dar'd 1, The Memorable 24th of October 1682.—The birth

To earn th' historian's just acclaim; day of our beautiful and prosperous Commonwealth.

The lands they tam'd, the towns they rear'd, 2. The Memory of William Penn.— The great Law

The realms they raised to wealth and fame, giver, “the first in either ancient or modern times, who laid the foundations of government in the pure and una.

Then, changing on the harp his lays, dulterated principles of peace, of reason, and of right.”

He poured aloud the moral song, (Jefferson.)

And showed that high, heroic praise, 3. The Pilgrim Fathers of Pennsyhania.-Sacred be

To wisdom and to worth belong. their memory, and honoured be the example they have

He taught t' ennoble human kind, set of political justice and private virtue.

And praise the strength and blessings givin, 4. The Treaty under the Elm.- A text book for di

That God bestow'd the forceful mind, plomatists, whether monarchical or republican.

And glorious virtue flows from heav'n. 5. Old Upland.—The seat of the first, the shortest, and the most memorable session of the Legislature of

The fiery bar that crimson glows, Pennsylvania.

Is doom'd the chilling wave to feel, 6. The Great Law.--An imperishable monument of

And thus, with toils, and sudden woes, the wisdom-the justice and the foresight of our illus

The soul is cas'd in temper'd steel. trious Lawgiver.

What founders, mark’d by righteous deed, 7. The First Tariff of Pennsylvania-being an act en.

And firm resolve can history show titled "an Act for laying a duty on the importation of

More bent than ours on virtue's meed, Negro Slaves, Rum and other Spirits.”

Or more refin'd with pain and woe? 8. The Fragments of the Lenni Lenapi, once the powerful sovereigns of Pennsylvania; may no cruel or avari

Then count the seasons as they roll, cious hand disturb them in their last retreat.

And hail the glad returning day, 9. Universal Education.—The only sound basis of uni

The festive board, memorial bowl, versal suffrage.

Impassioned speech and burning lay, 10. The three Lower Counties,” now the State of

And holy are the blessings free, Delaware; although our political union as one state, has

That now your graceful hours employ; been broken, may our harmonious intercourse continue

Then chasten'd be your mirth and glee. uninterrupted.

And mix'd with thought your god-like joy. 11. Auld Lang Syne. -The days of ancient Philadelphia; the æra of simple manners and pure morals.

Rekindle your ancestral fires; 12. Pennsylvania, from the Delaware to Lake Erie;

'Tis mind that crowns your natal place; may the recollections of our common history, and the

'Twas virtue hither brought your sires, sense of mutual interests, serve to render us an united

And virtue shall protect their race. people.

Then oft revive th' inspiring thought, 13. The memory of our lamented President, the late

And make the glorious blessing sure; venerable Judge Peters.

And Freedom thus by justice bought, Of the Volunteer Toasts, which were numerous, we From age to age shall still endure. regret that only the following have been preserved.

Amer. Daily Adver.

[merged small][ocr errors]

A LECTURE ON ARCHITECTURE, quence, virtue, achievements, and munificence of those Delivered before the Pittsburgh Philosophical Society." | afforded to this art by the public, gives employment

9, they commemorate. And further, the encouragement By John Beman, Esq. Civil Engineer and Architect.

to many ingenious artificers, and labourers of various Gentlemen,-In the discourse which I have this even- kinds, in converting materials of little or no use in situ, ing the honour to address you with, I have endeavour: into the most gratifying productions of human skill, ed to lay before you some of the advantages which will beautifying our cities, and multiplying the comforts and result to this country from the cultivation of the study conveniencies of life over the face of the country. But of Architecture.

these are not the only, advantages; there may be enuWe may observe that there are some arts which are merated a long train of arts and manufactures which useful only, being adapted to supply our natural wants, are necessary in perfecting the works connected there. or assist our infirmities. Others again are instruments with, constituting many lucrative branches of manufac.. of luxury merely, and calculated to Aatter the pride, ture and commerce. Besides that certain concourse of and gratify the ambition of man; whilst others are con- strangers who visit every country celebrated for magnifitrived to answer many purposes, tending at once to pre- cent works, and stately structures. These extend your serve, to secure, to accommodate, to delight, and to fame, adopt your fashions, give reputation to, and create give consequence to the human species.

a demand for your productions at home and abroad. Architecture, the subject of our present conversation, Nor is architecture less useful in defending, than prosis of this latter kind, and when viewed in its full extent, perous in adorning and enriching countries. She guards may be said to have a very considerable share in almost their coasts, secures their boundaries, fortifies their every comfort and luxury of life. The advantages de cities, and by a variety of artful constructions, controls rived from houses only are great, they being ihe first the ambition, and frustrates the attempts of foreign step towards civilization, and having considerable in-powers. fiuence both on the body aud mind of man.

Thus architecture, by supplying men with commoSecluded from each other in the desert, inhabiting dious habitations, procures that health of body, and vigor wretched huts, exposed to the inclement vicissitudes of of mind which facilitate the inventions of art; and when, seasons, men are generally indolent, dull, and abject, by the exertion of their skill or industry, productions with faculties benumbed, and views limited to the gra- multiply beyond domestic wants, she furnishes, by her tification of their most pressing necessities; but when roads, canals, and ships, the means of transporting them ever societies are formed, and commodious dwellings to other markets; and whenever by commerce they are found, in which, well sheltered, they may breathe acquire wealth, she points out the way to employ their a temperate air, amid the summer's heat, or winter's riches, rationally, nobly, and benevolently, in matters cold; sleep, when nature calls, at ease, and in security, useful and honourable to themselves, and their descendstudy unmolestedly, converse, and taste the sweets of ants; adding, at the same time, splendour to the state, social enjoyments, there they are spirited, active, in- and yielding benefit both to cotemporaries and posterity, genious, and enterprising, vigorous in body, and specu- and enabling them thereby to feel the power and conlative in mind; agriculture and the arts flourish, and the sequence of their happy situation. necessaries, the conveniences, and even the luxuries of An art so variously conducive to the comforts of life, become there abundant.

mankind, and which adds so much to the wealth, lustre, Mere strength, however steady and persevering, and safety of nations, naturally demands protection and obtains with difficulty the desired object; but invention encouragement. In effect it appears that, in all civilizfacilitates and shortens labour, multiplying productions ed times, and well regulated governments, it has been in such vast abundance as not only to supply our domes much attended to, and promoted with unremitting assitic wants, but produces the means of treasuring them duity. And the perfection of other arts has ever been a up for foreign markets.

certain conscquence; for where improvements of this Architecture then smoothes the way for commerce; kind are encouraged, painting, sculpture, and all the she forms commodious roads, throws bridges over deep inferior branches of decorative workmanship, flourish of or rapid rivers, turns aside, or deadens the fury of tor- course; and these again have an influence on manufacrents, constructs canals for navigation, builds ships, and tures even to the minutest mechanical productions, for forms harbours for their secure protection in the hour of design is of universal benefit, and stumps an additional danger, facilitating thus the intercourse between nations value on the most trifiing performance, the importance of by the conveyance of merchandise from people to which to a commercial people, is obvious, and requires people.

no further illustration. A well regulated commerce is ever the source of But it is not to be imagined that building, considered wealth, and luxury is ever an attendant on riches; and merely as heaping materials upon each other, in ill as the powers of gratification increase, fancy multiplies shapen or tasteless forms, can be of consequence, or wants, till at length a variety of artificial cravings, the reflect credit either on nations or individuals. Materials result of riches, could not be gratified without the assis- in Architecture, are like words in phraseology, having tance of Architecture to form elegant dwellings, mag- separately but little power; and they are frequently so nificent temples, splendid churches, baths, porticos, arranged, as to excite ridicule,disgust, or even contempt; theatres, triumphal arches, monuments, mausoleums, yet when combined with skill, and expressed with judgbridges, aqueducts, and an endless train of similar in- ment, they actuate the mind with unbounded sway: ventions, at once necessary instruments of affluence and But, Gentlemen, many, and singularly opposite, must refinement, or striking testimonies of the vigour, genius, be the qualities and attainments of him who aspires to wealth, grandeur, and taste of the age of their produc- excel in an art so variously directed. It would be a tion.

strange error indeed to suppose it merely mechanical, Nor are there any objects, whether necessary, or su- and confined to building walls or hewing stones, or perfluous; so certainly productive of their design, so wood, by rules of which the practice supposes nothing permanent in their effects, or beneficial in their conse

more as necessary than eyes accustomed to judge of a quences, as those productions of art; inasmuch as fine perpendicular, or hands expert in the management of furniture, rich dresses, or brilliant equipages, are only a trowel; and in contemplating the art of building, all secondary attractions at first; they too soon feel the ef- that strike a vulgar imagination, are confused heaps of fects of time, and their value passes away with the collected materials, scaffolding, machinery, tools, and fashion of the day: not so with well constructed build- and workmen. But these are but the rough bark of an ings, roads, bridges, canals, or other superstructures of art, the ingenious mysteries of which, though discoverthat class; they are monuments lasting beyond the reach able only to few observers, excite the admiration of all of modes, and record to the latest posterity. the conse- / who comprehend them. They percciye inventions of

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

which the boldness implies a genius at one fertile and PENNSYLVANIA HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. comprehensive, proportions, of which the excellence cliscovers exquisitely delicate feeling, and refined taste,

We attended the meeting of this Society, on the 3d attainable only by long studying, contemplating, and instant, and were much gratified at the interest which copying the most esteemed works of art; and whoever is already created in its favour. So important an instiis qualified to taste so many real beauties, will, I am tution will not, we hope, be suffered to languish for sure, far from attempting to confound architecture with the inferior arts, be strongly inclined to rank it amongst

want of the encouragement necessary for its supportthose that are most cxalted.

every citizen is interested in its welfare. The following To produce well arranged works in architecture, it account of the exhibition of fine fruits and flowers at requires that the professor should have ingenuity and the last meeting, will convey some idea of the good application, and be a good draughtsman, without which effects which it has already, in its infancy, produced:he cannot design with either truth or elegance; be must well understand the elements of geometry, to familiarise A stated meeting of this society was beld on the even, him with the comstruction of works composed of straighting of the 3d instant, and notwithstanding the inclemen. lines, and regular curves; transcendental, to direct his cy of the weather, was attended by many of the memcourse in the more abstract application of eccentric bers; affording very pleasing evidence of the incrcasing curves to domical and equilibriated arches, &c. practi- interest which is felt in the institution. A number of cal astronomy, to correct his topographical delineations; the practical gardeners of our vicinity were present, perspective, to guide his taste in the diversified effects and with their accustomed liberality, brought forward produced by chiange of position; staticks, to govern his large contributions from their green houses; upwards of designs in all that relates to the equilibrium of building, 40 species of beautiful flowers were produced, some of connected as it most intimately is with direct, lateral, which were considered very rare. There were also and compound pressures, upon which the stability of presented for examination, fiiteen varieties of pears and his work in many cases depends; mechanics, to lead his apples; imong the former were some very superior St. inventive powers to the application of machinery, withGermain and white Doyenne pears; the former sent from out which no cumbrous work could be executed; pneu-Lower Dublin Township. It is to be regretted that this maticks, with its various application to ventilation, the excellent fruit is so rarely to be found in our market, construction of pumps, and other machinery affected notwithstanding it always bears a very higli price. As by the dilation, or contraction of air; hydraulicks, to we know of no peculiar difficulty attending its producenable Jim to manage and convert the surplus waters of tion, we recommend it to the attention of the horticulthe conntry to the most useful purposes of supplying his turists of our neighbourhood. buildings, mills, forming canals, reservoirs, &c. and an D. Maupay, exhibited Cauliflowers and Broccoli, both intimacy with geological subjects, is indispensable to fine for the season. assist his judgment in the nature of many of the materials Col. Carr, presented a bottle of wine, two years old, of which the most extensive and massive works are made from the Alexander grape, the product of his own composed.-- In fine, the accomplished architect requires vines; it was thought to have excellent body and fine to be a learned judge, rather than a skilful artist, to favour, very similar to good Tenerifle, enable him to direct others with precision in the various Among the flowers, particularly deserving notice, branches connected with his art. He must also be com- were the following: petent, assisted by a perfect knowledge of mensuration, From the Garden of Col. Carr, [late Bartram's.-LOto judge and value their performances with masterly pezia Hirsuta, indigenous to Mexico; this new and beauaccuracy; with all this must be united inflexible integ- tiful plant was presented to the proprietor by William rity, being frequently placed in the critical situation of Maclure, Esq., and is now Howering for the first time, arbiter between conflicting parties; it is therefore ne- in his collection. It is about three feet high, flowers cessary that he should be endowed with a sound under- small and delicate, of a light red colour. Begonia arstanding, a quick apprehension, the reasoning faculties gyrostigma or Silvery Begonia, from Brazil; the leaves clear and uninfluenced by prejudices, having at the of this plant which has been lately imported, are of sinsame time a temper steady, enterprising, and resolute. gular beauty.

Thus, Gentlemen, I have selected for your considera- From the garden of D. & C. Landreth, Federal st.tion, the opinion of the most celebrated writers on ar- A plant of Bohca Tea, full of flowers and fragrance. chitecture, in ancient and modern times; and though, at Plumbago Capensis, Amarylis Sarniensis or Guernsey present, the value of this beautiful and sublime art is Lilly; this plant, although many years in their collection, hardly known, in this most happily situated city, bles- has not bloomed until this season. Cyrtanthus Angusti. sed with a steady fine climate, lying mid-way between folius. Amaryllis Undulata, wave flowered blly, from the cotton countries of the South, and the metalic re- Cape Good Hope. New Zealand flax; bearing no re: gions of the North, in the midst of the most extensive semblance to the fax cultivated by our farmers, but sheep-folds in this union, with several strata of the finest from its great strength, it appears well adapted to usebituminous coal under our feet, accompanied with lime ful purposes. stone, the true source of perpetual renovation for the From the Garden of A. D'Arras, Arch street, near productive soil of the surrounding country; having also Schuylkill. ---Hedychium Coronarium, from Mexico, the most extraordinary facility, by the works of nature beautiful white flowers, with delicious fragrance, not and art, in our rivers and canals, converging to this unlike the Catalonian Jessamine. Mespilus Japonica, point, bringing materials of every description to and (Japan Medlar,] flower very fragrant. "This fine fruit from our inarket: it is to be hoped that, though now has been produced in perfection, in our green-houses. unappreciated, the rising generation of this favoured Mimosa Speciosa, from the Cape Good Hope: has been hot-bed for manufactures, will encourage the study and flowering, in D’Arra's collection, for six months past. cultivation of architecture, by inviting artists from every Ardisia Solanecia, (wax flower, ) East Indies. country, to reside among them, and by the introduction In addition to which were numerous fine specimens, of the purest and most classic specimens to their public from the Gardens of T. Hibbert, 13th and Lombard; J. buildings, so that, at no very remote period, men may M'Arann, Filbert street, west of Broad, and D. Maupay, be produced from among themselves whose acquire - Germantown road. ments in the correct theory and practice of it, may, like On the whole, the display of fruits, vegetables and West, Stuart, Evans, and Perkins, add to the glory of flowers, was calculated to afford the highest gratification this infant, but colossal and energetic country, and place to every lover of Horticulture; and it is to be hoped, that them on a level with the most distinguished masters of those engaged in its practical details, will continue to any age.-The Hesperus.

eyince the same laudable zeal, to render the meetings of the society attractive by their liberal contributions.

« PreviousContinue »