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Form of a Bond
sales. Charles Patton was a young Irish gentleman, of KNOW all Men by these Presents, That I R. P, Esq. fair complexion, with fine white teeth; all civility, gaiety of the city of Philadelphia,
am held and and good humor. J. B. was a fine, portly young Engfirmly bound to George Clymer and John Nixon, Direc- lish gentleman, with dark red hair; he was spoken of as tors of the Bank of Pennsylvania, in
Pounds, being very adroit and active in business, showing a hearty of Lawful Money of Pennsylvania, to be paid in Silver civility to every one, without fummery, but with a per:e. or Gold Coin, to the said George Clymer and John Nixon trating, interrogating eye. As was then the fashion for or their certain Attorney, Executors, Administrators or As- ' gentlemen, the Colonel and his two aids wore "clubbed signs, for which payment well and truly to be made, I bind hair," deeply powdered every morning by the barberMyself, my Heirs, Executors and Administrators firmly that is to say, the hair had been first cultivated until it by these Presents. Sealed with my Seal, dated this had become of extreme length, then separated into three twenty-second day of June, in the year of our Lord One parts, then powdered, twisted, and twined together into thousand seven hundred and eighty.
a kind of three-strand small cable, then doubled up and WHEREAS the above bounden R
P- fastened by a riband. When looking to the right, the hath by an instrument of Writing, bearing date the sev- knot and club of hair rolled gradually towards the left enteenth day of this present month of June subscribed, shoulder, and vice versa when looking to the left, leave and pledged his Property and Credit, for the sum of ing the cape and all between the shoulders, one comFive Thousand Pounds in Specie, in order to support plete mass of powdered grease. Possibly it may be asthe Credit of a Bank, to be established for furnishing a cribed to first impressions, when it is asserted, that these supply of provisions for the Armies of the United States. powdered "clubs” of hair conferred a certain dignified Now the condition of this obligation is such, that if the appearance upon the owners, not observable in the said R-P, his Heirs, Executors or Adminis. French Revolutionary “Brutus Crop." Good hand wri. trators, shall pay such sums of money, not amounting in ters being scarce, J. B. was celebrated for his writing the whole, to more than the aforesaid sum of Five thou- rapidly, in an elegant flowing hand. Though now they sand Pounds, as the Inspectors or Directors of the Bank be as “plenty as blackberries, there was (as remember. of Pennsylvania shall from time to time demand. Then ed) but one ornamental writer spoken of in the city; this Obligation shall be void and of none effect, or else namely, William Kinnear. 'Twas he who executed shall be and remain of full force and virtue.
those holiday notices, framed, no one knows where, but
R. T. preserved carefully for antiquity's sake, and regularly Sealed and delivered
suspended for a week before each holiday on the Pillar in the presence of 5
within-The (Old Congress) Bank.” WILLM. GRAYSON,
Mr. Mitchell, the “crier," or salesman, was celebrated TIM: PICKERING,
for his unparalleled dispatch in sales; the brilliant finale Of the foregoing persons, only two, viz: William Hall of his once, twice, going-gone, and the neat tap of his and John Donaldson are now living.
hammer. At that time, catalogue sales of goods, from
England, were unknown; being about the time of the By an advertisement, it appears the Bank opened on arrival here, of the Old Alliance, after her first American the 17th July, 1780, in Front street, two doors above voyage to Canton, amid the firing of cannon, and huzWalnut street. Hours 9 to 12 A. M. and 3 to 5 P. M. zas from the citizens lining the wharves. There being To show the mode of doing business, we copy the ad- but one "City Auction,” and the hour of sale known to
every one, the purchasers used to assemble early, as at vertisement
a funeral, near the door. The "crier" then came out “All persons, who have already lent money, are de- with bell in hand, which he rung for a minute or so; sired to apply for Bank notes: and the Directors request then giving what he called one 'hard ring,' he proclaimthe favour of those who may hereafter lodge their Cash ed in his loudest tone of voice, 'we are just going to be. in the Bank, that they would tie it up in bundles of bills gin,' They did not hire a bell-man to keep the immeof one denomination, with labels, and their names en- diate neighbourhood in irremediable distress, by his indorsed, as the business will thereby be done with less terminable jingling, deafening din, for an half hour to. troubic and much greater despatch."
gether, without considering for a moment, whether or The tenth and last instalment was called in on the 15th no there might be in the vicinity, some sick prostrated November, 1780.”
being, with imploring cye and hand, beseeching some
one, in faint accents, to go and 'stop that dreadful bell.' The Bank continued in operation till the establish- The 'Northern Liberties Vendue,' by Christian Febiger, ment of the Bank of North America.
was held at No. 204 North Second street, above Vine.
The vendue in Southwark by John Mease, at the south AUCTIONS.
east corner of Front and South streets. Tribing sales Looking over the other day, the list of names of the were sometimes made at Billy Cooper's in Jersey, and twelve Auctioneers, now in commission, in the city, and at the sign of the Fish, over Schuylkill, beyond the High of the duties annexed, amounting to nearly 120,000 dol- street "Floating Bridge.” At the vendues in the Lib. iars paid by them annually, into the Treasury of the erties, sometimes, one Breneise acted as “crier," and State, the mind involuntarily glanced back to the time, sometimes Charles Smith. Breneise was remarkable when neither Connelly, Footman, Fox nor Yorke, had for his Cogniac redness of face; his patient and smiling been seen as yet, wielding the auction hammer; when looks; bis bell-metal tune of voice, and his untiring the whole auction business of the city of Philadelphia, lungs; during a long sale. Charles Smith was a tall, now so populous, was transacted by Col. John Patton, in muscular, square-built man, with a fashionable profusion a one story brick house, No. 78 South Front street, as- of dark red hair, which he wore 'clubbed,' but without sisted by his two clerks, Charles Patton and J. B.; also powder. A 'cowlick’ in front, caused the hair to stand by Mr. Mitchell, “Crier," salesman and bell-ringer. It erect from above his narrow forehead. He had a blemwas a "day of small things" comparatively, but of great ishin one eye; a nose rounded at the point; a square importance at the time; and probably a few reminiscen- broad face; a German accent with a lisp; an extended ces relative to auctions in the Olden Time, may not be mouth, with a smirk upon it at alļ times, as though in unacceptable. Colonel John Patton, in his personal ap- possession at the moment, of some merry thought. He pearance from the stage, was a very fine military looking occasionally exhibited a most quizzical grin, more espe. man, with red and powdered hair, and of middle age. cially after having, during the time of sale and from the He had the credit among the purchasers, of being tho't stage, discharged one of his keenest shafts of satire at very dignified in his manner, yet very affable and civil some broad mark, among the crowd below. At such in business, or in superintending the stage during the times his mouth extended, rounding upwards from ear to
ear, not unlike a very new moon--or Wilkes, by Ho- and descent upon the stage and floor, of handsful of bird garth. The most remote corner of the auction room shot which had been thrown against the ceiling. by was no security from his biting and sarcastic wit; and some of the "young reprobates' in the backlground. none could hinder or avoid his missives. He used to be one night by one of them shaking a gauze bag filled pointedly severe upon those Loungers who haunt the with Scotch snuff ('twas said) against the wall, the auction room to kill time, but who never buy, not sparing whole company was seized with a violent fit of sneezeven the best purchasers themselves at times, producing ing, which put an end to the evening's sale, notwithanger in some and laughter in others, at this incorrigible standing the entreaties for them to stay by old Delap, (stage) Grimaldi.
and the maledictions of his clerk, Patridge, against the About this period the Dry Goods business, consisted young scoundrels, as he called them, while seeking in regular spring and fall importations-of such English hastily around for his Cowskin. LANG SYNE, Goods, as had been ordered out, by the Regular Im.
(Amer. Daily Adver. porting Merchants, and sold by then to the Retailers of The city, and to the country “Storekeepers”-who
A CURIOSITY. came in to buy. Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee (Merchants,) were as yet unknown in the business.
[The following morceau of the early literalure of the They were spoken of as places, or settlements, away State, bas been carefully handed down to us in the orioff, in the " back woods,”—beyond the Allegheny ginal hand-bill, published one hundred and five years Mountains!--A Trader from thence would be more
since. It is ornamented with the usual symbols of death gazed after, and talked to, than one now, arriving from
-the head, and bones, and hour-glass. Respecting the Sante Fe, in New Mexico, or the mouth of Columbia individual whose untimely end is lamented in such plainRiver. Now and then, the spectacle of travelling ing that he was really clerk of the Assembly in 1722-3..
tive strains, we have been able to learn nothing, except. wagon, was to be seen passing through the city; guided and that he presented to the house " a petition, request by some restless spirit from the neighbourhood of Cape ing that a ferry at Philip England's old ferry place, over Cod. His wife and children, pots, kettles, and pans, Schuylkill
, may be confirmed to him by a law", which occasionally vexed and nosed by the city curs, while was read and ordered to lie on the table; read a second walking with drooping head and ears, between the time and considered, and leave granted to bring in a head wheels. The man singing (in dismal merriment,)
bill according to his request. But it appears that the some chorus of a song, about the merry banks of the Mayor and Commonalty of the city, though they paid Qhi-0,—where, at that period of time-
him funeral honours, were not quite so respectful to
him while living, for they petitioned that the ferry from “ The Indian's tread
High street over Schuylkill, may be vested in the said Stole noiseless, and cold, as statued lead;
commonalty, for the better management of the said fer. With eyes of flame, and painted head
ry, and in no other person," and that they also had leave Midst shout and yell their blood to shed.”
to bring in a bill, “ the former petitioner Aquila Rose," The importing merchants and others, who wished to in his goodness, “ delaying his bill on purpose, and subclose sales, or get rid of some of their « Old Shopkeep-mitting to the opinion of the house in it." The com. ers," used to send their goods to auction privately, or and was buried” to the great grief of the whole city, in
monalty prevailed, and, not long after, Aquila "died under cover of the night--(What would Mrs. Grundy the 28th year of his age. He appears to have been a say?) The present auction system--be it right or be it wrong--the auction stores, strewed thick as the autum-/ Poet, but in this character, his "sweet fragrant name," nal leaves with multitudinous bales of English merchan- has not, as our author, predicted, lasted till circling dize, and the sales superintended by agents sent out for years shall cease to be"-we are not aware that any of the very purpose, operating in its course to the detri- his productions are now known. He was likewise a ment, and final overthrow, of the American Importing been much respected and beloved to have caused the
Printer, and a learned man-and must no doubt have Merchant, was as yet unknown. The only English mercantile agents, known as such in this city, could be nam- ter his “ crutch forego." He appears also to bave pos
poet to exhaust his store of tears, and the aged postmas, ed at once, as Ralph Mather, Arthur Collins, J—Asessed qualities rare in those days, but which every one and John Mucklethwaite. From the floating recollections (of a boy) and the con
who dies now-a-days possesses--" he was a loving father, curring testimony of others, who had knowledge in the a tender husband, a kind friend and a sincere Christian." business of those times--every satellite to the Dry
Thomas, in his "History of Printing,” says Goods system must have moved in their proper orbits. of his own, on the death of Aquila Rose, printer, a
"Thc first production of Keimer's press was an elegy Every rivulet, stream, and river, had its proper merce. The frequent elevated eyebrow and uplifted ford's printing house. Keimer was engaged in this dary and flow towards the great ocean of regular com- young man of an excellent character, Secretary to the
General Assembly, and the principal workman in Bradhand in astonishment, at another-and another tremen-elegy, mentally and manually, when he first saw Franta dous crash, in the city, was at that time, a rare occur in, who observes, that Keimer was a poet, but could rence; indeed, as rare as a Fast Day Proclamation by not be said to write in verse, for his method was to set the then Governor Mifflin.
Such being the state of things, it is presumable the lines in types as they flowed from his muse." »] these agents, instead of haunting the auctions as
AN EL EGY now-a-days, had little more to do than exhibit patterns on the much Lamented DEATH of the INGENIOUS and receive orders; watch like hovering hawks over the
and WELL-BELOYED interest of their different houses; give an occasional fee to “ Lawyer Lewis,” (that Great Gun of the Law,) or
AQUILA ROSE, purchase for remittance, the First water Bills on Lon- CLERK to the Honourable ASSEMBLY at Thiladeldon.
phia, who died the 24th of the 4th month, 1723. Books being scarce, there existed but one Book Auc- Aged 28. tion in the city, and that a miserable one: 'Twas held by WHAT Mournful Accents thus accost mine Ear, one Delap, in what had been a Dancing School room in what doleful Ecchoes hourly thus appear? Church alley. As an auction, it used to be lighted by What Sighs from melting Hearts proclaim aloud, some tallow candles; sufficiently so, as to render the The Solemn Mourning of this numerous Crowd? surrounding darkness visible.” It was no uncommon In Sable CHARACTERS the News is Read, thing to hear, during a pending bid, and just as the Our ROSE is wither’d, and our EAGLE's filed, " Criçr” was going to tap with his hammer the rattle. In that our dear AQUILA ROSE is dead,
Cropt in the Blooming of his precious Youth!
Assist ye Philadelphians with Consent,
- But why do my ambitious Thoughts presume
Belov'd he was by most, his very Name,
His Qualities, will next bespeak his Fame,
A gen'rous Mind tow'rds all his Friends he bore,
Of different learned Tongues, he somewhat knew.
Our Wise and Great Vice-Roy did him respect,
But stop my Muse, and give thy Sorrows vent,
While on his Death-Bed, oft, Dear Lord, he cry'd, He sang, and sweetly like a Lamb, he dy'd. His Corps attended was, by Friends so soon From Seven at Morn, till Ono a-clock at Noon, By Master-Printers carried towards his Grave, Our City Printer such an Honour gave. A Worthy Merchant did the Widow lead,
And then both mounted on a stately Steed,
' grac'd the solemn Train,
When to the crowded Meeting he was bore,
In whose kind, gracious lovely arms we'll leave him, För HE who who bought him, has most Right to have him,
Philadelphia: Printed, and Sold by S. Keimer,
in High Street. (Price Two-Pence.)
FRANKLIN INSTITUTE. To the
Board of Managers of the Franklin Institute, of the State of Pennsylvania, for the promotion of the Me chanic Arts.
The Committee on Premiums and Exhibitions, beg leave respectfully to Report:
The fifth annual exhibition of the Franklin Institute, was held in pursuance of notice, at the Masonic Hall, on the 8th, 9th, 10th, and 11th days of October, at which time the committee were much gratified to find a rich and varied collection of the products of American skill and ingenuity. The articles presented were not so numerous as at the exhibition in 1826, but displayed, generally, an improvement in style, and workmanship, highly creditable to our workmen, and afforded a reasonable hope, that in a few years, the advanced state of knowledge, will place the mechanical productions of America, not only beyond the competition of foreigners in our own market, but enable us to enter into a fair competition with them in other countries. Of the 45 premiums offered by the Institute, 20 were claimed by one or more competitors, of which three remain under advisement, and 9 were awarded by the Committee to successful competitors. Of the remainder, several were withheld, because the condition of the proposal was not adhered to.
Premium No. 4. For the best specimen of Annealed Cast Iron-is awarded to Seth Boyden, of Newark, New Jersey, for specimen No. 363; being an assortment of buckles, bits, and other castings, remarkable for their smoothness and maleability.
This is the first attempt in this country to anneal cast iron for general purposes, that has come under the knowledge of the committee, and the success attending it fully entitles the maker to the silver medal.
Premium No. 12. To the inventor of the best con- awarded to Anthony Querville, for specimen No. 55, structed Furnace and Boiler, superior to any now in use, being the most complete and best finished of any exhifor consuming anthracite in generating steam. This bited. premium has been claimed, but the award is still under Premium No.37. To the maker of the best Chairs advisement.
one dozen to be exhibited, is awarded to Wm. Hancock,, Premium No. 13. To the maker of the best Fire. of Boston, for No. 35, being one dozen mahogany chairs. Bricks. The award of this premium is left open, in ac- well framed and finished; remarkable for the excellence cordance with the terms of the proposal, until the sam- of the carving, which was clean, bold, and in good taste, .ples shall be sufficiently tested.
Premium No. 45. To the pupil of the High School Premium No. 14. To the maker of the best Curry- who shall execute and exhibit thic best specimen of pering Knives, equal to the best now in use. This pre. I spective drawing from machinery, is awarded to Robert mium wss claimed by two competitors—both furnished P. Warner, for specimen No. 282, being a drawing of with the strongest certificates as to the quality of their an air pump, the best exhibited. knives. John Shugart & Co. of Chambersburg, and In addition to the premiums awarded to those compeJacob Banick of the same place. As curriers' knives titors who claimed under the proposal issued by the Inare implements which require a peculiar temper, very stitute, your committee in pursuance of authority to difficult to attain, and which can only be judged of by grant premiums and special notices to such specimens experiment, your committee accept the suggestion of exhibited, as may be most worthy of compliment, either the judges, and suspend the award of the premium un- for excellence of workmanship or ingenuity, or other til the knives can be fairly tested and compared by a peculiar circumstances, have awarded special committee appointed for that purpose.
To James Devec, of Kensington, a silver medal, for as their report is received, it shall be made known. two models of steam engines made by him. The maker
Premium No. 16. For the best specimen of Japanned of these models is a lad, apprentice to Jobn Walcham, of Waiters or Trays, made and japanned in Pennsylvania, Globe Mill Factory, and they were made at his leisure is awarded to John P. Blackmore, of Philadelphia, for hours. The committee have not awarded this premium specimens Nos. 71 and 72, being two dozen waiters with any view to the intrinsic merit of the work; but made by him of a quality not inferior to the imported. they deem it within the province of the Franklin Insti
The committee regret that the specimens presented by tuté, to encourage and reward examples of industry, William Nash, of Philadelphia, were deposited too late perseverance or ingenuity, among our rising mechanics. to be referred to the judges, and could not therefore These models evinced a talent uncommon in so young enter into competition with the above.
a lad. Premium No. 17. To the maker of the best Survey- To S. P. Wetherill & Co. of Philadelphia, for two pigs or's Instruments, is awarded to Stancliff and Draper, of of Lead, being a part of 1000 pigs, the product of their Philadelphia, for specimen No. 315, being an engineer's Perkiomen mines, smelted by them. The quality of level, provided with Mr. Wm. Strickland's divided bori- this lead has been fairly tested by being manufactured zontal circle. This instrument is remarkable for the into white lead. After a series of years of expensive beauty of workmanship, and accuracy with which it is and fruitless attempts to smelt this ore, these gentlemen finished, and fully entitles the ingenious makers to the have at last succeeded in rendering available, another silver medal.
product from the inexhaustible mineral resources of Premium No. 20. “ For the best Porcelain made in 'Pennsylvania. A silver medal is awarded. the United States, gilt, painted, and plain"-"One hun- The committee also award the silver medal to H. & dred pieces must be exhibited;" is awarded to William W. Day, of Philadelphia, for specimens 14, being an E. Tucker, of Philadelphia, for specimen No. 253, being assortment of door locks. These locks of which the an assortment of porcelain of first and second choice. makers are also the inventors, were good and well fin
In awarding this premium, the committee feel much ished, displaying much ingenuity in their construction; pleasure in noticing the great improiement which has all of them were safety locks, presenting almost insurtaken place in the manufacture of this beautiful and in-, mountable obstacles to the pick-locks: a particular deteresting product. The judges report that they have scription will be given in the detailed report of the excompared the sample called technically “First choice,” hibition. with the best specimens of French China, and found it Ten pieces of flannel were presented from the Yaulic superior in whiteness, and the gilding well done. The factory, Connecticut. The Judges reported them to be same remark applies to the painting, with some excep. of a very superior quality, and the committee adopt their tions—this part of the process being still susceptible of suggestion, and award to the makers a silver medal. some improvement. The committee recommend this To Lloyd Mifflin, for No. 201, hearth rugs wore by “First choice to the public as of a quality not easily to him. These rugs were the first produce of machinery, be surpassed; and awarded to the maker the silver me- invented by him, entirely upon new principles. The dal.
rugs were well made and substantial, and bid tair to riPremium No. 27. For the best specimen of Stair val the best imported article. The silver medal is Carpeting, in imitation of Venitian, is awarded to James awarded. B. McFee, of Philadelphia, for specimens Nos. 96 and To Messrs. Tuboeven, a siver medal is awarded, for a 97 -- two pieces stair and entry carpet, which reflect sample of pins made and presented by them. The pins great credit on the maker.
were in most part of excellent quality, and reflect much Premium No. 29. To the maker of the best speci- credit on the makers. For the introduction of this usemens of Calicoes or Prints for ladies' dresses, made in ful branch of manufacture the committee award the silver the United States, is awarded to the Merrimac Manu- medal. facturing Company, for specimen No. 149. Prints were Marble Mantels from the manufactories of Tennant & deposited by the Taunton Manufacturing Compa- Highlands, P. Fritz, J. Strothers, S. & J. Jardon, fully ny, and from the Warren factory near Baltimore; the sustaining the high reputation of Philadelphia workmanlatter low priced goods. It is but justice to all parties ship, were produced. Those from Tennant and Highto state, that the judges remarked the great improve- lands, were much admired for the taste of the design, Inent that had taken place in printed goods since the and pleasing appearance. Those of American, and Folast exhibition. They had great difficulty in deciding reign and American marble, made by P. Fritz, were adbetween the Merrimac and Taunton goods, which have judged to be the best in point of workmanship. The the preference, both being well executed, and of bril. next best a pair of American and Foreign, by J. Suoe liant colours. After some hesitation they awarded to thers. Honorary mention was awarded. the Merrimack Company the silver medal.
The Franklin Institute bas never been favoured with Premium No. 35. To the maker of the best Sofa, is la more splendid display of Pianos, than at this exhibi
TOPOGRAPHY AND DISEASES OF WESTERN PENNSYLVANIA.
tion. Thirteen were presented from C. Pommer, C. design of No. 152, from Lloyd's, was particularly pleasT. Albright, J. S. Michley, Louds, S. Sweitzer & My- ing. ers, of Philadelphia; Cunra & Gilbert, and A. Babcock, Brass Hinges, &c. from William Garrett, well adjudgof Boston. As no premium was offered for pianos, pre- ed and well finished, and creditable articles. sented at this exhibition, the committee forbear at pre- The committee cannot close this report without rensent making any distinction, but in their detailed report dering their thanks to the gentlemen who so ably fulto be presented in a few days; a description of each, filled the zealous duties of Committee of Arrangement. with their merits, may be expected.
To them the Institute and public are indebted for the To Stanley & Co. of Baltimore, an honorary mention splendid exbibition they have just witnessed; and to is awarded, for 3 pieces mix'd sattinetts; these goods them much praise is due for the neat and careful manwere of very superior quality, and would have received ner in which they were displayed. the premium had the conditions of the proposal been In closing the report of the Fifth Exhibition, the Comcomplied with.
mittee must again throw themselves upon the indulTo James M'Fee, and Groves & Fleming, of Phila- gence of the public, to pardon any errors into which delphia, an honorary mention is awarded, for their ex. they may have fallen. If any injustice has been done, cellent samples of Ticking; both very superior articles. they feel confident it will be attributed to causes without
Honorary mention is also awarded to Clapp, their control. The constant aim of the committee has of Leicester, Mass. for 4 pieces mix'd cloths, of excel. been equal justice and impartiality to all. They are lent quality for the price, and to James M. Robbins, of aware that many articles, deserving special notice, have Watertown, and Sheppard's woollen manufactory, been omitted in this preliminary report. To snch they Northampton, of four pieces blue, and four pieces give the assurance, that in a few days, they will present black broad cloth, being the best exhibited. These a detailed report of all the articles at the exhibition, with cloths were not entitled to the premium, by the their respective results. terms offered; there being a standing rule of the In
SAMUEL N. MERRICK, stitute, that no premium shall be awarded, unless they
JAMES RONALDSON, are superior to any that have been heretofore presented.
THOS. FLETCHER, These cloths are represented by the judges to be well
ADAM BAMAGE, made and substantial, of good fast colour, and band
M. W. BALDWIN, somely dressed. It is but justice to remark, that the
M. D. LEWIS, cloths heretofore exhibited, were sold at 10 and 11 dol
ISAJATI DE REUS, Jars, while the above 9 pieces were offered at 7 dollurs.
CHRISTIAN GOBRECHT, Honorary mention is also awarded to Mayer & Tabor,
Committee on Premiums and Exbibitionsfor a set of Gig Harness, made by them, of splendid workmanship, unequalled by any the judges had ever TOPOGRAPHY AND DISEASES OF WESTERN seen. These gentlemen obtained a premium last year.
PENNSYLVANIA. Also, to Leadbeater & Sons, for a splendid hanging astral lamp, with four burners; a specimen of work By L. CALLAGIIAX, Member of the Faculty of Medicines highly creditable to them. The committee regret and Licentiate of the Faculty of Physicians & Surgeons these gentlemen did not make it of a size to claim the of Glasgow. premium, which the quality of the work would have Extracted from the lust number of the American Medical entitled them to do.
Journal published by Cariy, Lea & Carey. The committee further award honorary mention to Willian Rowland. of Philadelphia, for his very superior Western Pennsylvania stretches from 39° 40' to 42 mill, pit, and cross-cut Saws of excellent quality, well 20 worth latitude, and from 780 to 81° west longitude. ground, and finished.
It is bounded by the Allegheny mountains on the easts The committee further beg leave specially to notice by the state of Ohio on the west, by that of Virginia on the Pharmaceutical preparations of G. W. Carpenter, the south, and New York on the north, having that whose improvements in the science of pharmacy reflect great inland sea, Lake Erie, on its north-western boun great credit on him, and have proved highly useful to dary. This portion of Pennsylvania may in geographithe public.
cal language be called a table land; low water mark at Also, the chemical preparations and colours, from the the city of Pittsburg is one hundred and fifty-two feet Maryland Chemical Company, to whom our manufactur- above Lake Erie, seven hundred and twenty-seven feet ers are much indebted for relievirg them from a depen- above the Hudson at Albany, and seven hundred and dence on the importers, for articles that are indispensa- fifty six feet above the Atlantic Ocean at Cape May; the ble. The bleaching salts were remarked as being of apex of the highest ranges of hills are about twelve excellent quality, and preferred by many to the cele hundred feet above tide water level in the Chesapeake. brated bleaching salt of Tenant of Glasgow. Also, car- The entire surface of the country is made up of a bonate of magnesia, and calcined magnesia, made from succession of hills with intervening valleys, the aspect the purest sulphate of magnesia, washcd by steam, ap- of descent lying towards the south west. The land peared nearly chemically pure; and many other speci- abounds in a rich bituminous coal and limestone; the mens of equal quality.
luxuriance of the timber is the best evidence of the naCast Iron Medals, from Jones, Keiver & Co. Windsor tural fertility of the soil; the vallies are equally remote Furnace, near Hamburg; the most perfect specimens of from marsh, and the hills from sterility. The country casting known, of this country's productions, and rival is well watered; the Allegheny, Conemaugh, Kiskemiling the most splendid Berlin medals.
nitas, and Monongahela are its principal rivers; the AlleFancy Articles, from William Tait, Philadelphia, and gheny and Monongahela uniting at the city of Pittsburg Water Colours, from George Colborne, of Philadeipbia, to form the majestic Ohio. In the investigation of the evinced much improvement in both branches of manQ- atmospherical temperature of western Pennsylvania,fperfacture, and were highly creditable.
haps the climatic thermometer of Folney is the best Of the Sole Leather, from Ashburner & Son, and w. standard that can be used, from which four general ca& I. Prichett, the committee take much pleasure in ses will determine the difference of climate on any two stating that they were judged to be of the best of the given places on our globe. 1. Difference of latitude. kind, and fully sustain the character so long held by the 2. Difference of elevation. 3. Exposure to particular Philadelphia tanners.
winds. 4. Proximity to, or remoteness from, large boThe committee would further particularly notice-dies of water. Grates, from Mr. Lloyd & Son, Jackson & Miffin, all of Judging from latitude alone, we could neither account which were well made, and of good workmanship. The l for the tropical heat of summer, nor for the intensity of