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Daniel Groves *Daniel K. Miller John E. Keen * Joseph Smith * John Lentz, Jr. *Jonathan Townsend * Peter Weyant Moses Lancaster *I. W. Norris, for 1 year Wm Brummer Robert A. Parrish George Gorgas, Sen. James C. Walters Isaac Koons

Those marked thus (*) are elected. The 9 first named are Jackson men. The 4 last named are admininistration.

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Jackson, CosGRESS. 1319 | Buchanan 1287 Evans 1300 Leiper

SENATOR. 1291 | Brinton




3783 | Townsend Haines
3813 | Wm. Heister
3735 | Saml. Anderson
3739 | John Kerlin
3818 Drs J. M'Clean
3800 | Robert Minor
3762 | Wm. Williamson

3764 | Jesse James


3911 | Abm. Beilla
James Buchanan
Joshua Evans
George G. Leiper
Thos. H. Brinton
John Morgan
Isaac Trimble
Joseph Sharpe
Dr. B. Griffith
Oliver Allison

3904 3909 3915 3837 3990 3914 3987 3894


5203 William Hiester
5169 Townsend Haines
5148 | Samuel Anderson
5160 Henry Haldemon
5112 | John Rohrer,
5020 | George C. Lloyd

5073 | John C. Lefevre

5076 Samuel Shirk Nathanl. É Lightner 5063 | Thomas C. Collins 3990

5111 | William Noble
James Buchanan
George G. Leiper
Joshua Evans
Samuel Houston
Henry Haines
John Forry, Jr.
Benj. Champneys
Henry Hostetter
James A. Caldwell

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1821 Joseph Reed.
1815 |

1816 Robert Wharton.
1819-James N. Barker.

Robert Wharton.

Joseph Watson. 1828-George M. Dallas. 11828) 18147 1815 i 1817 1818) 1820 1821 1822 1823-4) 1824 1825 1826 1827-8



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1.02 Northern Liberties. 1292 1229 2015 995 1920 2018 1872 1887 1877|10871885938 1089 973 973 962 975 962 1094 123 123 117 Penn Township

555 4191 719) 2531 706 741 706 7101 695! 709 706 32 276 253 252 247 251! 248! 284
Blockley and Kingsessing. 170 228 235 165 221 233 221 221 219 227 228) 16 174 165 162 165 162 160 178

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4 Passyunk. 103 55, 107 53 108 107 107 107 105 107 107


Kennedy. 1983 1982

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Innis Green
1354 | V. Hummel

821 Henry Muhlenburg 2429 Henry King. 1665

Joseph Fry, Jr. 2837 | Wiliam Addams

1853 Wolfersberger
1357 | Harper

1039 SENATE.

1324 | Mitchell

815 Daniel A. Bertolet 2857 | Geo. U. Odenheimer 1941

Jacob Krebs 2132 | William Audenreid 2017

Margaret S. McAlpin,
Thomas J. Rehrer 2555 | Jacob Kercher 2464

Common Pleas, Oct. 22; Paul Geiger 2451 Jonathan Haas 1992

James Arrott. George Kline 2479 | Jacob Marshall 1982

This was an action, brought in the name of the John Stauffer 2627 | John Zie.ner 2029 plaintiff, for the recovery of $47 50, the amount paid Philip A. Good 2346 | John Hughes 1997 the defendant for a bill of exchange, purchased by her

father on March 29th, 1817, for 10 pounds sterling on Extract of a letter to the Editors, dated Danville, October c. Arrott & Co. in Glasgow; all interests in the suit in 17, 1828.

question being assigned to his daughter. Mr. James I herewith send you the official returns of the election McAlpin, as a witness stated that he purchased the bill in Columbia county. The election was governed pret- in order to remit it to a widowed sister in Scotland, for ty much by the presidential politics of the voters. whose use he had endorsed it; that he purchased bills CONGRESS.

of Mr. Arrott previously, all of which had been duly hoA. Marr 1513 | J. Murray

543 noured; that the bill had been sent on, but that preJ. Ford 1488 G. M. Hollenback 440

vious to its arrival, he had advices of the decease of his P. Stevens 1481 C. Alford

507 sister, and that the bill had therefore never been preSENATE.

sented, since which time nothing had been heard of it, J. Drumheller 1439 | N. Beach

510 and it was supposed to be lost or destroyed; that he had ASSEMBLY.

made frequent applications to Mr. A. for a settlement of John M'Reynolds 1613 | Christian Brobst 558 the business in question, stating the circumstances of his John Robinson 1552 | Jesse Bowman 489 sister's death, and that he had received a letter from his

nephew, the son of the deceased, stating that on that MIFFLIN COUNTY-OFFICIAL.

account the bill had not been presented; that Mr. ArJackson.


rott refused, alleging the absence of the first of ex

change, as a reason; that he (McAlpin) offered him the D. H. Huling 803 W. P. Maclay

561 second, with an indemnification, if the first should have John Scott 781

been paid, and proposed leaving it to arbitration, all of SENATE.

which was of no avail. The business lay over till the J. Milliken

990 | William Steel 150 year 1821, when Mr. Arrott took passage for Scotland, T. Jackson 1016

and on his return told him (McAlpin) that he had seer ASSEMBLY.

his brother of the house of Arrott & Co. in Glasgow, E. Banks

1239 | William Cummin 405 and “was satisfied, and would settle with himn;" that J. Patterson 877

Mr. Arrott never pretended that the bill had been paid John Cummin 872

by his brother. Wm. Ramsey 469

The defendant's counsel in opening, made several

technical objections to the legality of the suit; that Mr. ADAMS COUNTY-OFFICIAL.

McAlpin had conveyed all his interest in the bill, by his Jackson.

Adams. first endorsement, to his sister, and therefore could not T. H. Crawford 982 G. Chambers 1355 recover but as an administrator-that his client would be W m. Ramsay 969 James Wilson 1340 hereafter liable, should one appear with the bill-that ASSEMBLY.

the daughter being married could not sustain the suit in Ezra Blythe 1027 | James M'Sherry 1444 her own name, &c.

Thos. Stephen


The President, Judge King, (after the arguments of

the different counsel,) proceeded to charge the jury, in FRANKLIN COUNTY-OFFICIAL.

which he sustained some part of the objections of the Juckson.


defendant's counsel; but considered it an action of asT. H. Crawford 2368 | G. Chambers


sumpsit, and put it to them on its merits, and their belief Win. Ramsay 2315 James Wilson 2140

and understanding of the declaration of the defendant, ASSEMBLY.

made to the plaintiff on his return from Scotland in 1821. Ludwick lleck 2338 | Philip Berlin 2148 Wm. Boals 3218 Benj. Reynolds


The jury shortly returned a verdict for plaintiff of John Cox 2292 | Daniel Royer


$67 98 cents, being the original amount, with seven

W. L. Hirst and J. Randall, Esqrs. for plaintiff. CUMBERLAND COUNTY-OFFICIAL.

Chester, Esq. for defendant. Wm. Ramsay 2323 | James Wilson 1041

Aurora & Penn. Gaz. "T. A. Crawford 2367 | George Chambers 1006 ASSEMBLY

Printed every Saturday morning by William F. GedWm. Alexander 2507 John Davis

1202 Peter Lobach 1999 | Lewis Zearing 747

des, No. 59 Locust street, Philadelphia; where, and at

the Editor's residence, in North 12th st. 3d door south DAUPHIN COUNTY.

of Cherry st. subscriptions will be thankfully received.

Price five dollars per annum payable in six months after Innis 'Green 1695 | V. Hummel


the commencement of publication--and annually, thereASSEMBLY. John Roberts 1782 | John S. Weistling 953 after, by subscribers resident in or near the city, or wher William Lauman 1669 | David Ferguson 971 | there is an agent. Other subscribers pay in advance



years interest.





VOL. II.-NO. 16.


NO. 44.


ties to be paid, in specie, into the exchequer of Great

Britain. As to the Spanish trade, the court of Madrid We copy from “ Prior Documents,” the following pa- court, as well as in compliance to the old law, and trea

had always been against it; and in complaisance to that pers relating to the Stamp Act in 1765. They are pub- ties with Spain, it continued to be prevented as much lished not with a view to revive the feelings, but to ex- as possible.

T! hibit the spirit of that time, and as being intimately con

Americans complained much of this new law; nected with the revolutionary history of the state; of obtaining specie, and next being ordered to pay

and of the unexampled hardship, of first being deprived which, in the course of this work, the attention of the the new duties in specie, into the treasury at London; reader will be frequently directed. The sketch of his- which, they said, must speedily drain them of all the tory, which precedes these documents, appears suffi- specie they had. But what seemed more particularly

hard upon them, was a bill brought in the same session, ciently full and connected without further additions.

and passed into a law, 'To restrain the currency of pa“The dispute between Great Britain and America per money in the colonies.' commenced in the year 1764, with an attempt to pre- At the same time, (March 10, 1764) the House of vent smuggling. There are some persons who appre- Commons resolved, that it was proper to charge certain hend the seeds of it were sown much earlier.

stamp duties in the colonies and plantations. In 1764, the British ministry having come to a reso- In the spring of 1765, the American agents in London lution, to prevent, as much as possible, the practice of were informed by administration, That if the colonies smuggling, not only the commanders of the armed cut- would propose any other mode of raising the sum in ters stationed on thic British coast, but of the ships sent tended to be raised by stamp duties, their proposal to America, were ordered to act in the capacity of reve. would be accepted, and the stamp duty laid aside. The nue officers, to take the usual custom-house oaths, and agents said they were not authorized to give any anobserve the custom-house regulations; by which that en swer, but that they were ordered to oppose the bill terprising spirit of theirs, which had been lately, with when it should be brought into the house, by petitions great success, exerted against the common enemy, was questioning the right claimed by parliament of taxing now directed and encouraged against the subject. Trade the colonies. was injured by this measure. The gentlemen of the The bill laying a stamp duty in Ameriea, passed in navy were not acquainted with custom-house laws, and March 1765. therefore many illegal seizures were made: The sub

The Stamp Act was printed and cried about the ject in America could get

no redress but from England, streets at New York, by the title of The Folly of Eng. which was tedious and difficult to obtain.

land and Ruin of America. On the 14th of April, the A trade had for many years been carried on between guns at Philadelphia, were discovered to be all spiked the British and Spanish colonies, consisting of the manu- up, and on looking at those of the barracks, they were factures of Great Britain, imported by the British colo- found to be served in the same manner, to the great nies for their own consumption, and bought with their surprise and uneasiness of the inhabitants. own produce; for which they were paid by the Spaniards in gold and silver, sometimes in bullion and some seriously to think of the steps they were to take. A

About the beginning of August the colonists began times in coin, and with cochineal, &c. occasionally: General Congress of representatives of all the colonies, This trade was not literally and strictly according to law, yet the advantage of it being obviously on the side was agreed on, to meet at New York.

On the 10th of September, the assembly of Philadelof Great Britain and her colonies, it had been connived phia, having appointed a committee to attend at the Go at. But the armed ships, under the new regulations, neral Congress at New York, a letter from the speaker scized the vessels; and this beneficial traffic was sudden, of the Massachusetts assembly was read, and the house ly almost destroyed. Another trade had been carried on between the North American colonies and the French came to the following resolutions on the questions:

First, Whether the house are of opinion, that, in duty West India islands, to the great advantage of both, as

to their constituents, they ought to remonstrate to the well as to the mother country. These matters had been crown against the stamp act, and other late acts of parwinked at many years, in consideration of the quantity liament, by which heavy burdens have been laid on the of manufactures our North American colonies were

colonies. thereby enabled to take from us. This advantageous

Resolved in the affirmative. commerce not only prevented the British colonies being drained of their current specie by the calls of the mo

Secondly, Whether this house will appoint a commits ther country, but added to their common circulation of tee of three or more of their members, to attend the cash; which increased in proportion with the trade. But congress proposed in the foregoing letter, to be held at this trade being also cut off by the cruisers, all America New York on the first of October next, for the purposes

therein mentioned. became uneasy.

Resolved in the affirmative. On the 10th of March 1764, the House of Commons agreed to a number of resolutions respecting the Ame- In Philadelphia, the house of assembly met on the rican trade; upon a namber of which, a bill was brought 21st of September, and came to the following resoluin, and passed into a law, laying heavy duties on the ar- tions: ticles imported into the colonies from the French, and “ The house taking into consideration, that an act of other islands in the West Indies, and ordering those du parliament has lately passed in England, for imposing



certain stamp duties, and other duties on his Majesty's nued to toll until evening, and every countenance added subjects in America, whereby they conceive some of to the appearance of sincere mourning. At four in the their most essential and valuable rights, as British sub- afternoon, several thousands of citizens met at the State jects, to be deeply affected, think it a duty they owe to House to consult on proper measures to prevent the exthemselves and their posterity, to come to the following ecution of the stamp act. It was agreed to send a depuresolutions; viz.

tation of seven persons to Mr. Hughes, the stamp-masResolved, N. C, D. That the assemblies of this pro- ter for that province, (who was then sick in bed) to revince have, from time to time, whenever requisitions quest he would resign his office. He readily declared, have been made by his Majesty, for carrying on military that no act of his should assist the carrying of that law operations for the defence of America, most cheerfully into execution, till it was generally complied with in the and liberally contributed their full proportion of men other colonies, but refused to sign any resignation. and money for those services.

When this report was made by the deputies to the State Resolved, N. C. D. That whenever his Majesty's ser- House, the citizens were enraged to that degrce, that it vice shall, for the future, require the aids of the inhabi- is hard to say to what lengths their fury would have cartants of this province, and they shall be called upon for ried them, had not the deputies represented Mr. Hughes that purpose, in a constitutional way, it will be their in- as at the point of death; this moved their compassion, dispensable duty most cheerfully and liberally to grant and they agreed to make their demand in writing, and to his Majesty their proportion of men and money, for give Mr. Hughes till the Monday following to make a the defence, security, and other public services of the reply. And on Monday the deputies read the following British North American Colonies.

answer aloud to all the multitude assembled: Resolved, N. C. D. That the inhabitants of this province are entitled to all the rights and privileges of his

Philadelphia, Monday morning,

October, 7, 1765. Majesty's subjects in Great Britain, or elewhere; and that the constitution of government in this province is

" Whereas about six o'clock, on Saturday evening founded on the natural rights of mankind, and the noble last, a paper was sent to me, expressing, that a great principles of English liberty, and therefore is, or ought number of the citizens of Philadelphia, assembled ai the to be, perfectly free.

State House, to demand of Mr. John Hughes, distributor Resolved, N. C. D. That it is the inherent birth of stamps for Pennsylvania, that he will give them assurright, and indubitable privileges of every British sub-ance, under his hand, that he will not execute that office; ject, to be taxed only by his own consent, or that of his and expect that he will give them a fair, candid, and dilegal representatives, in conjunction with his Majesty, rect answer, by Monday next at ten o'clock, when he or his substitutes.

will be waited on for that purpose.” Saturday, October Resolved, N. C. D. That the only legal representa- 5, 1765.'. tives of the inhabitants of this province, are the persons and all their associates, that I have not hitherto taken

“I do therefore return for answer to those gentlemer they annually elect to serve as members of assembly.

Resolved therefore, N. C. D. That the taxation of the any step tending to put the late act of parliament into people of this province, by any other persons whatso- execution in this province; and that I will not, either by ever than such their representatives in assembly, is un- myself or my deputies, do any act or thing that shali constitutional, and subversive of their most valuable have the least tendency to put the said act into execurights.

tion in this province, until the said act shall be put into Resolved, N. C. D. That the laying taxes upon tbe in-execution generally in the neighbouring colonies, and habitants of this province in any other manner, being this I am determined to abide by: manifestly subversive of public liberty, must of necessary

" And whereas my commission includes the three consequence, be utterly destructive of public happiness counties of New-Castle, Kent, and Sussex, upon Dela

Resolved, N. C. D. That the vesting an authority in ware; I do, therefore, hereby voluntarily inform the the courts of admiralty to decide in suits relating to the good people of those counties, that no act of mine shall, stamp duties, and other matters, foreign to their proper either directly or indirectly, involve them in any difficul. jurisdiction, is highly dangerous to the liberties of his ties with respect to the said stamp act, before the same Majesty's American subjects, contrary to Magna Charta, shall take place generally in the neighbouring colonies the great charter and fountain of English liberty, and

JOIIN IIUGHES." destructive of ono of their most darling and acknowledged rights, that of trials by juries.

Philadelphia, Od. 12, 1765. Resolved, N. C. D. That it is the opinion of this house Gentlemen--Having been confined to my bed twenthat the restraints imposed by several acts of parliament ty-five days past, with a violent disorder that was exon the trade of this province, at a time when the people pected would have proved mortal, but thank God am labour under an enormous load of debt, must of necessi- now able to set up in bed, I shall attempt to give you a ty be attended with the most fatal consequences, not sketch of not only my own conduct, but also that of the only to this province, but to the trade of the mother presbyterians and proprietary party here, relative to the country.

stamp office. Resolved, N. C. D: That this house think it their du- In May last I received information by a letter from ty thus firmly to assert, with modesty and decency, their Doctor Franklin, that he had recommended me for chief inherent rights, that their posterity may learn and know, distributor of the stamps in this province, and thus the that it was not with their consent and acquiescence, that matter rested, until some gentlemen to the eastward reany taxes should be levied on them by any persons butceived their commissions, whereupon mobs arose in se. their own representatives; and are desirous that these veral of the eastern provinces, and the officers were their resolves should remain on their minutes, as a testi- obliged to resign; but as a prelude to the destruetion mony of the zeal and ardent desire

of the present house and disorder made by those mobs, the printers in each of assembly to preserve their inestimable rights, which, colony, almost without exception, stuffed their papers as Englishmen, they have possessed ever since this pro- weekly, for some time before, with the most inflammavince was settled, and to transmit them to their latest tory pieces they could procure, and excluded every posterity.”

thing that tended to cool the minds of the people; these On the 5th of October the stamps arrived at Philadel- measures they pursued, until the presbyterians in partiphia, the ship which brought them having laid some time cular, in every colony, began to threaten the stamp offiat Newcastle upon Delaware, under protection of a man cers; and those gentry in this province, about the begin of war. When the ships first appeared round Glouces- ning of September, began to be very noisy, and some of ter point, all the vessels in the harbour hoisted their co- them said, I ought to resign; I gave them for answer, lours half-staff high, the bells were mulied, and conti-l i had as yet no commission, therefore could not resign what I had not. However, about the middle of Septem- stamps, as they assumed the supreme power in the prober, it was reported that the stamps would arrive in cap. vince; they then looked at one another for awhile, and tain Friend, who was then expected, and these riotous seemed somewhat confused; but, at last, Mr. Tilghman gentry began to threaten they would destroy the stamps replied, we did not come here prepared to speak to that as soon as they arrived; I therefore being desirous, or as head; then another replied, let Mr. Hughes take care of far as in me lay, to preserve the stamps, wrote on the them. I answered, Gentlemen, that cannot be, as you 17th the letter (No. 1.) to his honour the governor, but have now fixed matters; for were 1 to take the stamps received no answer, and as the stamps did not arrive in into my care, I should have your party come about my captain Friend, matters rested until October the 21, house, and pull it down, and destroy both me and them. when I received the paper, (No. II.) being a note from Well, says another, let the governor take care of them; Captain William Dovel, a tool of the party, and there another then says, perhaps the governor will call upon fore I wrote my answer (No. III.) to Mr. Dickeson, the Mr. Hughes to put the act in execution, and when he owner of the ship, and on the next day wrote my letter declincs, the governor perhaps will appoint an officer, (No. IV.) to his honour the governor, but received no and the act may take place. Here a general pause enanswer, and here matters rested until Saturday the 5th sued, but at last one and all cried out, let us see who of October, when I received information, that the ship will dare put the act in execution; upon the governor's with the stamps was come up to the town that day, and appointment we will take care of that; by this time the that a mob would be collected, by beating muffled paper (No. VII.) was transcribed, and after I had sign, drums through the street, and ringing the state-house ed'it, they went away to proclaim it to their friends, and and church bells muffled, which was accordingly done the next day I wrote the letter (No. VIII.), to the all the afternoon, but at two o'clock the post, arra ed governor, and received the under-written verbál answer with the mail and packet, and, among other things, my by my son. commission; this the party ventured to allege, because there was a large packet for me; accordingly the mob

My health, at this time, will not permit me to be collected, chiefly presbyterians and proprietary emissa. what I have said, is sufficient to inform you, gentlemen,

more expeditious on this very extraordinary transaction; ries, with the Chief Justice's (Mr. William Allen) son at and the lords commissioners, that unless my hands are their head, animating and encouraging the lower class.

About three o'clock the following persoris, viz. James strengthened, it will never be in my power to put the Tilghman, Esq. attorney at law, Messieurs Robert Mor.

act in execution. ris, Charles Thompson, Archibald M‘Call, John Cox,

“Perhaps their lordships, and you, gentlemen, may William Richards, merchants, and Mr. William Brad expect that the governor will exert himself on the occa. ford, printer, came to me on a deputation from a great for on the day that the mob were collecting, and after

sion, and strengthen my hands; but this will not happen, number collected at the state-house, to request my resize the drums began to beat, I am informed his honour left nation. I answered, it is true, I now have my commis- the city, and probably after the attorney-general, who sion, but as two gentlemen are bound for my perform is recorder of the city, left it also; whether the mayor ance, in the sum of £5000, I could not resign unless in: and chief justice are now in the city I cannot say, but demnify my bail

. Altercation on this subject took up this is certain, that no one magistrate or public officer near an hour, (low as I was) and at last they said, all that was expected of me, was, that I would not put the act in appeared abroad the whole day, to discourage the

mob, execution in the province, until his majesty's further cr give the least aid or protection. All, therefore, that pleasure was known, or until the act should be put in I shall add on this head, is, that if ever my hands are execution in the neighbouring colonies; to this I thought strengthened, so as it will be in my power to do my duproper to signify some disposition to comply, because I ty, as chief distributor of the stamps

, I shall not fail to had many informations by my friends, that the mob in comply with the duties of my office in the strictest man. tended to proceed to the last extremities, if I did not re in their lordships and your opinion, as it is now out of

ner, and then I hope will sufficiently saye my securities sign; upon this the deputation withdrew to consult their associates, and at six o'clock I received the paper, (No. my power to discharge my duty until the face of affairs V.) being a peremptory demand; then the matter rest

are changed. ed until Sunday morning, when having recovered my

“In paper (No VII.) you will observe the three spirits a little from the fatigue of that long altercation counties upon Delaware included in any resignation, the aforesaid, I looked over the paper, and found it more po- reason of which was, that on Saturday the oth of Octositive than what had been mentioned the day before, and ber, a friend of mine privately sent up a little boy to in. therefore sent for Mr. Charles Thompson, one of the de- form me, that he had reason to believe, a mob was unit. putation, and asked him if they were sincere the day ing in those counties, and would soon be up at Philadel. before, or whether they came to wiredraw what they phia. This I knew would raise a second mob, and there. would first, and then force the rest, because, I observed, fore I did not prevent it, and it has had the desired of. the paper sent me did not agree with the proposition fect

. made to me; he said he was sincere, and could only an

“I am now to acknowledge the receipt of a letter swer for himself: I replied, well, gentlemen, you must from the secretary of the stamp office, and also a bill of look to yourselves, for this is a high affair; he made an lading for three cases and seven packs of stamps for this swer, thus I do not know, but hope it will not be deem- province, exclusive of those for New Jersey and Maryed rebellion. Indeed, sir, I know no other name for it. ryland, but there is neither invoice, nor bills of parcels, Well, says he, I know not how it may end, for we have nor any account of the prices of the stampt paper, or not yet determined, whether we will ever suffer the act parchment, is to be sold at. I have seen a printed pato take place here or not, and took his leave. On Mon- per, said to be the prices of the stamps, &c. but as the day morning, at ten o'clock, the whole deputation came, bill of lading makes me liable to the freight, I should and I offered them the paper (No. VI.) and after some be glad to know whether the freight is included in these consultation, among themselves, they objected to their printed papers, or not; if I had received the stamps, I names being inserted. I said, why sure, gentlemen, you should have been at a loss on the 1st of Norember how have not done a thing you are ashamed to own; not in to proceed, but as things now stand, there is time for the least, they said, but there was no necessity for their my being fully informed, and especially with respect to names being inserted, nor would they receive that resig- the invoices or bills of parcels, without which it is imnation; whereupon, 1 said to Mr. Tilghman, come, sir, possible for me to know what I am charged with at the take the pen and please yourself, for I see you are de- stamp office, and how far the goods received agree with termined to be arbitrary; he then took the pen, and the charge. formed the paper (No. VII.) and when it was transcrib- “I am further to inform you, that I received in the ing, I asked them what they intended to do with the packet sent by your secretary, a bond, which in his letter

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