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REVOLT OF THE PENNSYLVANIA LINE. circumstances will admit and at least disappoint our eneDocuments Continued from p. 190.
mies who have presumed strongly upon this event.
Emissaries are daily arriving from the enemy but since Trenton, Jan. 10, 1780 (81.) the detention of the first spies the papers are dropped Dear Sir, I have the pleasure to inform you that mat- in different places one honest fellow (at least to us) ters wear a more favorable aspect than they have hither carried his letter to Genl. St. Clair-Genl. Potter, Col. to done. The troops were prevailed on to leave Prince Atlee, Capt. Morris and Blair M'Clenachan are appointton yesterday morning—that situation being too favorg-ed to carry the proposals into execution and will sit for able for an intercourse with the enemy. This morning that purpose to morrow. It will be necessary to for. I called upon them to let them know I was ready to ward on the articles promised without delay. In such a comply with the proposals, I had offered them on Sun. case a breach of faith would ruin us and expose me to day evening. (also required of them as a proof of great disgrace which I hope my fellow citizens will not their sincerity that they should deliver up the emissaries do, after the risque and fatigue of body and mind wirich from the Britishấthey in turn observed that they had I have gone through. It will also be necessary for Far. agreed not to go off' as discharged, but to keep in a body mer to provide some decent supplies for the Commis. till all the men were settled with. I informed them at sioners. The people of this state are very sore on the once that this was inadmissible and desired they would subject of supplying us as the distress is occasioned by go together and consider both the points and send me our own line. I would therefore wish that Hazlewood an answer in two hours. In that time I receired the an- would send up hay and forage and spirits to dispose of as swer inclosedl, so that I trust now we are in a fair way of the commissioners direct. The cloathing must come accommodation--which tho' it may end in a great dimi- forward as speedily as possible-some of the men are mation of the Pennsylvania line will be the best plan which very destituie. I know the difficulties of the Council PHILADELPHIA FROM THE YEAR 1819 TO 1827, INCLUSIVE.
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(Philad. Price Current. on common occasions as to money, but I hope they will not in this place a lock of hay or a bushel of oats, but be removed, for it is most certain that the plunder of in private hands so that we are at present in a state of Philada. was in view and Genl. Washington laments in distressing obligation to our private friends, and the state his letter this much to be apprehended evil. They much dissatisfied. keep up an astonishing regularity and discipline and have so far on all occasions behaved very respectfully to choose to venture on the Jersey shore, tho' they are in
The enemy are in force on Staten Island but do not me. As I do not think it possible that we can settle perfect readiness for the purpose had their hopes been their accounts and we wish to get them into a track of answered. I am with great regard, Dear Sir, movement so as to separate, I think your sending up £5000 state money will be of use, we must submit to our
Your obed huble servt. circumstances. Provisions of all kinds must be sent
JOS. REED. forward but the boats must stop at Bordentown or rather
[Direction Missing.) at Kirkbride's wharf for orders; this to be observed par
Pursuant to your Excellency's demand concerning the ticularly as to the cloathing and rum. There must be a two Emissaries from the British, the board of commit. great quantity of salt provisions in tou n and very pro- tee, Resolved that those men should be delivered up to bably cattle in the meadows. The greatest part of those the supreme authority and in order to shew that we who are now discharged will re-enlist in a few days and would remove every doubt of suspicion and jealousyI hope we shall prevail on them to admit some of their also that the men may disperse upon being discharged officers. I have the pleasure of informing you that your they delivering up their arms, &c. son is not one of the obnoxious. I apprehend more dif
Trenton, Jan. 10, 1781. ficulty with the officers than the men after the settle
Signed by the board, &c. ment finishes, as their tempers are very high. There is
DANIEL CONNELL, Member.
Morristown, Jan. 9, 1781. of shoes &c. would be but little expense and I think as Dear Sir-This will be brought to you by a person a present from the state would have more effect than ten who has been sent by Sir Henry Clinton with proposals times the same laid out in articles for the men. if it to the discontented Troops and was honest enough to should not be convenient or agreeable to the Council to bring them to me. In order that we might be certain of do this, I will be one of a hundred to provide for one their intentions with respect to the enemy, we have woman each to be given only to those soldiers wives thought it best to suffer him to go on with a message who continued in the service. I have not mentioned it and he is to return here with the answer.
least I should not be able to effect it; Therefore request We have heard that they have already detained two to hear from you as soon as may be. I verily believe who came to them on the same errand-if this person many of the men will do their duty better than ever. should meet with the same fortune, you will be pleased
I am in haste Dr Sir to have him discharged, if in your power.
Yr obed and very huble servt. I am extremely anxious to hear how matters are going
JOS. REED. on and what prospect there is of the affairs being ter- P. S. As soon as the Commissioners have made a minated. I beg my respects to Col. Butler and Col. little progress I shall leave them, being much fatigued. Stewart and hope soon to have the happiness to see you
To be Continued. in more agreeable situations. I am Dear Sir
Yr mo. ob. Serv.
ELEMENTARY EDUCATION IN PENNSYLVANIA.
AR: ST. CLAIR. At a stated meeting of the Pennsylvania Society for the Brig. Gen. Wayne.
promotion of Public Schools, held in the Hall of the
Franklin Institute on Monday the 6th of October 1828: Dear Sir-I received your several favors of the 5th, ROBERTS VAUX, Esq. President in the chair. 6, 7 & 8 Jany.--every thing you requested has been par- The following report was read: ticularly attended to the cloathing from various reasons To the Pennsylvania Society for the Promotion of has been detained longer than I wished for. Farmer
Public Schools. will certainly go off with it to morrow if not to day.- The Council Reports. —That immediately after its They consist of 1200 shirts, overalls for 25,00 men, about organization a circular letter was addressed to gentlemen 1200 pair shoes 1000 blankets. Mr. Davies brings up residing in different parts of every county of the state, the hard money left by Gen. Potter with Mr. Ritten- soliciting information concerning the actual means of house. I hope before I go to bed to night to hear of a instruction, in their respective districts and neighbour. proper settlement of this affair. I have always handed hoods. your letters to the President of the Congress the mo. On the receipt of replies to those enquiries, a report ment I received them--The Council present their com on the state of education in Pennsylvania was prepared, pliments to you.
I am with great respect, and widely circulated in pamphlet form, and through the
WM. MOORE. painful the task, it became the duty of the Council to Council Chamber
expose a faithful picture of the deplorable condition of Jan. 10, 1781.
many sections of the state, where moral, religious, and P. S. Mr. Davies will deliver you specie to the amt. literary education had not been conferred upon a nu. of £483, 17,3.
W. M. merous class of persons, and where the neglect of this One o'clock P. M.
great duty was fruitful of the most lamentable conseHis Excellency Joseph Reed Esq.
quences. That report also represents the inefficiency President of Pennsa. at Trenton.
of the modes of education adopted, even where local
provision is made by law for the instruction of the off. Bloomsbury, near Trenton, spring of citizens in restricted pecuniary circumstances,
Jany. 11, 1781. and with the exception of the city and county of PhilaDear Sir I received your favor of the 10th inst. and delphia, the city of Lancaster, and a few other interior am much obliged to you for the readiness which has places, the subject did not appear to have claimed been shewn to comply with my requests. I do assure much attention. you and the Council that I have conducted the matter to The report alluded to, furthermore communicated the The best of my abilities, and am not conscious of being melancholy fact that almost every county was without led into any concessions from other motives than a real teachers of requisite abilities and attainments, and de. judgment of what would be best for the service and the ficient often in moral qualities, so that if in other respects general good of the country. I know it is a delicate means could have been commanded to establish schools,
matter and do not expect the officers will be pleased the effort must have proved abortive for want of suitable with any other settlement than by force and exemplary instructors. punishment of the mutineers, but I confess I saw no Anxious to contribute whatever might be in the power disposition of this kind in the state or any inclination to of the society toward producing a better state of things meddle with them but on their turning towards the ene. in this respect, and to encourage if possible the formamy, to the contrary of which they (have) given pretty tion of Lancasterian schools in the towns of Pennsylvania, decisive proofs. The two spies were executed this the Council issued a second circular letter, in which morning having been faithfully delivered according to among many suggestions, it was formally proposed to promise. They discover a very good temper in most furnish competent teachers, acquainted with the plan of respects and I think I may now venture to assure you of mutual instruction, as soon as reasonable compensations as happy a settlement of the matter as circumstances should be provided for their services. By the adoption will adinit. I really think they have had some solid of this expedient immediate relief could be afforded, and causes of complaint, which with their behaviour justifies if success attend the management of these schools it was in my judgment the lenity shewn them. As a line I ex- believed that they would prove nurseries in which pect no service from them till they are very much alter many young person of both sexes would become quali. ed in their regimental system by throwing different men fied to teach on the same system, and thus this efficient together, and this the new arrangement will facilitate-- and economical mode of instruction would be transplantthe greater part will enlist again. I have thought whened into every part of Pennsylvania where the population matters are farther advanced to take some notice of their was dense enough to sustain such schools. women and children by providing some decent clothing The Council rejoice in being enabled to represent which they have not at present; there are about 100 of that its offer has already been accepted in several re. them and like ourselves they have their attachments and mote towns--that in others the business is under consiaffections. A new gown, silk handkercbief and a pair deration, and it is quite probable that during the present autumn a number of well qualified teachers will go forth the contractors on this last mentioned part have already under the auspices of the society, to lay the foundation commenced active operations, and much work, it is of seminaries of useful learning in many places now des expected, will be done this fall and winter, should the titute of such blessings.
weather prove favorable. The route from Esquire® The Council is afresh animated by the conviction, that Pursell's to within about six miles of Easton is also to be the society which it represents has been bappily instru- put under contract in a few weeks, which will make mental to awaken throughout Pennsylvania a spirit of re- about fifty-five miles put under contract within one flection, and inquiry in regard to elementary education, year, a great portion of which is already completed. Unsuch as never more existed to the same extent. A well til the meeting of the Legislature, it will not be determined grounded opinion is also entertained, that if this concern whether the Canal will enter a dam on the Lehigh, or in for the vital interests of the people continues to be the Delaware river a short distance below the mouth of cherished, the time is not very remote, when the legis. the Lehigh, otherwise we presume the whole line would lature influenced by the weight of correct public senti- have been put under contract this fall. On the route ment, and obedient to its own sense of duty, will pro- from New Hope to Pursell's there are four acqueducts, vide a system of public instruction consistent with the numbered 4, 5, 6, and 7, and situated as follows.enlightened spirit of the age, and altogether worthy of No. 4. Crosses Parry's mill dam, at New Hope. the character and resources of this great commonwealth. allowing a passage for the stream of 50 feet in the clear. On behalf of the Council,
No. 5, Crosses Milton Creek, above Lumberville, at
No. 6, Crosses Tobicken at Cowell's 100 feet do. Committee to prepare the Report. No. 7, Crosses Tinicum Creek, at its mouth, 75 feet Whereupon on motion it was unaninmously resolved, do. that the report of the Council be published in such of There are six Culverts, numbered and situated as the newspapers of the city of Philadelphia and state of follows: Pennsylvania, whose editors are disposed to promote No. 1048 feet span over Dark Hollow run, on secthe objects of this society.
tion 50. The following resolution was unananimously adopted:
No. 11–5 do. do. Rabit Run, on section 52. Resolved, That the proceedings of the Council are No. 12-12 do, with 2 feet perpendicular below the highly sattisfactory to this society, and ought to encou: spring of the arch, over Phillips mill creek, section 54. Tage it to persevere in its useful labours, with renewed
No. 13-3 feet over a small stream on late W. Milchvigour.
ell's land section 57. Extract from the minutes,
No. 14—12 feet span over Scuttalossa Creek, on A. H. RICHARDS, Secretary. section 61.
No. 15—8 feet span over Creek below Lumberville, PROGRESS OF INTERNAL IMPROVEMETS.
on section 62. Pennsylvania Canal.-On Saturday evening last the workmen engaged in constructing the locks at the junc- Lycoming Rail Road and Coal Company.-We are tion of the canal with the river in Allegheny-town, com- much pleased to learn that measures are taking to or. pleted the foundation of the River Lock, and the erec- gunize this company under the charter granted by the tion of its walls above low water mark,-a work of legislature of Pennsylvania at the last session. We immense labour, as the foundation was six feet lower understand it is the intention of the company, if they than the bed of the river, the waters of which arose with can procure a competent Engineer, to have the route such rapidity in the evacuation as to require the con. of their Rail Road surveyed and located this fall and stant use of six screw pumps, each calculated to eject that they speak confidently of its completion by Novema hogshead a minute. These had been kept in mution ber 1829. ' Its whole length, from the Coal Mines to the night and day, for some weeks. Mr. Byrne, the con- West Branch, will be from 20 to 21 miles.-Lyco. Gaz. tractor, bas 'now a prospect of completing these two superb locks in a few weeks.
OFFICIAL. The two other locks in Allegheny-town are finished, Circular to all the Collectors of the Inland Frontiers and we understand a hope is entertained that the water on the Canada line. may be let into the Pittsburg and Kiskeminetas division
Treasury Department, 2 of the canal this fall.
August 27, 1828. Great progress has been made in the construction of
Sir: The great extent of the inland and water fronthe canal aqueduct across the Allegheny at the mouth of tier along the Canada line, and facilities thereby affordWashington street. The two abutments, and two of the led for the illicit introduction of foreign merchandize, piers in the river, appear to be nearly completed. The make it necessary that the greatest attention should be other four piers are considerably above the surface of paid to the due execution of the revenue laws in that the water.
quarter. The tunnel through Grant's Hill remains nearly as it
This letter is, therefore, by the direction of the Prewas in the spring-being reserved probably for a winter sident, addressed to you, with a view to excite your job.-Pittsburg Gaz.
most active vigilance upon this subject; which is the
more especially required since the passage of the act of
Doylstown, Sept, 29. the 19th of May last, increasing, in several important Pennsylvania Canal.—The work on the Delaware particulars, the former rate of duties on imported merdivision of the Pennsylvania Canal is rapidly progressing, chandize. The first 18 miles from Bristol to Taylor's Ferry, put A further object of it is to say, that should one or under contract last fall are now nearly completed. more additional inspectors be, in your opinion, necessaFrom Taylor's Ferry to New Hope, 7 miles put under ry within your district, in order to ensure a faithful execontract on the 20th of May, considerable work has been cution of the act above mentioned, you will make redone, and and is rapidly approaching toward completion. port to me accordingly, stating the points at which you From New Hope to the farm of Brice Pursell Esq. in may deem them necessary to be stationed. Tinicum, 181 miles, was let out to contractors on the This intimation is not given to encourage, in any de19th inst, at New Hope between 2 and 300 persons gree, an increase of subordinate officers where it can were present at the letting, most of whom offered bids be avoided by increased activity and vigilance on the for work, and it is believed the whole has been let to part of those already employed; but only that the im. good and competent contractors, and on terins as favo portant objects of the act should not be left in danger rable to the state as any work heretofore let. Some of of frustration through any real deficiency in the number
of public agents indispensable towards securing its ob. At Jefferson College, Washington, Pa, the comjects.
mencement took place on the 25th ult. After the usual I remain very respectfully,
exercises, 27 graduates received the degree of A. B, RICHARD RUSH. and that of A. M. was given to 13 gentlemen alumni of
the college. The degree of D.D. was conferred on the WHEAT AND FLOUR IN ENGLAND. Rev. John Hemphill, of South Carolina-U. S. Gaz. We subjoin a table, copied from the New York Albion, which will enable our readers to ascertain at what cost, in this country, flour can be exported to Great
Large Stage. –The greatest object of curiosity, just Britain with a prospect of gain. The market value of now in Philadelphia, is a huge Coach, constructing by the Spanish dollar in England is four shillings and two Mr. Gleason, and intended for the Citizens' Line, to run pence sterling, so that fifty shillings sterling is equal to between Bordentown and Washington, (N. J.) This twelve dollars. The figures in the different columns of above the other, with seven seats in each. The whole
enormous vehicle is divided into two apartments, one the table are explained by the heading of each column. number of passengers to be carried is fifty-six twento It will be seen that when the quarter of England shall be eight below and the same number above. The body of the value of 60 shillings, the duty on the barrel of four the carriage is thirteen feet long, five feet wide, and ten will be 16 shillings, and the price of the barrel, without in height. When placed on the wheels
, tire roof will the duty, should be in Liverpool 26 shillings in order to be about fourteen feet from the ground. There are to make it proportionate to the price of the wheat in Eng- be no more than four wbeels; those before about three land. At this price of 26 shillings, or when the quarter feet in diameter, and the others something less than six, of wheat shall be 60 shillings in the English market, it is The Lreadth of the wheels is eighteen inches, and each the calculation of the correspondent to whom the albion bas a double set of spokes. The baggage is to be caris indebted for this table, that it will begin to be adried on a car, attached behind, and drawn on a single vantageous to import American four." We have heard of Aour in Pernsylvania at 77 dollars drawn by twelve horses, three abreast, the driver to be
wheel, two feet and a half broad. The whole is to be a barrel. If so, this is a price far above what the aided by two postillions. In the stages now in use
, the English Market can possibly warrant for some time to number of horses, with three men, instead of a man and come, should the rise be steady and continued.-Na- two boys, would be able to carry but twenty seven pastional Journal.
sengers. It is calculated that the rate of travelling, as to speed, will be about the same as in the four horse coaches. This carriage it is expected, will be finished in about three weeks. It is now at Mr. Gleason's work shop, in St. James's street, back of St. James's church.
(Chron. Average price
Duty 196 lbs. per Imperial Duty. as 385 galls.
Government Credits, Phila. Oct. 5.–At a special meet. quarter. of wheat.
ing of the Chamber of Commerce called for the purpose of taking into consideration the injuries arising from the present system of government credits, it was
Resolved, that the essays entitled "Warehousing
system and government Credits,” published in one of the d.
d.ls. d. daily papers of this city, be republished in pamphlet 50 & under 51 36 8 22 0 11-10 50 35 013 O form at the expense of this Chamber. 51 52 35 8,21 5 15-32 51 35 814 3
Resolved, That a committee of thirteen members be 52 53 34 8 20 10 1-4
52 36 515 7 appointed to carry the above resolution into effect, to 53
54 33 8 20 31-32 53 37 116 10 distribute the essays and correspond with other Cham
55 32 819 7 13-16 54 37 918 2 bers of Commerce and influential individuals throughout 55
56 31 819 0 19-32 55 58 619 6 the Union, for the purpose of engaging their co-opera
571 30 8 18 5 3-8 56 39 220 9 tion in bringing the subject efficiently before Congress 57
58 29 8 17 10 5-32 57 39 1022 00 at an early period of the ensuing season. 58
59 28 8'17 2 15-16 58 40 723 5 Resolved, that the draft of a memorial now presented, 59
601 27 816 7 23-32 59 41 324 8 be referred to the committee for revision, and that they 60 61 26 8 16 0 1-2
60 42 0 26 Ocause the same to be printed with the above mentioned 61
62 25 8 15 5 9-32 61 42 827 3 pamphlet, and also circulated for signature and presen.
63] 24 8 14 10 1-16 62 43 528 6 tation to Congress. 63
64 23 8'14 2 27-32 63 44 129 11 Resolved, That the proceedings of this Chamber be 64
65 22 8'13 75-8 64 44 931 2 signed by the officers and published with the pamphlel,
66, 21 8 13 0 3-8 65 45 632 6 ard also in all the newspapers of this city. 66 6720 8 12 5 3-16 66 46 233 9
ROBERT RALSTON, President. 67
68) 18 8:11 2 7-16 67 46 10135 8 Attest-John Varghas, Secretary. 68 69 16 8 10 1 1-4 68 47 737 6
The following nained gentlemen were appointed tbc 69 70 13 8 8 2 21-32 69 48 440 2
committee. 70 71 10 8 6 5
70 49 0427 71
72 6 8 4 0 1-8 71 49 845 8 T.P. Cope, John A. Brown, M. L. Bevan, Henry Pratt,
73 2 8 1 7 1-4 72 50 5/48 10 Robert Earp, J. J. Borie, Manuel Eyre, ć, N. Buck, I. | 73 & upwards. 1 0 0 7 7-321 73 151 1150 6 Hacker, L. Clapier, John White, Ambrose White, Ge.
rard Ralston. PENNSYLVANIA COLLEGES. The semi-annual examination, and the commencement of the students in Washington College, Canons des, No. 59 Locust street, Philadelphia; where, and at
Printed every Saturday morning by William F. Ged. burg, took place on the 23d and 24th ult. The exercises the Editor's residence, No. North 12th st. subscripof the students, are represented as baving been highly tions will be thankfully received. Price five dollars per creditable to the institution. Six
students received the annum payable in six months after the commencement degree of A. B. and twenty gentlemen alumni of the of publication and annually, thereafter, by subscribers college, received the degree of A. M. The winter ses- resident in or near the city-or where there is an agent sion will commmence on the 27th nist.
Other subscribers pay in advance.
pr. sack, 280 lbs.
406 lbs. four. 7-10 of sack pr. bbl.,
flour less duty. Price of a barrel of