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of England, from the penalties of certain laws, shall be elections of the said representatives shall be free and adjudged, and are hereby declared to be qualified to voluntary, and that the electors who shall receive any act in their said respective offices and places, and there- reward or gift for giving his vote, shall forfeit his right upon the several officers bereio mentioned, shall, instead to elect for that year; and such person or persons as of an oath, make their solemn affirmation or declara- shall give or promise any such reward to be elected, or tion, in manner and form following: that is to say;
that shall offer to serve for nothing, or for less wages The form of judges and justices attest, shall be in than the law prescribes, shall be thereby rendered incathese words, viz: 'Thou shalt solemnly promise, that as pable to serve in council or assembly, for that year; judge or justice, according to the governor's commis- and the representatives so chosen, either for coun. sion to thee directed, thou shalt do equal right to the cil or assembly, shall yield their attendance acpoor and rich, to the best of thy knowledge and power, cordingly, and be the sole judges of the regularity or according to law, and after the usages and constitutions irregularity of the elections of their respective members: of this government, thou shalt not be of council of any And if any person or persons, chosen to serve in counmatter or cause depending before thee, but shalt well cil or assembly, shall be wilfully absent from the service and truly do thy office in every respect, according to be or they are so chosen to attend, or be deceased, or the best of thy understanding.'
rendered incapable, then, and in all such cases, it shall The form of the attests to be taken by the masters of be lawful for the governor, within ten days after know. the rolls, secretaries, clerks, and such like officers, shall ledge of the same, to issue forth a writ to the sheriff of be thus, viz:
the county, for which the said person or persons were Thou shalt well and faithfully execute the office of, chosen, immediately to summons the freemen of the &c. according to the best of thy skill and knowledge; same to elect another member in the room of such ab. taking such fees only, as thou ought to receive by the sent, deceased, or incapable person or persons; and in laws of this government.
case any sheriff shall misbehave himself, in the manageThe form of the sheriffs, and coroners attest, shall be ment of any of the said elections, he shall be punished in these words, viz.
accordingly, at the discretion of the governor and counThou shalt solemnly promise, that thou wilt well and cil for the time being. truly serve the King, and Governor, in the office of the Be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that sheriff (or coroner) of the county of, &c. and preserve every member now chosen, or hereafter to be chosen, the King and Governor's rights, as far forth as thou can by the freemen as aforesaid, to serve in council, and the or may; thou shalt truly serve, and return, all the writs speaker of the assembly, shall be allowed five shillings, and precepts to thee directed; thou shalt take no bai- by the day, during his and their attendance; and every liff, nor deputy, but such as thou wilt answer for; thou member of assembly shall be allowed four shillings by shalt receive no writs, except from such judges and jus- the day, during his attendance on the service of the astices, who by the laws of this government, have authori- sembly; and that every member of council, and assemty to issue and direct writs unto thee; and thou shalt di- bly, shal} be allowed towards their travelling charges, ligently and truly do and accomplish all things apper- after the rate of two pence each mile, both going to, taining to thy office, after the best of thy wit and pow- and coming from, the place where the council, and aser, both for the king and governor's profit, and good of sembly, is or shall be held; all which sums shall be paid the inhabitants within the said county, taking such fees yearly out of the county levies, by the county receivers only, as thou ought to take by the laws of this govern- respectively. ment, and not otherwise.
And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, The form of a constable's attest shall be this, viz: That the Governor or his Deputy shall always preside
Thou shalt solemnly promise, well and duly, accord in the Council, and that he shall at no time perform any ing to the best of thy understanding, to execute the of public act of state whatsoever, that shall or may relate fice of a constable, for the town (or county of) P. for unto the Justice, Treasury, or Trade of the Province, this ensuing year, or until another be attested in thy and Territories, but by and with the advice and consent room, or thou shalt be legally discharged thereof. of the couneil thereof, or major part of them that shall
The form of the grand inquest's attest, shall be in be present. these words, viz:
And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, Thou shalt diligently enquire, and true presentment That all the Sheriffs, and Clerks, of the respective counmake, of all such matters and things, as shall be given ties of the said Province, and Territories, who are, or thee in charge, or come to thy knowledge, touching this shall be, commissionated, shall give good and sufficient present service, the king's counsel, thy fellows, and thy security to the Governors, for answering the king, and own, thou shalt keep secret, and in all things thou shalt his people, in matters relating to the said offices respecpresent the truth, and nothing but the truth, to the best tively. of thy knowledge.
And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, This being given to the foreman, the rest of the in- That the Council, in all matters of moment, as about quest shall be attested thus, by three at a time, viz. erecting Courts of Justice, sitting in judgment upon
The same attestation that your foreman hath taken on persons impeached, and upon bills and other matters, his part, you will well and truly keep on your parts. that may be from time to time presented by the Assem
The form of the attest to be given to the traverse ju- blý, not less than two thirds shall make a quorum; and ry, by four at a time, shall be thus, viz.
that the consent and approbation of the majority of that You solemnly promise that you will well and truly try quorum shall be had in all such cases and matters of mothe issue of traverse between the Lord the King, and ment; and that in cases of less moment, not less than one A. B. whom you have in charge, according to your evi- third of the whole shall make a quorum, the majority of dence.
which shall and may always determine in all such mat. In civil causes thus, viz.
ters of lesser moment as are not above specified: And in You solemnly promise, that you will well and truly case the Governor's power shall hereafter happen to be try the issue between A. B. plaintiff, and C. D. defen- in the Council, a President shall then be chosen out of dant, according to your evidence.
themselves, by two thirds, or the major part of them; Provided always, and it is hereby intended, that no which President shall therein preside. person shall be by this act excused from swearing, who, Be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That by the acts of parliament for trade and navigation, are, the Governor and Council, shall take care that all the or shall be required to take an oath.
laws, statutes, and ordinances, which shall at any time And, that elections may not be corruptly managed, on be made within the said Province, and Territories, be which the good of the government so much depends, duly and diligently executed. Be it further
enacted by the authority aforesaid, that all Be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That VÓL: II.
the Governor and Council, shall at all times have the ed for that day, shall be deferred till the next day, un. care of the peace of this Province, and Territories there- less in cases of emergency. of, and that nothing be, by any persons, attempted to Be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the subversion of this frame of government.
if any alien, who is or shall be a purchaser of lands, or And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, who doth or shall inhabit in this province, or Territories That the Governor, and Council
, for the time being, thereof, shall decease at any time before he can well be shall, at all times, settle and order the situation of all denizised, his right and interest therein shall notwithcities, and market towns, modelling therein all public standing descend to his wife and children, or other his buildings, streets, and market places, and shall appoint relations, be he testate or intestate, according to the all public landing places, of the towns of this Province laws of this Province and Territories thereof, in such and Territories. And if any man's property shall be cases provided, in as free and ample manner, to all injudged by the Governor, and Council, to be commodious tents and purposes, as if the said alien had been derifor such landing place, in the said towns, and that the zised. same be by them appointed as such, that the owner
And that the people may be accommodated with such shall have such reasonable satisfaction given him for the food and sustenance as God in his providence hath freely same as the Governor and Council shall see meet, to be afforded, Be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That paid by the said respective towns.
the inhabitants of this Province, and Territories thereof, Be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That shall have liberty to fish, and hunt, upon the lands they the Governor and Conncil shall, at all times
, have power hold, or all other lands therein, not inclosed, and to fish to inspect the management of the public treasury, and in all waters in the said lands, and in all rivers and rivupunish those who shall convert any part thereof to any
lets, in and belonging to this Province, and Territories other use than what hath been agreed
upon by the Go thereof
, with liberty to draw his or their fish upon any vernor, Council, and Assembly.
man's lands, so as it be not to the detriment or annoyance Be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That of the owner thereof, except such lands as do lie upon the Governor and Council shall
erect and order all pub-inland rivulets, that are not boatable, or which hereaflic houses, and encourage and reward the authors of use ter may be erected into manors. ful sciences, and laudable inventions in the said Province, all inhabitants of this Province, and Territories, whether
Be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That and Territories thereof.
And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, purchasers or others, and every one of them, shall have That the Governor, and Council, shall from time to time full and quiet enjoyment of their respective lands and have the care of the management of all public affairs, tenements, to which they have any lawful or equitable relating to the peace, safety, justice, treasury, trade, claim, saving only such rents and services for the same, and improvement of the Province, and Territories, and as are, or customarily ought to be, reserved to the lord to the good education of youth, and sobriety of the man
or lords of the fee thereof, respectively. ners of the inhabitants therein, as aforesaid.
Be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid,
no act, law, or ordinance whatsoever, shall, at any time That the representatives of the freemen, when met in hereafter, be made or done, by the Governor of this ProAssembly, shall have power to prepare and propose to vince, and Territories thereunto belonging, or by the the Governor and Council, all such bills as they, or the Freemen.in Council or Assembly; to alter, change, or major part of them, shall at any time see needful to be diminish the form and effect of this act, or any part or passed into laws within the said Province and Territo- clause thereof, contrary to the true intent ar.d meaning ries.
thereof, without the consent of the Governor, for the Provided always, That nothing herein contained shall time being, and six parts of seven of the said Freemen, debar the Governor and Council
from recommending to in Council and Assembly met. This act to continue and the Assembly, all such bills as they shall think fit to be be in force, until the said Proprietary shall signify his passed into laws; and that the Council and Assembly pleasure to the contrary, by some inrtrument, under his may, upon occasion, confer together in committees, hand and seal, in that behalf. when desired, all which said proposed and prepared
Provided always, and it is hereby enacted, That neibills or such of them as the Governor, with the advice ther this act, nor any other act or acts whatsoever, shall of the Council, shall in open Assembly, declare his as
preclude or debar the inhabitants of this Province, and sent unto, shall be the laws of this Province, and Terri- Territories, from claiming, having, and enjoying, any of tories thereof, and published accordingly, with this style, the rights, privileges, and immunities, which the said "By the Governor, with the assentard approbation of the Proprietary, for himself, his heirs and assigns, did forFreemen in General Assembly met;" a true transcript or merly grant, or which of right belong unto them the said duplicate thereof shall be transmitted to the king's privy inhabitants, by virtue of any law, charter, or grants council, for the time being according to the late king's whatsoever, any thing herein contained to the contrary letters patent.
notwithstanding And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, The law for ratifying and confirming the Acts and ProThat the Assembly shall sit upon their own adjournments, and committees, and continue in order to pre
ceedings of the Assembly, in 1696; passed by William pare and propose bills, redress grievances, and impeach
Markham, May, 1697. criminals, or such persons as they shall think fit to be
Whereas divers persons within this government bave there impeached until the Governor and Council for the expressed their dissatisfaction, both with the proceedtime being, shall dismiss them; which Assembly shall, ing, and dissolution of the Council
, and Assembly, in notwithstanding such dismiss, be capable of assembling October 1696, insisting that their charteral rights were together, upon summons of the Governor and Council, given away thereby, and that all the laws passed the last at any time during that year, two thirds of which As-) Assembly are void, and of no force, with such like obsembly, in all cases, shall make a quorum.
jections, that are made use of to obstruct the proceedAnd be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That all ings of this Assembly, as also to amuse the people, and elections of representatives for Council, and Assembly, it is sufficiently apparent, that by the act passed at the
bring the government into confusion: Now forasmuch as and all questions to be determined by them, shall be by said last Assembly, intituled, The Frame of the Governthe major part of votes.
ment of the Province of Pennsylvania, and the TerritoBe it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, 'That ries thereunto belonging, provision is made against as oft as any days of the month mentioned in any arti- such dissolution of Council and Assembly, as is comcle of this act, shall fall on the first day of the week, plained of; and that our charteral rights are so far from ocmmonly called the Lord's Day, the business appoint- being taken away, or given away, that they are effectually asserted, with sufficient salvos, to preserve the are only to be found in his own narrative compared with people's just rights and claims to all and every the pri- with the observations of others. In the present case, vileges and immunities, granted them by any charter, or Mr. Linn's modesty prevented him from being his own other grant from the proprietary, in case he should dis- historian, and peculiar circumstances occasioned his earapprove of the said Frame of Government.
ly life to pass over without much observation from Therefore for removing and preventing all further others. We cannot any longer profit by his own recol. doubts, scruples, and disputes, concerning the meeting, lections: the hand is now cold, and the tongue silent, sitting, and proceedings of this present General Assem. which were best qualified to gratify the curiosity of bly, Be it enacted and declared, and it is declared a d love or veneration. We only know that he acquired enacted by the Governor, and representatives of the the rudiments of knowledge at an age somewhat earlier freemen of the said Province, and Territories, in Coun than is customary. He was initiated into the Latin lan. cil and Assembly met, and by the authority of the same, guage while yet a child, and evinced very early a strong That the Governer, and Freemen, of the said Province, attachment to books. On his father's removal to New and Territories, met at Philadelphia, on the tenth day of York, when John was only nine years old, he enjoyed the Third Month, 1697, and now sitting in General As- new opportunities of improvement; under several resembly, are the Council and Assembly of the said Pro- spectable teachers. The happiest period of his life, vince of Pennsylyania, and Territories thereunto belong- however, in bis own opinion, consisted of two or three ing, and shall be, and are hereby declared, enacted, and years which he spent at a place of education at Flatadjudged so to be, to all intents, constructions, and pur- bush, in Long island. He was in his thirteenth year poses whatsoever, as if this General Assembly had been when he left this seminary for New York, where, as elected according to the rotation of liberties, before Columbia College, his education was completed. Colonel Fletcher came to the administration of this go- Fortunate is that man who has spent any part of his vernment, and as if this present Council and Assembly early years at a country school. In youth, every object had consisted of the numbers, and had met on the day's possesses the charms of novelty; care and disease have in the said charter, and former act of settlement, limited as yet male no inroads on the heart, nor stained that and appointed.
pure and bright medium, through which the external And it is further enacted by the authority aforesaid, world makes its way to the fancy. The noise, the filth, That the said Frame of Government, and all other the the dull sights and unwholesome exhalations of a city acts and laws made and passed at the said last Assem- are, in consequence of this enchantment, ever new and bly, held here in October, and November, 1696, as also delightful to the youthful heart; but how much is this all other laws formerly enacted, and now in force, and pleasure heightened, when the objects presented to not by this General Assembly altered or repealed, are view, and by which we are surrounded, are in them. hereby declared and enacted to stand and remain in full selves agreeable! There is something in the refreshing force, and be reputed, observed, adjudged and taken as smells, the green, the quiet, the boundless prospects of the laws of this government, any law, charter, or usage the cquntry, congenial to the temper of human beings at to the contrary, in any wise notwithstanding.
all ages; but these possess ineffable charms at that age, when the joints are firm and elastic, when the pulse
beats cheerily, and no dark omens or melancholy retroA SKETCH OF THE LIFE AND CHARACTER
spects invade the imagination. To roam through a OF JOHN BLAIR LINN—By Chcrles B. Brown, Esq. blackberries, to bathe in the clear running brook, are
wood with gay companions, to search the thicket for John Blair Linn was descended from ancestors who pleasures which fill the memory with delicious images, originally came from the British islands. They appear and are frequently called up to afford a little respite to to have been emigrants at an early period, and to have the heart froin the evils of our subsequent experience. given their descendants as just a claim to the title of Ame- Dr. Linn was indebted to nature for a healthful rather rican, as the nature of things will allow any civilized in- than a robust constitution. He was a stranger to disease habitant of the United States to acquire.
till after he had reached manhood, and of that constituHis name bears testimony to the paternal and mater. tional vivacity which mere health confers, he possessed nal stock from which he sprung. His great-grandfather, a very large share. His fancy was alive to the beauties William Linn, was an emigrant from Ireland, who set- of nature, and he experienced none of those little vexatled land in the wilderness of Pennsylvania, and whose tions and crosses, which some lads are doomed to suffer, eldest son, William, was the father of a numerous family. through the malice of school-fellows, the tyranny of
The father of John Blair Linn received a careful edu- ushers, and the avarice of housekeepers. Hence, in the cation, which his family enabled him to complete at the latter part of his life, no recollections were so agreeable college at Princeton. He was trained to the ministry, as those of the time he passed at Flatbush, when he rein the Presbyterian church, and married, at an early age, velled in the full enjoyment of health, and its attendant Rebecca Blair, third daughter of the Rev. John Blair. cheerfulness. They formed a vivid contrast to that joyHer brother and uncle were likewise clergymen, and less and dreary state to which disease afterwards reduc. the family were eminently distinguished by their know- ed him. ledge and piety.
He was near fourteen years of age when he returned Their eldest son, Jolin Blair Linn, was born in Ship-home and went to college. He now entered on a scene pensburg, in Pennsylvania, March 14, 1777, at no great widely different, in all respects, from that to which he distance from the spot at which his father first drew had been previously accustomed: a new system of schobreath, and where his great-grandfather first established lastic discipline, a new circle of associates, the sensa. his residence in the new world. The humble dwelling tions and views incident to persons on the eve of manhood. which was first erected in the forest, still existed, at a The ensuing four years were active and important small distance from that town, and continued for a con- ones. The moral and intellectual dispositions, which siderable time after this, to be inhabited by his great- men may possibly bring into the world with them, be, grand-father, who lived upwards of a hundred years. come fixed and settled, and receive their final di
It is impossible for his survivors to recount the earli- rection at this age. When the appetites are vigor est incidents of his life; to trace the first indications of ous, the senses keen, and the conduct regulated by future character and genius; or enumerate the little ad. temper and passion, rather than by prudence and ex. ventures and connexions of his childhood. The juve-perience, we are most alive to all impressions, and ge. nile stages of our moral and intellectual progress, which nerally take that path which we pursue for the rest of are in all cases entertaining and instructive, are so, in a our days. It was during this period that Mr. Linn's particular manner, when they relate to eminent persons. taste was formed; and though his moral and professional The authentic memorials of any man's life and character, I views underwent considerable changes afterwards, the literary inclinations which he now imbibed, or unfolded, course, whether qualified or not, destined to a liberal continued to adhere to him for the rest of his life. profession, and the law is generally preferred, because
His genius now evinced a powerful tendency to poe- it affords the best means of building up a name or a for, try and criticism. What are called the fine writers of the tune. Mr. Linn was probably influenced in his choice age, and especially the poets, became his darling study of this path, more because it was honourable and lucra. In a youthful breast, the glow of admiration is soon fol. tive, than because it was particularly suited to gratify lowed by the zeal to imitate; and he not only composed any favourite taste. He does not appear, therefore, to several pieces, both in prose and verse, but procured have applied with much assiduity or zeal to his new purthe publication of some of them in a distinct volume, be- suit: his favourite authors continued to engage most of fore his seventeenth year. These performances possess his attention; and his attachment to poetry acquired new no small merit, if we may judge of them by comparison force, by the contrast which the splendid visions of with the youth and inexperience of the writer.' They Shakspeare and Tasso bore to the naked abstractions manifest considerable reading, a remarkably improved and tormenting subtleties of Blackstone and Coke. taste, and talents which only wanted the discipline and He was placed under the direction of Alexander Haknowledge of age to make them illustrious.
milton, who was a friend of his father, and who took In a city where there is an established theatre, a young upon himself, with ardour, the care of perfecting the man, smitten with a passion for letters, can scarcely fail studies and promoting the fortunes of the son. Instead, of becoming an assiduous frequenter of its exhibitions. however, of becoming enamoured of the glory, excelPlays form a large portion of the fashionable literature lence, or usefulness that environ the names of Murray of a refined nation. The highest powers of invention and of Erskine, Mr. Linn regarded the legal science are displayed in the walks of dramatic poetry; and what every day with new indifference or disgust, which, at the youug enthusiast devours in his closet, he hastens the end of the first year, induced him to relinquish the with unspeakable eagerness to behold invested with the profession altogether. charms of life and action on the stage. At that period Before this event took place, he had ventured to prosome performers of merit had been recently imported duce a dramatic composition, called Bourville Castle, from Europe, the theatre was, in an eminent degree, a on the stage. This performance was one of the many popular amusement, and Mr. Linn was at that age when dramatic works he had previously concerted, but the the enchantment of such exhibitions is greatest. The only one which was ever performed on the stage. Its theatre, accordingly became his chief passion.
success was such as had been sufficient to have fixed the To austere and scrupulous minds the theatre is high- literary destiny of some minds. But his dramatic career ly obnoxious, not only as hurtful in itself, but as seduc- was scarcely commenced, when it was entirely relining unwary youth into collateral vices and undue ex- quished. His passion for theatrical amusements yielded penses. On this account, such establishments are cer- place to affections of a more serious and beneficial natainly liable to much censure. Whether reasonably or ture; and those religious impressions, by wbich, from not, mankind have always annexed some disrepute to his earliest infancy, his mind had been occasionally vithe profession of an actor, and hence no one will give sited, about this time assumed a permanent dominion himself to that profession, who cherishes in himself any over him. After much deliberation, he determined to lively regard for reputation. The odium with which devote his future life to service in the church. any profession is loaded, even though originally ground- Such a decision, in a youthful and ardent mind, could less, has an unfortunate tendency to create an excuse only flow from deep convictions of duty. The heavy for itself in the principles and manners of those who obligations which every clergyman incurs, the extraoradopt it. To make men vicious, little more is necessary dinary claims which are made upon him, not only as a than to treat them as if they were so.
teacher of virtue and religion, but as a living example The example of Mr. Linn, however, may lead us to of their influence, form, to a conscientious mind, the distinguish between that admiration for the drama, which most arduous circumstances of this profession. Consileads some persons to the theatre, and those dissolute dered as a calling, by which a subsistence is to be obtainand idle habits, by which the attendance of others is ed, and a family reared, its disadvantages are very nu, produced, and which evince a taste for the life and man- merous. He is entirely precluded from any collateral bers of the actor, rather than a passion for excellent act- and lucrative application of his time or talents, not only ing. The moral conduct of this youth was at all times by the constant pressure of his clerical duties, but by irreproachable; and the impression made upon his fan- the general sense of decorum; while the stipend he recy, by the great masters of the drama, seems to have ceives from the church is in many cases inadequate to contributed to his security from low tastes and vicious decent subsistence, and in no case does it more than anpleasures, rather than to have laid him open to their in-swer the current necessities and demands of a family. Auence.
The clergyman deprives himself of all means of proviaWhen his academical career was finished, he was 18 ing for the establishment of his children in trade or in years of age; and it being necessary to adopt some pro- marriage, or even for the period of age or infirmity in fession, his choice, and that of his family, fell upon the himself, by embracing a profession which, in many ca. law. The law leads more directly and effectually to ses, appears to have a tendency to impair his health, and honour, power and profit, in America, than any of what to shorten the duration of his life. are termed the liberal professions. As we are strangers In Mr. Linn's case, these sacrifices were greater than to all hereditary distinctions, the road to eminence is ordinary. There were many circumstances to inspire open to all; and while the practice of the law is ex- his generous mind with unusual and commendable solitremely lucrative, it tends to bring forth talents and in citude for the acquisition of fortune, and his new en. dustry into public notice, and to recommend men to gagements were incompatible with those pursuits, which offices of profitand honour. A young man who, though had hitherto formed his chief passion, and engrossed the meanly descended, shows some marks of genius, and greater portion of his time. Such, however, was the has received some degree of education beyond that of strength of his mind, and the force of his religious immere reading and writing his native tongue, seldom pressions, that not only the prospects of power and richthinks of pursuing any mechanical trade, and if he has es, but the more bewitching promises of dramatic posome ambition, he is generally educated to the bar. He pularity, were renounced with little hesitation or relucis thus placed the direct road of that profit and ho- tance. nour, which waits on political popularity, and may put New York was, in some respects, an eligible place for in his claim, with more success than the followers of any prosecuting theological as well as legal studies, but Mr. pther calling, for a seat in the national councils, and for Linn weighed its disadvantages and benefits with too any official station. The children of persons who are impartial a hand to allow himself to remain there. brised above others, by their riches or station, are, of Along with his former habits and pursuits, he perceived the necessity of relinquishing many of his former como and from the first presbyterian church at Philadelphia, panions, and abandoning the scenes to which he had than which there were no religious congregations in been accustomed to resort. His prudence directed him America, whose choice could be more honourable to the to withdraw as much as possible from the busy and luxu- object of it. rious world, and to put far away all those objects which He finally decided, though not without much hesitawere calculated to divert him from the object to which tion and reluctance, in favour of the latter situation. In he had deliberately devoted his future life.
this he was influenced by many motives besides those, With these views he left New York, and retired to which, in such a case, would naturally operate upon a Schenectady. He there put himself under the care of young mind, eager for distinction. The principal of Dr. Romeyn, a professor of theology in the Reformed these originated in diffidence of his own powers, which Dutch Church. His zeal and resolution appear to have he justly imagined would be subject to less arduous continually increased in favour of his new pursuit. Ex. trials, as an assistant minister, or co-pastor, than where perience, indeed, gradually unfolded difficulties of the sole charge should devolve upon himself
. Under which he had not been at first aware. The importance the auspices of so illustrious a colleague as the late Dr. and arduousness of the part which he had assigned him. Ewing, he hoped to enter on his important office with self became daily more apparent, but these discoveries fewer disadvantages than most young men are subjected diminished not his zeal, though they somewhat appalled to. The errors of youth and inexperience would be his courage. In a letter to his father, written during less fatal, and would be more easily prevented and corhis probation, and after a short visit to his family, he says, rected, than in a different situation. The paternal treat“When I was in New York, I saw more clearly than I ment he always received from Dr. Ewing fulfilled these had ever yet seen, the road of preferment which I have hopes, and his decision in their favour was fully justified forsaken.' I saw more clearly than ever, that worldly by the veneration and affection of his people. He was friendship and favour follow the footsteps of pomp and ordained, and installed in his office, in June, 1799. ambition. I hope, however, never to have cause to re- He had very early bestowed his affections on Miss gret the choice I have made. I hope to see more and Hester Bailey, a young lady of beauty and merit, daughmore the little worth of earthly things, and the infinite ter of Col. John Bailey, a respectable inhabitant of importance of those which are eternal. As I have no Poughkeepsie, in the state of New York. On his settreasures on earth, may I lay up treasures in heaven. tlement at Philadelphia, he married this lady, The
The disgust which I contracted for the law, might fruits of this alliance, which was interrupted by death at perhaps chiefly arise from a sickly and over delicate the end of five years, were three sons, the two youngtaste. The pages of Coke and Blackstone contained, est of whom survived their father.-[To be Continued. to my apprehension, nothing but horrid jargon. The language of the science was discord, and its methods
ANNALS OF PHILADELPHIA. the perfection of confusion to me; and this, whether a fault in me or not, I cannot tell, but certain I am it was From the recovered Minutes of Council. past remedy. But my aversion to the bar had some- Dec. 1, 1759. The committee appointed to prepare thing else in it than the mere loathing of taste. I could a draft of an address to our new governor, laid the same not bear its tricks and artifices, the enlisting of all one's before the Board for their consideration, and after some wit and wisdom in the service of any one that could pay amendments were made, it was approved of, and a comfor them.
mittee appointed to wait on the governor to know when My mind, which has been for a long time restless and and where it would be agreeable to his honour, that this uneasy, and continually on the wing, feels already, in Board should attend him. this state of comparative solitude, that sober and quiet It being proposed that an entertainment be provided peace, to which it has been long a stranger. I regret for his honor, the governor, at the expense of this board, not the gay objects of New York, which I have ex- the same was agreed to ; and Alderman Plumstead, changed for the now dreary scenes of Schenectady. Thomas Willing and William Bingham, were desired to The pleasures of my former life were often the pleasures prepare the said entertainment at the lodge, on Thursof an hour, leaving behind them the anxieties of days day next, and invite the members of assembly and such and of years. A very few excepted, I regret not those other gentlemen as they should think fit. friends of my early youth, from whom I have removed. The gentlemen who went on a message to the goverFriendship is in most cases only a weathercock, shifting nor, returned and acquainted the Board that he was reawith the lightest gale, and scarcely stable long enough dy to receive them at the house of William Allen, Esq. to be viewed. The applause of men I no longer prize, Whereupon, the Board went in a body to wait upon and self-approbation becomes every day of greater va- him, and the address was delivered by the recorder and lue.”
then presented to his honor in the following words, viz. In this retreat he pursued his studies assiduously.- “To the honourable James Hamilton, Esq. lieutenant How he employed his leisure, what books he read, what governor and commander-in-chief of the province of society be enjoyed, and what particular advances he Pennsylvania, and counties of New Castle, Kent, and made in knowledge or in virtue, in the government of Sussex, on Delaware. The address of the Mayor and himself or his acquaintance with the world, it is not in Commonalty of the city of Philadelphia. the power of the present narrator to communicate. It May it please your honour,appears, however, that he indulged himself in some “We, the Mayor and Commonalty of the city of Phipoetical effusions, and wrote occasionally some essays ladelphia, do most sincerely congratulate you on your in prose, which were published in a newspaper of that appointment to this government and safe arrival among place. Though not unworthy of praise from so young us. á man, their intrinsic merit does not entitle them to pre- We esteem it a peculiar happiness to the people of servation.
this province that the government of it is committed to * He obtained a license to preach from the classis of a gentleman who has heretofore presided in that station, 'Albany, in the year 1798, having just entered his twenty with the strictest honour and integrity. second year. Having now an opportunity of displaying The experience we have had of your abilities, your his qualifications of taste, knowledge and piety, the steady attachment to the principles of real liberty, and world soon became acquainted with his character. His your known abhorrence of every species of venality and merits in the pulpit were enhanced by his youth; a cir- corruption, cannot but give the highest pleasure and sacumstance, which while it afforded an apology for some tisfaction to all those who are true friends to the interest exuberances of style and sentiment, imparted lively ex. of this colony. pectations of future excellence. He received calls from These considerations excite us with grateful hearts to the presbyterian church at Elizabethtown, New Jersey, acknowledge his majesty's paternal regard in approving