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yet made up. And the soldiers suffering every priva- short period as the nature of the case admits; to be paid tion for want of money and clothing.

in hard cash, or an equivalent in continental money of 3. That it is very hurtful to the feelings of the soldiery these states, and be immediately furnished with comto be prevented from disposing of their depreciation cer- fortable warm clothing, they returning to their duty as tificates as they please, without consulting any person worthy, faithful soldiers. These propositions are foundon the occasion.

ed in principles of justice and honour, between the UnitIt is agreed on the part of the General and Colonels; ed States and the soldiery, which is all that reasonable that one disinterested sergeant or private from each re. men can expect, or that a General can promise consistgiment shall

, with the commanding officer of the corps, ent with his station and duty, and the mutual benefit of when an enlistment is disputed, determine on the case. their country, and the line which he has had so long

A sergeant from each regiment to be appointed to the honour of commanding. If the soldiers are deter. carry an address to Congress, backed by the General mined not to let reason and justice govern on this occaand Field Officers. This was followed by the proposals sion, he has only to lament the total and unfortunate si from the sergeants to General Wayne, which with his tuation to which they will reduce themselves and their answer is gone already forward.

country. (Signed)

ANT'Y. WAYNE, Propositions January 4, 1781, delivered to Gen. Wayne.

Commanding Pennsylvania Line. Proposals from the Committee of Serjeants, now repre. Princeton, Janucry 4, '81. senting the Pennsylvania Line Artillery, &c. Rec'd. at

General Wayne then received the following note: Maidenhead, January 6, 1781, by me. Article 1.

Sir-We would be glad you would inform us who That all and such men as were enlisted in the year these men are that you mean, that are entitled to their 976 or '77, and received the bounty of 20 dollars, shall discharges. As we jointly think that you dont deem the be without any delay discharged; and all arrears of pay, men enlisted with the bounty of twenty dollars to be and depreciation of pay, be paid to the said men, with entitled to their discharges; therefore sir, be punctual out any fraud, clothing included.

what you say, and do as we reasonably think our due. Article 2.

(Signed Committee.) WM. BEARNELL? Serj't. Such men as were enlisted since the year '77, and re- To which General Wayne returned the following anceived the 120 dollars bounty, or any more additions, swer. shall be entitled to their discharge at the expiration of

Princeton, January 4, 1781. three years from the said enlistment, and their full de.

The question asked me by the Committee of Ser. preciation of pay, and all arrears of clothing.

geants is one of such important consequence, and on Article 3.

which so great a variety of opinions are given, and your That all such men as belong to the different regiments not choosing to leave it to the decision of a committee of as are enlisted of late for the war, that they receive the re. yourselves and the colonel of the regiment, where any, mainder part of their bounty and pay, and all arrears of dispute might arise, (agreeably to the propositions of yesclothing. That they shall return to their respective terday,) I cannot think myself fully empowered to decide corps, and do their duty as formerly, and no aspersion upon the occasion, but will immediately send off an exbe cast, and no grievances to be repeated to the said press to the Governor and Council of the state of Penn

sylvania, and desire a committee of that body to meet Article 4. Those soldiers that are enlisted and receive their dis- Colonels Butler and Stewart, will give you a full and

the line at Trenton or elsewhere, who with myself and charge and all arrearages of pay and clothing, shall not explicit answer. be compelled to stay by any former officers commanding any longer time than what is agreeable to their own

General Wayne afterwards received the undermen

tioned note. pleasure and disposition-of those that do remain for a small term as volunteers, that they shall be at their own tice, and wright, we are now so well situated to receive

Sirt-As we know are upon a principle of honour, jus. disposal and pleasure. Article 5.

any gentlemen of rank at this post, as if we were to As we now depend and rely upon you, Gen. Wayne, think that we cannot settle these matters by such a for

march any further, and therefore I would not have you for to represent and repeat our grievances, we do agree midable body of men, as we are, therefore should be in conjunction from this date, January 4, in six days for to complete and settle every such demand as the above glad you would be explicit in your expresses or otherfive articles mention.

ways we must take some measures that will procure Article 6.

our own happiness. That the whole line are actually agreed and deter

To the above note General Wayne, Colonels Butler mined to support these above articles in every particu- and Stewart, would not reply: lar.

Copies-W. STEWART, Col. (Signed in conjunction.) General Wayne having maturely considered the fore

PRINCETON, 4th Jan. 1781. going proposals and articles presented to him by the Dear Sir:-The unhappy defection of our line you serjeants in behalf of themselves, the artillery and pris must have been made acquainted with by General Poto vates of the Pennsylvania line, thinks proper to return ter and Colonel Johnston. Colonel Charles Stewart the following answer.

will present you with some propositions on the part of Tbat all such non-commissioned officers and soldiers the troops together with our answer. He will also be as are justly entitled to their discharges shall be imme. able to give you an idea of our situation and their temdiately settled with, their accounts properly adjusted, per. and certificates for their pay and arrearages of pay and Enclosed arc copies of a very serious question and our clothing given them agreeable to the resolution of Con- reply. You will, therefore, please to appoint one or gress, and the late act of the Honourable Assembly of more of the council to meet us at this place with all posPennsylvania, for making up the depreciation, and be sible despatch, and with full powers to them and us to discharged the service of the United States. That all treat on this subject and inform us what prospects you such non-commissioned officers and privates belonging have of furnishing an immediate supply of clothing and to the respective regiments, artillery or infantry, as are cash which will be indispensably necessary to ensure not entitled to their discharge, shall be also settled success. with, and certificates given them for their pay, depre- We shall not attempt to express our feelings on this ciation, and clothing, in like manner as those before unfortunate occasion. Your own will be the best critementioned, which certificates are to be redeemable at al rion to judge them by. We have yet some glimmering,



of hope from the enclosed copy of a letter giving in them, but were not permitted. An express is this motelligence of the enemy's intended manæuvres, as the ment arrived, that they have refused General Wayne's troops assured us they will act with desperation against terms, and propose to march tomorrow. them. Whether this be their sentiments or not, a few His Excellency Joseph Reed, Esq. hours will probably determine. Be that as it may, and President of the state of Pennsylvania. should the worst events take place, we trust that we shall produce a conviction to the world that we deserved

Bristol, January 5, 1781. a better fate. We have the honor to be with sincere esteem your ing--as they brought me only a verbal message, Mr. Do

Dear Sir-I was met here by the light horse return Excellency's most obedient humble servants,

naldson will be able to give it you with more exactness ANTH'Y. WAYNE, than I can at second hand. They left Princeton at 4 RICHARD BUTLER, o'clock this afternoon; the mutineers seem undetermisWALTER STEWART. ed, and I hope are beginning to divide, as their board

of officers or serjeants is large, and of course there will in PRINCETON, Jan. 4, 1781. be a variety of sentiment. They behave well to the peoDear Sir:--I joined Gen. Wayne this day in order to ple of the country, and hitherto have committed no exmy will in all probability come out, if the line act as to leave the place at a short warning. They say they give any assistance that may be in my power, as the ene- cesses. They permitted General St. Clair and the Mar

quis to come among them, but afterwards ordered them they say they will, I shall then be of some service. will march against the enemy under the command of Should your Excellency think it would be my duty to Genl. Wayne, Cols. Butler and Stewart, but will not join my regiment or stay to see the end of this affair, have their other officers; this is a bad symptom. I met pray let me know by the bearer.

a serjeant and one or two others on the road, who gave I have the honor to be,

out that they are going to town to prevent the bad te Dear Sir, your ob't. servant, port of their abusing people, &c. Col. Nicola should

STEPHEN MOYLAN. be directed to have an eye on these fellows as they come His Excellency, the

into town, least they infest the invalids, and spread bad President of the State.

reports among the militia, but by no means to use them

ill, least it have a bad effect on their fellows in Jersey. I think my presence at Lancaster may well be dis- If the enemy advance, I shall endeavour to draw them pensed with.

this way, rather chusing to take the chance of any bag

consequences here than going to the enemy. If they TRENTON, Jan. 4, 1781, 5 o'clock.

take their officers back generally, I shall think they Sir:—The Marquis and myself with several other mean fairly. If they do not, I do not think their profesofficers, arrived at this place about three o'clock. The sions ought to be regarded. I send inclosed a letter from mutineers, consisting nearly of the whole Pennsylvania Mr. Stewart. I think it will be best to send provisions line and the regiment of artillery, are at Princeton, on, but not to unlade it out of the shallop without orwhere they arrived last night, and this day has been ders. In the mean time, let the clothing be forwarded, spent in negotiation betwixt them and Gen. Wayne, and the money prepared. At all events I fear we mus Col. Richard Butler, and Col. Stewart, and I have the make some douceurs in some way or another. I write honour to enclose you a copy of the terms proposed by this in a hurry, and shall write again to-morrow from them, with Gen. Wayne's answer. These are the only Trenton—they altered their plans this morning-The officers they allow to have any communication with sergeants use every effort to keep at Princeton by way them, or to pass within their posts; which are, I am told, of keeping together. well chosen, and the guards very regularly mounted, I am, in baste, dear sir, and a committee of serjeants manages their business.

Your obedient, humble servant, You will see how 'extravagant their proposals are, and

JOS. REED. Gen. Wayne has gone as far as he well could do in com

[Direction lost.] pliance with them. They have as yet done very little injury to the inhabitants, and profess that they do not mean any, but they begin to talk of their neighborhood

Trenton, Friday afternoon, January 5, 1781. to New York, which makes it justly feared that there Sir-I wrote you by express last night, it was likely are amongst them some emissaries of the enemy. This when I left Princeton yesterday, that the troops of the circumstance induces Governor Livingston to think Pennsylvania Line would be here to-day-this afternoon that it would be prudent in case they persist, to saffer am told they will not come from Princeton before their them to pass the Delaware, as it then would be out of business be settled-Am told General St. Clair and the their power to go to the enemy, and if force should be Marquis are rode towards Brunswick on hearing the necessary, a part of the militia of this state might be British are landed at Elizabeth I fear this is true, yet thrown over to co-operate with those of Pennsylvania am not certain-Mr. Donaldson can tell you perhaps in their reduction. No definitive resolution is however more of it. At this rate we shall soon want beef; you taken upon that head, but it is necessary your excellency militia, and those of Jersey must be fed, and so must should be apprized that it is in contemplation, that the those tumultuous troops. I beg if in your power you proper measures may be concerted in case of necessi- would order on some cattle. ty.

I am your most obedient servant, We propose to go to Maidenhead to night, to be able to get to them early to morrow before they have oppor

CHAS. STEWART tunity to intoxicate themselves, and your excellency shall His Excellency Governor Reed, Philada. have the earliest notice of what may happen or of any thing that may occur to night that comes to our know

Printed every Saturday morning by William F. Gedledge. I have the honour to be,

des, No. 59 Locust street, Philadelphia; where, and at

the Editor's residence, No. 51 Filbert street, subscripSir, your most obedient,

tions will be thankfully received. Price five dollars per Humble servant, AR. ST. CLAIR.

annum--payable in six months after the commencement

of publication and annually, thereafter, by subscribers The Chief Justice of this state, and some members of resident in or near the city-or where there is an agent. the Legislature, went up to-day to expostulate with other subscribers pay in advance.





VOL. II.-NO. 11.


NO. 39.


in the river Schuylkill, which had never beeň observed Account of the Climate of Pennsylvania, and its influence before, by the oldest persons then alive. On one of on the human body, By Benjamin Rush, M. D. them were cut the figures 1701. The atmosphere, du. Concluded from page 154.

ring part of this dry weather, was often filled, especially The air, when dry in Pennsylvania, has a peculiar in the morningswith a thin mist,* which, while it des elasticity, which renders the heat and cold less insup- ceived with the expectation of rain, served the valuable portable, than the same degrees of both are in moister purpose of abating the heat of the sun. I am sorry countries. It is in those cases only, when summer show that I am not able to furnish the mean heat of each of ers are not succeeded by northwest winds, that the the summer months. My notes of the weather enable heat of the air becomes oppressive and distressing, from me to add nothing further upon this subjects than that being combined with moisture.

the summer was "uncommonly cool.” From tradition, as well as living observation, it is evi- The summer of the year 1788 afforded a remarkable dent, that the waters in many of the creeks in Pennsyl- instance of excess in the quantity of rain, which some. vania have diminished considerably within these last times falls in Pennsylvania. Thirteen days are marked fifty years. Hence many mills, erected upon large and with rain in July in the records of the weather kept at deep streams of water, now stand idle in dry weather: Springmill

. There fell, on the 18th and 19th of Auand many creeks, once navigable in large boats, are now gust, seven inches of rain in the city of Philadelphia. impassable, even in canoes. This diminution of the wa- The wheat suffered greatly by the constant rains of Juters has been ascribed to the application of a part of ly, in the eastern and middle parts of the state. So un. them to the purpose of making meadows.

productive a harvest in grains from wet weather, bad The mean elevation of the barometer in Philadelphia, not been known, it is said, in the course of the last ses is about thirty inches. The variations in the barometer venty years. The heat of the airs during these summer are very inconsiderable, in the greatest changes of the months, was very moderate. Its mean temperature at weather, which occur in the city of Philadelphia. Du- Springmill was 67.8 in June, 74.7 in July, and only 70.6 ring the violent and destructive storm, which blew from in August. the south west on the 11th of November, 1788, it sud- It is some consolation to a citizen of Pennsylvania, int denly fell from 30 to 29 3-10. Mr. Rittenhouse informs recording facts, which seem to militate against our clime, that long and faithful observations have satisfied him, mate, to reflect, that the difference of the weather in that the alterations in the height of the mercury, in the different parts of the state, at the same season, is hapbarometer, do not precede, but always succeed changes pily accommodated to promote an ircrease of the same in the weather. It falls from the south and south west, objects of agriculture: and hence a deficiency of crops and rises with the north and north west winds.

has never been known in any one year throughout the The quantity of water, which falls in rain and snow, whole state. one year with another, amounts to from 24 to 36 inches. The aurora borealis and meteors are seen occasionally But to complete the account of variable qualities in the in Pennsylvania. In the present imperfect state of our climate, it will be necessary to add, that our summers knowledge of their influence upon the human body, it and autumns are sometimes marked by a deficiency, or would be foreign to the design of this history of our by an excessive quantity of rain. The summer and au climate to describe them. tumn of 1782 were uncommonly dry. Nearly two Storms and hurricanes are not anknown in Pennsyl: months elapsed without a single shower of rain. There vania. They occur once in four or five years; but they were only two showers in the whole months of Sept. and are most frequent and destructive in the autumn. They October. In consequence of this dry weather, there are generally accompanied by rain. Trecs are torn up was no second crop of hay. The Indian corn failed of by the routs; and the rivers and creeks are sometimes its increase in many places, and was cut down for food swelled so suddenly, as to do considerable damage to for cattle. Trees newly planted, died. The pasture the adjoining farms. The wind, during these storms, fields not only lost their verdure, but threw up small generally blows from the south

east and south west. In clouds of dust, when agitated by the feet of men, or the storms, which occurred in September 1769, and in beasts. Cattle in some instances were driven many miles the same month of the year 1785, the wind veered round to be watered, every morning and evening. The contrary to its usual course, and blew from the north. earth became so inflammable in some places, as to burn After what has been said, the character of the climate above a foot below its surface. A complete consumption of Pennsylvania may be summed up in a few words.of the turf, by an accidental fire, kindled in the adjoin. There are no two successive years alike. Even the ing state of N. Jersey, spread terror and distress through same successive seasons and months differ from each a large tract of country. Crabs, which never forsake other every year. Perhaps there is but one steady trait salt or brackish water, were caught more than mile in the character of our climate, and that is, it is uniformabove the city of Philadelphia, in the river Delaware, ly variable. which is sixty miles above the places in which they are To furnish the reader with a succinct view of the usually found. Springs of water and large creeks were weather in Pennsylvania, that includes all the articles dried up in many parts of the state. Rocks appeared that have been mentioned, I shall here subjoin a table

It was remarked, during this dry weather, that the A similar mist was observed in France by Dr. Frank sheep were uncommonly fat, and their flesh well tasted, lin, in the summer of 1782. The winter, which sucwhile all the other domestic animals languished from the ceeded it, was uncommonly cold in Franec, as well as want of grass and water.

in Pennsylvania. VOL. II.


containing the result of meteorological observations September 63 1 November 41 made for one year, near the river Schuylkill, in the October 52

December 27 neighbourhood of Philadelphia, by an ingenious French “The temperature of the Atlantic, under this parallel, gentleman,* who divides his time between rural employ is 62: but the standard of this part of the globe is the ments and useful philosophical pursuits. This table is North Pacific, which is here 4 or 5 degrees colder than extracted from the Columbian Magåzine for February, the Atlantic. The yellow sea is the nearest to Pekin, 1788. The height of Springmill above the city of Phi- being about 200 miles distant from it: but it is itself ladelphia, is supposed to be about 70 feet.

cooled by the mountainous country of Corea, which inIt is worthy of notice, how near the mean heat of the terposes between it and the ocean, for a considerable year, and of the month of April, in two successive years, part of its extent, Besides, all the northern parts of are to each other in the same place. The mean heat of China (in which Pekin lies) must be cooled by the viApril

, 1787, was 54° 3, that of April, 1788, was 520 2. cinity of the mountains of Chinese Tartary, among By the table of the mean heat of each month in the which the cold is said to be excessive. year, it appears that the mean heat of 1787 was 53° 5

"The greatest cold usually experienced during this at Springmill.

period, was 5o, the greatest heat, 98°: On the 25th of The following accounts of the climates of Pekin and July 1778, the heat arose to 1080 and 110°: a N. E. or Madrid, which lie within a few minutes of the same lati- N. w. wind produces the greatest cold; a S. or S. W. tude as Philadelphia, may serve to show how much cli- or S. E. the greatest heat."* mates are altered by local and relative circumstances.

“Madrid lat. 40° 25' long. 3° 20' E. The account of the temperature of the air at Pekin,

'The usual heat in summer is said to be from 75 to 85°; will serve further to show, that with all the advantages | even at night it seldom falls below 70°; the mean beight of the highest degrees of cultivation, which have taken of the barometer is 26,96. It seems to be about 1900 place in China, the winters are colder, and the summers feet above the level of the sea.'t warmer there than in Pennsylvania, principally from a The above accounts are extracted from Mr. Kirwan's cause which will probably operate upon the winters of useful and elaborate estimate of the temperature of difPennsylvania for many centuries to come, viz. the vici- ferent latitudes. nity of an uncultivated north west country.

The history, which has been given, of the climate of "Pekin, lat. 39° 54, long. 116° 29 W.

Pennsylvania, is confined chiefly to the country on the “By five years observations, its annual mean tempera- east side of the Allegheny mountain. On the west side ture was found to be 55° 5.

of this mountain the climate differs materially from that January 200 75



of the south eastern parts of the state, in the temperaFebruary 32


83, 75

ture of the air, in the effects of the winds upon the March 48


84 8

weather, and in the quantity of rain and snow, which April 59 August 83

• "6 Mem. Scay. Etrang: p. 528.” • Mr. Legeaux.

+ Mem. Par. 1777, p. 146.

[blocks in formation]

Jan. 135 1
29 99 Variable, still.

4-3 10 10
Feb. 133 8
129 99 N. E.

3 2/3 7 3 March 45 1 12997 W.

6 3! 2 4 2 April 54 3

29 96
Still, S. W.

31 21 1 2 1 2 13 May 61 2

29 92 Still, W. S. W. 1 14 6 2 4 11 4 June 170 17 29 8 2 W. N. W.

91 1 1 10 4 July 72 2 29 9 10 W. WSW. vari. 1 5 2 3 1 11 Aug. 74 5 29 10 6 W.

11 4 15 2 3 Sep. 164 7 29 10 4 W. N. W.


112 7 8 Oct. 51 1 29 11 9 W. N. W. vari. / 1

7 10 Noy. 45 1 29 11 1 Still, variable.

12 6 10
Dec. 134 0
29 77 W. N. W.

10 Feb. great-18 Mar. greatest
est D. of cold. elevation,

30 10

Fair, still, cold, and snow.
Fair, overcast.
Fair, windy.
Fair, and very dry.
Foggy, cold and wet.
Very fair and growing weather.
Fair and overcast,
Very fair and cloudy.
Fair weather.
Foggy, fair and dry weather.
Very fair.
Very fair and very dry.

[blocks in formation]

Temperature. Mean elevation ( 53 5

29 99


falls every year. The winter seldom breaks up on the From a review of all the facts which have been menmountains before the 25th of March. A fall of snow tioned, it appears that the climate of Pennsylvania is a was once perceived upon it, which measured an inch compound of most of the climates in the world. Here and an half, on the 11th day of June. The trees, which we have the moisture of Britain in the spring, the heat grow upon it, are small: and Indian corn is with difficul- of Africa in summer, the temperature of Italy in June, ty brought to maturity even at the foot of the east side the sky of Egypt in autumn, the cold and snows of Norof it. The south west winds, on the west side of the way, and the ice of Holland in the winter, the tempests mountain, are accompanied by cold and rain. The soil in a certain degree) of the West Indies in every seais rich, consisting in many places of near a foot of black son, and the variable winds and weather of Great Britain mould. The roads in this country are muddy in winter; in every month of the year. but seldom dusty in summer. The arrangement of the From this history of the climate of Pennsylvania, it is strata of the earth on the west side, differs materially easy to ascertain, what degrees of health, and what disfrom their arrangement on the east side of the mountain. eases prevail in the state. As we have the climate, so “The country,' says Mr. Rittenhouse, in a letter to a we have the health, and the acute diseases, of all the friend in Philadelphia, “when viewed from the western countries that have been mentioned. Without attemptridge of the Allegheny, appears to be one vast, extending to enumerate the diseases, I shall only add a few ed plain. All the various strata of stone seem to lie un- words upon the time and manner in which they are disturbed in the situation in which they were first form- produced. ed, and the layers of stone, sand, clay, and coal, are Rearly horizontal.”

I. It appears, from the testimonies of many aged perThe temperature of the air, on the west, is seldom so kinds, are less frequent now than they were forty and

sons, that pleurisies and inflammatory disorders of all hot, or so cold, as on the east side of the mountain. By fifty years ago. comparing the state of a thermometer, examined by Dr. Bedford at Pittsburg, 284 miles from Philadelphia, tevers have increased in Pennsylvania, in proportion as

II. It is a well known fact, that intermitting and bilious it appears, that the weather was not so cold within 12 the country has been cleared of its wood, in many parts degrees in that town, as it was in Philadelphia, on the 5th of February, 1788.

of the state. To show the difference between the weather at ed or disappeared, in proportion as the country has

III. It is equally certain, that these fevers have lessenSpringmill and in Pittsburg, I shall here subjoin an ac

been cultivated. count of it, in both places, the first taken by Mr. Legeaux, and the other by Dr. Bedford. This account is duce fevers, unless they be succeeded by unseasonably

IV. Heavy rains and freshes in the spring seldom prounfortunately confined only to the first fifteen days in April 1788; but it affords a good specimen of the differ- warm weather. ences of the weather, on the two sides of the mountain,

V. Sudden changes from great heat to cold, or cool in every month of the year. It is remarkable, that in weather, if they occur before the 20th August, seldom five days out of seven, the

rain which fell, was on the produce fevers. After that time, they are generally folsame days in both places.

lowed by them. Meteorological observations, made at Springmill, 13 miles

VI. The same state of the atmosphere, whether cold NNW. of Philadelphia, Month of April 1788.

or warm, moist or dry, continued for a long time with

out any material changes, is always healthy. Acute and Day. Far. Wind. Rain. Thun


inflammatory fevers were in vain looked for in the cold

winter of 1779-80. The dry summer of 1782, and the 0 1-10

wet summer of 1788, were likewise uncommonly heal1 58 1 W.

overcast, fair.

thy, in the city of Philadelphia. These facts extend 2 46 9 calm.

overc. windy, only to those diseases which depend upon the sensible 3 40 3 changeable. 1 overc. rainy. qualities of the air. Diseases from miasmata and conta51 3 SW.


gion, are less influenced by the uniformity of the wea5 51 1 E.

overcast, fair.

ther. The autumn of 1780 was very sickly in Philadel6 55 7 calm.

1 overc. rainy. phia, from the peculiar situation of the grounds in the 7 51 3 NE.


Joverc. rainy. neighbourhood, while the country was uncommonly 8 42 1 E.


healthy. The dry summer and autumn of 1782, were 9 63 5 W.

overc. windy.

uncommonly sickly in the country, from the extensive 10 46 7 W.


sources of morbid exhalation, which were left by the di11 53 8 W.

minution of the waters in the creeks and rivers. 12 44 5 calm.

1 overc. rainy. 13 60 5 SW.

VII. Diseases are often generated in one season, and

very fair. (ny. 14 50 2 E.

fair, overc. rai- produced in another. Hence we frequently observe fe15 58 1 IsW. 1 foggy, rainy.

vers of different kinds to follow every species of the

weather, which has been mentioned in the last observaMeteorological observations made at Pittsbury, 284 miles tion. from Philadelphia, Month of April, 1788.

VIII. The excessive heat in Pennsylvania, has some Day. Far. Wind. Rain. Thun Weather. times proved fatal, to persons who have been much ex

posed to it. Its morbid effects discover themselves by a

difficulty of breathing, a general languor, and, in some 46 sw.

1 cloudy. instances, by a numbness and an immobility of the ex. 2 42 NE. by N.


tremities. The excessive cold in Pennsylvania has more 3 43 SE.


cloudy. frequently proved fatal, but it has been chiefly to those 64 calm.


persons who have sought a defence from it, by large 5

SE. by S. 1 1 cloudy. draughts of spirituous liquors. Its operation in bringing 6 52 SW.


cloudy. on sleepiness, previously to death, is well known. On 7 NE. by N.

cloudy. the 5th of February 1788, many people were af 8 66 SE. by S.

1 cloudy. fected by the cold. It produced a pain in the head; 56 NW. by N.

cloudy. and, in one instance, a sickness at the stomach, and a 10 60 SW.

clou. w. wind. vomiting appeared to be the consequence of it. I have 11 62 calm.

clear, [wind frequently observed, that a greater number of old peo12 67 sw.

cloudy, with ple die, during the continuance of extreme cold and 13 62 calm.


warm weather, than in the same number of days in mo14 60 variable. 1 cloudy, derate weather. 15 50 lw.


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