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The grain consumed as horse feed will be another ob- perches, on an average twenty-five ject of attention :two hundred and six thousand two feet deep and thirty feet wide, the exhundred and fifty bushels of grain, at forty five to a wa, pense of common cutting nine pence gon loads are equal to four thousand five bundred and

per yard

£23,031 4 6 eighty three load; each team, to be ten days on the road, will eat ten bushels of rye, which is equal to forty The amount of the expense for clearing five thousand eight hundred and thirty bushels, which, the Schuylkill, Tulpehocken canal, with the annual increase, will, in eight years, amount to &c. to the head of the Quitapahilla 36,640 6 3 four hundred and eighty three thousand four hundred

N. B. This expense may be avoided and eighty bushels; or, annually, it will stand thus:

by leaving a portage of about four miles, For 1793.

,45,840

which will reduce the whole to 32,5401.
1794..
.50,010

Amount of expense on Quitapahilla and
1795..
.54,180

Swatara to Susquehanna, by Matlack,
1796.
.58,350
Maclay, and Adlum, in 1790

18,900 0 0 1797.

62,520
1798..
.66,690

Amount of expense from Philadelphia
1799.
.70,860

to Susquehanna by way of Schuylkill
1800.
75,030
and Swatara

£55,540 6 3
From the mouth of Swatara up the Sus-
483,840 bushels.

quehanna to the mouth of Juniata, by
Galbreath, Boyd, and Huling

300 0 0 Estimate of the Expense of clearing the river Schuylkill, Up Juniata to Water street on the

Frank's Town branoh of Juniata,

820 00 from the falls to Reading, by David Rittenhouse and others, in the year 1773.

Clearing the Frank's Town branch to

Frank's Old Town, by Matlack, MaClearing the Schuylkill from the falls

clay, and Adlum

1500 0 0 to the Spring Mill,

£192 0 0
Canal from thence to Poplar Run

7000 0 0 Ditto to Reading,

955 00

Portage to Little Conemaugh, eighteen 1.1147 00 miles, at 201. per mile

360 00 Estimate of the expense of clearing the Schuylkill

, from

From the Canoe Place on the Little Cothe falls to Reading, by Benjamin Rittenhouse and

nemaugh, down the same and Kiske-
John Adlum, in 1789.
minetas to Allegheny

7150 0 0 Opening French creek to Le Boeuf

500 0 0 Clearing the Schuylkill from the falls

Road from Le Bouf to Presqu'Isle

400 0 0 to the Spring Mill,

£270 00

Contingencies in Matlack's, Maclay's, and
Do. to Reading,

1111 10 0
Adlum's estimate

3599 00 Contingencies, l.10 per cent. 138 30

£1519 13 0 Amount of expense from Philadelphia

to Presqu'Isle on Lake Erie, by way Estimate of the expense of clearing the Tulpehocken creek, of Schuylkill, Swatara, Juniata, &c. £77,169 6 3 from its mouth to the head of the same, by Benjamin Rittenhouse and John Adlum.

N. B. This may be reduced to 54,369.. by having a Clearing the Tulpehocken

portage of four miles between the Tulpehocken and from its mouth to Lech

Quitapahilla. ner's mill, twenty-eight

Estimate of the expense for opening the navigation and miles and sixteen chains up said stream,

communications to Presqu' Isle, on Lake Erie, from £1289 100

Philadelphia, by way of Schuylkill, Swatara, the west Contingent expenses, say

branch of Susquehanna, Sinemahoning. Conewango, &c. ten per cent. 129 190

From Philadelphia to the mouth of Swa. Amount of the estimate from Lechner's

tara, by Schuylkill, &c.

55,540 63 mill to the mouth of the creek, £1419 9 0 From Swatara to North Town at the A canal to be cut from

forks of Susquehanna

600 0 0 Lechner's mill to Loy's

To the Canoe Place on Sinemahoning

660 0 0 spring at the head of the

Portage to the Allegheny

460 00 Tulpehocken Creek, a

From the head of the Allegheny to the bout seven miles and a

mouth of Chataughque creek on Lake half in length, suppose

Erie

1400 0 0 twenty feet wide, and, on an average, seven feet

Whole amount of expense to Presqu' deep, the expense of

Isle as above

158,660 6 3 common cutting at nine pence per yard, £7699 19 9

N. B. The estimate may be reduced to 35,6601. by For ten locks in the above

leaving the distance between Tulpehocken and Quitedistance, 2000 0 0

pahilla a portage. For temporary damages to lands, impediments to

Estimate of the expense of opening the river Delaware, works, &c. suppose ten

from the falls, at Trenton, to Stockport, near the Pa per cent. on the above, 970 00

pachton branch of the same, and the portage across te

Harmony on the Great Bend of Susquehanna. Amount of expense from Lechner's mill

From the Falls at Trenton to Easton 1005 0 0 to the head of Tulpehocken creek £10,669 19 9 From thence to Stockport

1243 00 Por cutting the canal from Loy's spring,

Portage to the Great Bend on the north the head of Tulpehocken creek, to

north-east branch of Susquehanna 400 0 0 Kucher's dam on the head of the Quitapahilla creek, four miles and sixty

Amount, 1.2648, 0.9

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DINNER TO PROFESSOR PATTERSON. pose. We are met here to testify our respect and atDr. Robert M. Patterson, late of the University of tachment to a distinguished fellow citizen, who is about Pennsylvania, being about to leave his native city, to as- to transfer his residence to another State. I rejoice to sume the Chair of Natural Philosophy and Astronomy in see, in this numerous assembly, the Representatives, as the University of Virginia, a number of his friends of it were, of those learned Institutions, whose combined Philadelphia, desirous that he should bear with him some efforts have given lustre and reputation to our city. A signal proof of their esteem and attachment, held a meet- very considerable, if not the greater part of those who ing at the Mansion House for the purpose of devising compose this meeting, consists of members of the Unimeans to fulfil their intention. In pursuance of a reso-versity of Pennsylvania, of the American Philosophical lution unanimously passed, the following letter was ad- Society, of the Academies of Arts and of Natural Sciences, dressed to Dr. Patterson.

the Franklin Institute, and of our amiable guest's faSIR, -At a meeting of some of your friends held at vourite child, the Musical Fund Society. It is right it Head's Hotel last evening, for the purpose of adopting should be so. The Arts and Sciences, which Professor means of manifesting, previously to your departure for Patterson has laboured so much and so successfully to Virginia, the high estimation in which they hold your promote, owe him the first expression of their gratitude. talents, and the regard they feel for your amiable quali- | Those who lose much by his departure from us, are ties, it was determined that a farewell dinner be tender- entitled to speak for the rest, and such a representation ed to you, and the undersigned were appointed a com- of the City of Philadelphia, may well be considered mittee to carry the wishes of the meeting into effect. as speaking its sense and expressing its feelings.

Need we say with what deep-yet what mingled emo- The talents that our respected friend displayed in the tions we perform the duties assigned us—of inviting our University of Pennsylvania, are the cause of the loss townsman and friend to a parting interview with those which we are about to experience. They could not be of whose social circle he has so long been the delight, hidden under a bushel. "When the illustrious Jeffer.. upon the occasion of his leaving them and the city, of son, as the best legacy he could bequeath to his native which he may be justly considered an ornament and state and to his country, established that other Univerboast. But you go to receive, we will believe, the re- sity, whose foundation he laid in solid marble, and whose ward which talents and qualities such as you possess, excellent organization promises duration and success; ought every where to command; and, in the anticipation it might have been foreseen that the men most disof your increased prosperity, and happiness and fame, tinguished for talents and learning throughout the United although separated from us, we affectionately request States should be industriously sought for, to assist in you to name a day when it will suit your convenience to rearing that august edifice. Our Patterson was too much meet your friends, and allow them the opportunity of in view to escape unnoticed. He was claimed by anooffering to you their parting good wishes.

ther branch of the great national family to which he beJAMES N. BARKER,

longs. The University of Pennsylvania regret the loss N. BIDDLE,

of their Vice Provost, and will find it difficult to supply FRANCIS GURNEY SMITH, his place. His spirit we hope, will remain, and we may JOHN VAUGHAN,

indulge the expectation that his mantle will fall on some WILLIAM STRICKLAND, one equally zealous for the advancement of science, and ISAAC HAYS,

equally capable of promoting it. In the mean time the JAMES RONALDSON.

Chair of Natural Philosophy waits for its successor. To. R. M. PATTERSON, M. D.

The Philosophical Society, with whom he laboured Philadelphia, Aug. 12, 1828.

for twenty years, and who were so sensible of his value

that they elected him to the office of their Vice PresiTo this Dr. Patterson replied as follows: dent, at an age at which such an honour had never yet

Philadelphia, Aug. 13, 1828. been conferred. The Academy of Natural Sciences, of GENTLEMEN,

which he was a most active and zealous member; the I accept with mixed feelings of sadness and pleasure, Franklin Institute, which so often has listened to the your kind invitation to a farewell dinner. As the mo- sounds of his eloquent voice; the Musical Fund Society, ment approaches when I am to leave the beautiful city the delight and ornament of our City, of which he was of my birth, to be separated from the interesting and one of the Founders, and which has prospered so much important institutions in which we have so long acted under his auspices, all will sensibly feel the void which together, and above all, to be torn from so many dear his absence will leave in our literary and scientific cirand valued friends, my heart almost fails me, and I tempt-cles, and his numerous friends of all descriptions, of whom ed to regret the irretrievable step which I have taken. but a very small part are congregated here, and to whom I am greatly consoled, however, by the numerous proofs his social qualities and the excellence of his heart have of esteem and attachment which the occasion has called endeared him, will long regret the loss of the pleasure forth, and certainly none has gratified me more than which they have so often enjoyed in his agreeable and that which your flattering invitation now presents to me. instructive society.

I pray you, gentlemen, and the social party whom But a man like Patterson does not exclusively belong you represent, to be assured of my high respect and af to a particular city, or to a a particular state: he belongs fectionate attachment.

to the nation at large, and in that point of view we shall R. M. PATTERSON, receive the benefit of his talents and scientific labours. To Messrs. Barker, N. Biddle, F. G. Smith, Vaughan, He will not forget his friends, when absent from them; Strickland, Hays and Ronaldson.

nor will they forget him; and I beg leave to embody the

sentiment that will constantly fill our minds in the form The dinner was given at the Mansion House, on Wed of the following toast, to which I think all your hearts nesday, the 20th inst. The company, consisting of up- will respond. wards of fifty gentlemen, sat down at 5 o'clock, to an Our much esteemed and respected guest, Dr. ROBERT entertainment provided by Mr. Head, in his best manner. M. PATTERSON-Success to all his undertakings; and The venerable and learned P. S. Duponceau presided, may he return home fraught with the blessings of the assisted by Mr. N. Biddle, Dr. Chapman, and Mr. James State of Virginia, as he departs with those of his native Ronaldson, as Vice Presidents. On the cloth being re- city! moved, the President stood up, and addressed the com- This address was listened to with profound attention, pany in the following terms:

and the health of Dr. Patterson was drunk with the GENTLEMEN,

warmest enthusiasm. I beg your permission to say a few words to you pre- Dr. Patterson then arose, and in a manner the most paratory to a toast, which I shall have the honour to pro- touching, spoke to the following effect.

It is impossible for me, gentlemen, to express the va- the Department of War in that memorable revolutions ried emotions, under which I rise to address you. This which has emblazoned its humblest champions; to have is, indeed, for me, a proud and sad occasion. I cannot been speaker of the House of Assembly of Pennsylvalook upon this numerous company of my most distin- nia, and a member of Congress of the United States, are guished fellow citizens, met around the social board, for each and all credentials of worth and distinction. To the purpose of testifying to me their regard and attach- have been rewarded for these public services and others, ment, without receiving the highest gratification - I can by a commission signed by Washington, who never patnot reflect on the circumstance which has called forth ronized the undeserving, is a substantive recommendathis public expression of your feelings, and on the part. tion. To have been thirty-seven years a judge, without ing scene which is to follow it, without being oppressed ever failing to be punctual, patient, and pains-taking, is, with sorrow.

also, more than but few can boast of. But Judge Peters, The honored President of our table has shown me how moreover, was a man whose purity was never doubted, much I leave, in removing from Philadelphia: In men- and whose judicial faithfulness altogether was of a high tioning the excellent institutions with which I have been desert. With the land laws, so important to this state, closely connected here, and which are worthily repre he was remarkably conversant. In the sea laws, so imsented at this board, he has named so many ties, which portant to the United States, he was almost the foundhave bound me to our beloved city, and which are now er or revivor of a code which has not only been sanctionto be broken. My feeble but faithful exertions musted throughout America, but received the remarkable now be transferred to another scene, but they shall al acknowledgment of its unconscious adoption about the ways be devoted to the same objects. Let me hope that, same time by the most profound Judge of the greatest with the advantages of retirement and literary liesure, maritime empire-Lord Stowell, in Great Britain. they may be more successful, and may give me at length It is a distinct merit in this system of Judge Peters, of a more just title to commendations which I now owe to the utmost advantage to navigation, besides being in itthe partiality of friendship.

self a most honorable characteristic, that he uniformly But, gentlemen, there are other and closer ties which vindicated and protected that humble, helpless, but use are now to be considered. I see you here, not merely ful class of mankind, the common sailors, from the opas fellow-citizens and fellow-members of the various in- pression and extortion of their superiors, whether masstitutions to which I have belonged, but as personalter, merchant, or proctor. Judge Peters was man of friends to whom I have been long endeared by the inter- considerable quickness of perception and great sagacity. change of those kindly affections which form the test His judgments have been mostly supported, even when of our social intercourse. I am now to leave you. Be he differed occasionally with the eminent person who for assured that I do so with the deepest regret; and that I thirty years has presided on this circuit, displaying all shall never cease to remember you with affectionate at the qualities of a great judge-Judge Washington. Let tachment.

me add, that in thirty years these gentlemen never differPermit me now, gentlemen, to offer you parting ed but' in conscientious judgment—the most cordial toast.

harmony marking and strengthening their administration. My Native City--may she continue to advance in pros- The constant cheerfulness, which never forsook perity and honor, until she shall stand without a rival, Judge Peters to the last, we all remember with lively the Queen of the Western Hemisphere.

satisfaction. Addresses were also made by N. Biddle, Esq. Doctors I might make mention of other amiable and remarkaChapman and S. Jackson, and H. D. Gilpin, Esq. for ble recommendations. The last time he held court in

this room, a fortnight since, he took occasion to declare, which we regret we have not room.

as if with a presentiment, that it would be the last; that

he felt free from envy, hatred, malice, and all uncharitaJUDGE PETERS.

bleness; bore ill-will to no person living, and had never The venerable Judge Peters, whose funeral took suffered the pain of taking vengeance upon any man.place on Saturday afternoon, was one of the most re- A few days after, I understand, he told one of his family markable and celebrated men of our hemisphere. Few that he should never hold court again; and the day beheld so high a rank as a revolutionary patriot: he served fore yesterday, while sitting in his chair, without a strugin the struggle for independence, in the most important gle, he expired on the farm where he was born and lived offices, in immediate association with Washington and upwards of 84 years, the patrias arvas inherited from his Morris: he won distinction at the bar, and honor on the ancestors. bench: he might be styled the father of agriculture in After which, Mr. Ingersoll offered the following resoPennsylvania; through a long course of years he studied lutions, which were unanimously adopted: and promoted the improvement of that primary branch Resolved, That while in the death of JUDGE PETERS of industry, with intense zeal and signal success: as a we deplore the loss of a most venerable magistrate, yet wit and companion he had no equal; the number and we recollect as an alleviation, that during 37 years as excellence of his bon mots are, we think, at least unsur- Judge of this extensive and important District, his pupassed in the instance of any of his contemporaries. To rity and integrity were never questioned; his industry, these external merits, were added the finest domestic vigilance, fidelity, and punctuality never failed; no suitor virtues and reputation:—the affection and reverence of was denied or delayed justice; the poor and humble his children, and the esteem and admiration of his friends, were protected in their rights; wrong doers of whatever remained with him to the last; --so did his extraordinary class were restrained and punished, and after a prolongfaculties and spirits;—the body sank under the weight ed life of public usefulness and private respectability, of fourscore and four--the mind returned to the Creator he died at last, at peace with himself and with all manstill alert and brilliant.

kind, a contented, cheerful, and practical Christian, full

of years and honors, leaving the example and influence At a meeting of the members of the Bar of Philadel- of such life and death to his descendants and the country phia, held at the room of the District Court of the Unit- as an inheritance. ed States, on the 23d Aug. 1828–

Resolved, That we will wear the customary badges of WILLIAM RAWLE, Esq. was called to the chair, mourning, collectively attend the funeral, and convey to and JOSEPH HOPKINSON appointed Secretary.

the family of the deceased our sincere condolence on this | C. J. INGERSOLL addressed the meeting:

occasion. Nothing but good is to be spoken of the dead, but of Resolved, That the Chairman and Secretary cause the the venerable Judge whom we meet to call to mind, proceedings of this meeting to be published, and also there is more good to be told than at first thought might preserved among the records of the District Court; and be supposed. To have been prominent as a member of l that a committee of condolence be appointed.

TRIBUTE TO HIS MEMORY.

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EXPERIMENTS AT SEA.

when the sea was almost perfectly calm. A hollow glass

globe, hermetically sealed, which I had previously preFROM THE LONDOX PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE, FOR JULY, pared in Philadelphia, was then fastened to a line, and 1828.

sunk, with a heavy mass of lead, to the depth of 230 Experiments on the Pressure of the Sea at considerable fathoms, or 1380 feet. On the same line, and 30 fathoms

Depths. By JACOB GREEN, M. D., Professor of Che above the glass globe, was fastened a small bottle with an mistry in Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, air-tight glass stopper; 50 fathoms above this, a stout glass United States, North America,

bottle, with a long neck, was tied; a good cork was preAmong the various expeuients resorted to for the viously driven into the mouth of this bottle, which was purpose of relieving the tedium and monotony of a sea- then sealed over with pitch, and a piece of linen dipped voyage, no one is more common during a calm, than to in melted pitch was placed over this; and when cool, attach to a long line (the log) an empty bottle, well another piece of linen treated in the same way, was fastcorked, and then to sink it many fathoms in the sea. In ened over the first. Twenty fathoms above this bottle, all such experiments, it is well known, that the bottles another was attached to the line, much stouter, and upon being drawn up, are either full or are partially fill- corked and sealed like the first, except that it had but ed with water. The manner in which the water gets one covering of pitched sail-cloth. Thirty fathoms into the bottle, is in some instances perfectly obvious, above this was a small thin bottle filled with fresh water but in others very perplexing, if not wholly inexplica- closely corked; and twenty fathoms from this, there ble. Sometimes the cork, however well secured and was a thin empty bottle, corked tight and sealed, a sail sealed, is driven into the bottle, and when drawn up the needle being passed through-and-through the cork, so Fessel is of course found filled with water; and in such as to project on either side of the neck. cases, what is a little surprising, the cork is often found Upon drawing in the line, thus furnished with its ves. occupying its original position in the neck of the vessel, sels, and which appeared to have sunk in a perpendicubeing forced there no doubt by the expansion of the lar direction, the following was the result:dense sea-water on being drawn near the surface. This The empty bottle with the sail-needle through the seems to be proved by the cork often being found in an cork, and which came up the first, was about half full inverted position. In the above experiment, and in some of water, and the cork and sealing as perfect as when it others to be mentioned presently, the bottle appears to first entered the sea. be filled instantly, as the person who lowers the bottle The cork of the second bottle, which had been predown often feels a sudden increase of weight, somewhat viously filled with fresh water, was loosened, and a litle similar to the sensation produced when a fish takes the raised, and the water was brackish. hook on a dipsey line.

The third bottle, which was sealed and covered with Sometimes the above experiment is varied by filling a a single piece of sail-cloth, came up empty, and in all vessel with fresh water, which, on examination, is found respects as it descended. to be replaced by salt water; the cork remaining appa- T'he fourth bottle, with a long neck, and the cork rently undisturbed.

of which was secured with two layers of linen, was Sometimes when the previously empty bottle is only crushed to pieces, all except that part of the neck round half full of water, this when poured into a tumbler effer- which the line was tied; the neck of the bottle, both vesces like water highly charged with carbonic acid above and below the place where the line was fastened, gas. This is readily explained. for when the bottle de- had disappeared, and the intermediate portion renained scends it is full of air, and when the water enters, it will embraced by the line. This I thought a little remarka. of course absorb the air; especially when the dense wa- ble, and perhaps may be explained by supposing that ter itself expands as it is drawn towards the surface. the bottle was first filled by the superincumbent pressure

Sometimes the experiment is performed by first cork with dense sea-water, which expanded on being drawn ing the bottle tight, and then tying over the cork a num- up near the surface. Had the vessel been broken by ber of layers of linen dipped in a warm mixture of tar external pressure, that part surrounded with the line and wax; in fact, every device seems to have been tried ought to have been crushed with the rest. to prevent the entrance of the water by the cork, In The fifth bottle, which had been made for the pur. many of these cases, when the bottle is drawn up from a pose of containing French perfumery or æthor, and depth of 200 or 300 fathoms, it is found filled or nearly which was therefore furnished with a long close glass filled with water, the cork sound, and in its first situa- stopper, came up about one-fourth filled with water tion, and the wax and tar unbroken. Two experiments The hollow glass globe, hermetically sealed, which are mentioned, in which vessels with air tight glass was the last, and had been sunk the deepest of all, was stoppers were used. In one case, the bottle was bro- found perfectly empty, not having suffered the smallest ken, and in the other some drops of water were found change. It is therefore concluded, that at the depth in it.

of 230 fathoms, the water enters glass vessels through How does the water find its way into the bottle? There the stoppers, and coverings which surround them, and are two opinions. One is, that it passes through the not through the pores of the glass. What the effect of cork and all its coverings, in consequence of the vast a pressure of 400 fathoms or more will have on the glass pressure of superincumbent water, in the same manner globe above mentioned, Captain Dixey has engaged to as blocks of wood are penetrated by mercury, in the ascertain for me on his return to America if opportunity pneumatic experiment of the mercurial shower. The offer. other, and less popular opinion is, that the water is forced through the pores of the glass.

DR. JOHN MORGAN. The following experiment, which I made on the 7th An account of the late Dr. John Morgan, delivered before day of May, 1828, in latitude 48—longitude 24° 34', the Trustees and Students of Medicine in the College of will perhaps throw some light on the subject.

Philadelphia, on the 2d of November, 1789, By BexMr. Charles Dixey, the obliging and intelligent master JAMIN Rusu, M. 1). of the packet ship Algonquin, had a boat rowed off from GENTLEMEN,–It would be unpardonable to enter the ship for me, to the distance of about half a mile, upon the duties of the chair of the late professor of the

theory and practice of medicine, without paying a triCommunicated by the Author.

bute of respect to his memory. † See Perkins on Pressure, Phil. Mag. vol. lvii. p. Dr. John Morgan, whose place I have been called upon 54. J. Deuchar's remarks on the same, ibid. vol. lvii. to fill, was born in the city of Philadelphia. He disp. 201. Campbell's Travels, 1st series, p. 255. Silli- covered in carly life a strong propensity for learning, inan's Journal, vol. xiv. p. 194. Deuchar's Mem, in and an uncommon application to books. He acquiredthe Trans. of the Wernerian Soc. 1821-2,3.

the rudiments of his classical learning at the Rev. Dr. Finley's academy, in Nottingham, and finished his stu- / and contained many of the true principles of liberal dies in this college under the present provost, and the medical science. late Rev. Dr. Allison. In both of these seminaries, he In the year 1769, he had the pleasure of seeing the acquired the esteem and affection of his preceptors, by first fruits of bis labours for the advancement of medihis singular diligence and proficiency in his studies. In cine. Five young gentlemen received in that year from the year 1757, he was admitted to the first literary ho- the hands of the present provost, the first honours in nours that were conferred by the college of Philadel- medicine that ever were conferred in America. phia.

The historian, who shall hereafter relate the progress During the last years of his attendance upon the col- of medical science in America, will be deficient in can lege, he began the study of physic under the direction dour and justice, if he does not connect the name of of Dr. John Redman, of this city. His conduct, as an Dr. Morgan with that auspicious era in which medicine apprentice, was such as gained him the esteem and con- was first taught and studied as a science in this counfidence of his master, and the affections of all his pa- try. But the zeal of Dr. Morgan was not confined to tients. After he had finished his studies under Dr. Red- the advancement of medical science alone. He had an man, he entered into the service of his country, as a

active hand in the establishment of the American phila surgeon and lieutenant in the provincial troops of Penn- sophical society, and he undertook, in the year 1773, a sylvania, in the last war which Britain and America car- voyage to Jamaica on purpose to solicit benefactions for ried on against the French nation. As a surgeon, in the advancement of general literature in the college. which capacity only, he acted in the army, he acquired

He possessed an uncommon capacity for acquiring both knowledge and reputation. He was respected by knowledge. His memory was extensive and accurate; the officers, and beloved by the soldiers of the army; he was intimately acquainted with the Latin and Greek and so great were his diligence and humanity in attend classics. He had read much in medicine. In all his ing the sick and wounded, who were the subjects of pursuits, he was persevering and indefatigable. He was his care, that I well remember to have heard it said, that capable of friendship, and in his intercourse with his paif it were possible for any man to merit heaven by his tients, discovered the most amiable and exemplary tergood works, Dr. Morgan would deserve it for his faith- derness. I never knew a person who had been attendful attendance upon his patients."

ed by him, that did not speak of his sympathy and afIn the year 1760, he left the army, and sailed for Eu- tention with gratitude and respect. Such was the mari rope, with a view of prosecuting his studies in medi- who once filled the chair of the theory and practice of cine.

medicine in our college. He is now no more* His reHe attended the lectures and dissections of the late mains now sleep in the silent grave—but not so his vir celebrated Dr. William Hunter, and afterwards spent formed, every public-spirited enterprise which he plan

tuous actions. Every act of benevolence which he pertwo years in attending the lectures of the professors in ned, or executed, and every tear of sympathy which he Edinburgh. Here, both the Munroes, Cullen, Rutherford, Whyt, and Hope, were his masters, with each of shed, are faithfully recorded, and shall be preserved whom he lived in the most familiar intercourse, and all of whom spoke of him with affection and respect. At the end of two years, he published an elaborate thesis

* He died October 15, 1789, in the 54th year of his upon the formation of pus, and after publicly defending age. it, was admitted to the honour of doctor of medicine in the university.

HEIGHT OF MOUNTAINS. From Edinburg, he went to Paris, where he spent a

Wilkesbarre, Sept. 15th, 1809. winter in attending the anatomical lectures and dissections of Mr. Sue. In this city, he injected a kidney in

Having heard a dispute some time since, respecting so curious and elegant a manner, that it procured his the width of the river, and height of the mountains opadmission into the academy of surgery in Paris. While posite the borough, I have been induced to take a ma on the continent of Europe, be visited Holland and thematical measurement of them, the result of which Italy. In both these countries he was introduced to send you for the gratification of those whose curiosity the first medical and literary characters. He spent se- leads them to inquiries of this kind. veral hours in company with Voltaire at Geneva, and he

The observations were taken from the bank opposite had the honour of a long conference with the celebra- Northampton street. ted Morgagni at Padua, when he was in the 80th year of

Yards his age. This venerable physician, who was the light Distance to the top of the mountain, south-cast and ornament of two or three successive generations of

of the borough

4683 physicians, was so pleased with the doctor, that he claim- Perpendicular height of the same ed kindred with him, from the resemblance of their Distance to the top of the mountain, north-west names, and on the blank leaf of a copy of his works,

of the borough

5583 which he presented to him, he inscribed with his own Perpendicular height of do. hand the following words, Affini sun, medico præcla- Distance from the top of one mountain to the rissimo, Johanni Morgan, donat auctor." Upon the doc

other

10100 tor's return to London, he was elected a fellow of the width of the river from the top of one bank royal society. He was likewise admitted as a licentiate to the other

298 of the college of physicians in London, and a member Elevation of the eastern bank above low water of the college of physicians in Edinburg.

mark

9 It was during his absence from

home, that he concert- Average height of the mountains above low wa. ed with Dr. Shippen, the plan of establishing a medical

ter mark

273

Or 827 feet 3 inches school in this city. He returned to Philadelphia, in the year 1765, loaded with literary honours, and was received with open arms by his fellow citizens. They felt an Printed every Saturday morning by William F. Ged interest in him, for having advanced in every part of des, No. 59 Locust street, Philadelphia; where, and a Europe the honour of the American name. Immedi- the Editor's residence, No. 51 Filbert street, subscrip ately after his arrival, he was elected professor of the tions will be thankfully received. Price five dollars per theory and practice of medicine, and delivered, soon annum-payable in six months after the commencement afterwards, at a public commencement, his plan for con- of publication--and annually, thereafter, by subscribers necting a medical school with the college of this city. resident in or near the city--or where there is an agent This discourse was composed with taste and judgment, other subscribers pay in advance.

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