Page images
PDF
EPUB

HISTORY OF EUROPE.

VOL. VIII. PART 1.

As it stood at the opening of the Session, Nov. 8, 1814.

CABINET MINISTERS.

0000

Earl of Harrowby ........................... Lord President of the Council.
Lord Eldon ..........

Lord High Chancellor.
Earl of Westmoreland .............. Lord Privy Seal.

| First Lord of the Treasury (Prime Earl of Liverpool

| Minister.) Right Hon. Nicholas Vansittart ......

Chancellor and Under-Treasurer of

... the Exchequer, Lord Viscount Melville .............. ... First Lord of the Admiralty. Earl Mulgrave ........................... Master-General of the Ordnance.

$ Secretary of State for the Home DeLord Viscount Sidmouth ..........

partment. Lord Viscount Castlereagh ..............

Secretary of State for Foreign Af

fairs.

Secretary of State for the Depart. Earl Bathurst ................

ment of War and the Colonies.

President of the Board of Controul Earl of Buckinghamshire ........

7 for the Affairs of India. Right Hon. C. Bragge Bathurst ... {

s Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancas

... ter.
Right Hon. W. W. Pote .............. Master of the Mint.

NOT OF THE CABINET.
Right Hon. George Rose .............. Treasurer of the Navy.
Earl of Clancarty .....

President of the Board of Trade.

| Vice - President of the Board of Right Hon. F. J. Robinson ........

Trade. Right Hon. Charles Long ............... | Joint Paymasters-General of the Lord Charles Somerset ...................... s Forces. Earl of Chichester ............................ Earl of Sandwich .......................

Joint Postmasters-General. Viscount Palmerston ............

Secretary at War. Right Hon. Charles Arbuthnot .......

:{Secretaries of the Treasury. S. R. Lushington ................... Sir William Grant ..........................

Master of the Rolls. Sir William Garrow

Attorney-General.
Mr Serjeant Shepherd ................. Solicitor-General.

PERSONS IN THE MINISTRY IN IRELAND.
Viscount Whitworth ...................... Lord Lieutenant.
Lord Manners ................................. Lord High Chancellor.
Right Hon. Robert Peel ................ Chief Secretary.
Right Hon. W. Vesey Fitzgerald .... Chancellor of the Exchequer.

HISTORY OF EUROPE,

1815.

CHAP. I.

Opening of the Session of Parliament.--Prince Regent's Speech.-Debates on

the Address. - Supplies for the Year.-Ways and Means for Great Britain and Ireland.-Vote of Credit.

THE session of parliamentopened on 8th rears, for which the House of ComNovember, 1814. The principal topics mons would see the necessity of proadverted to in the speech of the Prince viding; and that the war still subsist. Regent were, the negociations then in ing with America, rendered the conti. dependence with America, and his de- nuance of great exertions indispensaare to bring the war with that coun- ble.” The Prince Regent concluded try to a conclusion on just and ho. by remarking, that the peculiar chaDourable terms; the different naval racter of the late war, as well as the and military operations in America ;- extraordinary length of its duration, the congress at Vienna, the opening of must have materially affected the inwhicb, it was stated, had been retard. ternal situation of all the countries ened from unavoidable causes, to a later gaged in it, as well as the commercial period than had been expected ;--the relations which formerly subsisted beflourisbing state of the commerce and tween them; and he recommended revenue of the united kingdom, and that parliament should proceed with the supplies necessary to meet the ex- due caution in the adoption of such penditure of the ensuing year. His regulations as might be necessary for royal highness regretted the necessity the purpose of extending our trade, of this large expenditure, but stated, and securing our advantages. that “ the circumstances under which In the House of Lords, the address the long and arduous contest in Eu- was moved by the Earl of Abington, rope had been carried on and conduct. and seconded by Lord Delawar. The ed, had unavoidably led to large ar latter nobleman, in a speech of considerable eloquence, after congratulating the ly, reached America in due time to House on the happy events which had take a part in the campaign; but when taken place in Europe, lamented that the season of action should arrive, when “ they had not yet to rejoice in the these troops, covered with laurels and restoration of peace to the civilized inspired with the glory they had acworld. It was to America that the quired on the continent of Europe, misfortune must be attributed, that should approach the enemy under the the Temple of Janus was not yet closed. direction of those gallant and skilful -The exalted example of the several officers who had so often led them to powers of Europe was lost upon Ame- victory, who could possibly indulge a rica, which appeared to form a focus doubt as to the event! To those who for the seeds of discord, from which had raised the military fame of Eng. Europe was so happily relieved. Heoce land to an unprecedented height in the prolongation of that war, notori- Europe, he would confidently trust ously originating in the unprovoked for the attainment of our objects in aggression of America ; which aggres. America." The noble lord, after ad. sion, too, took place at a period when verting to the congress at Vienna, from this country was contending for the which he anticipated the happiest reliberty of vations—for that liberty of sults, concluded by recommending the which America had so long been the serious consideration of our commer. boasted champion. To embarrass our cial system and internal resources, as, operations in that great contest, to " after the various changes which prevent the success of our endeavours had taken place in our relations, there to restore the independence of Europe, must be some evils to remedy, and and to avail herself of the opportunity new arrangements to be made, in orto assert her own unjust pretensions, der to benefit our condition, to ensure was obviously the object of America. our advancement, to amplify and adorn Hence the fatal policy of linking her. the arts of peace.” self with the fallen foe of European Lord Darnley expressed his regret tranquillity : hence the perfidy of her that he could not assent to the address attack upon our Canadian possessions. proposed. He remarked, that " when But there she met the fate she deser- he looked around at the many existing ved; for her invading army was speedievils of the war, when he saw a large ly compelled to return, defeated and British army in the Netherlands, and disgraced, within her own frontiers, heard of so much discord among the while the British standard was tri- continental powers, he could not flatumphantly hoisted in her capital ; and ter himself with the sanguine prospect the distinguished chief who led that which the noble lord (Delawar) seemtriumph was gloriously prosecuting ed to entertain."'-He commented with his career, when, alas ! the cypress was severity on the conduct of the naval entwined with the laurel, by his gallant administration, and the war with Amedeath in the arms of victory. But, rica : and as to the congress at Vienna, notwithstanding this very serious and he feared, that “ the time for accomafflicting loss, and notwithstanding the plishing the greatest good was gone other disasters stated to have occurred by, after the treaty of Paris."--His to our arms, still knowing that we had animadversions on the naval adminithe flower of the British army in Ame. Stration were answered by Lord Mel. rica he entertained no doubt whatever ville. His lordship said, that " when as to the ultimate result. A great it was known, as was the fact, that part of that army had not, unfortunate. upwards of 200 of the enemy's vessels

of war, and armed vessels, had, since the admiralty were fully acquitted of the commencement of the war, been all blame. It must inevitably be the captured, it must at once be evident case when the whole force of an ene. that our navy had not been inactive. my was devoted to privateers, that our The noble earl, he trusted, would entire fleet, wherever stationed, could bear this fact in his mind when he not prevent the capture of some of our brought the subject under considera- merchant vessels. Their lordships tion. As to the statement of the no were aware, that a situation of affairs ble lord, that wherever we had a paval similar to this occurred in the war at contest with the Americans with an the accession of his present majesty. equal force, it had uniformly been to He did not refer to this period with our disadvantage ; he could assure the any view of arguing, that if there was noble earl, that although accidents misconduct on the part of the admiral. might sometimes happen, it was en- ty then, it would justify misconduct tirely a mistake ; and he would ask on the part of the admiralty now; all the noble lord, whether it was any he meant to urge was, that similar proof of the inefficiency or inactivity causes would produce similar effects. of the British navy, that, since the The year 1759 their lordships need commencement of the war with Ame- not be ashamed to compare with the rica, it had captured 38 of the enemy's most brilliant period of the late war, vessels of war, from the largest to the for successes of importance obtained least size, and 199 private armed vessels over the enemy; the navy of France of all descriptions. Did the noble earl was annihilated, and their whole force mean to urge that the commercial ma. devoted to privateering. The conse. rine of the enemy had not been suffi. quence was, that the next year a num-, ciently attended to? If so, he could ber of our commercial vessels were cap. tell him, that of the enemy's commer. tured. This was a period, their lord. cial vessels, it was ascertained that 900 ships were well aware, that would bad been captured since the com- bear no comparison with regard to ex. mencement of the war, and brought tent of commerce with the present ; into the ports of the united kingdom. and yet he had found upon enquiry, With respect to this number the ac. that the captures at the present were counts were certain, though some of little more numerous than those at the them not official; but it was also former period. But let the whole num. known from other statements, which ber be enquired into, that were said to might be relied upon, that the whole make up the loss from the peace of number of commercial vessels captured Paris down to the last month. No refrom the enemy amounted to 1,900. gular returns had, it was true, been It was also a fact, that 20,000 Ameri- yet received ; but the number and na. can seamen were now lodged in Bri- ture of those losses might be pretty tish prisons. He asked, then, whether fairly ascertained from Lloyd's List, the noble earl, with these facts before and other sources; they were said to him, could justly charge the admiral amount to 172. Noble lords knew ty with inactivity or inefficiency. Did that the ships going to foreign parts the noble earl mean to charge the ad. alone, were liable to be forced to sail miralty with not sufficiently protecting with convoy; the coasting trade had the commerce of our merchants? He none. Yet of the ships which left the was aware that much had been said British ports, many were running upon this subject; but he was also ships, which went off without waiting zware, that whatever might be said, for protection, and ran all hazards,

[graphic]
« PreviousContinue »