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Newcastle-on-Tyne; being a stranger in these parts, he has requested me to speak to his identity. "Yours, &c.

"Reginald Remington." This was addressed to " Messrs. Alcock and Son, Clitheroe Bank." The prisoner took this note and a cheque, indorsed " Regd. Remington," and of which the following is a copy :—

"Winlaton, Nov. 25, 1861. "Messrs. Armeron, Stable and Dees,—Please pay to Mr. George Wardell, or my order, four pounds ten shillings. "41. 10*." "Charles Wardell."

to the innkeeper at Chatburn, and asked him to cash it, but he declined. He then took it to the Craven Bank, and there saw the clerk, who objected that the indorsement was not very like Mr. Remington's, and the prisoner produced Mr. Remington's note, and in addition said that he saw Mr. Remington sign his name at the back of the cheque. The clerk, on seeing Mr. Remington's note, cashed the cheque. The indorsement was proved by Mr. Remington not to be in his handwriting. There was no proof that the cheque was not a valid one; but on its being presented it was returned dishonoured.

At the close of the case for the prosecution,

Campbell Foster, for the prisoner, objected that there was no proof of any intention to defraud. The cheque must be assumed to be a valid cheque, on which the drawer was liable, and the indorsement of " Reginald Remington" was an order simply to pay " Reginald Remington" or bearer, and the prisoner being the bearer, it was paid to him.

Willes, J., however, held that the indorsement, if not a forgery, would have rendered Mr. Remington liable on the cheque, the same as an indorsement on a bill of exchange, and if the writing of Mr. Remington's name was


intended to obtain credit with the bankers it was a forgery with intent to defraud.

Campbell Foster then (to the jury) contended that it must be assumed that the cheque was a good cheque in the absence of any proof to the contrary, and that the prisoner's object in calling on Mr. Remington was, he being a stranger in the neighbourhood, to obtain means to establish his identity as the person named in the cheque, which Mr. Remington's letter did for him, and with which the bank would have cashed the cheque without the indorsement. That Mr. Remington's name had been written on the cheque inadvertently, without any intention to forge his name or to defraud. It was an unnecessary act to write Mr. Remington's name on the back of the cheque, and done in carelessness or ignorance.

His Lordship, in summing up, left it to the jury whether the prisoner had indorsed Mr. Remington's name with the intention of inducing the bank to cash the cheque for him, and directing them that this indorsement was the same in effect as if a person holding a valid bill of exchange had indorsed the name of " Baring" without authority upon it, in order the more readily to get it cashed, directing them that if they thought the prisoner had done this with this intention it was their duty to find him guilty; if he had no such intention, to acquit him.

The jury found the prisoner guilty; sentence, penal servitude for seven years.


1862. Judges' Chambers, coram Cockburn, C. J.


Easter Term.

this case (a), the third and fourth counts on a re- When the presentation of authority were demurred to, because not Fng demureers alleging that the representations were false and fraudulent, '?the declara

, . . "o". takes the

and, pending the demurrers, the plaintiff carried the case case down to down to trial, coram Cockburn, C. J. (fc). tains "general

verdict, sub

Cockburn, C. J., doubted whether or not the case came Ject to lea»e to within Collen v. Wright (c), and directed a general verdict it for the defer the plaintiff, with leave for the defendant to move to [nedcloU,rJnd enter the verdict for him (<£). Afterwards the Court of direc,» the

verdict to be

Exchequer held the special counts bad, for not alleging entered for the distinctly that the defendant falsely represented that he the counts dehad the authority of Collins: and, on the rule to enter the "jurred to, and

J '' also holds them

verdict, likewise ordered it to be entered for the defendant bad for want of

, . , , . . .. , , a certain alle

on those counts, on the ground that it did not appear that gation, it is for he bad made any false representation of authority, or that {rfed "hi cause" various of the allegations in the counts had not been ,0 "ettle tne

_ poslea in ac

proved, as that Collins had let, that Collins had dis- cordance with trained, and the like. But the Court directed the verdict 0fetne court to stand upon the count in trespass, as defendant had not on the[aie to

r enter the ver

professed to let for himself, and had no authority from diet. Collins either to let or distrain. Pending the argument, however, the plaintiff got the associate to complete the postea and enter all the issues for him.

There was then an application at Chambers before Martin, B., to alter this, which he did, supposing that he was doing so by consent of the parties, and he directed the chief issues on the special counts to be entered for the de

(o) Vide Vol. II., p. 220. that the defendant had the verdicton

(b) Vide Vol. 11., p. 222. the count in trespass; and the ob

(c) 8 E. & B. 2. servations of Cockbdrm, C. J., on <ri) It is erroneously stated in the that count were misconceived. Vide

Nisi Prim Report, Vol. II., p. 222, the report, Vol. II., p. 222.

[merged small][graphic]

fendant, but afterwards finding that it had not been by consent, rescinded his own order, on the ground that he had no jurisdiction to make it, and that only the Judge who tried the cause could deal with the postea(a). The parties now came before the Lord Chief Justice to have the postea altered according to the judgment of the Court of Exchequer.

Wood for the plaintiff.

Garth for the defendant.

On the part of the plaintiff it was insisted, that though the counts had been held bad for not alleging that the representation was false, yet in substance, as they stood, they had been proved, the plaintiff was entitled to the verdict on the plea of not guilty (a).

(a) Where the Court saw that, unless a verdict for at least some damages were entered, there must be a new trial, the application to enter such verdict must be to the Judge who tried the cause; Grout v. Glasier, 1 D., N. S. 58. So again, where, indeed, the Court has settled the principle on which the verdict is to be entered, and the question of number or amount arises, which can only be settled by the evidence on the Judge's note; Freshney v. Wells, 26 L. J., Exch. 228. So as to any mistake in the postea, which may be amended by the Judge from his notes, even after error; Bowers v. Nixon, 12 Q. B. Rep. 546. And the Judge's direction as to amendment cannot be questioned in the Court above; Daintry v. Brocklehurst, 3 Exch. 691. The present, however, appeared the converse kind of case. "When issues in law and fact are raised, the costs of the several issues, both in law and fact, will follow the finding or judgment; and if the

party entitled to the general costs of the cause" [i. e. in this cose the plaintiff] "obtain a verdict on any material issue, he will also be entitled to the general costs of the trial; but if no material issue in fact be found for the party otherwise entitled to the general costs of the cause" [i.e. here, the plaintiff], "the costs of the trial shall be allowed to the opposite party." Here, however, the plaintiff was entitled to a judgment to recover on the whole record, and so this rule could not apply in favour of the defendant; but, supposing that the special counts held bad had been the only counts, then the question would have arisen, on this rule, whether there can be any " material" issue (for either party) on a bad count, according to the terms of the rule, whether, or not, the general principle of law that a pleading bad in law must be proved in omnibus, as to which quare; for a declaration was held not within the stat. Hen. 8, as to pleadings.

On the part of the defendant it was contended, that the effect of the judgment of the Court was, that there had been no representation of authority, and that as this was implied in the counts in question there was no proof of the wrongful act alleged, and that therefore the defendant was entitled to the verdict on the general issue, as well as on the various allegations in the indictment.

Cockburn, C. J., said, he must now direct the postea to be altered in accordance with the judgment of the Court of Exchequer, on the rule to enter a verdict for the defendant on the special counts; but, to enable the plaintiff to apply to the Court, to vary or mould its judgment on the rule, the order should not be yet drawn up; otherwise,

Order as prayed (b).


(a) Which put in issue the wrongful act alleged, i. e. the wrongful representation. See Mummery v. Paul, 1 C. B. 316.

(6) In Easter Term, 1862, CAomberi moved the Conrt with that object, but it was ultimately agreed that the matter should be referred to Martin, B., or Wilde, B., to settle the postea, by consent. By the C. L. P. Act, 1852, s. 81, It is provided, that "the costs of any

issue of law or of fact shall follow
the finding or judgment on such
issue" [which should seem to mean,
the finding on the issue of fact, or
the judgment on the issue of law],
"and be adjudged to the successful
party" [i. e. the party successful on
such issue or issues respectively],
"whatever may be the result of the
other issues." And see Rule H. T.,
1853, 62.


Judges' Chambers, Queen's Bench, coram Mellor, J.

loUMMONS on the part of the defendant to inspect
plaintiff's books of account. The action was for repairs
to a ship.

Plea: general issue.

Defendant alleged that credit was given to the owners,

Dee. 1861.

Inspection of plaintiff's books of account allowed, the question being, whether the defendant or some one else had been debited.

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