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THE

BOOK OF PEACE:

A COLLECTION OF ESSAYS

ON

WAR AND PEACE.

BOSTON:
GEORGE C. BECKWITH, 603 CORNHILL.

PHILADELPHIA :-PERKINS AND PURVES.

NEW YORK :-M. W. DODD.

PORTLAND :-WM. HYDE.

1845.

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. 209

No. 1.-Cause of Peace,

" 2.-A Sketch of War: what it is, and what it does,

9

" 3.- Testimonies against War, .

6 4.-War and the Bible, .

33

5.-War Curable,

37

6.-Four Aspects of War,

49

" 7.-Universal Peace; by David Bogue, D.D.,

53

" 8.-Military Discipline, .

65

9.-Erasmus on War,

77

4 10.-Russian Campaign,

81

1 11.-Union in Peace, .

93

“ 12.-Military Preparations,

101

6 13.-Progress of Peace, or how much already gained in the cause, . 105

4 14.-Waste of Property by War,

16 15.-Appeal to Cities, .

16.-War Inconsistent with Christianity; by Howard Malcom, D. D. 129

“ 17.-War Unlawful under the Christian Dispensation; by J.J.Gurney,137

16 18.-Chalmers on Peace,

149

19.-Chief Evil of War; by William E. Channing, D.D.,

20.--Loss of Life by War,

161

21.-Witnesses for Peace, .

. 173

22.-Views of War; by Robert Hall,

177

23.—The Early Christians on War; by Thomas Clarkson,

181

61 24.-War-Debts of Europe,

193

« 25.-Results of one War,

. 197

26.--Neckar on Peace,

. 201

" 27.-Peace Practicable,

" 28.Substitutes for War,

213

29.-Arbitration as a Substitute for War,

217

30.-Congress of Nations,

229

“ 31.-Extinction of War; by Hor.. Josiah Quincy, L.L. D., . 253

16 32.-War Unchristian,

257

" 33.—Insensibility to the Evils of War; by W. E. Channing, D. D., 269
1 34. Claims of Peace on all Christians,..

277

" 35.-The only kezely cor War; by W. E. Channing, D. D., 289

" 36.-A Solemn Review of War; bŷ Noah Worcester, D.D., 293

37.-Sieges,

“ 38.-A Glimpse of War; by W. E. Channing, D.D.,

313

6. 39.-Military Hospitals,

325

" 40.-Safety of Pacific Principles,

333

11 41.-War-Prayers,

357

42.-Claims of Peace on Women,

361

6 43.-Solemn Appeal; by William Ladd,

373

11 44-The Battle-Field,

393

" 45.-Inefficacy of War; by Hon. William Jay,

397

" 46.-Militia Drills,

409

47.- United States Navy-What is its use ? by Samuel E Coues, . 413

Mistakes about Peace,

421

49.-Peace and Government; by Geo. C. Beckwith,

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48.-

425

" 50.-Criminality of War; by Howard Malcom, D. D.,

433

51.-War a Destroyer of Souls,

449

52.-War and the Hearth, or the Influence of War on Domestic

Happiness,

53.—The True Grandeur of Nations; by Charles Sumner,

.569

. 457

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THERE has been, since the time of the gifted Erasmus, a great deal of eloquent writing on Peace; and the following pages contain the best productions on the subject not only of past ages, but of our own. No theme has ever waked a purer or loftier inspiration; and on no topic in the whole range of morals, theology, or general literature, can there be found finer specimens of taste and eloquence. We have also culled from a wide as well as luxuriant field;— from the gardens of intellect and learning in both hemispheres, from some of the best writers in the last three centuries, from men of every faith, Protestant and Catholic, Orthodox and Unitarian, Episcopal, Baptist and Presbyterian. The subject is itself a sort of Delos, whither the best spirits of every party, creed and clime gather to blend in sweet and hallowed sympathy; and these pages exhibit a constellation of the peaceful pleiads pouring their mingled splendors on this common theme of religion, humanity and Christian patriotism.

We have studied the utmost brevity possible, and have sometimes condensed quite a volume into a short essay, without the omission of any essential argument, illustration or fact. Some of these tracts are of necessity selections, yet give both the sentiments and language of their respective authors. We have only condensed for the sake of greater brevity, economy and force. The work is truly

multum in parvo, a thesaurus of information on peace,

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