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& the citadel of triumphant patriotism and virtue. Arise then, só united sons of Ireland, arise like a great and powerful people, “ determined to live free or die. Arm yourselves by every “ means in your power, and rush like lions on your foes. Con4 sider, that for every enemy you disarm, you arm a friend, and " thus become doubly powerful. In the cause of liberty, inac6 tion is cowardice; and the coward shall forfeit the property “ he has not the courage to protect. Let his arms be secured, vt and transferred to those gallant spirits who want and will use " them. Yes, Irishmen, we swear by that Eternal Justice, in “ whose cause you fight, that the brave patriot who survives “ the present glorious struggle, and the family of him who has “ fallen, or hereafter shall fall in it, shall receive from the hands " of a grateful nation an ample recompence out of that property of which the crimes of our enemies have forfeited into its hands, 6 and his name shall be inscribed on the great national record « of Irish revolution, as a glorious example to all posterity; but “ we likewise swear to punish robbery with death and infamy. “ We also swear that we will never sheath the sword till every of being in the country is restored to those equal rights which “ the God of nature has given to all men; until an order of “ things shall be established in which no superiority shall be " acknowledged among the citizens of Erin but that of virtue « and talent. As for those degenerate wretches who turn their bó sword against their native country, the national vengeance

awaits them. Let them find no quarter, unless they shall “prove their repentance by speedily exchanging the standard

of slavery for that of freedom, under which their former “ errors may be buried, and they may share the glory and ad“ vantages that are due to the patriot bands of Ireland. Many “ of the military feel the love of liberty glow within their 66 breasts, and have joined the national standard. Receive with “ open arms such as shall follow so glorious an example they “ can render signal service to the cause of freedon, and shall « be rewarded according to their deserts. But for the wretch of who turns his sword against his native country, let the nation" al vengeance be visited upon him; let him find no quarter. “ Two other crimes demand ********** Rouse all the eneror gies of our souls: call forth all the merit and abilities which a * vicious government consigned to obscurity; and under the “ conduct of your chosen leaders, march with a steady step to « victory. Heed not the glare of hired soldiery or aristocratic 6 yeomanry: they cannot withstand the vigorous shock of free“ dom. Their trappings and their arms will soon be yours; « and the detested government of England, to which we vow 6 eternal hatred, shall learn, that the treasures it exhausts on its 46 accoutered slaves, for the purpose of butchering Irishmen, 6 shall but further enable us to turn their swords on its devoted “ head. Attack them in every direction by day and by night: 6 avail yourselves of the natural advantages of your country, “ which are innumerable, and with which you are better ac“ quainted than they. Where you cannot oppose them in full 66 force, constantly harrass their rear and their flanks : cut off « their provisions and magazines, and prevent them as much as “ possible from uniting their forces : let whatever moments you “ cannot devote to fighting for your country, be passed in learn“ ing how to fight for it, or preparing the means of war-for 6 war, war alone must occupy every mind and every hand in “ Ireland, until its long oppressed soil be purged of all its ene“ mies. Vengeance! Trishmen-vengeance on your oppressors. 6 Remember what thousands of your dearest friends have s perished by their merciless orders.—Remember their burn6 ings, their rackings, their torturings, their military massacres, 6 and their legal murders--Remember Orr!"* · The person (William Orr) whom the Irish are in the foregoing address emphatically called on to remember, had been of staunch revolutionary principles, and possessed of considerable abilities. He was a man of respectable character and connections. Being found guilty of high treason, he was, to the unspeakable grief of his party, executed at Carrickfergus.

* Appendix to the report of the secret committee of the House of Commons, No. 20.

CHAPTER V.

BY these arrests, however, and other precautionary steps of the government, the insurrection in Dublin, which was to commence on the twenty-third of May, by an attack on the army encamped at Lauchlinstown, and on the artillery stationed at Chapelizod, was frustrated. Notwithstanding this, and the disorganization of the confederacy which ensued by the judicious arrangements of the troops in the most advantageous positions about the capital, the appointment for insurrection was observed by many in the neighbouring counties; and the mail coaches on the northern, southern, and western roads, destroyed, as a signal to the rest of the kingdom. The western coach was interrupted between Lucan and Leixlip; the northern at Santry, only three miles distant from the metropolis ; and the southern near Naas, which is fifteen miles distant. Great multitudes of insurgents assembled, and proceeded immediately to efforts of strength, particularly in attacking the towns of Prosperous, Naas, Claine, Ballymore-Eustace, and Kilcullen.

Information was received on the twenty-third of May, by the garrison at Naas, that an attack was that evening meditated to take place upon the town, and steps were consequently taken for immediate and effectual resistance. The greatest anxiety prevailed during that night and part of the succeeding morning; which was much increased by the intelligence announced by a dragoon, that the rebels were advancing against the town in considerable force. Large parties (some of whom stole unno

ticed into the very centre of the town) accordingly made an attack at an early hour, and engaged a party of the Armagh militia; by whom they were repulsed, after having sustained three vollies. In their fight, a great many pikes were dropped : three prisoners were taken, and were immediately hanged in the streets.

The attack upon Prosperous, on the same day, was more successful. The centinels were killed, and the barracks assaulted while the soldiery were asleep. Rushing into the building, the rebels immediately put to death captain Swaine. The soldiers, however, in the opposite apartment, succeeded in expelling them; after which a fierce conflict ensued, but was terminated by the rebels setting fire to a quantity of straw which happened to be in the under-ground office. The soldiers, almost in a state of suffocation, retreated to the upper storeys, which they were quickly obliged to abandon by the rapidity of the flames. Some of them, leaping out of the windows, were received on the pikes of the assailants : the re mainder, making a desperate sally, endeavoured to force themselves a passage, but were nearly all of them slain in the attempt: the deputy barrack-master, who, together with his family, had concealed himself during this scene of carnage, was saved, after coming out and surrendering, by the unexpected clemency of the rebels. Mr. Brewer, an Englishman, remarkable for humanity, but who had unfortunately incurred the enmity of the insurgents, was piked to death in his own house. Mr. Stamers also, who delivered himself up for the purpose of saving a house and its inhabitants, who were threatened with extermination, was, notwithstanding a promise of safety, treacherously shot in the street. In this affair the king's troops are said to have lost about seventy men. .

The attack upon Clane commenced by a considerable body, who stole into the town unperceived by all but a drummer and trumpeter, who succeeded in alarming the garrison. The houses in which the soldiers were quartered were surrounded, singly, by bodies of pikemen; so that the military were obliged to fight their way individually through the assailants. With the loss of only two men, however, and five wounded, they succeeded in assembling, and, notwithstanding the surprise and confusion, gallantly repulsed the insurgents. In a second attempt which was made, six rebels, mounted on horses of the Ancient Britons, and dressed in their clothes, entered the town with a design to impose themselves on the yeoman as friends. One of them, however, having made a cut at captain Jephson with a sword, was instantly shot, and his companions obliged to fly with many wounds. About half past three in the morning, captain Griffith, having been informed at his seat that a body of rebels had attacked the guard of Clane, arrived in the town. He there found that the steady valour of part of his troop had so far checked the enemy, as to give time for about forty of the Armagh corps to turn out; that the yeoman and militia had not fired above three rounds when the insurgents were dispersed ; and that they were hotly pursuing them and burning such houses on the common as they suspected to afford them shelter. Six prisoners were taken; one of whom was executed at Clane, the other five on the same day at Naas. About five o'clock intelligence was brought him of the defeat of the troops at Prosperous. The captain had hardly time to draw up his men, when a party of rebels, mounted on the horses, and well furnished with the arms and accoutrements of the Ancient. Britons, made a charge into the town. One volley brought six or seven of them to the ground. The remainder made a precipitate flight, and took shelter behind a strong body of infantry which was advancing against the town from Prosperous. The little army of captain Griffith, not being strong enough to march against this numerous body, whose appearance was rendered formidable by the scarlet clothing and arms of the military massacred at Prosperous, retreated to an elevated ground near the common, where they could not be surrounded or outflanked. There the insurgents quickly commenced a smart firing upon them, which, however, the height of the ground rendered inef. fective; while they returned a galling fire that killed and wounded considerable numbers, and at length compelled them to disperse in the utmost confusion. They were pursued with slaughter, and in their flight dropped great quantities of pikes and other arms. On captain Griffith's return to Clane, he was secretly informed that Dr. Esmond, a lieutenant of his corps, yho had attended the muster with alacrity, in order to resist

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