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« My brave countrymen ! do not let the world call us dastards: « no, let us shew the world we are men, and, above all, that we " are Irishmen. Let every man among you feel the injuries “ your country, yourselves, have suffered; the insults you have “ received, the stripes that have been dealt with an unmerciful 6 hand on those brave comrades who dared to think and feel “ for their country~ If you do, the glorious work will be com“ plete, and in the union of the citizen and his brave fellow" soldier, the world (hitherto taught to look down upon us with " contempt) will see that we can emancipate our country; we “ will convince surrounding nations that Irish soldiers have savowed and adopted a maxim they will maintain, or perish “ namely, that every man should be a soldier in defence of his " liberty, but none to take away the liberty of others.”


SINCE the failure of the French expedition to Bantry, which we have already mentioned, the directory had continued to keep up the spirits of their party with assurances of speedy assistance from the same power. To expedite the departure of this second armament, Mr. Lewins, a confidential agent of the Union, was dispatched to Paris with the most pressing solicitations. Leaving London in March, seventeen hundred and ninetyseven, he passed through Hamburgh, and arrived about the end of May in Paris, where he remained as ambassador from the Irish Republic to the French Directory. In the summer of the same year, alarmed lest a premature insurrection in the north, before the arrival of the troops from France, should be forced by the vigorous conduct of government in Ulster, they sent Doctor William James M‘Nevin, an active member and secretary of the ruling power, in June, with orders to press forward the French preparations with redoubled ardour. The difficulty of procuring a passport at Hamburgh, induced this gentleman to deliver a memorial to an agent of the French republic whom he met there, and by whom it was forwarded to the directory at Paris, where he himself, having been permitted to continue his journey, afterwards delivered a second. In the former of these memorials, the firm resolutions of the Irish revolutionists, and their great anxiety lest the measures of government should disconcert their projects were conspicuous. In it were also made a statement of the situation of the United Irish and of the condition of the kingdom at large, for the reception of their allies; a promise of reimbursing the French republic for the expence she might incur, not only in fitting out the armament now demanded, but also what she had incurred for the former which miscarried; and a demand of a body of troops not exceeding ten thousand men, nor falling short of five thousand, together with forty thousand stand of arms, and a proportionate supply of artillery, ammunition, engineers, and experienced officers, for the use and instruction of the insurgents. The second memorial, endeavoured to prevail on the French not to delay in sending off these succors, when the minds of the Irish were so favourably disposed towards them. The agent was also authorized to negociate a loan of half a million, or at least three hundred thousand pounds, with France or Spain, in which, however, he failed. The assistance of a military force was nevertheless conceded.

Though the Irish were sa solicitous to obtain a supply of well disciplined troops and experienced officers, yet they were justly afraid of introducing too great a body of foreign troops into the kingdom, who might at a future period contribute to impose on them a yoke still heavier than that which they intended to remove. But the French, on the other hand, wished to send so great an army as might not only insure the success of the enterprise, but as might enable them to retain possession of Ireland as a conquest. They insisted, at any rate, on sending fifteen thousand men, who were accordingly embarked on board a Dutch fleet at the Texel, under the command of general Daendels.

On the receipt of this intelligence by the Irish, great preparations were made for their reception; and it was announced to the different societies that the fleet was on the point of sailing. Notwithstanding the troops on board this fleet had been disembarked, from fear of the Britsh navy, which was then superior in strength; yet they were again forced, at the instance of the French directory, to put to sea, contrary to the judgment of the Dutch admiral, which led to the decicive victory of the gallant admiral Duncan, a Scotsman, off Camperdown, with a squadron of British ships under his command. The expence of these armaments was to have been defrayed by ecclesiastical and other lands, designed for confiscation by the revolutionists.

· Even after this second disappointment of foreign succours, the heads of the conspiracy sedulously encouraged hopes of fresh assistance; and they in fact received a promise from France that in April an invasion should take place in their favour: but notwithstanding the rebellion broke out in the May following, the French government failed in fulfilling this promise.

In the month of February, seventeen hundred and ninetyeight, instructions were issued by the military committee to the adjutant-generals, directing them to hold themselves in readiness for open warfare against government, and to the several regiments concerning their arms and appointments. To extend the organization, to increase the quantity of military stores, and to consolidate more and more the strength of the conspiracy, continued to be the principal care of its heads till the arrival of their allies should take place; and the system of terror which had been practised in the north, was adopted in the south. Arms were plundered during the night, individuals were sometimes assassinated, and outrage of every description put in practice.

Meantime, government was labouring to disorganize the whole system; and to destroy the strength of the conspiracy before the arrival of their expected allies. For this end, some districts in the northern and midland counties were accordingly proclaimed; many persons suspected of treasonable designs were imprisoned; and other acts of power enforced to throw them into confusion. But the most severe wound inflicted on the union was the arrest of the thirteen members composing the provincial committee of Leinster, with other principals of the conspiracy, at the house of Oliver Bond, Bridge-street, Dublin, on the twelfth of March. This arrest was grounded on the information of Thos. Reynolds, a Roman catholic gentleman of a place called Kilkea Castle in the county of Kildare, colonel of an United Irish regiment, rebel treasurer for the county in which he resided, and provincial delegate for Leinster, who, deserting what he must have considered the cause of his country, had continued for some time to disclose, for the use of government, all he knew of the conspiracy, Intelligence being thus given that the Leinster delegates, thirteen in number, were to meet at Mr. Bond's on the twelfth of Marcli, justice Swan, attended by twelve sergeants in coloured clothes, repaired to the spot whilst they were sitting in council, and seized their persons and papers. In this arrest were included the most able and intrepid leaders of revolt: Thomas Addis Emmet, a barrister of great talents, William James M-Nevin, Messieurs Bond, Sweetman, Henry Jackson, and Hugh Jackson.


Found upon John Lynch : hand writing of William Michael


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"The county W- W. C- inform their constituents that by the advice they have received from the provincial, it appears that very flattering accounts have been received from abroad, which will in a very few days be officially handed down. The provincial returns of men have only increased a few thousands since the last reports; as the new county members have not yet come in, in consequence of the new elections, which each barony will take notice must be on or before the fifteenth of Febru. ary next.

“ The county committee again earnestly recommend to their constituents, to pay no attention to any flying reports, as they know to a certainty, false emissaries are encouraged to disə semiņate such news as may tend to disunite or lead them astray.

• The C. C. hear with regret the dissatisfaction of the baro. nial committee of Newcastle, with respect to their not being as yet fully supplied with arms, &c. They assure them that every exertion has been used to that purpose, and that quantities of pikes are now ready manufactured for delivery; but at the same time would recommend to have as many made as possible in each barony, as they will thereby come infinitely cheaper.

“ The county committee cannot be accountable for any money in the hands of a baronial treasurer; and of course cannot account for any, but such as has been paid into them, of which there appears a correct statement in the returns.

“They feel with concern the apathy of their fellow-citizens

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