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highest duty' of a subject (my sworn allegiance) has summoned me to take in band the arduous and ungracious, though transcendently necessary undertaking, to stem the destructive confluence of deception, falsehood, and corruption.

THE AUTHOR July 19, 1911.


THE Author' was once upbraided for having volun. teered his services in bringing before the public his Historical Review of the State of Ireland.* Hè now presents himself before the public, no longer as a Volunteer, but as regularly enlisted, and fulfilling the indispensible obligations of his oath of engagement. It is some time since he swore without any évasion, equivocation or mental reservation, defend King Georgë the Third, to the utmost of his power, against


* Sir Richard Musgrave in his critique upon that work in the Anti-Jacobin Review, says of the author, p. 228, “ Had “ he been compelled at this critical period to write his Histo“ rical Review, and had been impartial, whatever bad con“ sequences might have followed, could not have been laid to “ his charge. But he was a volunteer, an cager volunteer.")

all conspiracies and attempts whatever, that should be made against his Person, Crown and Dignity: And that he would do his utmost endeavour to disclose and make known to his Majesty and his heirs all treasons and traitorous conspiracies, which might be formed against him and them.

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Without further preamble the Author distinctly de. clares, that he considers the Orange Institution to be a conspiracy and attempt made against the King's person, crown and dignity. That, for the purpose of defending bis Majesty against them to the utmost of his power, by this publication he does his utmost endeavour to disclose and make known to his Majesty and his heirs the traitorous conspiracy formed against him and them. He is free to say, that after he had acquired the knowledge of the obligation and engagements of the Orange Societies, he attempted by those means, which he judged prudent to make them known to the persons, through whom the disclosure might, and he presụmes to add, ought to have been officially conveyed to the King in person, The Author's failure in his first attempt does not dispense with his further utmost endeavours to dịsclose and make them known to his Majesty and his heirs. In taking the oath of allegiance, he was sincere in declaring, that he was not, and could not be acquitted before God or man, or absolved of that dea claration, although the Pope or any other person or persons, or authority whatsoever, should dispense with or annul the same, or declare that it was null and void from the beginning. In virtue then of his oath, and in performance of the duty of his allegiance, the Author now submits the following sheets to the perusal


same oath with himself, as the most effectual method of disclosing and making known the traitorous conspiracy to his Majesty and his heirs. Had he merely charged, without proving, the traitorous nature of the Orangemen's obligation and engagements, and their attempts against his Majesty's person, crown and dig. nity, or did he delay the publication by one hour beyond the time necessary to render the disclosure full and effectual, then would he not in the plain and.ordinary sense of the words of his oath have complied with, or fulfilled the obligations of it.

As the conscientious observance of an oath ne. cessarily depends upon the conscientious understanding of it by the juror, * the Author feels himself called upon to avow his decided opinion, that the oath of an Orangeman, as it is expressed in the rules and regulations for the use of all Orange Societies, hereinafter printed, is of a treasonable nature by common law, and felonious by the 471h Geo. IIl. c. xiii. which is an Act to suppress insurrections and prevent the disturbance of the public peace in Ireland į and which will remain in force to the end of the present session of parliament. An act, which has never been acted upon for thc only useful purpose, for which it appears


* The author cannot subscribe to the generally received opinion, that an oath is to be taken in the sense, in which it is imposed or required, secundum animum imponentis : but secundum apimum jurantis, that is, according to the juror's understanding, and the common acceptation of the words, in which the oath is expressed.

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